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To keepe us out in scorne, of his owne will, And rather do not ransack all, and himselfe kill ?”

IX. Nay, let us first,” fayd Satyrane, “ entreat The man by gentle meanes, to let us in ; And afterwardes affray with cruell threat, Ere that we to efforce it doe begin : Then, if all fayle, we will by force it win, And eke reward the wretch for his mefprise, As

may be worthy of his haynous fin.” That counsell pleafd: Then Paridell did rife, And to the Castle-gate approcht in quiet wise :


Whereat soft knocking, entrance he defyrd. The good man felfe, which then the porter

playd, Him answered, that all were now retyrd Unto their rest, and all the keyes convayd Unto their Maister who in bed was layd, That none him durst awake out of his dreme; And therefore them of patience gently prayd.

Then Paridell began to chaunge his theme, And threatned him with force and punishment


(i. e. having his own will,) to keep us out in fcorne, in contempt of us. All the editions wrongly point thus:

“ To keep us out, in fcorne of &c.” CHURCH. X. 2. The good man felfe,] 'o óuxodio nórns, Matt. xxiv. 43. " If the good man of the house had known, &c." Upton.


But all in vaine ; for nought mote him relent:

And now so long before the wicked fast
They wayted, that the night was forward

And the faire welkin fowly overcast
Gan blowen up a bitter stormy blast,
With showre and hayle so horrible and dred,
That this faire many were compeld at last

To fly for succour to a little fhed, The which beside the gate for swyne was ordered,

XII. It fortüned, soone after they were gone, Another Knight, whom tempeft thether


XI. 7.

this faire many] Company. Spenser repeatedly uses many iu this sense. So Dryden, in his Alexander's Feast :

“ The many rend the skies with loud applause." TODD. XI. 8. To fly for succour &c.] If the reader takes any pleasure in seeing how one poet imitates, or rivals, another, he may have an agreeable talk in comparing this episode, where this faire company, Satyrane, Paridell, Britomart, and the Squire of Dames, are excluded in a tempestuous night from old. Malbecco's castle, with a like disaster in Ariosto, C. xxxii, 65. Where Bradamante (whom Britomart in many circumItances resembles) arriving at the castle of Sir Tristan, battles it with three knights, and afterwards, discovers her sex: Let the reader likewise compare old Lydgates Canterbury Tale, where Polemite and Tideus arrive at the porch of the palace of King Adrastụs in a stormy night. The Historie of Prince Arthur, bas the same kind of adventure, P. ii. B. i. C. 65. “How Sir Triftram and Sir Dipadan came to a lodging where they must just with two knights." UPTON,

XII. 2. Another Knight, whom tempest &c.] This adventure seems to be copied from a like story in Statius, Theb. i. 406,

Came to that Castle, and with earnest mone,
Like as the rest, late entrance deare befought;
But, like so as the rest, he prayd for nought;
For flatly he of entrance was refufd :
Sorely thereat he was displeasd, and thought

How to avenge himselfe so sore abufd,
And evermore the Carle of courtesie accufd.

But, to avoyde th' intollerable stowre,

He was compeld to seeke fome refuge neare,
And to that shed, to shrowd him from the

He came, which full of guests he found why-

--“liquentia nimbis “ Ora comafque gerens, fubit uno tegmine, cujus Fufus humo gelida, partem prior hofpes habebat, &c."


late entrance deare befought ;] Earnestly, dearly, desired admittance; seeing it was so late in the night. See fianza 18. CHURCII.

XII. 9. And evermore the Carle of courtese accusd.] The senfe must be, “ accused him of discourtesy, of rudeness.” And lo he has it, F. Q. vi. iii. 33. JORTIN. Mr. Church thinks that Spenser here gave,

" And evermore the Carle of discourtejie accus'd;" making discourtefic a trisyl. lable. Mr. Upton considers the expreflion as elliptical, after the manner of the Latin idiom, in which, verbs of accusing govern a genitive case by an ellipsis of crimine, nomine, causå, judicio, &c. So, in ftanza 10, " And therefore them of pa. tience gently pray'd.” And, in stanza 25, " Then they Malbecco pray'd of courtesy.So that Mr. Upton would explain the passage thus: They accused Malbecco of the accusation of acting against the laws of courtesy. But the learned critick seems to prefer the interpretation of the word of as a prepofition, Anglo-Sax. of, from, without : They accused him to be without courtesy. TODD.

So as he was not let to enter there :
Whereat he gan to wex exceeding wroth,
And swore that he would lodge with them

yfere Or them dislodg, all were they liefe or loth; And so defyde them each, and so defyde them :: both.

Both were full loth to leave that peedfull tent,

And both full loth in darkenesse to debate;
Yet both full liefe him lodging to have lent,
And both full liefe his boasting to abate :
But chiefely Paridell his hart did grate
To heare him threaten so despightfully,
As if he did a dogge in kenell rate

XIII. 8.

all were they liefe or loth ;) That is, were they willing or unwilling, glad or Sorry. The expression occurs again in F. Q. vi. i. 44, and is frequent in our old poets. So Gower, fol. xvi. 2.

“ 'But, be him liefe or be him loth,

“ Unto the castell foorth he goth.” And Chaucer, Kn. Tale, 1839.

“ But none of you al be hym lothe or lefe,

“ He must go pipin in an ivie lefe.” Again, Merch. Tale, 1177.

And she obeyith be she lefe or lothe." Upton. XIII. 9. And so defyde them each,] This is the reading of the first edition, to which the editions of 1751, Upton, and Church, adhere. The second omits the word so; and therefore the first folio, by way of emendation, reads “And them defied each;” making defied a trisyllable. This reading is followed by the other folios, by Hughes, and Tonson's edition in 1758.

Todd. XIV. 7.

in kenell] So the first edition reads, which those of 1751, Upton, and Church, follow. The reft read," to kenell.” TODD.

That durst not barke ; and rather had he dy Then, when he was defyde, in coward corner ly.

Tho, hastily remounting to his steed,

He forth iflew'd ; like as a boystrous winde,
Which in th' earthes hollow caves hath long

ben hid And shut


fast within her prisons blind, Makes the huge element, against her kinde, To move and tremble as it were aghast, Untill that it an iffew forth may finde; Then forth it breakes, and with his furious

blast Confounds both land and seas, and skyes doth


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Their steel-hed speares they strongly coucht,

and met Together with impetuous rage and forse, That with the terrour of their fierce affret

XV. 2. He forth ifew'd ; like as a boy trous winde, &c.] The character here given of the boisterous Paridel, agrees with what history informs us of the Earl of Westmorland, whom Paridel, in the historical allufion, represents. He is compared to a wind fhut up in the caverns of the earth, and bursting forth (when it finds vent) with noise and earthquakes. The image in Milton is not unlike, where Satan, after Abdiel's en. counter, recoils back,

if on earth
" Winds under ground, or waters forcing way,
“ Sidelong had pulhd a mountain from his feat

“ Half funk with all his pines." Upton. XVI. 3.

their fierce affret) Rencounter,


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