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And cries, it is not safe that we should taste it. SU'RFEITSR. 1. s. [from surfeit.] One
This am'rous surfaiter would hare donn'd his
Sure the queen would wish him still unknown; That you may well perceive I have not wrong't She loaths, detests him, flies his hated presence,
Smitb. One of the greatest in the christian world Sure, upon the whole, a bad author deserves Shall be my surety,
Sbakspeare. better usage chan a bad critick.
Pope. I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou SUREFOOTED. adj. [sure and foot.] require him.
Genesis, Treading firmly; not stumbling.
Yet be not surety, if thou be a father; True earnest sorrows, rooted miseries,
Love is a personal debt: I cannot give Anguish in grain, vexations ripe and blown,
My children's right, aor ought he take it. Surefooted griefs, solid calamities. Herbert.
Herbert. SU'RELY. adv. [from sure.]
All, in infancy, are by others presented with 1. Certainly; undoubtedly; without doubt.
the desires of the parents, and intercession of It is often used rather to intend and
Jureties, that they may be early admitted by bap
tism into the school of Christ. Hammerd, , strengthen the meaning of the sentence, SU'R FACE. 1. s. (sur and face, Fr.). Suthan with any distinct and explicable perficies; outside ; superfice. It is acmeaning. In the day that thou eatest thercof thou shalt
cented by Milton on the last syllable.
Which of us who beholds the bright surface surdly die.
Genesis. Of this ethereous mold, whereon we stand. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive.
Miller Milton. He that created something out of nothing,
Errours like straws upon the surface flow;,
He who would search for pearls must dive be surely can raise great things out of small. Soutb.
Dryden. The curious have thought the most minute All their surfaces shall be truly plain, or truly affairs of Rome worth notice; and surely the consideration of their wealth is at least of as great
spherical, and look all the same way, so as together to compose one even surface.
Nruten importance as grammatical criticisms. Arbuth. To Su'rfeit. v. a. [from sur and faire,
Surely we may presume, without affecting to sit in the seat of God, to think some very falli
Fr. to do more than enough, to overdo.] ble men liable to errors.
To feed with meat or drink to satiety 2. Firmly; without hazard.
and sickness; to cram overmuch. He that walketh righteously, walketh surely.
The surfeited grooms
Proverbs. Do mock their charge with snores. Sbakspear. SU'RENESS. n. s. [from sure.] Certainty. To SU'RFEIT. v.n. To be fed to satiety The subtle ague, that for sureness sake
and sickness. Takes its own time th' assault to make. Cowley. They are as sick that surfcit with too much,
He diverted himself with the speculation of as they that starve with nothing. Sbakspeare. the seed of coral; and for more sureness he re Take heed lest your hearts be overcharged peats ir. Woodward, with surfeiting and drunkenness.
Luke SU'RETISHIP. n. s. [from surety.] The Though some had so surfeited in the vine
office of a surety or bondsman ; the act yards, and with the wines, that they had been of being bound for another.
left behind, the generosity of she Spaniards sent them all home.
Clarender. · Idly, like prisoners which whole months will
They must be let loose to the childish play That only suretisbip hath brought them there.
they fancy, which they should be weaned from, Donne.
by being inade to surfeit of it. If here not clear’d, no svretiship con bail
SU'RFEIT. n. s. (from the verb.] SickCondemned debtors from th' eternal gaol. ness or satiety caused by overfulness.
Denban. When we are sick in fortune, often the sur Hath not the greatest slaughter of armies been feits of our own behaviour, we make guilty of our effected by stratagem ? And have not the fairest disasters the sun, the moon and stars. Sbakip
; estates been destroyed by suretiship? South.
How ill white hairs become a fool and jester!
I have long dreamd of such a kind of man, SU'RETY. n. s. (sureté, French.]
So surfeit-swellid, so old, and so profane, 1. Certainty ; indubitableness.
Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a Now comes the sick hour that his surfeit made; Stranger.
Now shall he try his friends chat Aatter'd him. 2. Security; safety.
There the princesses determining to bathe, Why, disease, dost thou molest thought it was so privileged a place as no body Ladies, and of them the best! durst presume to come thither; yet, for the Do not men grow sick of rites,
more surety, they looked round about. Sidney. To thy alcars, by their nights 3. Foundation of stability ; support.
Spent in surfeits?
Surfeits many times turn to purges, both up,
Milton. Peace, which he lov'd in life, did lend 4. Evidence; ratification ; confirmation.
Her hand to bring him to his end;
When age and death call'a for the score, That she would never put it from her finger,
No surfeits were to reckon for.
Our father Unless she gave it to yourself. Sbakspeare. 5. Security against loss or damage; sccuri.
Has ta'en himself a surfait of the
world, ty for payment.
There remains unpaid
who riots; a glutton.
I did not think 6. Hostage ; bondsman; one that gives security for another; one that is bound
helm for another.
For such a petty WM.
SU'R PEITWATER. n. s.(surfeit and water.)
They are often tarred over with the surgery Water that cures surfeits.
of our sheep, and would you have us kiss tar? A little cold-distilled poppywater, which is the
Sbakspeart. true surfeitwater, with ease and abstinence, often SU'RGY. adj. [from surge.] Rising in bil.
ends distempers in the beginning. Locke. lows. SURGE. n. š. (from surzo, Lat.] A swell. Do publick or domestick cares constrain ing sea ; wave rolling above the general
This toilsome voyage o'er the surgy main?
Pope. surface of the water; billow; wave. The realm was left, like a ship in a storm, SU'R LILY. adv. [from surly.] In a surly
manner. amidst all the raging surges, unruled and undirected of any.
Spenser. SU'RLINESS. n. s. (from surly.] Gloomy The wind-shak'd surge, with high and mon moroseness ; sour anger. strous main,
Thus pale they meet; their eyes with fury Beems to cast water on the burning bear,
burn; And quench the guards of the ever-fired pole: None greets; for none the greeting will return; I never did like molestation view
But in dumb surliness, each arm'd
with care On the enchafed flood.
Sbakspeare. His foe profest, as brother of the war. Dryden. He trod the water,
SU'RLING, N. s. [from surly.) A sour Whose enmity he flung aside, and breasted The surge most swoln that met him. Shaksp.
morose fellow. Not used. It was formerly famous for the unfortunate
These sour surlings are to be commended to loves of Hero and Leander, drowned in the un
Camden. compassionate surges.
Sandys. SU'RLY. adj. [from sur, sour, Saxon.) The sulph'rous hail
Gloomily morose; rough ; uncivil ; Shot after us in storm, o'erblown, hath laid
sour; silently angry. The fiery surge, that from the precipice
'T is like you'll prove a jolly surly groom, Of heav'n receiv'd us falling.
That take it on you at the first so roundly. He sweeps the skies, and clears the cloudy
Sbakspears north :
That surly spirit, melancholy,. He fies aloft, and with impetuous roar
Had bak'd thy blood, and made it heavy thick, Pursues the foaming surges to the shore. Dryd.
Which else runs tickling up and down the Thetis, near Ismena's swelling flood,
veins, With dread beheld the rolling surges sweep Making that idiot laughter keep men's eyes, In heaps his slaughter'd sons into the deep.
And strain their checks to idle merriment.
Pope. To Surge. v. n. [from surgo, Lat.] To
Against the capitol I met a lion, swell ; to rise high.
Who glar'd upon me, and went surly by,
Without annoying me.
Shakspears. The surging waters like a mountain rise.
Repuls'd by surly grooms, who wait before
Spenser. The sleeping tyrant's interdicted door. Drydere He, all in rage, his sea-god sire besought, What if among the courtly cribe Some cursed vengeance on his son to cast; You lost a place, and sav'd a bribe ? From surging gulfs two monsters straight were And then in surly mood came here brought.
Spenser. To fifteen hundred pounds a year, The serpent mov'd, not with indented wave, And fierce against the whigs harangu’d? Swift. Prone on the ground, as since; but on his rear, The zephyrs floating loose, the timely rains, Circular base of rising folds, that tower'd Now soften'd into joy the surly storms. Thomson. Fold above fold, a surging maze ! Milton.
To SURMI'SE. v. a. (surmise, Fr.] To Surging waves against a solid rock, Though all to shivers dash'd, th’assault renew,
suspect ; to image imperfectly; to Vain batt'ry, and in froth or bubbles end, Milf, imagine without certain knowledge. SU'RGEON. n. s. (corrupted by conversa Man coveteth what exceedeth the reach of
tion from chirurgeon.) One who cures sense, yea somewhat above capacity of reason, by manual operation; one whose duty
somewhat divine and heavenly, which with hida
den exultation it rather surmiseth than con. is to act in external maladies by the di
ceiveth: somewhat it seekech, and what that is rection of the physician.
directly it knoweth not; yet very intentive de The wound was past the cure of a better sire thereof doch so incite it, that all other surgeon than myself, so as I could but receive
known delights and pleasures are laid aside, and some few of her dying words. Sidney. they give place to the search of this but only I meddle with no woman's matters; but with suspected desire.
Hooker. al, I am a surgeon to old shoes. Sbakspeare: Of questions and strifes of words cometh envy,
He that hath wounded his neighbour is tied railings, and evil surmisings. 1 Timotby. to the expences of the surgeon, and other inci
Surmise not dencas.
Taylor. His presence to these narrow bounds confinid Though most were sorely wounded, none were
Milter. slain: The surgeons soon despoil'd them of their arms,
It wafted nearer yet, and then she knew
That what before she but sursmis d was true. And some with salves they cure. Dryden.
Dryden. SU'RGEONRY. n. s. (for chirurgery.] The
This change was not wrought by altering the SU'RGERY. 3 act of curing by manual
form or position of the earth, as was surmised operation.
by a very learned man, but by dissolving it.
Woodward. It would seem very evil surgery to cut off every SURMI'S B. n. s. (surmise, Fr.] Imperfect unsound part of the body, which, being by other due means recovered, might afterwards do good
notion; suspicion; imagination not supservice,
Spenser. ported by knowledge.
To let grow private surmises, whereby the The mere des, air of surgery, he cures. Sbaksp. thing itselt is not made better or worse; if just
and allowable reasons might lead them to do as 2. An appellation added to the original they did, then are these censures frustrate.
My sername Coriolanus: the painful service, Condemned to that dungeon merciless,
The extreme dangers, and the drops of blood
Shed for my thankless country, are requited Where they should live in woe, and die in But with that surname.
Spenser. To SU'R NANE. V. a. (surnommer, Fr. from My compassionate heart Will not permit my eyes once to behold
the noun.) To name by an appellation The thing, whereat it trembles by surmise.
added to the original name. Sbukspearen
Another shall subscribe with his hand unto the My thought, whose murthering yet is but fan Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel. tastical,
Isaiake Shakes so my single state of man, that function Pyreicus, only famous for counterfeiting Is smother'd in surmise.
carthen pitchers, a scullery, rogues together by No sooner did they espy the English turning the ears, was sirnamed Rupographus. Pracbass
, from them, but they were of opinion that they How he, surnam d of Africa, dismissid fied towards their shipping: this surmise was oc In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid. casioned, for that the English ships removed the
Miler. day before.
God commanded man what was good; but We double honour gain
the devil surnamed it evil, and thereby baffled From his surmise prov'd false. Milton.
Scuté. Hence guilty joys, distastes, surmises, To Surpass. v. a. (surpasser, Fr.? To False oaths, false tears, deceits, disguises. Pope. No man ought to be charged with principles
excel; to exceed ; to go beyond in ex
cellence. he actually disowns, unless his practices con
The climate's delicate, tradict his profession; not upon small surmises.
Fertile the isle, the temple much surpassing Swift.
The common praise it bears. Sbuespiores TO SURMOU'NT. v. a. (surmonter, Fr.] 0, by what name, for thou above all these, 1. To rise above.
Abova mankind, or aught than mankind higher, The mountains of Olympus, Atho, and Atlas, Surpassest far my naming! how may I over-reach and surmount all winds and clouds. Adore thee, author of this universe? Milton.
Raleigh. Achilles, Homer's hero, in strength and cou2. To conquer; to overcome.
rage surpassed the rest of the Grecian army. Though no resistance was made, the English
. had much ade to surucunt the natural difficulues
A nymph of late there was, of the place the greatest part of one day.
Whose heav'nly form her fellows did surpass,
Hayward. The pride and joy of fair Arcadia's plains. He hardly escared to the Persian court; from
Dryden. whence, if the love of his country had not sur Under or near the line are mountains, which, mounted its base ingratitude to him, he had for bigness and number, surpass those of colder many invitations to return at the head of the countries, as much as the heat there surpasses Persian fiect; but he rather chose a voluntary
that of those countries.
Swijt. SURPASSABLE. addi. [from surpass and 3. To surpass; to exceed.
able.] That may be excelled. What surmounts the reach Of human sense, I shall delineate so,
SURPASSING. participial adj. [from surBy lik’ning spiritual to corporeal forms,
pass.] Excellent in a high degree. As may'express them best.
O thou! that, with surpassing glory crown'd,
Look'st from thy sole dominion like the god SURMOU'NTABLE, adj. [from surmount.} Of this new world. Conquerable ; superable.
His miracles proved him to be sent from Gode SURMOU’NTER. n. s. [from surmount.] not'more by that infinite power that was seen in One that rises above another.
them, than by that surpassing goodness they de monstrated to the world.
Calars: SURMOU'NTING. 1. s. The act of getting uppermost.
SURPA'SSINGLY.adv. [from surpassing:] SU'R MULLET. n. s. [mugil, Lat.] A sort
In a very excellent manner. of fish.
SU'RPLICE. 1. s. [surpelis, surplis, Fr. She SU'RNAME. n. s. (surnom, Fr.]
perpellicium, Latin.) The white gub 1. The name of the fainily; the name
which the clergy wear in their acts of which one has over and above the
minisiration. christian name.
It will wear the surplice of humility over the
black gown of a big heart. Many which were mere English joined with
The cinctus gabinus is a lon garment, no the Irish against the king, taking on them Irish
unlike a surplice, which would have tra led on habits and customs, which could never since be
the ground, had it hung loose, and was thereclean wiped away; of which sort be most of the
fore gathered about the middle with a girdle. surnames that end in an, as Hernan, Shinan, and Mungan, which now account themselves natural SU'R PLUS. Irish.
. SU'RPLUSAGE. SA supernumerary part; He, made heir not only of his brother's kingdom, but of his virtues and haughty thoughts,
overplus; what remains when use is and of the surname also of Barbarossa, began to satisfied. aspire in the empire.
Knolles. If then thee list my offered grace to use, The
ер thets of great men, monsieur Boileau Take what thou please of all this surplusage ; is of opinion, were in the nature of surnames, If thee list not, leave have thou to refuse. and repeated as such.
Adicos, n. s. (sur and plus, Fr.]
That you have vouchsaf'd my poor house to The greatest actions of a celebrated person, visit,
however surprising and extraordinary, are no It is a surp!us of your grace.
Sbakspeare. more than what are expected from him. When the price of corn falleth, men give
Spectator. over surplus tillage, and break no more ground. SURPRISINGLY. adv. [from surprising.]
Co rew. We made a substance so disposed to fluidity,
To a degree that raises wonder; in a that by so small an agitation as only the sur
manner that raises wonder. plusage of that which the ambient air is wont to
If out of these ten thousand we should take have about the middle even of a winter's day,
the men that are employed in publick business,
the number of those who remain will be surabove what it hath in the first part. Boyle. The officers spent all, so as there was no sur
Addison. plusage of treasure; and yet that all was not SU'R QUEDRY. n. s. (sur and cuider, old sufficient.
French, to think.] Overweening pride; Whatsoever degrees of assent one affords a
insolence. Obsolete. proposition beyond the degrees of evidence, it is plain all that surplusage of assurance is owing
They overcommen, were deprived not to the love of truth.
Of their proud beauty, and the one moiety
Transform'd to fish for their bold surguedry. SURPRI'S AL. n. s: (surprise, Fr, from
Spenser SURPRISE. S the verb.)
Late-born modesty 1. The act of taking unawares; the state Hath got such root in easy waxen hearts, of being taken unawares.
That men may not themselves their own good Parents should mark heedfully the witty exo
parts cuses of their children, especially at suddains and
Extol, without suspect of surquedry. Donne, surfrisals; but rather mark than pamper them. SURR E BU’TTER. N. s. [In law.] A second
rebutter; answer to a rebutter. A term Lest, wilfully transgressing, he pretend
in the courts. Surprisel, unadmonishid, unforewarn’d. Milton. SURREJOI'NDER. n. s. (surrejoindre, Fr. I set aside the taking of St. Jago and St. Do
In law.] A second defence of the plaintmingo in Hispaniola, as surprizes rather than
it's action, opposite to the rejoinder This strange surprisal put the knight
of the defendant, which the civilians call And wrathful squire into a fright. Hudibras. triplicatio
Bailey. There is a vast difference between them, as T. SURRENDER. v. a. (surrendre, old vast as between inadvertency and deliberation, between surprize and set purpose.
French.] He whose thoughts are employed in the
1. To yield up; to deliver up. weighty cares of empire, is not presumed to in
Solemn dedication of churches serves not only spect minuter things so carefully as private per
to make them publick, but further also to sur-. suns; the laws therefore relieve him against the render up that right which otherwise their foundsurprises and machinations of deceitful men. ers might have in them, and to make God him
Hooker. 2. A dish, I suppose, which has nothing
Recall those grants, and we are ready to sur
render ours, resume all or nonc. Davenant. in it. Few care for carving trifles in disguise,
2. To deliver up to an enemy: sometimes Or that fantastick dish some call surprise.
with up emphatical. King's Cookery.
Ripe age bade him surrender late 3. Sudden confusion or perplexity.
His life and long good fortune unto final fate.
Fairfax. T. SURPRISE. v. a. (surpris, Fr. from
He, willing to surrender up the castle, forbade surprendre.]
his soldiers to have any talk with the enemy. 1. To take unawares; to fall upon unex.
Surrender up to me thy captive breath; The castle of Macduff I will surprise,
My pow'r is nature's pow'r, my name is Death.
Harte. Seize upon Fite, give to the edge oth' sword His wife, his babes.
Sbakspeare. To SURRE'NDER. V. n. To yield; to give Now do our ears before our eyes,
one's self up. · Like men in mists,
This mighty Archimedes too surrenders now. Discover who'd the state surprize,
n.s. Lest, by some fair appearing good surpriz'd,
SURRE'NDRY She diciate false, and misinform the will. Milt.
1. The act of yielding: How sball he keep, what, sleeping or awake,
Our general mother, with eyes
Of conjugal attraction unreprov'd,
And meck surrender, half-embracing lean'd The mingled passions chat surpriz'd his heart!
On our first father.
Milton, Tbomson. Having mustered up all the forces he could, 2. To astonish by something wonderful.
the clouds above and the deeps below, he prePeople were not so much frighted as surprized
pares for a surrender ; asserting, from a mistaken at the bigness of the camel. L'Estrange.
computation, that all these will not come up 3. To confuse or perplex by something
near the quantity requisite. Woodward.
Juba's surrender sudden.
Would give up Africk unto Cæsar's hands. Up he starts, discover'd and surprisid. Milt.
( Addison. SURPRISING. participial adj. [from sure 2. The act of resigning or giving up to an.
prise.] Wonderful; raising sudden won. other. der or concern,
If our father carry authority with snch dis
Ben Jonset. SURRENDER: }n. s. [from the verb.]
position as he bears, this last surrender of his will so that he was forced to wear a wartout of oiled but offend us.
Sbakspeare. cloth, by which means he came home pretty That hope quickly vanished upon the un clean, except where the surtout was a little scanty. doubted intelligence of that surrendir. Clarendon.
Arbutbnet. As oppressed states made themselves homagers To SURVE'NE. v. a. (survenir, Fr.] To to the Romans to engage their protection, so we
su pervene; to come as an addition. should have made an entire surrendry of our. Hippocrates mentions a suppuration that surselves to God, that we might have gained a title
venes lethargies, which commonly terminates in to his deliverances.
Decay of Piety.
Harvey. In passing a thing away by deed of gift, is required a surrender on the giver's part of all the
TO SURVEY. v. a. (surveoir, old Fr.] property he has in it; and to the making of a
1. To overlook; to have under the view; thing sacred, this surrender by its right owner is
to view as from a higher place. necessary.
South. Round he surveys, and well might where he SURRE'PTION. n. s. (surreptus, Latin.]
Milter. Sudden and unperceived invasion or in
So high above.
Though with those streams he no resemblance trusion.
hold, Sins compatible with a regenerate estate, are Whose foam is amber, and their gravel gold; sins of a sudden surreption.
His genuine and less guilty wealth t explore, SURREPTI'TIQUŚ. adj. (surreptitius, Search not his bottom, but survey his shore: Lat.) Done by stealth; gotten or pro
Denban, duced fraudulently.
2. To oversee as one in authority. Scaliger hath not translated the first; perhaps 3. To view as examining. supposing it surreptitious, or unworthy so great 'The husbandman's self came that way,
Brown. Of custom to survey his ground. The Masorites numbered not only the Early abroad he did the world survey,, sections and lines, but even the words and let. As if he knew he had not long to stay. Waller. ters, of the Old Testament, the better to secure
With alter'd looks it from surreptitious practices.
All pale and speechless, he survey'd me round. Governinent of the Tongue.
Dryden. A correct copy of the Dunciad, the many sur 4. To measure and estimate land or build. septitious ones have rendered necessary,
ings. Letter to Publisber of Pope's Dunciad.
SURVE'Y, n. s. (from the verb.] SURREPTI’TIOUSLY. adv. (from surrepo I. View ; prospect. titious.] By stealth ; fraudulently:
Her stars in all their vast survey Thou hast got it more surreptitiously than he Useless besides!
Milton. did, and with less effect.
Under his proud survey the city, lies, Government of the Tongue, And like a mist beneath a hill doth rise. To SU'RROGATE. v. a. (surrogo, Latin.]
Donban, To put in the place of another.
No longer letted of his prey, SU'RROGATE. n. s. (surrogatus, Lat.) A
He leaps up at it with enrag'd desire,
O'erlooks the neighbours with a wide survis, deputy ; a delegate ; the deputy of an
And nods at ev'ry house his threat'ning fire. ecclesiastical judge.
Dryden. SURROGA'TION. n. s. [surrogatio, Lat.) 2. Superintendence.
The act of putting in another's place. 3. Mensuration.
An overseer; one placed to superintend all sides.
others. Yelling monsters that with ceaseless cry
Were's not madness then, Surround me, as thou sawest.
Milton. To make the fox surveyor of the fold? Shaks. Cloud and ever-during dark
Bishop Fox was not only a grave counsellor for Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of men war or peace, but also a good surveyor of works Cut off. Milton,
Becor Bad angels seen
2. A measurer of land. On wing under the burning cope of hell,
Should we survey 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires.
The plot of situation, and the model;
Question surveyors, know our own estate, As the bodies that surround us diversely affect How able such a work to undergo, our organs, the mind is forced to receive the in
To weigh against his opposite. Sbakspeare. pressions.
Decempeda was a measuring-rod for taking Surso'lid. n. s. [In algebra.] The fourth the dimensions of buildings; from hence came
multiplication or power of any number decempedator, for a surveyer, used by Cicero.
whatever taken as the root. Trevoux. SURSOʻLID Problem. ry. [In mathema- SURVE'YORSHIP. n. s. [from surveyor.] ticks.] That which cannot be resolved
The office of a surveyor. but by curves of a higher nature than a To Survi'ew. v. a. (surveoir, old Fr.] conick section.
Harris. To overlook; to have in view ; to sur. SURTOU'T. n. s. (Fr.] A large coat worn
vey. Not in use. over all the rest.
That turret's frame most admirable was, The surtout if abroad you wear,
Like highest heaven compassed around, Repels the rigour of the air;
And lifted high above this earthly mass, Would you be warmer, if at home
Which it surview'd, as hills do lower ground. You had the fabrick, and the loom? Prior. Sir Roger she mortally hated, and used to
TO SURVI'VE. v. n. [supervivo, Latin ; hire fellows to squirt kennel-water upon him, survivre, French.)