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rural to the mind of man, is an unanswerable argu. Deducet, ictu simplici; hæc delant mori.
Secura rider anima mucronis minas, in nent that he is a being designed for it; especially
Ensesque strictos, interire nescia. I we consider that he is capable of being virtuous E.xtinguet atas aidera diuturnior :
Ætate languens ipse sol obscurius ser vicious here: that he hath faculties improvable
Emittet orbi consenescenti jubar : o all eternity; and, by a proper or wrong em Natura et ipsa sentiet quondam vices loyment of them, may be happy or miserable totis; annis ipsa deficient gravis :
At tibi juventus, at tibi immortalitas : hroughout that infinite duration. Our idea indeed
Tibi porta divum est vita. Periment mutuis f this eternity is not of an adequate or fixed na. Elementa sese et interibrunt ictibus. ure, but is perpetually growing or enlarging it. Tu permanebis sola semper integra,
Tu cuncta rerum quassa, cuncta naufraga, elf toward the object, which is too big for human
Jam portu in ipso iuta, contemplabere. omprehension. As we are now in the beginnings Compage rupta, corruent in se invicem, fexistence, so shall we always appear to ourselves Orbesque
fractis ingerentur erbibus ;
Illesa cu sedebis ektra sragmina.' s if we were for ever entering upon it. After million or two of centuries, some considerable hings, already past, may slip out of our memory;
ACT V. hich, if it be not strengthened in a wonderful banner, may possibly forget that ever there was a
CATÓ alone, &e. un or planets; and yet, notwithstanding the long ace that we shall then have run, we shall still ima
. IT must be so-Plato, thou reason'st well
Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire, sine ourselves just starting from the goal, and find This longing after immortality
10 proportion between that space which we know Or whence this secret dread and inward horror, 15 iad a beginning and what we are sure will never
of falling into nought? Why shrinks the soul
Back on herself, and startles at destruction? lave an end.
'Tis the divinity that stirs within us ; But I shall leave this subject to your manage
'Tis Heaven itself that points out an hereafter, id nent, and question not but you will throw it into
And intimates eternity to man.
Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought! uch lights as shall at once improve and entertain Pour reader.
Through what variety of untry'd being, 'I have, inclosed, sent you a translation of the
Thro' what new scenes and changes must we pass !
The wide, th' unbounded prospect lies before me; peech of Cato on this occasion, which hath acci
But shadows, clouds, and darkness, rest upon it. lentally fallen into my hands, and which, for con
Here will I hold. If there's a Power above us, iseness, purity, and elegance of phrase, cannot be
(And that there is all Nature cries aloud
Through all her works) he must delight in virtue; ufficiently admired.
And that which he delights in must be happy.
(Laying his hand on his sword. • Thus am I doubly arm d; my death and life,
My bane and antidote are both betore me.
This in a moment brings me to an end;
The soul, securd in her existence, smiles
At the drawn dagger, and defies its point.
The stars shall fade away, the sun himself
with age, and nature sink in years;
But thou shalt flourish in immortal youth,
Unhurt amidst the war of elements,
The wrecks of matter, and the crush of worlds.'
N° 629. MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1714.
- Experior quid concedatur in illos,
Quorum Flaminia legitur cinis, atque Latina.
JUV. Sat. i. ver, 170.
Since none the living dare implead, Hæc intuenti spatia mihi quaqua patent
Arraign them in the persons of the dead.
Next to the people who want a place, there are (Ai, quod gubernet, esse clamant omnia)
none to be pitied more than those who are soli. Virtute non gaudere certe non potest : Nec esse non beata, qua gaudet, potest.
cited for one. A plain answer with a denial in Sed qua beata sede? Quove in tempore?
it is looked upon as pride, and a civil answer as a Hæc quanta terra, tota est Cæsaris. Quid dubius hæret animus usque adeo? Brevi
promise. Hic nodum hic omnem expediet. Arma en induer.
Nothing is more ridiculous than the pretensions (Ensi manum admovens. of people upon these occasions. Every thing a In utramque parlem facta; quæque vim inferant, man hath suffered, whilst his enemies were in play, Et qua propulsent! Dextera intentat nećem; Vitam sinistra: vulnus hac dabit manus;
was certainly brought about by the malice of the Altera medelam vulneris : hic ad exitum
opposite party. A bad cause would not have been
lost, if such an one had not been upon the bench; This was done by Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Bland, formerly nor a profligate youth disinherited, if he had not ad master of Eaton school , then provost of the college there, got drunk every night by toasting an outed ministry.
i remember a tory, who, having been fined in a Cato (says Dr. Johnson) was translated by Salvini into I court of justice for a prank that deserved the pil. • Latin, and played by their
pupils. or this version a copy lory, desired upon the merit of it to be made a * sent to Mr. Addison : it is to be wished that it could be found, justice of peace when his friends came into power; the sake of comparing their version of the soliloquy with that and shall never forget a whig criminal, who, upon Bland.' Dr. Johnson's Lives of English Poets, voi. ii. p. 341, edit. 1794
being indicted for a rape, told his friends, You
With mute attention wait.
for disaffection to that solemn kind of mela
I know there are not wanting some who are i
see what a man suffers for sticking to his princi. divines, with brawn and minced pies upon nes. ples.'
year's day. The truth of it is, the sufferings of a man in a • That your said humble petitioner hath beca party are of a very doubtful nature. When they five times imprisoned in five several countr-gacha are such as bave promoted a good cause, and fallen for having been a ringleader in five different rias
, upon a man undeservedly, they have a right to be into which his zeal for the royal cause hurried him heard and recompensed beyond any other preten. when men of greater estates had not the courage sions. But when they rise out of rashness or indis. to rise.
the cretion, and the pursuit of such measures as have • That he the said E. H. hath had six does and all rather ruined than promoted the interest they aim four-and-twenty boxing matches in defence of his at, which hath always been the case of many great majesty's title; and that he received such a blog sufferers, they only serve to recommend them to upon the head at a bonfire in Stratford-upon-Art the children of violence or folly.
as he hath been never the better for from that distres I bave by me a bundle of memorials presented to this.
1 by several cavaliers upon the restoration of King That your petitioner hath been so far from is 0.7.0 Charles II. which may serve as so many instances proving his fortune, in the late damnable tisu to our present purpose.
that he verily believes, and bath good reason y Deth Among several persons and pretensions recorded imagine, that if he had been master of an estate wher by my author, he mentions one of a very great had infallibly been plundered and sequestered. estate, wlio, for having roasted an ox whole, and Your petitioner, in consideration of his sai ales distributed a hogshead upon King Charles's birth- merits and sufferings, humbly requests that hear day, desired to be provided for as his majesty in have the place of receiver of the taxes, collected as bis great wisdom should think fit.
the customs, clerk of the peace, deputy-lieutenant the Another put in to be Prince Henry's governor, or whatsoever else be shall be thought qualitet for having dared to drink his health in the worst for. And your petitioner shall ever pray, &c.? of times.
A third petitioned for a colonel's commission, for having cursed Oliver Cromwell, the day before his death, on a public bowling-green.
N 630. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 171 Percifu But the most whimsical petition I have met with is that of B. B. esq. who desired the honour of
Fevete linguisknighthood, for having cuckolded Sir T. W. a no.
HOR, Od. i. 1 3. ver. 2 torious roundhead.
There is likewise the petition of one who, having let his beard grow from the martyrdom of King Having no spare time to write any thing of sy Charles the first until the restoration of King own, or to correct what is sent me by others | Le Pirits a Charles the Second, desired in consideration there. thought fit to publish the following letters. upon to be made a privy counsellor. I must not omit a memorial setting forth, that
Oxford, November the memorialist had, with great despatch, carried a ' If you would be so kind to me, as to suspex letter from a certain lord to a certain lord, where that satisfaction, which the learned world mus ? in, as it afterwards appeared, measures were conceive in reading one of your speculations, by peto certed for the restoration, and without which he lishing this endeavour, you will very much oben verily believes that happy revolution had never and improve one, who has the boldness to hate been effected; who thereupon humbly prays to be that he may be admitted into the number of you made postmaster-general.
correspondents. A certain gentleman, who seems to write with a "I have often wondered to hear men of goal great deal of spirit, and uses the words gallantry sense and good-nature profess a dislike to per and gentleman-like very often in his petition, begs when at the same time they do not scruple to off that (in consideration of his having wom bis hat that it has the most agreeable and improving at for ten years past in the loyal cavalier.cock, to his ences over their minds: it seems to me an unbar! great danger and detriment) he may be made a contradiction that those persons should have a captain of the guards.
indifference for an art which raises in them sucht "I shall close my account of this collection of variety of sublime pleasures. memorials with the copy of one petition at length,. However, though some few, by their asex which I recommend to my reader as a very valu-the unreasonable prejudices of others, may bele able piece.
into a distaste for those musical societies which
erected merely for entertainment, yet sur 1 • The Petition of E. 11. Esg.
venture to say that no one can have the least rear
which consists of the praises of our Creator HUMBLY SHOWETA,
* You bave, I presume, already prevented me Taat your petitioner's father's brother's uncle, an argument upon this occasion, which some cinie Colonel W. H. lost the third finger of his left-hand have successfully advanced upon a much grees at Edgehill fight.
that musical sacrifice and adoration has claimed «That your petitioner, not withstanding the small- place in the laws and customs of the most differs ness of his fortune (he being a younger brother,) nations, as the Grecians and Romans of the per always kept hospitality, and drank confusion to the fane, the Jews and Christians of the sacred with roundheads in half a score bumpers every Sunday did as unanimously agree in this as they disagran in the year, as several honest gentlemen (whose in other parts of their economy. names are under-written) are ready to testify. , for having dared to treat Sir P. P. a cursed use in foreign churches, is the most excellent, de vestrator, and three members of the assembly of most afects our senses. But I am swayed bff!
sit a thought performa which, factor, is
made for daly cong
Ween we Ydressin
“ How to behold
his dread they therr
I shall taken out
lost, whe obly desa
judgment to the modesty wbich is observed in the institute those societies there, as a clan of them musical part of our devotions. Methinks there is have in late times done, to such a degree of insosomething very laudable in the custom of a volun-lence as has given the partition where they reside tary before the first lesson ; by this we are supposed in a church near one of the city gates, the denoto be prepared for the admission of those divine mination of the Rattling Pew. These gay fellows, in truths which we are shortly to receive. We are from humble lay professions, set up for critics
then to cast all worldly regards from off our hearts, without any tincture of letters or reading, and Els all tumults within are then becalmed, and there bave the vanity to think they can lay hold of somee should be nothing near the soul but peace and thing from the parson which may be formed into tranquillity. So that in this short office of praise ridicule. the man is raised above himself, and is almost lost • It is needless to observe, that the gentlemen already amidst the joys of futurity.
who every Sunday have the hard province of in'I have heard some nice observers frequently structing these wretches in a way they are in no commend the policy of our church in this particu- present disposition to take, have a fixed character lar, that it leads us on by such easy and regular for learning and eloquence, not to be tainted by methods that we are perfectly deceived into piety. the weak efforts of this contemptible part of their When the spirits begin to languish, (as they too audiences. Whether the pulpit is taken by these often do with a constant series of petitions) she gentlemen or any strangers their friends, the way takes care to allow them a pious respite, and re-of the club is this: if any sentiments are delivered ieves them with the raptures of an anthem. Nor too sublime for their conception; if any uncommon can we doubt that the sublimest poetry, softened topic is entered on, or one in use new modified n the most moving strains of music, can never fail with the finest judgment and dexterity; or any f humbling or exalting the soul to any pitch of controverted point be never so elegantly handled: levotion. Who can hear the terrors of the Lord in short, whatever surpasses the narrow limits of of Hosts described in the most expressive melody, their theology, or is not suited to their taste, they vithout being awed into a veneration? Or who are all immediately upon the watch, fixing their an hear the kind and endearing attributes of a eyes upon each other with as much warmth as our nerciful father, and not be softened into love to-gladiators of Hockley-in-the-Hole, and waiting vards him?
like them for a hit; if one touches, all take fire, * As the rising and sinking of the passions, the and their noddles instantly meet in the centre of asting soft or noble bints into the soul, is the na. the pew; then, as by beat of drum, with exact ural privilege of music in general, so more parti- discipline, they rear up into a full length of staularly of that kind which is employed at the al- ture, and with odd looks and gesticulations confer ar.. Those impressions which it leaves upon the together in so loud and clamorous a manner, conpirits are more deep and lasting, as the grounds tinued to the close of the discourse, and during the rom which it receives its authority are founded after.psalm, as is not to be silenced but by the gore upon reason. It diffuses a calmness all around bells. Nor does this suffice them, without aiming s, it makes us drop all those vain or immodest to propagate their noise through all the church, by boughts which would be an hindrance to us in the signals given to the adjoining seats, where others erformance of that great duty of thanksgiving, designed for this fraternity are sometimes placed vhich, as we are informed by our Almighty Bene- upon trial to receive them. actor, is the most acceptable return which can be • The folly as well as rudeness of this practice is made for those infinite stores of blessings which he in nothing more conspicuous than this, that all that aily condescends to pour down upon his creatures. follows in the sermon is lost; for, whenever our When we make use of this pathetical method of sparks take alarm, they blaze out and grow so tu. ddressing ourselves to him, we can scarce contain multuous than no after-explanation can avail, it rom raptures! The heart is warmed with a subli-being impossible for themselves or any near them rity of goodness! We are all piety and all love! to give an account thereof. If any thing really
How do the blessed spirits rejoice and wonderinovel is advanced, how averse soever it may be to behold unthinking man prostrating his soul to their way of thinking, to say nothing of duty, men is dread Sovereign in such a warmth of piety as of less levity than these would be led by a natural ney themselves might not be ashamed of! curiosity to hear the whole. I shall close these reflections with a passage • Laughter, where things sacred are transacted, ken out of the third book of Milton's Paradise is far less pardonable than whining at a conventicle; ost, where those harmonious beings are thus the last has at least a semblance of grace, and where bly described :
the affectation is unseen may possibly imprint
wholesome lessons on the sincere; but the first “ Then crown'd again, their golden harps they took,
has no excuse, breaking through all the rules of Harps ever tan'd, that, glittering by their side,
order and decency, and manifesting a remissness Like quivers hung, and with preamble sweet
of mind in those important matters which require of charming symphony they introduce The sacred song, and waken raptures high:
the strictest composure and steadiness of thought: No one exempt, no voice but well could join
a proof of the greatest folly in the world. Melodious part-such concord is in heaven!”
* I shall not here enter upon the veneration due
to the sanctity of the place, the reverence owing MR. SPECTATOR,
the minister, or the respect that so great an assemJe town cannot be unacquainted that in divers bly as a whole parish may justly claim. I shall only ts of it there are vociferous sets of men wbo are tell them, that, as the Spanish cobler, to reclaim a ed Rattling clubs; but what shocks me most is, profligate son, bid him have some regard to the y have now the front to invade the church, and dignity of his family, so they as gentlemen (for we
citizens assume to be such one day in a week) are
bound for the future to repent of, and abstain from, The day before this paper was published, a proclamation was
fora thanksgiving for King George's accession, to be ob the gross abuses here mentioned, whereofthey have January 20th.
been guilty in contempt of heaven and earth, and
indnce to be more eleanly than there
serer Virgil :
this kind in the book of Deuteronomy, whicos somet 2 coloured stuff in which she for convenience in the desert, which oben speciato huu, mut together, though they have somewhere read in an account of Mabond paruce
A dervise of great sanctity one morning haltion in
youth going out stumbled over the threshots this mear PRVNeness. It is universally broke his arm. As the old man wonderede is de bath in their arts and sciences. Je recollected that, through hurry and inzice * Passion in the mind, but but it is not so obvious, how much it also tends to gol meu
pe sms case made and pro- person, kept in perpetual neatness, hath FOR E3T
a heart from a pretty slattern. Age itself is to
unamiable, while it is preserved clean and un
"R, M. and bright, we look on it with more pleasure :2
on a vessel that is cankered with rust.
I might observe further, that as cleanlines en ders us agreeable to others, so it makes us eas".
ourselves: that it is an excellent presentata AL SECEMBER 10, 1714. health ; and that several vices, destructive been
mind and body, are inconsistent with the babie
it.* But these reflections I shall leave to the le E OLT. L. rer. 5. sure of my readers, and sball obserre, in the air
place, that it bears a great analogy with purifi mind, and naturally inspires refined sentiments et
passions. Phone Dermies of town, some
We find from experience, that through their every 120 2. viereiint for my valence of custom the most vicious actions ->* seni, a pretty young
their horror by being made familiar to us. XL 10 re-n0n to talk contrary, those who live in the neighbourbez i spot, det backward, good examples, fly from the first appearance as he
De D. lenek a specula- what is shocking. It fares with us much afera wit dem
Their different same manner as our ideas. Our senses, which rar y reres to draw my the inlets to all the images conveyed to the sell nature
te te un dressed in a suit, can only transmit the impression of such things each v zneuzit, as I perceived usually surround them. So that pure and useid letters
* sau: ani escaped the pow. thoughts are naturally suggested to the mind, the same Sed v ta the greatest part those objects that perpetually encompasses that of the AS 2*wich cost no small sum, they are beautiful and elegant in their kind Ons manner cast over his shoul In the east, where the warmth of the city of thigi
to have been combed since makes cleanliness more immediately necessary to ies, which was not much con in colder countries, it is made one part were with plain Spanish from the religion: the Jewish law, and the Maboneta Milion de as putton; and the diamond upon
which in some things copies after it, is filled in ruturally dreaded the water) put bathings, purifications, and other rites of the other se * *32.523 i spartled amidst the rubbish of nature. Though there is the above-named conte tad bef
Tee it was first discovered. On the nient reason to be assigned for these ceremed the en in shquaker appeared in all the the chief intention undoubtedly was to gaire are
Not a speck was to be ward purity and cleanliness of heart by these bath ho
A clear, clean, oval face, just ward washings. We read several injanetra le spect to nä! :le thin plaits of the purest Wen temeat avantages from the shade firm this truth; and which are but ill accounter meses deux, es did the whiteness of her by saying as some do, that they were only insurse
wie Axi The plainness of her dress could not have been habitable for so many ! ****** to the simplicity of her I shall conclude this essay with a story
et great opinion of her religion, superstitions. con lo stese twined my throwing together misfortune, as he took up a crystal cup wheel This lie en opleidi's is which I shall consider consecrated to the prophet, to let it fall up
Badanie's as Aristotle calls them, ground and dash it in pieces. His son cassetate, tha Swain at under the three following some time after, he stretched out his hand to be
a w Puteness; as it produces him, as his manner was every morning, but ready enc ikasy to purity of mind.
two tones ueadorned with this vir-events a caravan passed by in its way from Melume, tos av utmpwithout giving a manifest the dervise approached it to beg a blessing,
w up her any one's fortune as he stroked one of the boly camels, be reci
ee xs much distinguished sorrow and amazement increased upon
* The Royal Society, in 1976, adjudged Copley's meals
following remarkable passage:
his ship's crew in their voyage round the world. Sir Jabatan bat
• It is well known, how much cleanliness conduce la in lifferent face and other virtues. "That diligent officer was persale
posed to be of themselves, became at the same time ser 2
en as he cou
The cl DOS ERD each shee
IT considera tribution
I cannot give the town a better opinion of the Spectator's correspondents than by publishing the following letter, with a very fine copy of verses upon a subject perfectly new.
time No 632. MONDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1714.
Explebo numerum, reddarque tenebris.
• Dublin, Nov. 30, 1714. VIRG. Æn, vi. ver. 545.
• Yoo lately recommended to your female readers the number I'll complete,
the good old custom of their grandmothers, who Then to obscurity well pleas'd retreat.
used to lay out a great part of their time in needle
work. I entirely agree with you in your sentiStraits Cue love of symmetry and order, which is natural into the mind of man, betrays him sometimes into ments, and think it would not be of less advan. Sekery whimsical fancies. "This noble principle,' reputation of many of their good neighbours, if
tage to themselves and their posterity, than to the Brays a French author, ó loves to amuse itself on the liney passed many of those hours in this innocent
dost trilling occasions. You may see a profound entertainment which are lost at the tea-table. I philosopher,' says he, walk for an hour together would, however, humbly offer to your considera
a his chamber, and industriously treading, at tion the case of the poetical ladies; who, though animo very step, upon every other board in the flooring: they may be willing to take any advice given them
os gvery reader will recollect several instances of by the Spectator, yet cannot so easily quit their
his nature without my assistance. I think it was pen and ink as you may imagine. Pray allow them, Sri Sregorio Leti, who had published as many books at Icast now and then, to indulge themselves in auss he was years old;" which was a rule he had other amusements of fancy when they are tired said down and punctually observed to the year of with stooping to their tapestry, 'There is a very tros sis death. It was, perhaps, a thought of the like particular kind of work, which of late several
iature which determined Homer bimself to divide ladies here in our kingdom are very fond of, which ach of his poems into as many books as there are seems very well adapted to a poetical genius; it is etters in the Greek alphabet. Herodotus bas in the making of grottos. I know a lady whu bas a he same manner adapted his books to the number very beautiful one, composed by herself; nor is of the muses, for which reason many a learned there one shell in it not stuck up by her own hands. Aan hath wished there had been more than nine here send you a poem to the fair architect, which f that sisterhood.
I would not offer to herself until I knew whether Several epic poets have religiously followed this method of a lady's passing her time were apirgil as to the number of his books; and even proved of by the British Spectator; which, with silton is thought by many to have changed the the poem, I submit to your censure, who am, jumber of his books from ten to twelve for no
* Your constant reader, ther reason; as Cowley tells us, it was his design,
* and humble servant, ad he finished his Davideis, to have also imitated
A. B.' "he Æneid in this particular. I believe every one vill agree with me that a perfection of this nature
ON IER GROTTO. ath no foundation in reason; and, with due repect to these great names, may be looked upon * A Grotto so complete, with such design, s something whimsical.
What hands, Calypso, could have formd but thine ? I mention these great examples in defence of my
Each chequer'd pebble, and each shining shell,
So well proportion'd, and dispos'd so well, ookseller, who occasioned this eighth volume of Surprising lustre from thy thunight receive, pectators, because, as he said, he thought seven a
Assuming beauties inore than nature gave.
To her their various shapes and glossy hue, ery odd number. On the other side several grave Their curious symmetry they owe to you. easons were urged on this important subject; as, Not fam'd Amphion's lute, whose powerful call
Made willing stones dance to the Theban wall, } a particular, that seven was the precise number of
In cuore harmonious ranks could make them fall. he wise men, and that the most beautiful constel Not evening cloud a brighter arck can show, ition in the heavens was composed of seven stars.
Not richer colours paint the beavenly bow. his he allowed to be true, but still insisted that
" Where can unpolish'd nature boast a piece even was an odd number: suggesting at the same
In all her mossy cells exact as this? ime, that if he were provided with a sufficient At the gay party colourd scene we start, tock of leading papers, he should find friends
For chance too regular, too rude for art. eady enough to carry on the work. Having by
“ Charm'd with the sight, my ravish'd breast is fird his means got his vessel launched and set afloat, With hints like those which ancient bards inspir'd; e hath committed the steerage of it, from time to All the feign'd tales by superstition cold, ime, to such as he thought capable of conducting
All the bright train of fabled nymphs of old,
Thinks the spot sacred, and its genius you.
Lost in wild rapture woukl she tain disclose ow expect in a little time, may possibly ascribe
How by degrees the pleasing wonder rose;
Industrious in a faithful verse to trace ach sheet to its proper author.f.
The various beauties of the lovely place: It were no hard task to continue this paper a
And while she keeps the glowing work in view, onsiderable time longer by the help of large con.
Tbrough every maze thy artful band pursue. ibutions sent from unknown lands.
“O, were I equal to the bold design,
Or could I boast such happy art as thine ! This writer used to boast that he had been the author of a
That could rude shells in such sweet order place, ok and the father of a child for twenty years successively. We
Give common objects such uncommon grace! ow that Dean Swift counted the number of steps that he made
Like them my well chose words in every line, m London to Chelsea. And it is said and demonstrated in the
As sweetly temper'd should as sweetly shine." arentalia," that Matthew Wren (Bishop of Ely) walked round
So just a fancy should my numbers warm, earth while a prisover in the Tower of London, where he lay
Like the gay piece should the description charm, righteen years.
Then with superior strength my ojce I'd raise, This promise seems to have been forgotten; so that as to
The echoing grotto should approve my lays, 3 } 1 of the papers in this eighth volume, (having no signatures)
Pleas'd to reflect the well-supg founder's praise." atisfactory account can be given of the persons by whom they