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heptarchy of England; the kingdoms of Leon, Arra, gon, Navarre, Caftile, land Portugal, under which the christians in Spain were divided; or those of Cordua, Şevil, Malaga, Granada, and others under the power of the Moors; and if it be not evident, that the popular states have been remarkable for peace among themselves, constanc; to their union, and fidelity to the leagues made with their associates; whereas all the above-mentioned kingdoms, and fuch others as are known among men to have been joined in the like leagues, were ever infested with domestic rebellions and quarrels, rising from the ambition of princes, fo as no confederacy could be so cautiously made, but they would find ways to elude it, or fo folemn and facred, but they would in far less time break through it: I will confess, that kingdoms have fometimes been as free from civil disturbances; and that leagues made between several princes have been as constantly and religiously observed, as by common wealths. But if no such thing do appear in the world, and no man who is not impudent or ignorant dare pretend it, I may justly conclude, that though every com monwealth has its action suitable to its constitution, and that many affociated together are not so free from difturbances, as those that wholly depend upon the authority of a mother-city; yet we know of none that have not been, and are more regular and quiet than any principalities; and as to foreign wars, they feek or avoid them according to their various constitutions,



general principles contrary to them are received as true, 270

SECT 5.-To depend upon the will of a man is slavery, ib.

Sect. 6.-God leaves to man the choice of forms in go-

vernment; and those who constitute one form may abro-


Sect. 7.—Abraham and the patriarchs were not kings, 283

Sect. 6.-Nimrod was the firit king, during the lite of
Cush, Cham, Shem, and Noah,


Sect. 9.–The power of a father belongs only to a father, 292

SECT. 10.- Such as enter into fociety, muft in some de-

gree diininith their liberty,


SECT. 11.—No man comes to command many, unless by

content or by force,


SECT. 12.— 'The pretended paternal right is divisible or

indivisible: if divifible, it is extinguished; if indivifi-

ble, universal.

- 298

gate it,

SECT. 13.


upon arise,

Sect. 13.- There was no shadow of a paternal kingdom amongst the Hebrews, nor precept for it,

302 Sect. 14.-If the paternal right had included dominion,

and was to be transferred to a single heir, it must perish if he were not known; and could be applied to no other person,

307 Sect. 16.—The ancients chose those to be kings, who ex

celled in the virtues that are most beneficial to civil focieties,

319 Sect. 17.-God, having given the government of the

world to no one man, nor declared how it should be divided, left it to the will of man,

330 Sect. 18.-If a right of dominion were esteemed here

ditary according to the law of nature, a multitude of destructive and inextricable controversies would there

337 Sect. 19.--Kings cannot confer the right of father upon princes, nor princes upon kings,

345 Secr. 20.-All just magiftratical power is from the people,

356 CHAP. II. Sect. 1.- - That it is natural for nations to

govern, or to chuse governors; and that virtue only gives a natural preference to one man above another,

or reason why one should be chofen rather than another, 365 Sect. 2.--Every man that hath children, hath the right

of a father, and is capable of preferment in a society composed of many,

382 Secr. 3.-Government is not instituted for the good of

the governor, but of the governed; and power is not an advantage, but a burden,

387 Sect. 4.--The paternal right devolves to, and is inherited by, all the children,

390 Sect. 5.-Freemen join together, and frame greater or

leffer focieties, and give tuch forins to them as best please themselves,

397 Secr. 6.—They who have right cíchoosing a king, have the right of making a king,

415 Secr. 7.—'The laws of every nation are the measure of magistrat cal pover.

423 Sect. !.–There is no rio bural propensity in man or beast to monarchy,


SECT.9. 458

Page. SECT. 9.–The government instituted by God over the Ifraelities was aristocratical,

441 SECT. 10.–Aristotle was not simply for monarchy, or

against popular government; but approved or disapproved of either according to circumitances,

554 SECT. 11.-Liberty produceth virtue, order, and stabili.

ty: Navery is accompanied with vice, weakness, and

misery, Sect. 12.—The glory, virtue, and power, of the Romans, began and ended with their liberty,

475 Secr. 13-There is no disorder or prejudice in chang

ing the name or number of magiftrates, whilst the root and principle of their power continues intire,

484 Sect. 14.-No fedition was hurtful to Rome, till through

their profperity fome men gained a power above the laws,

489 SECT. 15.—The empire of Rome perpetually decayed,

when it fell into the hands of one man, Sect. 16.— The best governments of the world have

been composed of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy

511 Sect 17,-Good governments admit of changes in the

superitructures, whilit the foundations remain unchange

able, Sect. 18.-Xenophon, in blaming the disorders of demo

cracies, favours aristocracies, not monarchies, -.527 Sect. 19.–That corruption and venality which is natural to courts, is seldom found in popular governments,

541 Sect. 20.--Man's natural love to liberty is tempered by reason, which originally is his nature,

553 Secr. 21.--Mixed and popular governments preserve

peace, and manage wars, better than absolute monarchies, 559 Sect. 22.

-Common wealthis seek peace or wary according to the variety of their conditutions,




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