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& ever."


All crimes shall cease, and ancient frauds shall fail, | A God, a God! the vocal hills reply,
Returning Juftice lift aloft her scale;

The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity.
Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend, Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies;
Andwhite-rob'd Innocence from heavendescend. 20 Sink down, ye mountains; and ye vallies, rise ;
Swift fly the years, and rise th' expected morn! With heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay;
Oh spring to light, auspicious babe, be born! Be smooth, ye rocks: ye rapid floods, give way!
See, nature haftes her carliest wreaths to bring, The Saviour comes! by ancient bards foretold :
With all the incense of the breathing spring: Hear him, ye deaf; and all ye blind, behold!
See t lofty Lebanon his head advance,

He from thick films shall purge the visual ray, See nodding forests on the mountains dance : And on the sightless eye-ball pour the day : 40 See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise,

'Tis he th' obžtructed paths of sound shall clear,
And Carmel's flowery top perfumes the skies! And bid new music charm th' unfolding car :
Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert cheers ; The * dumb shall fing, the lame his crutch forego,
Prepare the way! a God, a God appears ! 30 And leap cxulting like the bounding roe.

No figh, no murmur, the wide world shall hear,
From every face he wipes off every tear.

In adamantine chains shall death be bound, Ilaiah, Ch. vii. ver. 14. “ Behold a Virgin As the good #thepherd tends his fleecy care,

And hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound, " fhall conceive and bear a Son-Chap. ix, ver.

Seeks freshest pasture, and the purest air ; "6,7. Unto us a Child is born; unto us a Son " is given; the Prince of Peace of the increase Explores the loft, the wandering Sheep directs, * of his government, and of his peace, there shall By day o'ersees them, and by night protects;

The tender lambs he raises in his arms, " be no end : Upon the throne of David, and up- Feeds from his hand, and in his bofom warms; " on his kingdom, to order and to establish it, Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage, " with judgment and with justice, for ever and

The promis'd s father of the fucure age. Ver. 13. See nature haftes, &c.] Virg. Ecl. iv.

No more shall || nation against nation rise,

Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes, ver. 18.

Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er, At tibi prima, puer, nullo munuscula cultu,

The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more :

But useless lances into scythes shall bend,
Errantes hederas paffim cum baccare tellus,
Mixtaque ridenti colocasia fundet acantho

And the broad falchion in a ploughhare end. Ipfa tibi blandes fundent cunabula flores.

Then palaces shall rise; the joyful { Son

Shall finish what his short-liv'd Sire begun; " For thee, o Child, shall the earth, without

Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield,

And the fame hand that sow'd, shall reap the field. being tilled, produce her early offerings; wind"ing ivy, mixed with Baccar, and Colocassia with

The fwain in barren ++ deferts with surprise smiling Acanthus. Thy cradle shall pour forth

Sees lilies {pring, and sudden verdure rise; * pleasing flowers about thee."

Isaiah, Ch. xxi. ver. 1. “ The wilderness and *the folitary place shall be glad, and the desert " shall rejoice and blossom as the rose.” Ch. Ix. " the very rocks fing in verse ; the Ver. 13. “ The glory of Lebanon shall come un

cry out, A God, a God!" to thee, the fir-tree, the pine-tree, and the box Isaiah, Ch. xl. ver. 3. 4. “ The voice of him * together, to beautify the place of thy fanctu « that cricth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the * ary."

way of the Lord! make straight in the desert Ver. 29. Hark! a glad voice, &c.

“ a high-way for our God! Every valley shall be Virg. Ed. iv. ver. 46.

“ exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be

" made low, and the crooked shall be made Aggredere, ô magnos, (aderit jam tempus) honores, straight, and the rough places plain.” Ch: iv, Cara deum foboles, magnum Jovis incrementum ver. 23

“ Break forth into finging, ye mountains;

" O forest, and every tree therein, for the Lord Ecl. ver. 62.

“ hath redeemed lseael."

Ver. 67. The swain in barren deserts] Virg Ipl kztitiâ voces ad fidera jactant

Ecl. iv. ver. 28. latonfi montes, ipsa jam carmina rupes, Ipla sonant arbuta, Deus, Deus ille Menalca! Molli paulatim flavescet campus arisa,

incultisque rubens pendebit fentibus uva : o come and receive the mighty honours : the Et duræ quercus sudabunt roscida mella. time draws nigh, o beloved offspring of the * Gods! O great increase of Jove ! 'The unculti Ch. xliii. ver. 18. Cb. xxxv. ver. 5, 6. "raed mountains sends thouts of joy to the stars ; + Cb. XXV. ver. 8. # Cb. xl. ver. II.

S Ch. ix. ver. 6. | Ch. ii, ver. 4.
+ Çb. XXIV, ver. 2.

q Cb. Ixv. ver. 21, 22.
tt Cb. xxxv, ver. 1: 7.


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• Cb. ix. ver. 7.

Ch. xl. ver. 3, 4

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And farts, amidst the thirsty wilds to hear The smiling infant in his hand shall take
New falls of water murmuring in his ear. 70 The crested batilisk and speckled inake,
Ou rified rocks, the dragon's late abodes,

Pleas'd, the green luftre of the scales survey,
The green reed trembles, and the buiruih nods. And with their forky tongac shall innocently
Waste fandy * valleys, once perplex'd with thorn, play.
The spiry fir and shapely box adorn :

Rise, crown’d with light, imperial * Salem, rise! To leafless shrubs the flowery palms succeed, Exalt thy towery head, and lift thy eyes! And odorous myrtle to the noisome weed. See a long trace thy spacious courts adorn; The + lambs with wolves fall graze the verdant See future fons, and daughters yet unborn, mead,

In crowding ranks on every side arise, And boys in flowery bands the tiger lead : Demanding life, impatient for the skies ! 90 The steer and lion at one crib shall meet,

See barbarous nations at thy gates attend,
And harmless I serpents lick the pilgrim's feet. 80 Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend;

See thy bright altars throng d with proftrate kings,
And heap'd with produds of S Sabean springs,

For thee Idumc's spicy forelts blow, " The fields shall grow yellow with ripen'd And seeds of gold in Ophir’s mountains glow. sé ears, and the red grape shall hang upon the wild See heaven its sparkling portals wide display, " brambles, and the hard oaks shall diftil honey And break upon thee in a flood of day! I like dew."

No more the rising | fun thall gild the morn, Isaiah, Ch. xxxv. ver. 7. “ The parched ground Nor evening Cynthia fill her silver horn; “ shall become a pool, and the thirty land fprings But loft, dissolv'd in thy superior rays, " of water: In the habitations where dragons One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze

lay, shall be grass, and reeds and rushes." Chi O'erflow thy courts : the Light himself shall shine Jv. ver. Ig.

“ Instead of the thorn shall come up Reveal’d, and God's eternal day be thine ! " the fir-tree, and instead of the brier shall come The q seas shall waste, the skies in smoke decay, “ up the myrtle-tree."

Rocko fall to dust, and mountains melt away; Ver. 77. The lambs with wolves, &c.] Virg. But fix'd his word, his saving power remains; Ecl. iv. ver. 2I.

Thy realm for ever laits, thy own Mefiah reigns!




Ipsæ lade domum referent distenta capella
Ubera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones-
Occidet et serpens, et fallax herba veneni

Ver. 85. Rise, crown'd with light, imperial Sa. Occidet.

len, rise!] The thoughts of Isaiah, which com

pose the latter part of the poem, are wonderfully “ The goats shall bear to the fold their udders elevated, and much above those general exclama“ distended with milk ;' nor hall the herds be tions of Virgil, which make the loftics part of his “afraid of the greatest lions. The serpent shall Poliio. "die, and the herb that conceals poison thall die.”

Isaiah, Ch. xi. ver. 6, &c. « The wolf fra]] Magnis ab integro faclorum nascitur ordo! “ dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie toto surget gens aurea mundo! s down with the kid, and the calf and the young --incipient magni procedere menses! * Jion and the fatling rogether : and a little child Aspice, venturo lætentur ut omnia fæclo ! &c. « shall lead them. And the lion shall eat straw like * the ox.

And the sucking child shall play on The reader needs only to turn to the passages " the hole of the alp, and the weaned child shall of Ifaiah, here cited. "put his hand on the den of the cockatrice.”

. Cb. Ix. ver 1.

+ Ch. lx. ver. 4.

Cb. IX. ver. 3. Ś Cb. Ix. ver. 6. * Cb. xli. ver. 19. Cb. lv. ver. 13.

#Cb. Ix. vir 19. 20. + Có. Xi. Dr. 6, 7, 8, | Ch. lxv. ver. 25.

Gb. lin ver. 6. Cb. liv. over, I0.

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To the Right Honourable


« Non injusfa cano: Te noftræ, Vare, myricæ,
" Te Nemus omne canet : Nec Phæbo gratior ulla est,
Quam fibi quæ Vari præfcripfit pagina nomen."


Tais poem was written at two different times: the first part of it, which relates to the country, in

the year 1704, at the same time with the pastorals : the latter part was not added till the year 1713, in which it was published.

Tor forests, Windfor! and thy green retreats, At once the monarch's and the muse's seats, Invite my lays. Be present, Sylvan maids ! Unlock your springs, and open all your shades. Granville commands; your aid, O muses, bring! What muse for Granville can refuse to fing?

The groves of Eden, vanith'd now so long, Live is description, and look green in song; These, were my breast inspir'd with equal flame, Like them in beauty, lould be like in fame, Here hills and vales, the woodland and the plain, Here earth and water seem to strive again; Not chaos like together crush'd and bruis'd, But, as the world, harmoniously confus'd; Where order in variety we fee, And where, though all things differ, alf agree. Here waving groves a chequer'd scene display, And part admit, and part exclude the day;

As some coy nymph her lover's warm address
Nor quite indulgea, nor can quite repress.
There, interspers’d in lawns and opening glades,
Thin trees arise that shun each other's shades.
Here in full light the russet plains extend;
There, wrapt in clouds, the bluish hills ascend.
Ev'n the wild heath displays her purple dies,
And ʼmidst the desert, fruitful fields arise, (corn,
That, crown'd with tufted trees and springing
Like verdant ifles the fable waste adorn,
Let India boast her plants, mot envy we
The weeping amber, or the balmy trce, 30
While by our oaks the precious loads are borne,
And realms commanded which those trees adorn.
Nor proud Olympus yields a nobler fight,
Though gods affembled grace his towering height,
Than what more humble mountains offer here,
Where, in their blessings, all those gods appear.



Ver. 3, &c. Originally thus :

Ver. 25. Originally thus :
Chaste goddess of the woods, Why should I sing our better luns or air,
Nymphs of the vales, and Naiads of the floods, Whose vital draughts prevent the leach's care,
Lead me through arching bow'ss, and glimm'ring while through fresh fields th’ enliv'ning odours

breathe, Unlock your springsmag

Or spread with vernal bloons the purp!c heath?


Ser Pan with flocks, with fruits Pomona crown'd Stretch'd on the lawn his second hope survey,
Herc blushing Flora paints th' enamellid ground, At orice the chacer, and at once the prey :
Here Ceres' gifts in waving prospect stand, Lo! Rufus, tuggin' at the deadly dart,
And nodding tempt the joyful reaper's hand; 40 Bleeds in the forest like a wounded hart.
Rich Industry fits smiling on the plains,

Succeeding monarchs heard the subje&s cries, And peace and plenty tell, a Stuart reigns. Nor law displeas'd the peaceful cottage rile.

Not thus the land appear'd in ages past, I'hen gathering flocks on unknown mountains fed, A dreary desert, and a gloomy waste,

O'er sandy wilds were yellow harvests spread, To savage beasts and savage laws a prey,

The forests wonder'd at th' unusual grain, And kings more furious and severe than they ; And secret transport touch'd che conscious swain. Who claim'd the skies, dispeopled air and foods, Fair Liberty, Britannia's goddess, rear. The lonely lords of empty wilds and woods : Her cheerful head, and leads the golden years. Cities laid wafie, they storm'd the dens and caves Ye vigorous (wains! while youth ferments your (For wifer brutes were backward to be flaves). so

blood, What could be free, when lawless beasts obey'd, And purer spirits swell the sprightly flood, And ev'n the elements a tyrant sway'd ?

Now range the hills, the gameful woods beset, In vain kind seasons fweli'd the teeming grain,

Wind the shrill horn, or spread the waving act. Soft showers difil'd, and suns grew warm in vain; When niilder autumn summer's heat succeeds, The swain with tears his frustraie labour yicles, And in the new-fhorn field the partridge feeds ; And familh'd dies amidit his ripen'd fields. Before his lord the ready fpaniel bounds, What wonder then, a beast or subject flain Panting with hope, hetriesthefurrow’dgrounds;10 Were equal crimes in a despotic reign?

But when the tainted gales the game betray, Both doom'd alike for sportive tyrants bled, Couch'd close he lies, and medicates the prey : But, while the fubject Itarv'd, the beast was fed. Secure the trust th' unfaithful field bcset, Proud Nimrod first the bloody chace began, I Till hovering o'er them sweeps the swelling net. A mighty hunter, and his prey was man : Thus (if small things we may with great compare) Our haughty Norman boasts that barbarous name, When Albion fends her eager sons to war, And makes his trembling flaves the royal game. Some thoughtless town, with ease and plenty blest, The fields are ravish'd from th' industrious Near and niore near, the closing lines invett, swains,

Sudden they seize th' amaz'd defenceless prize, From men their cities, and from gods their fanes : And high in air Britannia's standard flies. IIO The level'd towns'with weeds lie cover'd o'er; See! from the brake the whirring pheasant The hollow winds through naked tempies roar;

Springs, Round broken columns clafping ivy twin'd; And mounts exulting on triumphant wings : O’er heaps of ruin Itzik'd the stately hind; 70 Short is his joy, he fcels the fiery wound, The fox obscene to gaping tombs retires,

Flutters in blood, and panting beats the ground. And lavage bowlings fill the sacred quires. Ah! what avail his gloily varying dies, Aw'd by his pobles, by his commons curit, His purple crest, and scarlet circled eves, Th' Oppreffor rul'd tyrannic where he durst, The vivid green his shining plumes unfold, Stretch'd o'er the poor and church his iron rod, His painted wings, and breast that flames with and serv'd alike his vallals and his God.

gold! Whom ev'n the Saxon ipar'd, and bloody Dane, Nor yet when moist Ar&urus clouds the sky, The wanton victims of his fport remain.

The woods and fields their pleasing coils deny. 120 But see, the man who fracious regions gave A walte for beasts, himselí deny'd a grave!



Ver. 91.


Ver. 97.

Oh may no more a foreign master's rage,
Ver. 49. Originally thus in the MS. With wrong, yet legal, curse a future age !
Prom towns laid waste, to dens and caves they ran Still spread, fair liberty : thy heav'nly wings,
(For who first loop'd to be a Nave was man). Breathe plenty on the fields, and fragrance on the

Ver. 57, &c.
No wonder savages or subje&s lain

When yellow autumn summer's heat succeeds, But subjects ftary'd, while savages were fed. And into wine the purple harvest bleeds,

The partridge feeding in the new-tharn fields, It was originally thus; but the word Savages Both morning sports and ev'ning pleasure yields. is not properly applied to beatts, but to men; which occasioned the alteration.

Ver. 107. It stood thus in the first edition :

Pleas'd, in the general's fight, the host lie down Ver. 32. And wolves with howling fill, &c. Sudden before fume unsuspecting town; The Author thought this an error, wolves not The young, the old, one initant makes our prize, being common in England at the time of the Cone And o'er their captive heads Britannia's standard



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To plains with well-breath'd beagles we repair, Scarce could the goddess from her nymph bą And trace the mazes of the circling hare

known, (Bealts, urg'd by us, their fellow beasts pursue, But by the crescent and the golden zone. And learn of man each other to undo):

She scorn'd the praise of beauty, and the care ; With flaughtering guns th’unweary'd fowler roves, A belt her waist, a fillet binds her hair; When froits have whitea'd all the naked groves ; A painted quiver on her shoulder sounds, Where doves in flocks the leafless trees o'ershade, And with her dart the flying deer she wounds. 18° And lonely woodcocks haunt the watery glade. It chanc'd, as, eager of the chace, the maid He lifts the tube, and levels with his eye;

Beyond the forest's verdant limits stray'd, Strait a short thunder breaks the frozen sky: 130 Pan faw and lov'd, and burning with desire Ost, as in airy rings they skim the heath,

Pursu'd her flight; her flight increas'd his firce The clamorous lapwings feels the leaden death ; Not half so swift the trembling doves can fly, Oft, as the mounting larks their notes prepare, When the fierce eagle cleaves the liquid sky; They fall, and leave their little lives in air. Not half so swiftly the fierce eagle moves,

In genial spring, beneath the quivering shade, When through the clouds he drives the trembling Where cooling vapours breathe along the mead,

doves; The patient fither takes his filent stand,

As from the god she flew with furious pace, Intent, his angle trembling in his hand :

Or as the god, more furious, urg'd the chace. 19 With looks unmovid, he hopes the scaly breed, Now fainting, sinking, pale, the nymph appears; And eyes the dancing cork and bending reed, 140 Now close behind, his sounding steps the hears; Our plenteous streams a various race supply, And now his lhadow reach'd her as the run, The bright-ey'd perch with fins of Tyrian dye, His shadow lengthen'd by the setting fun; The filver eel, in shining volumes roll'd,

And now his shorter breath, with sultry air, The yellow carp, in scales bedropp'd with gold, Pants on her neck, and fans her parting hair. Swift trouts, diversify'd with crimson stains, In vain on father Thames the calls for aid, And pikes, the tyrants of the watery plains. Nor could Diana help her injur'd maid.

Now Cancer glows with Phæbus' fiery car : Paint, breathless, thus the pray'd, nor pray'd in The youth rush eager to the Sylvan war,

vain; Swarm o'er the lawns, the forest walks surround, " Ah, Cynthia! ah-though banish'd from thy Rouze the fleet hart, and cheer the opening

train, hound.

150 “ Let me, o let me, to the shades repair, Th' impatient courser pants in every vein,

My native fhades !--chere weep and murmur And, pawing, seems to beat the diftant plain :

" there!" Hills, vales, and floods, appear already cross'd, She said, and, melting as in tears she lay, And, ere he itarts, a thousand steps are loft. In a soft silver stream diffolv'd away. See the bold youth strain up the threat'ning steep, The filver stream her virgin coldness keeps, Rush through the thickets, down the vallies sweep, For ever murmurs, and for ever weeps ; Hang o'er their courfers heads with eager speed, Still bears the name the hapless virgin bore, And earth rolis back beneath the flying steed. And bathes the forest where she rang'd before. Let old Arcadia boast her ample plain,

In her chaste current oft the goddess laves, Th' immortal huntress, and her virgin-train; 160 And with celestial tears augments the waves. 210 Nor envy, Windsor! since thy shades have seen Oft in her glass the musing Shepherd spies As bright a goddess, and as chaste a queen; The headlong mountains and the downward skica, Whose care, like her’s, protects the Sylvan reign, The watery landskip of the pendant woods, The earth's fair light, and emprefs of the main. And absent trees that tremble in the floods;

Here, too, 'tis fung, of old Diana stray'd, In the clear azure gleam the flocks are seen, And Cynthus' top forlook for Windsor thade; And floating forests paint the waves with green; Here was the feen o'er airy wastes to rove, Through the fair scene roll Now the lingering Seck the clear spring, or haunt the pathless streams, grove;

Then foaming pour along, and rush unto the Here arm'd with filver bows, in early dawn,

Thames, Her buskind virgins trac'd the dewy lawn. 170

Thou, too, great father of the British floods ! Above the rest a rural nymph was fam’d, With joyful pride survey'st our lofty woods; 240 Thy offspring, Thames! the fair Lodona nam'd Where towering oaks their growing honours rear, (Lodona's face, in long oblivion cast,

And future navies on thy shores appear.
The muse shall fing, and what the fings shall last). Not Neptune's self from all her streams receives

A wealthier tribute, than to thine he gives.
No seas so rich, fo gay no banks appear,

No lake so gentle, and no spring so clear.

Nor Po so swells the fabling poet's lays,
Ver. 126.

While led along the skies his current strays,
O'er rufling leaves around the naked groves.

As thine, which visits Windsor's fam'd abodes,
To grace the mansion of our earthly gods:

230 Ver. 129.

Nor all his flars above a lustre show, The lowler lifts his leveli'd tube on high, Like the bright bcaucies on thy banks below ;

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