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ADVERTISEMENT.

STEELE.

OVID. Ars Am. i. 159,

little Piazza in Covent Garden, being at present the two leading diversions of the town, and Mr. Powell professing in bis advertisements to set up On the first of April will be performed, at the Whittington and his Cat against Rinaldo and Ar- playhouse in the Haymarket, an opera called The mida, my curiosity led me, the beginning of last Cruelty of Atreus.' week, to view bour these performances, and make

N B. The scene, wherein Thyestes eats his own my observations upon them.

children, is to be performed by the famous Mr. Psal* First, therefore, I cannot but observe, that Mr. manazar, lately arrived from Formosa : the whole Powell wisely forbearing to give his company a supper being set to kettle-drums. bill of fare beforehand, every scene is new and

R. unexpected ; whereas it is certain, that the undertakers of the Haymarket, having raised too great an expectation in their printed opera, very much N° 15. SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1710-11. disappoint their audience on the stage.

• The King of Jerusalem is obliged to come from the city on foot, instead of being drawn in a tri

Parda leves capiunt animos umphant chariot by white horses, as my opera-book

Light minds are pleased with trifles. had promised me; and thus, while I expected Armida's dragons should rush forward towards WHEN I was in France, I used to gaze with great Argentes, I found the hero was obliged to go to astonishment at the splendid equipages and party Arinida, and hand her out of her coach. We had coloured habits of that fantastic nation. I was one also but a very short allowance of thunder and day in particular contemplating a lady that sat in lightning; though I cannot in this place omit doing a coachi adorned with gilded Cupids, and finely justice to the boy who had the direction of the painted with the loves of Venus and Adonis. The two painted dragons, and made them spit fire and coach was drawn by six milk-white horses

, and smoke. He Aashed out his rosin in such just pro. footmen. Just before the lady were a couple of

loaded behind with the same number of powdered portions, and in such due time, that I could not forbear conceiving hopes of his being one day a beautiful pages, that were stuck among the harmost excellent player. I saw, indeed, but two ness, and by their gay dresses and smiling features, things wanting to render his whole action com

looked like the elder brothers of the little boys plete, I mean the keeping his head a little lower,

that were carved and painted in every corner of and hiding his candle.

the coach. 'Tobserve that Mr. Powell and the undertakers

The lady was the unfortunate Cleanthe, who of the opera had both the same thought, and 1 afterwards gave an occasion 10 a pretty melan. think much about the same time, of introducing choly novel. She had for several years received animals on their several stages, though indeed with the addresses of a gentleman, whom, after a long very different success. The sparrows and chaf. and intimate acquaintance, she forsook, upon the finches at the Haymarket, fly as yet very irregu. offered to her by one of great riches, but a crazy

account of this shining equipage, which had been larly over the stage; and instead of perching on the trees, and performing their parts, these young constitution. The circumstances in which I saw actors either get into the galleries, or put out the her were, it seems, the disguises only of a broken candles; whereas Mr. Powell bas so well disci. heart, and a kind of pageantry to cover distress ; plined his pig, that in the first scene he and Punch for in two months after she was carried to her danced a minuet together. I am informed, how- grave with the same pomp and magnificence; be. ever, that Mr. Powell resolves to excel his adver. ing sent thither partly by the loss of one lorer, and saries in their own way; and introduce larks in his partly by the possession of another. next opera of Susannah, or Innocence Betrayed,

I have often reflected with myself on this unacwinch will be exhibited next week, with a pair of countable humour in womankind, of being smitten new Elders.

with every thing that is showy and superficial; and “The moral of Mr. Powell's drama is violated, on the numberless evils that befal the sex from this I confess, by Punch's national reflections on the light fantastical disposition. I myself remember. French, and king Harry's laying his leg upon the a young lady that was very warmly solicited by queen’s lap, in too ludicrous a 'mamer before so couple of importunate rivals, who, for several great an assembly.

months together, did all they could to recommen, As to the mechanism and scenery, every thing, themselves, by complacency of behaviour anci indeed, was uniform, and of a-piece, and the scenes agreeableness of conversation. At length, when the s were managed very dexterously; which calls on

competition was doubtful, and the lady undeter me to take notice that at the Haymarket, the mined in her choice, one of the young lovers very undertakers forgetting to change the side-scenes, luckily bethought himself of adding a supernume we were presented with a prospect of the ocean rary lace to his liveries, which had so good an ef in the midst of a delightful grove ; and though the fect that he married her the very week after. gentlemen on the stage had very much contributed

The usual conversation of ordinary women ver to the beauty of the grove, by walking up and much cherishes this natural weakness of being takei down between the trees, I must own I was not a

with outside and appearance. Talk of a new mar little astonished to see a well-dressed young fellow, ried couple, and you immediately hear whether in a full-bottomed wig, appear in the midst of they keep their coach and six, or eat in plate the sea, and without any visible concern taking Mention the name of an absent lady, and it is ter snuff.

to one but you learn something of her gown an 4 'I shall only observe one thing further, in which petticoat. A ball is a great help to discourse, and the both dramas agree; which is, that by the squeak of a birth-day furnishes conversation for a twelve their voices the heroes of each are eunuchs : and month after. A furbelow of precious stones, at det og as the wit in both pieces is equal, I must prefer

hat buttoned with a diamond, a brocade waistcox the performance of Mr. Powell, because it is in our own language.

'I am, &c.'

For an account of this singular character, see the Gentleman' Magazine, vols, xxxiv. xxxv.

En. xi. 782.

ADDISON.

POPE.

or petticoat, are standing topics. In short, they! I cannot conclude my paper without observing, consider only the drapery of the species, and never that Virgil has very finely touched upon this female cast away a thought on those ornaments of the passion for dress and show, in the character of Camind that make persons illustrious in themselves, milla; who, though she seems to have shaken off and useful to others. When women are thus per- all the other weaknesses of her sex, is still described petually dazzling one another's imaginations, and as a woman in this particular. The poet tells us filing their heads with nothing but colours, it is nothat, after having made a great slaughter of the wonder that they are more attentive to the super-enemy, she unfortunately cast her eye on a Trojan, ficial parts of life, than the solid and substantial who wore an embroidered tunic, a beautiful coat blessings of it. A girl, who has been trained up in of mail, with a mantle of the finest purple. A this kind of conversation, is in danger of every em- golden bow,' says he, hung upon his shoulder ; broidered coat that comes in her way. A pair of his garment was buckled with a golden clasp ; and fringed gloves may be ber ruin. In a word, lace his head covered with an helmet of the same shinand ribbands, silver and gold galloons, with the like ing metal.' The Amazon immediately singled out glittering gewgaws, are so many lures to women this well-dressed warrior, being seized with a woof weak minds and low educations, and, when artifi- man's longing for the pretty trappings that he was cially displayed, are able to fetch down the most airy adorned with: Caquette from the wildest of herflights and rambles.

- Totumque incauta per agmen True Happiness is of a retired nature, and an Fæmineo præda et spoliorum ardebat amore.' enemy to pomp and noise : it arises, in the first place, from the enjoyment of one's self; and in This heedless pursuit after these glittering trifles, ibe next, from the friendship and conversation of the poet (by a nice-concealed moral) represents to : few select companions: it loves shade and soli- have been the destruction of his female hero. - Je, and naturally haunts groves and fountains, Sends and meadows ; in short, it feels every thing Sants within itself

, and receives no addition from mulatudes of witnesses and spectators. On the N° 16. MONDAY, MARCH 19, 1710-11. entrary, False Happiness loves to be in a crowd, and to draw the eyes of the world upon her. She does not receive any satisfaction from the applauses Quid verum atque decens, curo e rogo, et omnis in hac suha. which she gives herself, but from the admiration

HOR, 1 Ep. i. 11. cuich she raises in others. She flourishes in courts What right, what true, what fit we justly call, są, palaces, theatres and assemblies, and has no

Let this be all my care-for this is all. Istence but when she is looked upon. Aurelia, though a woman of great quality, de. I have received a letter, desiring me to be very gints in the privacy of a country life, and passes satirical upon the little muff that is now in fashion ; -2} a great part of her time in her own walks another informs me of a pair of silver garters gardens

. Her husband, who is her bosom buckled below the knee, that have been lately sed and companion in her solitudes, has been seen at the Rainbow Coffee-house in Fleet Street; lore with her ever since he knew her. They a third sends me an heavy complaint against fringed on abound with good sense, consummate virtue, gloves. To be brief, there is scarce an ornament of sa mutual esteem; and are a perpetual enter- either sex which one or the other of my corresponwent to one another. Their family is under so dents has not inveighed against with some bittersular an economy, in its hours of devotion and ness, and recommended to my observation. I must, past, employment and diversion, that it looks therefore, once for all, inform my readers, thatit it a little commonwealth within itself. They is not my intention to sink the dignity of this my t" go into company, that they may return with paper with reflections upon red-heels or top-kno 35

greater delight to one another; and sometimes but rather to enter into the passions of mankind, E in town, not to enjoy it so properly, as to and correct those depraved sentiments that give * reary of it, that they may renew in them- birth to all those little extravagancies which apes the relish of a country life. By this means pear in their outward dress and behaviour. Fopare happy in each other, beloved by their pish and fantastic ornament are only indications tren, adored by their servants, and are be-lof vice, not criminal in themselves. Extinguish e the envy, or rather the delight, of all that vanity in the mind, and you naturally retrench the

little superfluities of garniture and equipage. The different to this is the life of Fulvia ! she blossoms will fall of themselves when the root that ders her husband as her steward, and looks nourished them is destroyed. discretion and good housewifery as little do

I shall therefore, as I have said, apply my reme. c virtues, unbecoming a woman of quality. dies to the first seeds and principles of an affected inks life lost in her own family, and fancies dress, without descending to the dressitself; though 1 out of the world when she is not in the at the same time I must own, that I have thoughts ile playhouse or the drawing-room. She of creating an officer under me, to be entitled, The. ca a perpetual motion of body and restless Censor of Small Wares, and of allotting him one i thought, and is never easy in any one place, day in the week for the execution of such his she thinks there is more company in another office. An operator of this nature might act under issing of an opera the first night, would be me, with the same regard as a surgeon to a physi

Ficting to her than the death of a child. She cian; the one might be employed in healing those wil the valuable part of her own sex, and blotches and tumours which break out in the body, very woman of a prudent, modest, and re- while the other is sweetening the blood, andrecti, 3 poor-spirited, unpolished creature. fying the

constitution. To speak truly, the young A mortification would it be to Fulvia, if she people of both sexes are so wonderfully apt to

at her setting herself to view, is but ex. shoot out into long swords or sweeping trains, herself

, and that she grows contemptible by bushy head-dresses, or full-bottomed periwigs, with onspicuous!

several other encumbrances of dress, that they

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TO THE SPECTATOR.

stand in need of being pruned very frequently, lest 1. What I have said under the three foregoing they should be oppressed with ornaments, and heads, will, I am afraid, very much retrench the overrun with the luxuriancy of their habits. I am number of my correspondents. I shall therefore much in doubt, whether I should give the prefer- acquaint my reader, that if he has started any hint ence to a quaker that is trimmed close, and almost which he is not able to pursue, if he has met with cut to the quick, or to a beau that is loaden with any surprising story which he does not know how such a redundance of excrescences. I must there to tell, if he has discovered any epidemical vice fore desire my correspondents to let me know how which has escaped my observation, or has heard of they approve my project, and whether they think any uncommon virtue which he would desire to the erecting of such a petty censorship may not publish; in short, if he has any materials that can turn to the emolument of the public ; for I would furnish out an innocent diversion, I shall promise not do any thing of this nature rashly and without him my best assistance in the working of them up advice.

for a public entertainment. There is another set of correspondents to whom This paper my reader will find was intended I must address myself in the second place; I mean for an answer to a multitude of correspondents: such as fill their letters with private scandal, and (but I hope he will pardon me if I single out one black accounts of particular persons and families. of them in particular, who has made me so very The world is so full of ill-nature, that I have lam- humble a request, that I cannot forbear complying poons sent me by people who cannot spell, and with it. satires composed by those who scarce know how to write. By the last post in particular, I receive ed a packet of scandal which is not legible ; and

March 15, 1710-11. have a whole bundle of letters in women's hands,

'SIR, that are full of blots and calumnies, insomuch, that I am at present so unfortunate, as to have nothing when I see the name Cælia, Phillis, Pastora, or the to do but to mind my own business : and therefore like, at the bottom of a scrawl, I conclude of beg of you that you will be pleased to put me into course that it brings me some account of a fallen some small post under you. observe that you virgin, a faithless wife, or an amorous widow. I have appointed your printer and publisher to remust therefore inform these my correspondents,

ceive letters and advertisements for the city of that it is not my design to be a publisher of in London ; and shall think myself very much honourtrigues and cuckoldoms, or to bring little infamous ed by you, if you will appoint me to take in letters stories out of their present lurking holes into broad and advertisements for the city of Westminster day-light. If I attack the vicious, I shall only set

and the duchy of Lancaster. Though I cannot upon them in a body; and will not be provoked promise to fill such an employment with sufficient by the worst usage I can receive from others, to abilities, I will endeavour to make up with industry make an example of any particular criminal.' In and fidelity, what I want in parts and genius. short, I have so much of a Drawcansir* in me, that

“I am, SIR, I shall pass over a single foe to charge whole ar

*Your most obedient servant, mies. It is not Lais or Silenus, but the harlot and

QUARLES LILLIE.'

C. the drunkard, whom I shall endeavour to expose ; and shall consider the crime as it appears in a spe. cies, not as it is circumstanced in an individual. i think it was Caligula, who wished the whole city No 17. TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1710-11 of Rome had but one neck, that he might bebead tiem at a blow. I should do, out of humanity, what that emperor would have done in the cruelty of his temper, and aim every stroke at a collective body of offenders. At the same time I am very

A visage rough, sensible that nothing spreads a paper like private

Deform'd, unfeatured. calumny and defamation ; but as my speculations are not under this necessity, they are not exposed Since our persons are not of our own making.' to this temptation.

when they are such as appear defective or uncomeIn the next place, I must apply myself to my ly, it is, methinks, an honest and laudable fortitude party correspondents, who are continually teasing to dare to be ugly; at least to keep ourselves from me to take notice of one another's proceedings. being abashed with a consciousness of imperfecHow often am I asked by both sides, if it is tions which we cannot help, and in which there is possible for me to be an unconcerned spectator of no guilt. I would not defend an haggard beau, the rogueries that are committed by the party for passing away much time at a glass, and giving which is opposite to him that writes the letter? softness and languishing graces to deformity : all I About two days since, I was reproached with an intend is, that we ought to be contented with our old Grecian law, that forbids any man to stan as countenance and shape, so far, as never to give ourneuter, or a looker-on in the divisions of his coun. selves an uneasy reflection on that subject. It is try. However, as I am very sensible my paper to the ordinary people, who are not accustomed to would lose its whole effect, should it run out into make very proper remarks on any occasion, mat. the outrages of a party, .hall take care to keep ier of great jest, if a man enters with a prominent clear of every thing which looks that way. If 1 pair of shoulders into an assembly, or is distin: can any way assuage private inflammations, or al guished by an expansion of mouth, or obliquity of lay public ferments, I shall apply myself to it with aspect. It is happy for a man that has any of my utnost endeavours; but will never let my heart these oddnesses about him, if he can be as merry reproach me with having done any thing towards lupon himself, as others are apt to be upon that oC. increasing those feuds and animosities, tbat extin-casion. When he can possess bimselt with such a guish religion, deface government, and make a na- cheerfulness, women and children, who are at first tion miserable.

frighted at him, will afterwards be as much pleas• A sharacter in the contedy of The Rehearsal ed with him. As it is barbarous in others to rally

ADDISON.

Tetrum ante omnia vultum.

JUV. %. 191.

DRYDEN.

bim for natural defects, it is extremely agreeable cast of countenance; of which the president and when he can jest upon himself for them*. officers for the time being are to determine, and

Madam Maintenon's first husband was an hero, the president to have the casting voice. in this kind, and has drawn many pleasantries II. That a singular regard be had upon exami. from the irregularity of his shape, which he de- nation, to the gibbosity of the gentlemen that offer scribes as very inuch resembling the letter 2. He themselves as founder's kinsmen; or to the obdiverts himself likewise by representing to his liquity of their figure, in what sort soever. reader the make of an engine and pully, with III. That if the quantity of any man's nose be which he used to take off his hat. When there eminently miscalculated, whether as to length or happens to be any thing ridiculous in a visage, and breadth, he shall have a just pretence to be the owner of it thinks it an aspect of dignity, he elected. ist be of very great quality to be exempt from • Lastly, That if there shall be two or more raillery. The best expedient therefore is to be competitors for the same vacancy, ceteris paribu, pleasant upon himself. Prince Harry and Falstaff, he that has the thickest skin to have the pro. in Shakspeare, have carried the ridicule upon fat ference. and lean as far as it will go. Falstaff is humor. “Every fresh member, upon his first night, is to cusly called woolsack, bedpresser, and hill of flesh; entertain the company with a dish of cod. fish, and Harry, a starveling, an elves-skin, a sheeth, a bow- a speech in praise of Esop; whose portraiture case, and a tuck. There is, in several incidents of they have, in full proportion, over the chimney; be conversation between them, the jest still kept and their design is, as soon as their funds are suffi. p upon the person. Great tenderness and sensi- cient, to purchase the heads of Thersites, Duns ility in this point is one of the greatest weaknesses Scotus, Scarron, Hudibras, and the old gentleman f self-love. For my own part, I am a little unhappy in Oldham, with all the celebrated ill faces of the mould of my face, which is not quite so long antiquity, as furniture for the club-room. s it is broad. Whether this might not partly arise As they have always been professed admirers co my opening my mouth much seldomer than of the other sex, so they unanimously declare that lier people, and by consequence not so much they will give all possible encouragement to such ngthening the fibres of my visage, I am not at as will take the benefit of the statute, though none isure to determine. However it be, I have been yet have appeared to do it. en put out of countenance by the shortness of “The worthy president, who is their most de.

face, and was formerly at great pains in con. voted champion, has lately shown me two copies aling it by wearing a periwig with an high fore- of verses composed by a gentleman of his society; ), and letting my beard grow. But now I have the first, a congratulatory ode, inscribed to Mrs. roughly got over this delicacy, and could be Touchwood, upon the loss of her two four teeth; tented with a much shorter, provided it might the other, a panegyric upon Mrs. Andiron's left ify me for a member of the Merry club, which shoulder

. Mrs. Vizard (he says) since the smallfollowing letter gives me an account of. I have pox, is grown tolerably ugly, and a top toast in eived it from Oxford, and as it abounds with the club; but I never heard him so lavish of his spirit of mirth and good humour, which is fine things, as upon old Neil Trot, who constantly oral to that place, I shall set it down word for officiates at their table; her he even adores and as it came to me.

extols as the very counterpart of Mother Shipton;

in short, Nell (says he) is one of the extraordinary OST PROFOUND SIR,

works of nature; but as for complexion, shape, ving been very well entertained, in the last of

and features, so valued by others, they are all speculations that I have yet seen, by your mere outside and symmetry, which is his aversion. imen upon clubs, which I therefore hope you Give me leave to add, that the president is a face. Continue, I shall take the liberty to furnish you tious pleasant gentleman, and never more so, than a brief account of such a one as, perhaps, you when he had got (as he calls them) his dear mum. lot seen in all your travels, unless it was your mers about him; and he often protests it does him me to touch upon some of the woody parts of irican continent, in your voyage to or from in his air (which is so agreeable in the generality

good to meet a fellow with a right genuine grimace Cairo. There have arose in this university of the French nation); and as an instance of his since you left us without saying any thing) sincerity in this particular, he gave me a sight of El of these inferior hebdomadal societies, as unning club, the Witty club, and amongst these five years have fallen under his observation,

a list in his pocket-book of all this class, who for st, the Handsome club; as a burlesque upon with himself at the head of them, and in the rear a certain merry species, that seem to have nto the world in masquerade, for some years

(as one of a promising and improving aspect.) st have associated themselves together, and

sin, ed the name of the Ugly club. This ill-fa.

* Your obliged and humble servant, fraternity consists of a president and twelve Osford, March 12, 1710.

"ALEXANDER CARBONCIL." ; the choice of which is not confined by to any particular foundation, (as St. John's could have the world believe, and have te erected a separate society within them. Ņo 18. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1710-11/ but liberty is left to elect from any school - Britain, provided the candidates be within s of the club, as set forth in a table, entitled,

-Equitis quoque jom migravit ab aure voluptus
a clause or two of which I
Omnis ad incertos oculos, et gaud a vana.

HOR. 2 Ep.if :57.

But now our nobles too are fops and rain, wat no person whatsoever shall be admitted Neglect the sense, but love the painted scene. a visible queerity in his aspect, or peculiar

CREECH ay since been well done by William Hay, Esq. M. P. Ir is my design in this paper to delive down to say on Deformity, published in Dodsley's Fugitive

posterity a faithful account of the Italian opet

STEELE.

R.

of Deformity; nsmit to you.

2 rol, i.p. 89.

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and of the gradual progress which it has made tongue. The king or hero of the play generally upon the English stage; for there is no question spoke in Italian, and his slaves answered him in but our great grand-children will be very curious English. The lover frequently made his court, and to know the reason why their forefathers used to gained the heart of his princess, in a language sit together like an audience of foreigners in their which she did not understand. One would have own country, and to hear whole plays acted be thought it very difficult to have carried on dialogues fore them, in a tongue which they did not under- after this manner without an interpreter between stand.

the persons that conversed together; but this was Arsinoe was the first opera that gave us a taste the state of the English stage for about three of Italian music. The great success this opera years, met with produced some attempts of forming pieces At length the audience grew tired of understand. upon Italian plans, which should give a more na-ing half the opera ; and therefore, to ease themcural and reasonable entertainment than what can selves entirely of the fatigne of thinking, have so be met with in the elaborate trifles of that nation. ordered it at present, that the whole opera is per. This alarmed the poetasters and fiddlers of the formed in an unknown tongue. We no longer town, who were used to deal in a more ordinary understand the language of our own stage; inso. kind of ware; and therefore laid down an esta- much that I have often been afraid, when I have blished rule, which is received as such to this day, seen our Italian performers chattering in the veheThat nothing is capable of being well set to mu- mence of an action, that they have been calling us sic, that is not nonsense.'

names, and abusing us among themselves; but I This maxim was no sooner received, but we im. hope, since we do put such an entire confidence in mediately fell to translating the Italian operas; them, they will not talk against us before our faces, and as there was no great danger of hurting the though they may do it with the same safety as if it sense of those extraordinary pieces, our authors were behind our backs. In the mean time, I canwould often make words of their own, which were not forbear thinking how naturally an historian, entirely foreign to the meaning of the passages who writes two or three hundred years hence, and they pretended to translate; their chief care being does not know the taste of his wise forefathers, to make the numbers of the English verse answer will make the following relections: 'In the beto those of the Italian, that both of them might ginning of the eighteenth century, the Italian go to the same tune. Thus the famous song in tongue was so well ur lerstood in England, that Camilla :

operas were acted on the public stage in that lan

guage.' Barbara si t'intendo,' &c.

One scarce knows how to be serious in the con

futation of an absurdity that shows itself at the * Barbarous woman, yes, I know your meaning;'

first sight. It does not want any great measure of which expresses the resentments of an angry lover, sense to see the ridicule of this monstrous practice; was translated into that English lamentation:

but what makes it the more astonishing, it is not

the taste of the rabble, but of persons of the great* Frail are a lover's hopes,' &e.

est politeness, which has established it.

If the Italians have a genius for music above And it was pleasant enough to see the most refined the English, the English have a genius for other persons of the British nation dying away and lan- performances of a much higher nature, and capaguishing to notes that were filled with a spirit of ble of giving the mind a much nobler entertain. rage and indignation. It happened also very fre. ment. Would one think it was possible (at a time quently, where the sense was rightly translated, when an author lived that was able to write the the necessary transposition of words, which were Phædra and Hippolitus) for a people to be so stu." drawn out of the phrase of one tongue into that of pidly fond of the Italian opera, as scarce to give a another, made the music appear very absurd in one third day's hearing to that admirable tragedy? tongue that was very natural in the other. I re. Music is certainly a very agreeable entertainment: member an Italian verse that ran thus, word for but if it would take the entire possession of our word:

ears, if it would make us incapable of hearing

sense, if it would exclude arts that have a much And turn d my rage into pity;'

greater tendency to the refinement of human nawhich the English for rhyme sake translated,

ture; I must confess I would allow it no better

quarter than Plato has done, who banishes it out * And into pity turn'd my rage.'

of his commonwealth.

At present our notions of music are so very unBy this means the soft notes that were adapted to certain, that we do not know what it is we like; pity in the Italian, fell upon the word rage in the only, in general we are transported with any English ; and the angry sounds that were turned to thing that is not English : so it be of a foreign vage in the original, were made to express pity in growth, let it be Italian, French, or High Dutch, the translation. It oftentimes happened likewise, it is the same thing. In short, our English music that the finest notes in the air fell upon the most is quite rooted out, and nothing yet planted in its insignificant words in the sentence. I have known stead. the word 'and' pursued through the whole gamut, When a royal palace is burnt to the ground, have been entertained with many a melodious every man is at liberty to present his plan for a 'the," and have heard the most beautiful graces, new one ; and though it be but indifferently put quavers, and divisions bestowed upon 'then, for, together, it may furnish several hints that may be and from ;' to the eternal honour of our English of use to a good architect, I shall take the same particles.

liberty, in a following paper, of giving my opinion The next step to our refinement, was the intro- upon the subject of music; which I shall lay down ducing of Italian actors into our opera; who sung only in a problematical manner, as to be consitheir parts in their own language, at the same time dered by those who are masters in the art. *at our corintrymen performed theirs in our native ADDISON,

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