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Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,
SU'PPLIANT. n. s. [from the adjective.] 4. To serve instead of.
An humble petitioner; one who begs Burning ships the banish'd sun supply, submissively
And no light shines but that by which men die.
Haller, A petition from a Florentine I undertook, Vanquish'd thereto by the fair grace and speech 5. To give or bring, whether good or bad. Of the poor suppliant.
Nearer care supplies
Sighs to my breast, and sorrow to my eyes. The east with incense, and the west with gold,
Prior. Will stand like suppliants to receive her doom. 6. To fill any room made vacant.
Dryden. Upstart creatures to supply our vacant room. Spare this life, and hear thy suppliant's prayer.
Milton, Dryden, The sun was set; and Vesper, to supply SO'PPLICANT. n. s. [from supplicate.] His absent beams, had lightcd up the sky. Dryd.
One that entreats or impiores with great 7. To accommodate ; to furnish. submission ; an humble pliitioner.
While trees the mountain-tops with shades The prince and people of Nineveh assembling
supply, theniselves a main army of supplicants, God did
Your honour, name, and praise, shall never die. not withstand them. Hooker.
Dryden. The wise supplicart, though he prayed for the
The reception of light must be supplied by condition he thought most desirable, yet left the some open form of the fabrick.
Wotton. event to God.
My lover, turning away several old servants, Abraham, instead of indulging the suppricant
supplied me with others from his own house. in his desire of new evidence, refers him to what
Srvift. his brethren bad.
Atterbury. SUPPLY'. n. s. [from the verb.] Relief to SU'PPLICATE. v.
n. [supplier, Fr. of want; cure of deficiencies. supplico, Lat. from supplex.] To im. I mean that now your abundance may be a plore; to entreat; to petition submis
supply for their want, that their abundance also sively and humbly.
may be a supply for your want. O Corinthians,
Art from that fund each just supply provides, Many things a man cannot with any comeli
Works without show, and without pomp presides, Ress say or do; a man cannot brook to suppli
Popa. mate or beg.
B22071. Thither the kingdoms and the nations come,
To SUPPO’RT. v. a. [supporter, Fr. supa In supplicating crowds, to learn their doom.
Addison. 1. To sustain ; to prop; to bear up. SUPPLICA'TION. n. s.
[supplication, Fr. Stooping to support each flow'r of tender stalk, from supplicate.)
Milton. 1. Petition humbly delivered ; entreaty.
The palace built by Picus, vast and proud, My lord protector will come this way by' and
Supported by a hundred pillars stood. Dryden. by, and then we may deliver our supplications in
The original community of all things appear.
ing from this donation of God, the sovereignty
Sbakspeare. of Adam, built upon liis private dominion, must My mother bows, Asif Olympus to a mole-hill should
fall, not having any foundation to support it.
Locke. In supplication nod.
Shakspeare. 2. Petitionary worship; the adoration of
2. To endure any thing painful without a suppliant or petitioner.
being overcome. Praying with all prayer and supplication, with
Strongly to suffer and support our pains. Milt. all perseverance and supplication for all saints.
Could'st thou support that burden? Milton
This tierce demeanour, and his insolence,
The patience of a god could not support. Drydo
3. To endure ; to bear. Milton.
She scarce awake her eyes could keep, A second sort of publick prayer is, that all in
Unable to support the fumes of sleep. Dryden. 1 family that are members of it join in their
None can support a diet of flesh and water common supplications.
without acids, as salt, vinegar, and bread, withe
Duty of Man. These prove the common practice of the wor
out falling into a putrid lever. Arbutbnot. ship of images in the Roman church, as to the 4. To sustain ; to keep from fainting. rites of supplication and adoration, to be as ex
With inward consolations recompens'd, travagant as among the heathens. Stilling fiect.
And oft supported.
Milton. We should testify our dependence upon God, SUPPO'RT. ni so [support, Fr. from the and our confidence of his goodness, by constant prayers and supplications for mercy.
verb.] to SUPPLY'. 1. a. (szuppleo, Lat. suppléer,
1. Act or power of sustaining.
Though the idea we have of a horse or stone be
but the collection of those several sensible que 1. To fill up as any deficiencies happen. lities which we find united in them; yet, because
Out of the fry of these rakeheil horse boys are we cannot conceive how they should subsist their kearn supplied and maintained. Spenser. alone, we sup; use them existing in and support. 2. To give something wanted; to yield ; ed by some common subject, which support we
denote by the name substance, though it be cere They were princes that had wives, sons, and tain we have no clear idea of that support. Iveke. nephews; and yet all these could not supply the 2. Prop; sustaining power.
3. Necessaries of life. I wanted nothing fortune could supply, Nor did she slumber till that hour dény. Dryd. Si PPO'RTABLE. adj. [silfportalla, fr.
4. Maintenance; supply. 3. To relieve with something wanted. Although I neither lend nor borrow,
from support.] Tuliable; to be en
dured. It may be obstood that Sbak. SLakspiare. seara accents the first gllable
comfort of friendship:
I'll break a custom,
As great to me, as late; and, supportable ment of natural theory, but from those that its To make the dear loss, have so means much likely to mend our prospect: the defect of events, Weaker
and sensible appearances, suffer us to proceed no Than you may call to comfort you.
further towards science, than to imperfect guesses Shakspeare's Tempest. and timorous supposals.
Glanville Alterations in the project of uniting christ When this comes, our former supposal of sufians might be very supportable, as things in their ficient grace, as of the preaching of the word, own nature indifferent.
Szeift. and God's calls, is utterly at an end. Hammerd. I wish that whatever part of misfortunes they Interest, with a Jew, never proceeds but upon must bear, may be rendered supportable to them. supposal at least of a firm and sufficient bottom. Pope.
Sou'l. SUPPO'RTABLENESS. n. s. [from supporto Artful men endeavour to entangle thoughtless
Clarissa. able ] The state of being tolerable. women by bold supposals and offers. SUPPO'KTANCE. n. s. [from support.] TO SUPPOSE. v. a. [supposer, Fr. sup. SUPPORT A'TioN.S Maintenance; sup
pono, Latin.] port. Both these words are obsolete.
1. To lay down without proof; to advance Give some supportance to the bending twigs.
by way of argument or illustration,
Shakspeare: His quarrel he finds scarce worth talking of,
without maintaining the truth of the therefore draw for the supportance of his vow.
Where we meet with all the indications and The benefited subject should render some
evidences of such a thing as the thing is capable small portion of his gain for the supportation of
ot, supposing it to be true, it must needs be very the king's expence.
Williai SUPPO’RTER. n. s. [from support. ]
2. To admit without proof. I. One that supports.
This is to be entertained as a firm principle,
that when we have as great assurance that a You must walk by us upon either hand, And good supporters are you. Sbakspeare,
thing is, as we could possibly, supposing it were, Because a relation cannot be founded in no
we ought not to make any doubt of its existthing, and the thing here related as a supporter,
Suppose some so negligent that they will not or a support, is not represented to the mind by
be brought to learn by gentle ways, yet it dos any distinct idea.
not thence follow that the rough discipline of 2. Prop; that by which any thing is borne
the cudgel is to be used to all. up from falling.
3. To imagine ; to believe without exä. More might be added of helms, crests, man
mination, des, and supporters.
Tell false Edward, thy supposed king, The sockets and supporters of flowers are figured.
That Lewis of France is sending over maskers
Bacon. We shall be discharged of our load; but you,
. that are designed for beams and supporters, shall
Let not my lord suppose that they have slain bear.
all the king's sons; for Ammon only is slain. There is no loss of room at the bottom, as there is in a building set upon supporters. Mortimer.
I suppose we should compel them to a quick
result. 3. Sustainer; comforter. The saints have a companion and supporter in
4. To require as previous to itself. all their miseries.
This supposeth something, without evident
ground. 4. Maintainer; defender.
5. To make reasonably supposed. The beginning of the earl of Essex I must attribute in great part to my lord of Leicester;
One falsehood always supposes another, and
renders all you can say suspected. but yet as an introducer or supporter, not as a
6. To put one thing by fraud in the place blast and defame any cause which requires such
of another. aids, and stands in need of such supporters.
SUPPO'SE. n. s. [from the verb.] SuppoHominond.
sition; position without proof; uneviAll examples represent ingratitude as sitting denced conceit. in its throne, with pride at its right hand, and We come short of our suppose so far, cruelty at its left; worthy supporters of such a
That, after sev’n years siege, yet Troy-walls reigning impiety.
Is Egypt's safety, and the king's, and your's, The great supporter of his awful throne. Dryd.
Fit to be trusted on a bare suppose S. Supporters. [In heraldry.] Beasts that
That he is honest?
Dritto support the arms.
SUPPO'SER. n. s. [from supposc.] One SUPPO'S ABLE, adj. [from suppose.] That may be supposed.
Thou hast by marriage made thy daughter Invincible ignorance is, in the far greatest
mine, number of men, ready to be confronted against While counterfeit supposers bleer'd thine erne, the necessity of their believing all the severals of
any supposable catalogue. Hammond. SUPPOSITION. n. s. (supposition, French; SUPPO'SAL. n. s. [from suppose.] Posi from suppose.] Position laid down; by
tion without proof; imagination ; be pothesis ; imagination yet unproved. lief.
In saying he is a good man, understand me Young Fortinbras,
that he is sufficient; yet his means are in sapp Holding a weak supposal of our worth,
sition. Thinks our state iu be out of frame. Skakepeare.
Sing, syren, for thyself, and I will dute ; Little can be looked for towards the advance. Spread of the silver waves thy golden hairs
And as a bed I 'll take thee, and there lye; You may depend upon a suppression of these
that suppresses, crushes, or conceale. that if a thing be true, it is impossible to be false.
Lat. suppurer, Fr.] To generate pus or Such an original irresistible notion is neither matter. requisite upon supposition of a deity, nor is it
This disease is generally fatal: if it suppurates pretended to by religion.
Bentley. the pus, it is evacuated into the lower belly, SūPPOSITI'Țious. adj. [from suppositus,
where it produceth putrefaction. Arbutbnos. supposititius, Latin.)
TO SU'PPURATE. V. n. To grow to pus. 1. Not genuine ; put by a trick into the SUPPUR A'Tion. n. so'[suppuration, Fr. place or character belonging to another.
from suppurate.] The destruction of Mustapha was so fatal to 1. The ripening or change of the matter of Solyman's line, as the succession of the Turks a tumour into pus. from Solyman is suspected to be of strange blood; If the inflammation be gone too far towards a for that Selymus ii. was thought to be supposia suppuration, then it must be promoted with suptitious.
Bacon. puratives, and opened by incision. Wiseman. It is their opinion, that no man ever killed his This great attrition must produce a great profather; but that, if it should ever happen, the re pensity to the putrescent alkaline condition of puted son must have been illegitimate, supposie the fluids, and consequently to suppurations. titious, or begotten in adultery. Addison.
Arbutbnot. There is a Latin treatise among the supposio 2. The matter suppurated, titious pieces, ascribed to Athanasius. Waterland.
The great physician of souls sometimes can2. Supposed ; imaginary; not real.
not cure without cutting us: sin has festered inSome alterations in the globe tend rather to wardly, and he must launce the imposthume, to the benefit of the earth, and its productions, than let out death with the suppuration. Soutb. their destruction, as all these supposititious ones SU'PPURATIVE. adj. [suppuratif, Fr. manifestly would do.
from suppurate.] Digestive ; generatSUPPOSITITIOUSNESS. n. s. [from supe ing matter.
posititious.) State of being counterfeit. SUPPUTATION. n. s. [supputation, Fr. SÚPPO'SITIVELY. adv. (from suppose.] supputo, Latin.] Reckoning ; account ; Upon supposition..
calculation; computation. The unreformed sinner may have some hope From these differing properties of day and suppositively, if he do change and repent: the year arise difficulties in carrying on and reconhonest penitent may hope positively. Hammond,
ciling the supputation of time in long measures. SUPPO'SITORY. n. s. [ suppositoire, Fr.
Holder. suppositorium, Latin.] A kind of solid The Jews saw every day their Messiah still clyster.
farther removed from them; that the promises Nothing relieves the head more than the piles;
of their doctors, about his speedy manifestations, therefore suppositories of honey, aloes, and rocko
were false; that the predictions of the prophets, salt, ought to be tried.
whom they could now no longer understand, were To SUPPRESS. v. a. (supprimo, suppres
covered with obscurity; that all the supputations
of time either terminated in Jesus Christ, or SUS, Lat. supprimer, Fr.]
were without a period.
West. 1.- To crush; to yerpower ; to over. To SUPPU'TE. v. a. [from supputo, Lat.]
whelm; to subdue; to reduce from any To reckon; to calculate. state of activity or commotion.
SU'PRA. (Lat.) In composition, signi.
adj. [supra and Every rebellion, when it is suppressed, doch SUPRA 1. A'PSARY. lapsus, Latin.] make the subject weaker, and the prince stronger.
Antecedent to the fall of man.
Davies. The supralapsarians, with whom the object of Sir William Herbert, with a well-armed and the decree is bomo conditus, man created, not yet ordered company, set sharply upon them; and fallen; and the sublapsarians, with whom it is oppressing some of the forwardest of them by man fallen, or che corrupt mass. Hammond.
death, suppressed the residue by fear. Hayward. SUPRAVU'LGAR. adj. [supra and vulgar.] 1. To conceal; not to tell; not to reveal.
Above the vulgar. Things not reveal'd, which th' invisible King,
None of these motives can prevail with a Only omniscient, hath suppress'din night. Milt.
man to furnisti himself with supravulgar and Still she suppresses the name, and this keeps noble qualities.
Collier. him in a pleasing suspense; and, in the very close SUPREMACY. n. s. [from supreme.] High
of her speech, she indirectly mentions it. Broome. 3. To keep in ; not to let out.
est place; highest authority ; state of Well didst thou, Richard, to suppress thy
being supreme: voice;
No appeal may be made unto any one of highFor, had the passions of thy heart burst out, er power, in as much as the order of your disI fear we should have seen decypher'd there
cipline admitteth no standing inequality of More ranc'rous spight, more furious raging
courts, no spiritual judge to have any ordinary broils.
superior on earth, but as many supremacies as SUPPRE'SSION. n. s. [suppression, Fr. sup
there are parishes and several congregations.
Hooker. pressio, Lat. from suppress.]
As we under heav'n are supreme head, 1. The act of suppressing,
So, under him, that great supremacy, 2. Not publication.
Where we do reign, we will alone uphold. Sbak. VOL, IV.
The air, after receiving a charge, doth not re
I am asham'd that women
T. SURBA'TE. v. a. (solbatir, Fr.] To Should seek for rule, supremacy, and sway, bruise and batter the feet with travel ; When they are bound io serve, love, and obey.
to harass; to fatigue. Put to proof his high supremacy,
Their march they continued all that night, the Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate.
horsemen often alighting, that the foot might Milton.
ride, and others taking many of them behind Henry VII. had no intention to change reli
them: however they could not but be extremely weary and surbated.
Clarendon. gion: he cont nued to burn protestants after he had cast off the pope's supremacy.
Chalky land surbates and spoils oxen's feet. You 're formed by nature for this supremacy,
Mortimer, which is granted from the distinguishing cha: Sur B E'T. The participle passive of suri racter of your writing.
Dryden. beat, which Spenser seems to have used From some wild curs that from their masters for surbate. ran,
A bear and tyger being met Abhorring the supremacy of man,
In cruel fight, on Lybick ocean wide, In woods and caves the rebel race began. Dryd.
Espy a traveller with feet surbet, Supremacy of nature, or supremacy of perfec
Whom they in equal prey hope to divide. tion, is to be possessed of all perfection, and the
Stenset highest excellency poss ble. Waterland.
To SURCE A'S E. v. n. (sur and cesser, Fr. Tu deny him this supremacy is to dethrone the Deity, and give his kingdom to another. Rogers,
1. To be at an end; to stop; to cease; to SUPREME. adj. [supremus, Lat.]
be no longer in use or being. 1. Highest in dignity; highest in autho
Small favours will my prayers increase : rity. It may be observed that superiour Granting my suit, you give me all; is used often of local elevation, but su And then my prayers niust needs surrease;
For I have made your godhead fall.
Dount. preme only of intellectual or political.
As no man serverh God, and loveth him not; 2. To leave off'; to practise no longer; to so neither can any man sincerely love God, and refrain finally: not extremely abhor that sin which is the high To fly altogether from God, to despair that est degree of treason against the supreme Guide creatures unworthy shall be able to obtain any and Monarch of the whole world, with whose thing at his hands, and under that pretence to divine authority and power it investeth others.
surcrease from prayers, as bootless or fruitless of
Hocker. fices, were to him no less injurious than perniThe god of soldiers, cious to our own souls.
Header. With the consent of supreme Jove, inform
Nor did the British squadrons now surfcase Thy thoughts with nobleness! Sbakspeare. To gall their foes o'erwhelm'd.
Pbilips. My soul akes
So pray'd he, whilst an angel's voice from high To know, when two authorities are up, - Bade him surrease to importune the sky. Harite Neither supreme, how soon confusion May enter 'twixt the gap of both. Shakspeare. To SURCEA's £. v. a. To stop; to put an This strength, the seat of Deity supreme.
end to. Obsolete. Milton.
Al pain hath end, and every war hath peace; The monarch oak, the patriarch of the trees, But mine no price, nor prayer, may surirast. Shoots rising up, and spreads by slow degrees;
Spenser 'Three centuries he grows, and three he stays SURCE A'SE, n. s. Cessation; stop: Supreme in state, and in three more decays.
It might very well agree with your principles, Dryden.
if your discipline were fully planted, even to 2. Highest; most excellent.
send out your writs of surcease unto all courts of No single virtue we could most commend, England for the most things handled in them. Whether the wife, the mother, or the friend; For she was all in that supreme degree,
TO SURCH A'rge.v. a. (surcharger, Fr.]
To overload ; to over burden.
They put upon every portion of land a reasaAnd his own love bequeath'd supreme command. able rent, which they called Romescot, the which
might not surcharge the tenant or freeholder. SUPREMELY. adv. [from the adjective:] In the highest degree.
Tamas was returned to Tauris, in hope to have
suddenly surprised his enemy, surcharged with The starving chemist in his golden views
the pleasures of so rich a city.
Pope. Supremely blest, the poet in his muse.
More remov'd, Sun. [sur, Fr.] in composition, means
Lest heav'n, surcharg'd with potent multitude, apon, or over and above.
Might hap to move new broils. SURADDITION. n. s. (sur and addition.] He ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy Something added to the name.
Surcharg’d, as had, like grief, been dew'd in teara He sery'd with glory and admir'd success,
Without the vent of words. So gain'd the saraddition, Leonatus. Shaksp. When graceful sorrow in her pomp appears, SU'R A L. adj. [from sura, Lat.] Being in
Sure she is dress'd in Melesinda's tears: the calf, of the leg.
Your head reclin'd, as iniding grief from view,
. He was wounded in the inside of the calf of his leg, into the sural artery. Wiseman.
SURCHARGE. n. s. (surcharge, Fr. from SU'RANCE. N. s. [from sure.] Warrant; security; assurance.
the verb.] Lurden added to burden; Give some surance that thou art revenge;
overburden ; more than can be well Stab them, or tear them on thy chariot wheels. borne.
ceive a surcharge, or greater charge, with like If you find nothing new in the matter, I am appetite as it doth the first.
Bacon. sure much less will you in the style. Wake. An object of surcharge or excess destroyeth Be silent always, when you doubt your sense; the sense; as the light of the sun, the eye; a And speak, tho'sure, with seeming diffidence. violent sourd near the car, the hear ng. Bacon.
Popes The moralists make this raging of a lion to be 4. Safe; firm; certain; past doubt or a surcbarge of one madness upon another. danger. To make sure is to secure, so as
L'Estrange SURCH A'R GER. n. s. [from surcharge.]
that nothing shall put it out of one's One that overburdens.
possession or power: SURCI'NGLE. ».
Thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, after s. [sur and cingulum, that thou shalt have known that the heavens do Latin.]
Daniel. 1. A girth with which the burden is bound He bad me make sure of the bear, before I
sell his skin, upon a horse.
L'Estrange. 2. The girdle of a cassock.
They would make others on both sides sure Justly he chose the surcingle and gown.
of pleasing, in preference to instruction. Dryden. Marvel.
They have a nearer and surer way to the feSU'RCLE. n. s. (surculus, Lat.) A shoot;
licity of life, by tempering their passions, and reducing their appetites.
Temple. a twig; a sucker. Not in general use. A peace cannot fail, provided we make sure It is an arboreous excrescence, or superplant, of Spain.
Temple which the tree cannot assimilate, and therefore Revenge is now my joy; he's not for me, sproutesh not forth in boughs and surcles of the And I'll make sure he ne'er shall be for thee. same shape unto the tree. Brown.
Dryden, The basilica dividing into two branches below I bred you up to arms, rais'd you to power, the cubit, the outward sendeth two surcles unto All to make sure the vengeance of this day, the thumb.
Brown. . Which even this day has ruin'd. Dryden. SU'RCOAT. n. 5. (surcot, old Fr. sur and
Make Cato sure, and give up Utica,
Cæsar will ne'er refuse thee such a trifle. coat.] A short coat worn over the rest
Addison. of the dress.
They have reason to make all actions worthy The honourable habiliments, as robes of state, of observation, which are sure to be observed. parliament-robes, the surcoal, and mantle.
Atterbury. Camden. The commons were besotted in excess of ap
s. Firm; stable; steady; not liable to
failure. parel, in wide surcoats reaching to their loins.
Thou the garland wear'st successively;
Yet tho'thou tand'st more sure than I could do,
Thou art not firm enough. Shakspears. the same.
I wish your horses swift and sure of foot,
And so I'do commend you to their backs. SUR D. adj. (surdus, Latin.]
Shakspeare. 1. Deaf; wanting the sense of hearing. I wrapt in sure bands both their hands and feet, 2. Unheard; not perceived by the ear.
And cast them under hatches. Chapman.
Virtue, dear friend, needs no defence; 3. Not expressed by any term.
The surest guard is innocence. Roscommon. SU'RDITY, n. s. [from surd.] Deafness.
Partition firm and sure the waters to divide. SURDNUʻMBER. n. s. [from surd and num
Milton. ber.] That is incommensurate with Doubting thus of innate principles, men will unity.
call pulling up the old foundations of knowledge SURE. adj. [seure, French.]
and certainty: 1 persuade myself that the way 1. Certain ; unfailing; infallible:
have pursued, being conformable to truth, lays those foundations surer.
Locks. The testimony of the Lord is sure, and giveth wisdom unto the simple.
To prove a genuine birth,
On female truth assenting faith relies:
Thus manifest of right, I build my claim,
Sure founded, on a fair maternal fame. Pope. Can give it, or will ever? How he can
Is doubtful; that he never will, is sure. Milton. 6. To be Sure. Certainly. This is a vi2. Certainly doomed.
tious expression: more properly be sure. Our coin beyond sea is valued according to the Objects of sense would then determine the silver in it: sending it in bullion is the safest views of all such, to be sure, who conversed perway, and the weightiest is sure to go. Locke.
petually with them.
Atterbury. 3. Confident; undoubting; certainly know Though the chymnist could not calcine the caing
put mortuum, to obtain its fixed sali, to be sure it Friar Laurence met them both;
must have some.
Arbuthnot. Him he knew well, and guess'd that it was she; Sure. adv. [surement, Fr.] Certainly; Eut, being mask’d, he was not sure of it.
without doubt; doubtless. It is geile
rally without emphasis ; and, notwithEvil he may be sure.
standing its original meaning, expresses The youngest in the morning are not sure
rather doubt than assertion. That till the night their life they can secure,
Something, sure, of state
Denbom, Hath puddied his clear spirit. Sbakspeare. While sore of battle, while our wounds are Her looks were flush'd, and sulien was her green,
1:, Why would we tempt the doubtful dye agen? That sure the virgin goddesss, bad she been In wars renew'd, uncertain of success,
Aught but a virgin, must the guils have seen. Sure of a share, as umpires of the peace. Dryd,