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ADDISON.

HOR, Ars Poet. ver. 361.

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the doctor. It was not long after this when she more kind reception than indeed I could have edheit first opening, discovered among the plaits of it the shall enter upon my present undertaking with me

In this, and one or two following papers, I shall tied this husband) he should be made as uneasy by a hand- the several kinds of it as they have prevailed in best she, Mr. Honeycomb, you are a tory; tell me necessary at present, because I observed there in bed

I am afraid,' said different ages of the world. This I think the more ris “Well,' says she, ‘I will be hanged if you and your arrant undisputed blockheads about the town be sendinti

the world grow pale, and tremble with party rage. figure of the doctor, who was placed with great Camilla is one of the greatest beauties in the Bri- gravity among the sticks of it. In a word, I found tish nation, and yet values herself more upon being that the doctor had taken possession of her the virago of one party, than upon being the toast thoughts, her discourse, and most of her furniture; of both. The dear creature, about a week ago, but finding myself pressed too close by her ques. encountered the fierce and beautiful Penthesilea tion, I winked upon my friend to také his leave, we begin across a tea-table ; but, in the height of her anger, which he did accordingly. as her hand chanced to shake with the earnestness

chia of the dispute, she scalded her fingers, and spilt a dish of tea upon her petticoat. Had not this accident broke off the debate, no body knows where N° 58. MONDAY, MAY 7, 1711. it would bave ended. There is one consideration which I would earn.

Ul pictura, poesis erit ; estly recommend to all my female readers, and which I hope will have some weight with them. In

Poems like pictures are. short, it is this, that there is nothing so bad for the face as party zeal. It gives an ill-natured cast to Nothing is so much admired, and so little under. the eye, and a disagreeable sourness to the look; stood, as wit. No author that I know of has writbesides that it makes the lines too strong, and ten professedly upon it; and as for those who make fushes them worse than brandy. I have seen a any mention of it, they only treat on the subject as woman's face break out in heats, as she has been it has accidentally fallen in their way, and that too talking against a great lord, whom she had never in little short reflections, or in general exclamatory seen in her life ; and indeed I never knew a party- Aourishes, without entering into the bottom of the woman that kept her beauty for a twelvemonth. matter. I hope therefore I shall perform an ac. I would therefore advise all my female readers, as ceptable work to my countrymen, if I treat at large they value their complexions, to let alone all dis- upon this subject; which I shall endeavour to do putes of this nature; though, at the same time, I in a manner suitable to it, that I may not incur the would give free liberty to all superannuated mo- censure which a famous critic bestows upon one therly partisans to be as violent as they please, who had written a treatise on the sublime,' in a since there will be no danger either of their spoil low grovelling style. I intend to lay aside a whole ing their faces, or of their gaining converts. week for this undertaking, that the scheme of my

For my own part, I think a man makes an odious thoughts may not be broken and interrupted; and and despicable figure, that is violent in a partý: I dare promise myself, if my readers will give me bat a woman is too sincere to mitigate the fury of a week's attention, that this great city will be very her principles with temper and discretion, and to much changed for the better by next Saturday act with that temper and reservedness which are night. I shall endeavour to make what I say intel. requisite in our sex. When this unnatural zeal ligible to ordinary capacities; but if my readers to their gets into them, it throws them into ten thousand meet with any paper that in some parts of it may heats and extravagancies; their generous souls set be a little out of their reach, I would not have them tento no bounds to their love, or to their hatred, and discouraged, for they may assure themselves the whether a whig or tory, a lap-dog or a gallant, an next shall be much clearer. opera or a puppet-show, be the object of it, the As the great and only end of these my specula. vitese fa passion, while it reigns,engrosses the

whole woman. tions is to banish vice and ignorance out of the ter. Sante I remember when Dr. Titus Oates* was in all ritories of Great Britain, I shall endeavour as much easied; a his glory, I accompanied my friend Will Honey as possible to establish among us a taste of polite da buce comb in a visit to a lady of his acquaintance. We writing. It is with this view that I have endea. " were no sooner sat down, but upon casting my eyes youred to set my readers right in several points re. about the room, I found in almost every corner of lating to operas and tragedies; and shall from time to it a print that represented the doctor in all mag- to time impart my notions of comedy, as I think semmit, i nitudes and dimensions. A little after, as the lady they may tend to its refinement and perfection. I the oth was discoursing my friend, and held her snuff box find by my bookseller, that these papers of critic ver in her hand, who should I see in the lid of it but cisn, with that upon humour, bave met with a ratat had occasion for her handkerchief, which, upon hoped for from such subjects; for this reason I least figure of the doctor. Upon this my friend will, greater cheerfulness. who loves raillery, told her, that if he was in Mr. kerchief as ever Othello was. truly, are you a friend to the doctor or not?' Will, were attempts on foot last winter to revive some instead of making her a reply, smiled in her face of those antiquated mudes of wit, that have been (for indeed she was very pretty), and told her that long exploded out of the commonwealth of letters, 0,6 one of her patches was dropping off. She imme. There were several satires and panegyrics banded diately adjusted it, and looking a little seriously, about in acrostic, by which means some of the most silent friend are not against the doctor in your gan to entertain ambitious thoughts, and to set up hearts: I suspected as much by his saying nothing for polite authors. I shall therefore describe at Upon this she took her fan into her hand, and, length those many arts of false wit, in which upon the opening of it, again displayed to us the writer does not show himself a man of a beautiful

genius, but of great industry. • Dr. Sachevereld is understood to be the person really allod. with is very venerable for its antiquity, and has

The first species of false wit which I have met ed to.

produced several pieces which have lived very mistaken, in the translation of Du Bartas. I do hear as long as the Iliad itself: I mean thoses hort not remember any other kind of work among the poems printed among the minor Greek poets, which moderns which more resembles the performances I resemble the figure of an egg, a pair of wings, an have mentioned, than that famous picture of King XI, a shepherd's pipe, and an altar.

Charles the First, which has the whole book of As for the first, it is a little oval poem, and may psalms written in the lines of the face, and the hair not improperly be called a scholar's egg. I would of the head. When I was last at Oxford I perused Endeavour to hatch it, or, in more intelligible lan one of the whiskers, and was reading the other, guage, to translate it into English, did not I find but could not go so far in it as I would have done, ile interpretation of it very difficult; 'for the by reason of the impatience of my friends and author seems to have been more intent upon the fellow-travellers, who ail of them pressed to see figure of his poem than upon the sense of it. such a piece of curiosity. I have since heard, that

The pair of wings consist of twelve verses, or there is now an eminent writing-master in town, rather feathers

, every verse decreasing gradually who has transcribed all the Old Testament in a in its measure according to its situation in the full-bottomed periwig; and if the fashion should ting. The subject of it (as in the rest of the introduce the thick kind of wigs, which were in nems which follow) bears some remote affinity vogue some few years ago, he promises to add two with the figure, for it describes a god of love, who or three supernumerary locks that should contain s always painted with wings.

all the Apocrypha. He designed this wig origiThe ax methinks would have been a good figure nally, for King William, baving disposed of the of 3 lampoon, had the edge of it consisted of the two books of Kings in the two forks of the foreJst satirical parts of the work; but as it is in the top; but that glorious monarch dying before the iginal, I take it to have been nothing else but wig was finished, there is a space left in it for the he posy of an ax which was consecrated to Mi- face of any one that has a mind to purchase it. erva, and was thought to have been the same But to return to our ancient poems in picture. xt Epeus made use of in the building of the I would humbly propose, for the benefit of our mojan horse ; which is a hint I shall leave to the modern smatterers in poetry, that they would imionsideration of the critics. I am apt to think tate their brethren among the ancients in those inat the posy was written originally upon the as, genious devices. I have communicated this thought ke those which our modern cutlers inscribe upon to a young poetical lover of my acquaintance, who teir knives: and that therefore the posy still re intends to present his mistress with a copy of verses ains in its ancient shape, though the ax itself made in the shape of her fan ; and, if he tells me lost.

true, has already finished the three first sticks of 'The shepherd's pipe may be said to be full of it. He has likewise promised me to get the meaIsic, for it is composed of nine different kinds of sure of his mistress's inarriage.finger, with a design tse, which by their several lengths resemble the to make a posy in the fashion of a ring, which he stops of the old musical instrument, that is shall exactly fit it. It is so very easy to enlarge ewise the subject of the poem.

upon a good bint, that I do not question but my The altar is inscribed with the epitaph of Troilus ingenious readers will apply what I have said to son of Hecuba ; which, by the way, makes me many other particulars : and that we shall see the eve, that these false pieces of wit are much town filled in a very little time with poetical tipre ancient than the authors to whom they are pets, handkerchiefs, snuff-boxes, and the like fe. nerally ascribed; at least I will never be per- male ornaments. I shall therefore conclude with ded, that so fine a writer as Theocritus could a word of advice to those admirable English aue been the author of any such simple works.

thors who call themselves Pindaric writers, that was impossible for a man to succeed in these they would apply themselves to this kind of wit Cormances who was not a kind of painter, or without loss of time, as being provided better than

ist a designer. lle was first of all to draw any other poets with verses of all sizes and dioutline of the subject which he intended to mensions. e upon, and afterwards conform the descripto the figure of his subject. The poetry was ontract or dilate itself according to the mould -lich it was cast. In a word, the verses were N° 59. TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1711. e cramped or extended to the dimensions of Frame that was prepared for them; and to

Operose nihil ugunt. igo the fate of those persons whom the tyrant rustes used to lodge in his iron bed ; if they

Busy about nothing. = too short, he stretched them on a rack; and There is nothing more certain than that every y were too long, chopped off a part of their

man would be a wit if he could; and notwithtill they fitted ihe couch which he had pre- standing pedants of a pretended depth and solidity

are apt to decry the writings of a polite author, : Dryden hints at this obsolete kind of wit

as flash and froth, they all of them show, upon e of the following verses in his Mac Flecno; occasion, that they would spare no pains to arrive 5 an English reader cannot understand, who

at the character of those whom they seem to de. not know that there are those little poems spise. For this reason'we often find them endeaE mentioned in the shape of wings and altars : vouring at works of fancy, which cost them infinite

pangs in the production. The truth of it is, a man Choose for thy command me peaceful province in Acrostic Land;

had better be a galley-slave than a wit, were one tre may'st thou wings display, and altars raise, to gain that title by those elaborate trifles which torture one poor word a thousand ways.'

have been the inventions of such authors as were is fashion of false wit was revived by several often masters of great learning, but no genius. of the last age, and in particular may be met In my last paper I mentioned some of these mong Mr. Herbert's poems; and if I am not false wiis among the ancients, and in this shall give

ADDISON.

SENECA.

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the reader two or three other species of them, Iof this nature, I shall produce the device of one that flourished in the same early ages of the world. Mr. Newberry, as I find it mentioned by our The first I shall produce are the lipogrammatists learned Camden in his Remains. Mr. Newberry, or letter-droppers of antiquity, that would take to represent his name by a picture, hung up at his an exception, without any reason, against some door the sign of a yew-tree, that had several ber-, particular letter in the alphabet, so as not to admitries upon it, and in the midst of them a great it once into a whole poem. One Tryphiodorus golden N hung upon a bough of the tree, which by was a great master in this kind of writing. He the help of a little false spelling made up the composed an Odyssey or epic poem on the adven-word N.ew-berry. tures of Ulysses, consisting of four and twenty I shall conclude this topic with a rebus, which books, having entirely banished the letter A from has been lately hewn out in freestone, and erected his first book, which was called Alpha (as lucus à over two of the portals of Blenheim House, being non lucendo) because there was not an alpha in it. the figure of a monstrous lion tearing to pieces a His second book was inscribed Beta for the same little cock. For the better understanding of which reason. In short, the poet excluded the whole device, I must acquaint my English reader, that a four and twenty letters in their turns, and showed cock has the misfortune to be called in Latin by them one after another that he could do his busi- the same word that signifies a Frenchiman, as a ness without them.

lion is the emblem of the English nation. Such a It must have been very pleasant to have seen device in so noble a pile of building, looks like a this poet avoiding the reprobate letter, as much as pun in an heroic poem; and I am very sorry the another would a false quantity, and making his truly ingenious architect would suffer the statuary escape from it through the several Greek dialects, to blemish his excellent plan with so poor a con when he was pressed with it in any particular syl-ceit. But I hope what I have said will gain lable. For the most apt and elegant word in the quarter for the cock, and deliver him out of the whole language was rejected, like a diamond with lion's paw. a flaw in it, it it appeared blemished with a wrong I find likewise in ancient times the conceit of letter. I shall only observe upon this head, that making an echo talk sensibly, and give rational if the work I have here mentioned had been now answers. If this could be excusable in any writer, extant, the Odyssey of 'Tryphiodorus, in all proba. it would be in Ovid, where he introduces the echo bility, would have been oftener quoted by our as a nymph, before she was worn away into nolearned pedants, than the Odyssey of Homer. thing but a voice. The learned Erasmus, though What a perpetual fund would it bave been of a man of wit and genius, has composed a dialogue obsolete words and phrases, unusual barbarisms upon this silly kind of device, and made use of an and rusticities, absurd spellings, and complicated echo who seems to have been a very extraordinary dialects? I make no question but it would have linguist, for she answers the person she talks with been looked upon as one of the most valuable trea. in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, according as she guries of the Greek tongue.

found the syllables which she was to repeat in any I find likewise among the ancients that inge- of those learned languages. Hudibras, in ridicule nious kind of conceit, which the moderns distinguish of this false kind of wit, has described Bruin beby the name of a rebus, that does not sink a letter, wailing the loss of his bear to a solitary echo, who but a whole word, by substituting a picture in its is of great use to the poet in several distiches, as place. When Cæsar was one of the masters of the she does not only repeat after him, but helps out Roman mint, he placed the figure of an elephant his verse, and furnishes him with rhymes : upon the reverse of the public money; the word

“He rag'd, and kept as heavy a coil as Cæsar signifying an elephant in the Punic lan

Stout Hercules for loss of Hylas; guage. This was artificially contrived by Cæsar, Forcing the vallies to repeat because it was not lawful for a private man to

The accents of his sad regret.

He beat his breast, and tore his hair, stamp his own figure upon the coin of the com For loss of his dear crony bear, monwealth. Cicero, who was so called from the That Echo from the hollow ground founder of his family, that was marked on the

His doleful wailings did resound

More wistfully, by many times, nose with a little wen like a vetch (which is cicer Than in small poets, splay-foot ihymes, in Latin), instead of Marcus Tullius Cicero, or

That make her, in their rueful stories,

To answer to introgatories. dered the words Marcus Tullius, with a figure of a

And most unconscionably depose vetch at the end of them, to be inscribed on a To things of which she nothing knows,

And when she has said all she can say, public monument. This was done probably to

"Tis wrested to the lover's faney. show that he was neither ashamed of his name or

Quoth he, O whither, wicked Bruin, family, notwithstanding the envy of his competitors Art thou fled to my-Echo, ruin? had often reproached him with both. In the same

I thought th' hxdst scorn'd to budge a step

For fear. Quoth Echo) Marry guep manner we read of a famous building that was Am I not bere to take thy part? marked in several parts of it with the figures of a Then what has quail'd thy stubborn heart?

Have these bones rattled, and this head frog and a lizard; those words in Greek having

So often in thy quarrel bled? been the names of the architects, who by the laws Nor did I ever winch or gridge it, of their country were never permitted to inscribe

For thy dear sake. (Quoth she) Mum budget.

Think'st thou 't will not be la.di' th' dish, their own names upon their works. For the same Thou turn’dst thy back? (Quoth Echo) pish. reason it is thought, that the forelock of the horse To run from those th' hast overcome

Thus cowardly? (Quoth Echo) mum. in the antique equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius

But what a-vengeance makes thee fly represents at a distance the shape of an owl, to From me too as thine enemy? intimate the country of the statuary, who, in all

Or if thou hast no thought of me,

Nor what I have endur'd for thee; probability, was an Athenian. This kind of wit

Yet shame and honour might prevail was very much in vogue among our own country To keep thee thus from turning tail:

For who would grudge to spend his blood in men about an age or two ago, who did not prac.

His honour's cause! (Quoch sbe) a pudding. tise it for any oblique reason, as the ancients above.

ADDISON. mentioned, but purely for the sake of being witty. Among innumerable instances that may be given

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PERS, Sat. üi, 85.

senses, which indeed had been very much impair

ed by that continual application he had given to his 210 60. WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1711. anagram.

The acrostic was probably invented about the same time with the anagram, though it is impos

sible to decide whether the inventor of the one or Tec est quod palles ? Cur quis non prandeat, hoc est :

the other were the greater blockhead. The simple Is it for this you gain those mengre looks,

acrostic is nothing but the name or title of a per. And sacrifice your dinner to your books?

son, or thing, made out of the initial letters of

several verses, and by that means written, after Several kinds of false wit that vanished in the the manner of the Chinese, in a perpendicular line. refined ages of the world, discovered themselves But besides these there are compound acrostics, again in the times of monkish-ignorance.

when the principal letters stand two or three deep. As the monks were the masters of all that little I have seen some of them where the verses have Learning which was then extant, and had their not only been edged by a name at each extrewhole lives entirely disengaged from business, it is mity, but have had the same name running down no wonder that several of them, who wanted ge-like a scam through the middle of the poem. musfor higher performances, employed many hours There is another near relation of the anagrams in the composition of such tricks in writing, as and acrostics, which is commonly called a chronorequired much time and little capacity; I have gram. This kind of wit appears very often on seen half the Eneid turned into Latin rhymes by many modern medals, especially those of Germany, one of the beaux esprits of that dark age; who when they represent in the inscription the year

3 in his preface to it, that the Æneid wanted in which they were coined. Thus we see on a io hing but the sweets of rhyme to make it the medal of Gustavus Adolphus the following words, Tost perfect work in its kind. I have likewise CurlsrVs DUX ERGO TRIVMPHVs. If you take -Pin an hymn in hexameters to the Virgin Mary, the pains to pick the figures out of the several tlich filled a whole book, though it consisted but words, and range them in their proper order, you f the eight following words :

will find they amount to MDcxxvii, or 1627, the * Tot, libi, sunt, Virgo, dotes, quor, sidera, cælo.'

year in which the medal was stamped: for as 'Thou hast as many virtues, O Virgin, as there are stars in some of the letters distinguish themselves from the heaven.'

rest, and overtop their fellows, they are to be conhe poet rung the changes upon these eight several sidered in a double capacity, both as letters and cords, and by that means made his verses almost as figures. Your laborious German wits will turn raumerous as the virtues and the stars which they over a whole dictionary for one of these ingenious It brated. It is no wonder that men who had so devices. A man would think they were searching ich time upon their bands did not only restore after an apt classical term, but instead of that they the antiquated pieces of false wit, but enriched are looking out a word that has an L, an M, or a world with inventions of their own. It was to D in it. When therefore we meet with any of Sage that we owe the production of anagrams, these inscriptions, we are not so much to look in

ch is nothing else but a transmutation of one them for the thought, as for the year of the Lord. al into another, or the turning of the same set The bouts-rimez were the favourites of the etters into different words: which may change French nation for a whole age together, and that at into day, or black into white, if Chance, who at a time when it abounded in wit and learning. le goddess that presides over these sorts of They were a list of words that rhyme to one another, position, shall so direct. I remember a witty drawn up by another hand, and given to a poet, who or, in allusion to this kind of writing, calls his was to make a poem to the rhymes in the same ora h, who (it seems) was distorted, and had his der that they were placed upon the list; the more s set in places that did not properly belong to uncommon the rhymes were, the more extraordi7; 'the anagram of a man.'

nary was the genius of the poet that could accomben the anagrammatist takes a name to work mudate his verses to them. I do not know any he considers it at first as a mine not broken greater instance of the decay of wit and learning chich will not show the treasure it contains, among the French (which generally follows the e shall bave spent many hours in the search of declension of empire) than the endeavouring to or it is his business to find out one word that restore this foolish kind of wit. If the reader will als itself in another, and to examine the be at the trouble to see examples of it, let him s in all the variety of stations in which they look into the new Mercure Gallant; where the ossibly be ranged. I have heard of a gentle- author every month gives a list of rhymes to be sho, when this kind of wit was in fashion, filled up by the ingenious, in order to be commusoured to gain his mistress's heart by it. She nicated to the public in the Mercure for the sucne of the finest women of her age, and known ceeding month. That for the month of November

name of the Lady Mary Boon. The lover last, which now lies before me, is as follows:
eing able to make any thing of Mary, by
7 liberties indulged to this kind of writing,

Lauriers rted it into Moll; and after having shut him.

Guerriers for half a year, with indefatigable industry

Musette redan anagram. Upon the presenting it to

Lisette tress, who was a little vexed in her heart to

Cæsars rself degraded into Moll Boon, she told him,

Etendars infinite surprise, that he had mistaken her

Houlette e, for that it was not Boon, but Bohun.

Folette Ibi omnis Efusus labore

One would be amazed to see so learned a man as Fer was thunder-struck with his misfortune, Menage talking seriously on this kind of trifle in ch that in a little time after he lost his the following passage:

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Monsieur de la Chambre has told me, that he sense, they will be very apt to shoot up in the never knew what he was going to write when he greatest genius that is not broken and cultivated by took his pen into his hand; but that one sentence the rules of art. Imitation is natural to us, and always produced another. For my own part, 1 when it does not raise the mind to poetry, paintnever knew what I should write next when I was ing, music, or other more noble arts, it often breaks making verses. In the first place I got all my out in puns and quibbles., Thymes together, and was afterwards perhaps three Aristotle, in the eleventh chapter of his book of or four months in filling them up. I one day rhetoric, describes two or three kinds of puns, which showed Monsieur Gombaud a composition of this be calls paragrams, among the beauties of good nature, in which, among others, I had made use writing, and produces instances of them out of some of the four following rhymes, Amaryllis, Phyllis, of the greatest authors in the Greek tongue. Ci. Marne, Arne; desiring him to give me his opinion of cero has sprinkled several of his works with puns, it. He told me immediately, that my verses were and in his book where he lays down the rules of good for nothing. And upon my asking his rea- oratory, quotes abundance of sayings as pieces of son, he said, because the rhymes are too com- wit, which also upon examination prove arrant mod; and for that reason easy to be put into verse. puns. But the age in which the pun chiefly flou“ Marry,” says I, “if it be so, I am very well rished, was in the reign of king James the First. rewarded for all the pains I have been at.” But That learned monarch was himself a tolerable pun. by Monsieur Gombaud's leave, notwithstanding the ster, and made very few bishops or privy.counselseverity of the criticism, the verses were good." lors that had not some time or other signalized Vid. Menagiana. Thus far the learned Menage, themselves by a clinch, or a conundrum. It was whom I have translated word for word.

therefore in this age that the pun appeared with The first occasion of these bouts-rimez made pomp and dignity. It had before been admitted them in some manner excusable, as they were into merry speeches and ludicrous compositions tasks which the French ladies used to impose on but was now delivered with great gravity from the their lovers. But when a grave author, like him, pulpit, or pronounced in the most solemn manner above mentioned, tasked himself

, could there be at the council-table. The greatest authors, in their any thing more ridiculous ? Or would not one be most serious works, made frequent use of puns. apt to believe that the author played booty, and The sermons of Bishop Andrews, and the tragedies did not make his list of rhymes till he had finished of Shakspeare, are full of them. The sinner was his poem?

punned into repentance by the former, as in the I shall only add, that this piece of false wit has latter nothing is more usual than to see a hero been finely ridiculed by Monsieur Sarasin, in a weeping and quibbling for a dozen lines together. poem entitled, La Défaite des Bouts-Rimez, The I must add to these great authorities, which seem Rout of the Bouts-Rimez.

to have given a kind of sanction to this piece of I must subjoin to this last kind of wit the double false wit, that all the writers of rhetoric have rhymes, which are used in doggerel poetry, and treated of puming with very great respect, and generally applauded by ignorant readers. If the divided the several kinds of it into hard names, thought of the couplet in such compositions is that are reckoned among the figures of speech, good, the rhyme adds little to it; and if bad, it and recommended as ornaments in discourse. will not be in the power of the rhyme to recom- remember a country schoolmaster of my acquaintmend it. I am afraid that great numbers of those ance told me once, that he had been in company who admire the incomparable Hudibras, do it more with a gentleman whom he looked upon to be the on account of these doggerel rhymes than of the greatest paragrammatist among the moderns. Upon parts that really deserve admiration. I am sure inquiry, I found my learned friend had dined that I have heard the

day with Mr. Swan, the famous punster; and de• Pulpit, drum ecclesiastic,

siring him to give me some account of Mr. Swan's Was beat with fist, instead of a stick;'

conversation, he told me that he generally talked and

in the Paranomasia, that he sometimes gave into the • There was an ancient sage philosopher Ploce, but that in his humble opinion, he shined Who had read Alexander Ross over.'

most in the Antanaclasis. more frequently quoted, than the finest pieces of I must not here omit, that a famous university of wit in the whole poem.

this land was formerly very much infested with C. pups; but whether or no this might not arise from

the fens and marshes in which it was situated, and

which are now drained, I must leave to the deter. N° 61. THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1711.

mination of more skilful naturalists,

After this short history of punning, one would

wonder how it should be so entirely banished out Nan equidem hoc studro, bullatis tut mihi nugis,

of the learned world as it is at present, especially Pagina turgescat, dare pondus idonea fumo.

since it had found a place in the writings of the

most ancient polite authors. To account for this 'T'is not indeed my talent to engage

we must consider, that the first race of authors, In Jofry trifles, or to swell my page who were the great heroes in writing, were desti

: With wind and noise.

DRYDEN.

tute of all rules and arts of criticism ; and for that

reason, though they excel later writers in greatTAERE is no kind of false wit which has been so reness of genius, they fall short of them in accuracy commended by the practice of all ages, as that and correctness. The moderns cannot reach their which consists in a jingle of words, and is compre- beauties, but can avoid their imperfections. When hended under the general name of running. It is the world was furnished with these authors of the indeed impossible to kill a weed, which the soil has first eminence, there grew up another set of wri: a natural disposition

to produce. The seeds of pun-'ters, who gained themselves a reputation by the ning are in the minds of all men; and though they remarks which they made on the works of those may be subdued by reason, reflection, and good who preceded them. It was one of the employ.

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ADDISON

PERS. Sat. v. 19.

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