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After this second perusal of the text, he should peruse it a third time, with the Commentary of Lord Coke; and afterwards peruse Sheppard's Touchstone in Mr. Preston's invaluable edition of that work. The Reminiscent presumes to suggest, that the student may then usefully peruse the Notes on Feuds, on Uses, and on Trusts, in the last edition of Coke upon Littleton, and then read Littleton and Coke, and the Notes of the last Editors.
- "The Reminiscent may appear to recommend too much attention to Littleton and Coke; but he never has yet met with a person thoroughly conversant in the law of real property, who did not think with him, that he is the best lawyer, and will succeed best in his profession, who best understands Coke upon Littleton. Against one error he begs leave particularly to caution the student;—not to suspect for a moment, that because he himself does not see the utility of what he reads in this work, or the application of the parts of it which he is reading to any practical purpose, it is therefore useless. There is not, in the whole of the golden book, a single line which the student will not, in his professional career, find on more than one occasion, eminently useful.
"Being thus saturated with the venerable black-letter, he should peruse with the most profound attention, Mr. Saunders's Treatise on Uses and Trusts, and Mr. Preston's Treatise on Fines and Recoveries, and then proceed to Mr. Fearne's Essay on Contingent Remainders, and Mr. Sugden's Treatise on Powers. After this, he should read for law, Plowden's Commentaries, for equity, the article Chancery, in Comyns's Digest, com* paring it throughout with Mr. Peere Williams's Reports, in Mr. Cox's edition, and reading all the cases to which these refer. His own experience and feelings will then direct his future studies.
"But in the outset of his study he should place himself with some professional gentleman engaged in drawing conveyances or forensic proceedings, and as far as it is compatible with this engagement, should attend the courts of justice.
"The whole course of study suggested by the Reminiscent may be achieved in four years, if they are employed in the manner described in the well-known verses of Lord Coke:
* Sex boras somno, totidem des legibus acquis, Quatuor orabis, des epulisque duas, Quod superest sacris ultro largite camaenis."
"If the student cannot bestow the whole of this period on legal reading, he should peruse Mr. Cruise's Digest, an able abridgment, but not without original matter, of the most useful parts of all the works which we have recommended the student to peruse." (Butler'sReminiscences, p. 64.)
CHARACTER OF THE LORD-KEEPER GUILFORD IN EARLY LIFE.
"I have so far conducted his lordship, as to be ready for the bar. But, before I touch upon that, I shall take some notice of his character, as the same appeared in the first stage of his life. He was of a low stature, but had an amiable ingenious aspect, and his conversation was answerable, being ever agreeable to his company. His hair grew to a considerable length, but was hard and stiff, and did not fall as the rest of the family, which made it bush somewhat, and not without a mixture of red and grey. As to his humour, he was free from vanity himself, and hated it in others. His youthful habits were never gay, or topping the mode, like other inns of court gentlemen, but always plain and clean, and shewed somewhat of firmness or solidity beyond his age. His desire was rather not to be seen at all, than to be marked by his dress. In those things, to the extreme was his aim; that is, not to be censured for a careless sloven, rather than to be commended for being well-dressed. But, as to his appearing in public, the composition of his temper was extraordinary, for he had wit, learning, and elocution, and knew it, and was not sensible of any notable failings, whereof to accuse himself; and yet was modest, even to a weakness. I believe a more shamefaced creature than he was, never came into the world: he could scarce bear the being seen in any public places. I have heard him say, that, when he was a student, and ate in the Templehall, if he saw any company there, he could not walk in till other company came, behind whom, as he entered, he might be shaded from the view of the rest; and he used to stand dodging at the screen till such opportunity arrived, for it was death to him to walk up alone in open view. This native modesty was a good guard against vice, which is not desperately pursued by young men without a sort of boldness and effrontery in their natures. Therefore ladies, and other fond people, are greatly mistaken, when they desire that boys should have the garb of men, and usurp assurance in the province of shamefacedness. Bashfulness in the one hath the effect of judgment in the other: and where judgment, as in youth, is commonly wanted, if there be not modesty, what guard has poor nature against the incentives of vice? Therefore it is an happy disposition; for when bashfulness wears off, judgment comes on; and by judgment, I mean a real experience of things that enables a man to choose for himself, and, in so doing, to determine wisely.
"His loose entertainments, in this stage, were, as usual with gentlemen cadets of noble families in the country, sporting on horseback; for which there was opportunity enough at his grandfather's house, where was a very large and well-stocked deer-park, and, at least twice a week in the season, there was killing of deer. The method then was, for the keeper, with a large cross-bow and arrow, to wound the deer, and two or three disciplined park-hounds pursued till he dropped. There was most of the country sports used there for diverting a large family, as setting, coursing, bowling; and he was in it all; and, within doors, backgammon and cards with his fraternity and others, wherein his parts did not fail him, for he was an expert gamester. He used to please himself with raillery, as he found any that, by minority of age, or majority of folly and self-conceit, were exposed to be so practised upon. I could give instances enough of this sort, and not unpleasant, if such trifles were to be indulged in a design such as mine is. His most solemn entertainment was music, in which he was not only master but doctor. This for the country; where, to make good his exhibition, he was contented (though, in truth, forced,) to pass the greater part of his time. But in town he had his select of friends and acquaintance; and with them he passed his time merrily and profitably, for he was as brisk at every diversion as the best. Even after his purse flowed sufficiently, a petit supper and a bottle always pleased him; but he fell into no