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Stampy fens breathe destructive myres. From this swarn of fair advantages,

Thomson. You grip'd the general sway into your hand. SWAN. 7. s. [rpan, Saxon ; svan, Danish;

Shakespeart sraen, Dutch : CFCnus, Latin )

If we could number up those prodigious The stan is a large cater-fowl, that has a

swarms that had settled themselves in every long neck, and is very white, excepting when it

part of it, they would amount to more than can

Addisor. is young. Its legs and feet are black, as is its

be found. D1, which is like that of a goose, but something

This strarm of themes that settles on my pen, Jour der, and a lide hooked at the lower end

Which I, like summer-fies, shake off again, of it: the two sides below its eves are black and

Let others sing.

Yeung shining like ebony. Swans use wings I ke sails, To SWARM. v. tr. [rpearman, Saxon; which catch the wind, so that they are driven swermen, Dutch.] along in the water. They feed upon herbs and 1. To rise as bees in a body, and quit the some sort c gra'n ike a goose, and some are bive. said to have ived three hundred years. There

All hands employ'd, is a species of stuans with the fiáthers of their

Like labouring bees on a long summer's day; heads, icwards the breast, marked at the ends with a gold colour inclining to red. The stran

Some sound the trumpet for the rest to sware.

Dryden. is reckoned by Moses among the unclean crea

Swarm'd on a rotten stick the bees 1 spied. tures; but it was consecrated to Apoilo the god

Gay. of musick, because it was said to sing melo When bees hang in swarming time, they will dously when it was near expiring; a tradition

presently rise, if the weather hold. Mortimer. generally received, but fabulous. Calmet. With untainted eye

2. To appear in multitudes; to crowd; Compare her face with some that I shall show,

to throng: And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.

The merciless Macdonel,

The multiplying villanies of nature Let musick sound, while he doth make his Do strarm upen.

Shalspearet choice;

Our superfluous lacqueys, and our peasants, Then if he lose, he makes a swan-lke end.

Wao in unnecessary action swarm

About our squares of battle. Sbakspeare. The fearful matrons raise a screaming cry,

What a mik tude of thouchts at once Old feeble men with fainter groans reply;

Avaken'd in me stvarm, while I consider A jarring sound results, and mingles in the sky,

What from within 1 feel myself, and hear Like that of swans remurm'ring to the floods.

What from without comes otten to my ears! Dryden.

Milton The idea which an Englishman signities by

Then mounts the throne, high plac'd before the name swan, is a white colour, long neck,

the shrine; black beak, black legs, and whole feet, and all

In cravds around the storming people join. these of a certain size, with a power of swimming

Dryden. in the water, and making a certain kind of noise. 3. To be crowded; to be orerrun; to be

Locke. thronged. SWA'NSKIN. n. s. (sawan and skin.] A These parrisons you have now planted throughkind of soft flannel, imitating for warmth

out all Ireland, and every place sararms with the down of a swan.



Her lower region swarms with all sort of fowl, SWAP. adv. (ad suipa, to do at a snatch, her rivers with fish, and her seas with whole Islandick.) Hastily ; with hasty vio. shoals.

Howel. lence: as, he did it swap. It seems to Those days strarmed with fables, and from be of the same original with sweep. A

such grounds took hints for fictions, poisoning

Brown. low word.

the worid ever after. To SWAP, V. a. To exchange. See To

Life swarms with ils, the boldest are afraid,

Where than is safety for a tender maid? loung. Swop.

4. To breed multitudes. SWARD. n. s. [sward, Swedish.]

Not so thick swarm'd once the soil 1. The skin of bacon.

Bedropp'd with blood of Gorgon.

Miltoa. 2. The surface of the ground: whence 5. It is used in conversation for climbing green sward, or green swerd.

a tree, by embracing it with the arms Water kept too long loosens and softens the and legs. sward, makes it subject to rushes and coarse SWART.

adj. [swarts, Gothick; grass.

Note on Tusser. The noon of night was past, and then the fue


speant, Saxon; swart, Came dreadless o'er the level swart, that lies

Between the wood and the swift streaming Ouse. 1. Black; darkly brown ; tawny,

A. Pbilips. A nation strange, with visage swart, To plant a vineyard in July, when the earth And courage fierce, that all men did affray, is very dry and combustible, plow up the swarth, Through the world then swarm'd in every part. and burn it. Mortimer.

Spenser. SWARE. The preterit of swear.

A man SWARM. n. s. [ryeasm, Saxon; swerm,

Of swarth complexion, and of crabbed hue, Dutch.)

That him full of melancholy did shew. Spenser,

Whereas I was black and swart before; 1. A great body or number of bees, or

With those clear rays which she infus'd on me, other small animals, particularly those That beauty ain I blest with, which you see. bees that migrate from the hive.

Sbakspeare. A swarm of bees that cut the liquid sky,

No goblin, or swart fairy of the mine, Upon the topmost branch in clouds alight. Hath hurtful power o'er true virginity. Milter.

Drydena 2. In Milton it seems to signify gloomy i 2. A multitude; a crowd.


years old,

to lie,

Ye valleys low,

He had two sons; the eldest of them at three On whose fresh lap the swart star sparelv looks.

Miilton, l'th' stvarbing cloaths the other, from their To SWART. v.a. [from the noun.] To


Were stol'n. blacken; to dusk.


Their children are never stratbet, or bound The heat of the sun may swart a living part,

about with any thing, when they are tirst born; or even black a dead or dissolving flesh. Brown.

but are put naked into the bed with their parents Swa'RTAILY. adv. [from swarthy:]

Abbot. Blackly; duskily; tawnily.

Swath'/ in her lap the bold nurse bore hum Su a'u chiness. n. s. [from sworthy.]

out, Darkness of complexion ; tawniness.

With olive branches cover'd round about. SWA'RTHY. adj. (See SWART.] Dark of


Master's feet are swath'd no longer, complexion; black; dusky; tawny.

If in the night too oft he kicks, Set me where, on some pathless plain,

Or shews his loco-motive tricks.

Prior. The swartby Africans complain. Roscommon.

To SWAY, v. a. (schweben, German, to Though in the torrid climates the common colour is black or swartby, yet the natural move. ] colour of the temperate climates is more trans 1. To wive in the hand; to move or parent and beautiful.

Hale. wield any thing massy: as, to squay the Here swartísy Charles appears, and there sceptre. His brother with dejected air.


Glancing fire out of the iron play'd, Did they know Cato, our remotest kings

As sparkles from the anvil rise, Would pour embottled multitudes about him; When heavy hammers on the wedge are sw.zy't. Their swartby hosts would darken all our plains,

Spenser. Doubling the native horrour of the war,

2. To bias; to direct to cither side. And making death more grim. Addison.

Heav'n forgive them, hit so much have Swasa. n. s. [4 cant word.] A figure,

sway'? whose circumference is not round, bit Your majesty's good thoughts away from me. oval; and whose moldings lie not at right

Sbakspeare. angles, but oblique to the axis of ie

I ok your hands; but was, indeed, work.


Sway'd from the point, by louking down on

Sbakspeare. $WASH. n. s. (from the verb.] Impulse of

The only way t’improve our own, water flowing with violence. Dict. By dealing faithfully with none; TO SWASH. v. 1. To make a great clat As bowis run true by being made ter or noise : whence swashbuckler. Not

On purpose false, and to be sway'd. Hudibras. in use.

When examining these matters, let not temWe'll have a seashing and a martial outside,

poral and little advantages sway you against a

Tillotson. As many other mannish cowards have,

more durable interest. That do outface it with their semblances. Sbaks. 3. To govern; to rule ; to overpower; to

Draw, if you be men: Gregory, remember infuence. thy swasbing blow,

The lady's mad: yet if 't were so, SWA'SHER. n. s. [from swash.] One who She could not sway her house, command her

followers, makes a show of valour or force of arms.

With such a smooth, discreet, and stable bearObsolete.

ing. I have observed these three swashers; three

The will of man is by his reason sway'd; such anticks do not amount to a man. Shaksp.

And reason says you are the wortbier maid. SWATCH. n. s. A swath. Not in use.

Sbakspeare. One spreadeth those bands so in order to lie, On Burope thence, and where Rome was to As barlie in swatches may till it thereby. Tusser.

sway SWATH. n. s. [swade, Dutch.]

The world.

Miltor. 1. A line of grass cut down by the mower. A gentle nymph, not far from hence, With rossing and raking, and setting on cox,

That with moist curb sways the smooth Severn Grasse, lately in swatbes, is meat for an ox.

Sabrina is her name.

Milton. The strawy Greeks, ripe for his edge,

Take heed lest passion suray
Fail down before him, like the mower's swath. Thy judgment to do aught, which else free will

Would not admit.

Milton. As soon as your grass is mown, if it lie thick The judgment is swayed by passion, and stored in the swaib, neither air nor sun can pass freciy with lu ricous opinions, instead of clearly conthrough it. Mortimer, ceived trutlis.


This was the race 9. A continued quantity. An affection'd ass, that cons state without To sway the world, and land and sea subdue.

Dryden book, and utters it by great sovaibs. Sbakspeare,

With these I went, 3. [rpedan, to bind, Saxon.] A band; a

Nor idie stood with unassisting hands, fillet.

When savage beasts, and men's inore savage An Indian comb, a stick whereof is cut into

bands, three sharp and round teeth four inches long:

Their virtuous twil subdu'd ; yet those I sway'd the other part is left for the handle, adorned

With pow'rtui speech: Ispoke, and they obuvid. with fine straws laid along the sides, and lapped

Dryden. round about it in several discinct swaths. Grew. Long pieces of linen they folded about me, till

They will do their best to persuade the world they had wrapped ine in above an bun tred yards

that uj man acts upon principic, that all is of watbe.

Davenant, Guardian,

stezyed by particular malice. To SwaTHE. v.o. (r pe8an, Saxon. To

TO SWAY. V. n. bind, as a child with bands and coller's. 1. To Laog heavy; to be drawn by weight.


Sbał peurco

times in the same company by the same person.

In these personal respects, the balance sways

We shall have old swearing on our part.

Bacon. That they did give the rings away to men; 2. To have weight; to have influence. But we 'Ü outface them, and outswear them toni The example of sundry churches, for appro

Sbakspears. bation of one thing, doth sway much; but yet I gave my love a ring, and made him swear still as having the force of an example only, and

Never to part with it; and here he stands, not of a law.


I dare be sworn for him, he would not leave it, 3. To bear rule ; to govern.

Nor pluck it from his finger. Sbakspeare The mind I sway by, and the heart I bear,

I would have kept my word; Shall never sagg with doubt, nor shake with fear.

But, when I swear, it is irrevocable. Sbakspeare. Sbakspeare.

Jacob said, swear to me; and he sware unto him.

Genesis. Hadst thou sway'd as kings should do, They never then had sprung like summer flies.

Bacchus taken at Rhodes by Demetrius Polie Sbakspeare.

orcetes, which he so esteemed, chat, us Plutarch Aged tyranny sways not as it hath power, but

reports, he sware he had rather lose all his as it is suffered


father's images than that table. Prachana Here thou shalt monarch reign;

3. To give evidence upon oath. There didst not : there let him still victor sway.

At what ease

Milton. Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt Sway, n. s. [from the verb.]

To swear against you!

Sbakspeare. s. The swing or sweep of a weapon.

4. To obtest the great name profanely: To strike with huge two-handed sway. Milt.

Because of swearing the land mourneth. Jer. 2. Any thing moving with bulk and power.

Obey thy parents ; keep thy word justly; Swear not.

Sbakspeare. Are not you mov'd, when all the sway of earth Shakes like a thing unfirm?

None so nearly disposed to scoffing at religion Sbakspeare.

as those who have accustomed themselves to 3. Weight ; preponderation ; cast of the swear on trifling occasions.

Tillotson. balance.

Hark! the shrill notes transpierce the yieldExpert

ing air, When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway

And teach the neighb'ring echoes how to swear,

Young. Of battle.

Milton. Power; rule; dominion.

TO SWEAR. v. a. This sort had some fear that the filling up the 1. To put to an oath ; to bind by an oath seats in the consistory with so great number of administered. laymen, was but to please the minds of the peo Moses took the bones of Joseph; for he had ple, to the end they might think their own sway straitly sworn the children of Israel. Exodus. somewhat.

Hooker. Swom ashore, man, like a duck; I can swim Only retain

like a duck, I 'll be sworn. Sbakspeare. The name and all th' addition to a king;

Let me swear you all to secrecy; The sway, revenue, execution of th' hest, And, to conceal iny shame, conceal my life. Beloved sons, be yours. Shakspeare.

Drydes. Her father counts it dangerous

2. To declare upon oath: as, be swore That she should give her sorrow so much sway, treason against his friend. And in his wisdom hastes our marriage, 3. To obtest by an oath. To stop the inundation of her tears. Sbakspeare.

Now, by Apollo, king, thou sweat'st thy gods Too truly Tamerlane's successors they;

in vain. Each thinks a world too little for his sway.

-O vassal! miscreant !

Sbakspeere Dryden. SWE'ARER. n. s. [from swear. ) A wretch When vice prevails, and impious men bear who obtests the great name wantonly sway,

and profanely. The post of honour is a private station. Addis.

And must they all be hang'd that swear and 3. Influence; direction; weight on one

lie? side.

Every one.
In the end, very few excepted, all became sub-

Who must hang them? ject to the sway of cime : other odds there was Why, the honest men. none, saving that some fell sooner, and some

-Then the liars and swearers are fools; for later, from the soundness of belief. Hooker.

there are liars and swearers enow to beat the An evil mind in authority doth not only follow

honest men, and hang them up.

Sbakspeare. 'the sway of the desires already within it, but Take not his name, who made thy mouth, in frames to itself new desires, not before thought

vain :

Sidney. It gets thee nothing, and hath no excuse: They rush along, the rattling woods give way, Lust and wine plead a pleasure, avarice a gain; The branches bend before their sweefy sway; But the cheap

swearer through his open sluice

Dryden. Lets his soul run for nought. TO SWEAR. V. n. pret. scuore or sware ; Of all men a philosopher should be no swedrer

part. pass. sworn. (swaran, Gothick; for an oath, which is the end of controversies in rperian, Saxon; sweeren, Dutch.] law, cannot determine any hore, where reason

only must induce.

Browse 1. To obtest some superiour power; to

It is the opinion of our most refined sweareti, utter an oath.

that the same oath or curse cannot, consistently If a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear

with true politeness, be repeated above nine an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word.

Numbers. Thee, thee an hundred languages shall claim, SWEAT. n. s. [rpear, Saxon; sevects And savage Indians swear by Anna's name. Dutch.]

Tickel. 1. The matter evacuated at the pores by 2. To declare or promise upon oath. heat or labour.




Sweat is salt in taste ; for that part of the nou

Grease that's sweaten rishment which is fresh and sweet turneth into From the murtherer's gibbet, throw blood and flesh; and the sweat is that part which

Into the flame.

Shakspeares is excerned.


For him the rich Arabia sweats her gum. Some insensible effluvium, exhaling out of the stone, comes to be checked and condensed by 2. To make to sweat. the air on the superficies of it, as it happens to SWEATER. n. s. [from sweat.] One that sweat on the skins of animals,


sweats, or makes to sweat. Soft on the flow'ry herb I found me laid In balmy sweat.


SWEA'T Y. adj. [from sweat.] When Lucilius brandishes his pen,

1. Covered with sweat; moist with sweat. And flashes in the face of guilty men,

The rabblement houted and clapp'd their A cold sweat stands in drops on ev'ry part,

chopp'd hands, and threw up their sweaty nightAnd rage succeeds to tears, revenge to smart.


Sbakspeare. Dryden. A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought Sweat is produced by changing the balance be First-fruits, the green ear, and the yellow sheaf. tween the fluids and solids, in which health con

Milton. sists, so as that projectile motion of the fluids 2. Consisting of sweat.

overcome the resistance of the solids. Arbutbrot. And then, so nice, and so genteel, 2. Labour; toil; drudgery:

Such cleanliness from head to heel; This painful labour of abridging was not easy,

No humours gross, or frowsy steams, but a matter of sweat and watching. 2 Maccabees.

No noisome whiffs, or sweaty streams. Swift. The field

3. Laborious; toilsome. 'To labour calls us, now with sweat impos'd.

Those who labour

Milton. The sweaty forge, who edge the crooked scythe, What from Jonson's oil and sweat did flow, Bend stubborn steel, and harden gleening arOr what more easy nature did bestow

mour, On Shakespeare's gentler muse, in thee full Acknowledge Vulcan's aid.

Prior. grown

To SWEEP. v. a. pret. and part. pass. Their graces both appear.


swept. [rpapan, Saxon.] 3. Evaporation of moisture.

1. To drive away with a besom. Beans give in the mow; and therefore those

2. To clean with a besom. that are to be kept are not to be thrashed till

What woman, having ten pieces of silver, if March, that they have had a thorough sweat in the mow.


she lose one, doth not sweep the house, and seek diligentiy till she find it?

Luks. To SWEAT. v.n. preterit swet, sweated; 3. To carry with pomp.

part. pass. sweaten. (from the noun.] Let frantick Talbot triumph for a while, 1. To be moist on the body with heat or And, like a peacock, sweep along his tail. labour.

Sbakspeare. Let them be free, marry them to your heirs,

4. To drive or carry off with celerity and Why sweat they under burthers? "Sbakspeare. violence. Mistress Page at the door, sweating and blow

Though I could, ing, and looking wildly, would needs speak with With barefac'd power, sweep him from my you.


sight, When he was brought again to the bar, to hear And bid my will avouch it; yet I must not. His knell rung out, his judgment, he was stirr'd

Sbakspeare. With such an agony, he sweet extremely.

The river of Kishon swept them away. Sbakspeare.

Fudges. About this time in autumn, there reigned in The blustering winds striving for victory the city and other parts of the kingdom a disease swept the snow from off the tops of those high then new; which, of the accidents and manner mountains, and cast it down unto the plains in thereof, they called the sweating sickness. such abundance, thae the Turks lay as men Bacon. buried alive.

Knolles. A young tall squire

Flying bullets now Did from the camp at first before him go;

To execute his rage appear too slow; At first he did, but scarce could follow strait, They miss or sweep, but common souls away; Sweating beneath a shield's unruly weight. For such a loss Opdam his life must pay. Cowley.

W'aller. 2. To toil; to labour; to drudge.

My looking is the fire of pestilence, How the drudging goblin swet

That sweeps at once the people and the prince. To earn his cream-bowl duly set;

Dryden. When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,

I have already swept the stakes, and with the

common good fortune of prosperous gamesters His shadowy fail hath thresh'd the corn. Milt.

can be content to sit. Our author, not content to see


Is this the man who drives me before him That others write as carelessly as he;

To the world's ridge, and sweeps me off like Though he pretends not to make things com

rubbish? plete,


Fool! time no change of motion knows; Yet, to please you, he'd have the poets sweat.


With equal speed the torrent flows

To sweep fame, power, and wealth away: 3. To emit moisture.

The past is all by death possest, Wainscots will sweat so that they run with And frugal fate, that guards the rest, water.


By giving, bids them live, to-day. Fenton, In cold evenings there will be a moisture or

A duke, holding in a great many hands, drew surating upon the stool.


a huge heap of gold; but never observed a to SWEAT. v. a.

sharper, who under his arm swept a great deal 1. To emit as sweat.

of it into his hat.

Swift. VOL. IV.


struums, and the acids in conjunction with the metal act after a different manner, so that the

compound has a different taste, much milder

5. 'To pass over with celerity and force.

Is'e writ in your revenge, 6. To rub over.

That sweepstake you will draw both friend and

foe, Their long descending train

Winner and loser? With rubies edgid and sapphires, swept the

Sbakspeare plain.

Dryder. Swee'py. adj. [from sweep. ] Passing with 7. To strike with a long stroke.

great speed and violence over a great Descend, ye nine ; descend, and sing; The breathing instruments inspire,

compass at once. Wake into voice each silent string,

They rush along, the rattling woods give way,

The branches bend before their sweepy sway. And sweep the sounding lyre. Pope.

Dryden. TO SWEEP. v. n.

Sweet.adj. [rpete, Saxon; soet, Dutcb.] 1. To pass with violence, tumult, or swift

1. Pleasing to any sense. ness. Perhaps in the first quotation we

Sweet expresses the pleasant perceptions of should read swoop.

almost every sense: sugar is sweet, but it hath Haste me to know it, that I with wings as not the same sweetness as musick ; nor hath swift

musick the sweetness of a rose, and a sweet As meditation or the thoughts of love

prospect differs from them all: nor yet have any May sweep to my revenge.

Shakspeare. of these the same sweetness as discourse, coulle A poor man that oppresseth the poor, is like sel, or meditation hath; yet the royal psalmist a sweeping rain which leaveth no food. Proverbs.

saith of a man, we took sweet counsel together; Cowen in her course

and of God, my meditation of him shall be suret. Tow'rds the Sabrinian shores, as sweeping from

Watts her source,

2. Luscious to the taste. Takes Towa.


This honey tasted still is eyer sweet. Davies. Before tempestuous winds arise, Stars shooting through the darkness gild the night

3. Fragrant to the smell.

Balm his foul head with warm distilled waters, With sweeping glories, and long trails of light.


And burn sweet wood, to make the lodging sweet.

Sbakspeare. 2. To pass with pomp; to pass with an

Where a rainbow hangeth over or toucheth, equal motion.

there breatheth a sweet smell; for that this She sweeps it through the court with troops happeneth but in certain matters which have of ladies,

some sweetness, which the dew of the rainbow More like an empress than duke Humphrey's draweth forth.

Bacea. wife,

Shakspeare. Shred very small with thyme, sweet-margory, In gentle dreams I often will be by,

and a little winter savoury.

Waltor. And sweep along before your closing eye.

The balmy zephyrs, silent since her death,

Dryden. Lament the ceasing of a sweeter breath. Pepco 3. To move with a long reach.

The streets with treble voices ring, Nor always errs; for oft the gauntlet draws To sell the bounteous product of the spring; A sweeping stroke along the crackling jaws. Sweet-smelling flowers, and elders early bud. Dryden.

Gaya SWEEP. n. s. [from the verb.)

4. Melodious to the ear. 1. The act of sweeping.

The dulcimer, all organs of sweet stop;

Milter. 2. The compass of any violent or continued motion.

Her speech is grac'd with sweeter sound

Than in another's song is found.
A door drags, when, by its ill hanging on its

No more the streams their murmurs shall hinges, or by the ill boarding of the room, the

forbear, bottom edge of the door rides in its sweep upon

A sweeter musick than their own to hear; the floor.


But tell the reeds, and tell the vocal shore, · A torrent swellid

Fair Daphne's dead, and musick is no more. With wintry tempests, that disdains all mounds,

Popes Breaking away impetuous, and involves Within its sweep, trees, houses, men. Philips. 5. Pleasing to the eye.

Heav'n bless chee! 3. Violent and general destruction.

Thou hast the sweetest face I ever look'd on. In countries subject to great epidemical

Sbakspears sweeps, men may live very long; but where the

6. Not salt. proportion of the chronical distemper is great, it is not likely to be so.


The white of an egg, or blood mingled with 4. Direction of any motion not rectilinear.

salt water, gathers the saltness, and maketh the Having made one incision a little circularly,

water sweeter; this may be by adhesion. Bacos. begin a second, bringing it with an opposite

The sails drop with rain,

Sweet waters mingle with the briny main. sweep to meet the other.

Skarp SWEE'PER, 1. s. [from sweep.] One that

7. Not sour. sweeps.

Time changeth fruits from more sour to more SWEE'PINGS. n. s. [from sweep.] That saveet; but contrariwise liquors, even those that which is swept away.

are of the juice of fruit, from more sweet to more Should this one broomstick enter the scene, covered with dust, though the sweepings of the Trees whose fruit is acid last longer than those finest lady's chamber, we should despise its va

whose fruit is sweet. nity.


When metals are dissolved in acid mena SWEEPNET. n. s. (sweep and net.] A net

that takes in a great compass.

She was a sweepnet for the Spanish ships, which happily fell into her net.

than before, and sometimes a sweet one;

Camden. Swee'PSTAKE, n. s. [swerp and stake.]

not because the acids adhere to the metallic para

ticles, and thereby lose much of their activity? A man that wins all.





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