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tions and experiments and printing and distributing the results as heretofore prescribed, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars per annum is hereby appropriated to each state, to be paid in equal quarterly payments, on the first day of January, April, July, and October in each year, to the treasurer or other officer duly appointed by the aforesaid boards of trustees to receive the same, the first payment to be made on the first day of July, eighteen hundred and eighty-five; but no such payment shall be made to any station until the trustees or other governing body of the college at which such station is located shall have executed, under their corporate seal, and filed with the Secretary of the Treasury, an agreement to expend all moneys received under this act for the sole and exclusive purpose and in the manner herein directed, and to maintain a farm of at least twenty-five acres in connection with such college, and shall also have executed and filed with said Secretary their bond, in the penal sum of fifteen thousand dollars, with two sufficient sureties, approved by the clerk of a court of record in such State, conditioned on the faithful expenditure of and accounting for all moneys so received: Provided, however, That out of the first annual appropriation so received by any station an amount not exceeding onefifth may be expended in the erection, enlargement or repair of a building or buildings necessary for carrying on the work of such station; and thereafter an amount not exceeding five per centum of such annual appropriation may be so expended.

SEC 7. That whenever it shall appear to the Secretary of the Treasury from the annual statement of receipts and expenditures of any of said stations that a portion of the preceding annual appropriation remains unexpended, such amount shall be deducted from the next succeeding annual appropriation to such station, in order that the amount of money appropriated to any station shall not exceed the amount actually and necessarily required for its maintenance and support,

SEC. That nothing in this act shall be construed to impair or modify the legal relation existing between any of the said colleges and the government of the States in which they are respectively located.

The Board of Agriculture have passed a resolution approving this bill, and it is hoped that it may become a law.


On June 11, 1884, the State Board of Agriculture entertained the officers and Executive Committees of the State Agricultural Society, the State Horticultural Society, and the State Grange, at the College. After a forenoon spent in examination of the various departments of the College, and after dining with one of the clubs, a gathering of the visitors and of College people was held in the chapel, and addressed by the Hon. Wm. Ball, Hon. C. G. Luce and others. The visit was as pleasant as the like visits have been during the past two years.

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The State Board of Agriculture has passed the following resolutions:

"Resolved, That the graduates of graded schools, having a regular course of study, such as shall be approved by the Faculty, or the Board, or any committee appointed by them, shall be admitted without examination in College preparatory studies, on presenting properly certified certificates of graduation.

Resolved, That Secretary Baird be a committee to visit schools, and determine from which of them graduates may be admitted to the College on certificate."

Being able to visit a comparatively small number of the Graded Schools during the present school year, and being desirous that as many as possible of the graduates of our Union and High Schools may be enabled to take advantage of the provisions of the above resolution, the Secretary requested that statements of courses of study of Graded Schools be sent to him with a view to placing such schools upon the list of those whose graduates may be received at the Agricultural College on certificate of graduation, without entrance examination.

My own class-room duties have been the hearing of the Sophomore class in

Practical Ethics, one half term, the Seniors in Psychology and Logic each one term. Logic was chosen by twenty-seven Seniors, and Psychology by twenty-two.

The students' government has been well sustained, the members have been judiciously chosen by the students and the organization has been of essential service in preserving order and general good conduct, and in looking in various ways to the comfort of the students and visitors. The captains and lieutenants have met the president once a week, on Mondays. The students have been generally orderly and harmony has prevailed.

The various Societies of the College have been prosperous,-a union of several Societies has secured lectures from various gentlemen. There_occurs to me now the names of President Angell, Rev. Joseph Cook, Rev. J. Morgan Smith, Dr. Alexander Winchell, and Professor Chas. K. Adams, of the Michigan University. The college has been addressed also by Rev. T. P. Prudden, by Mr. Popoff, a Bulgarian, and by Jas. H. Gilbert, LL. D., the chemist of the experiments carried on by Sir John Lawes, Bart., and himself, at Rothamsted, Herts, England. Dr. Gilbert's lecture was a very instructive one. It was afterwards given at Rutgers College, New Jersey, and will appear at length in this or a subsequent report. Dr. Gilbert has been appointed professor of Rural Economy in the University of Oxford, England, and his hearty response to the invitation of the Faculty to address this College is a kindness that is very highly appreciated by the entire College. His address of two hours in length had instruction enough for the most learned, and vivacity enough to hold the close attention of the least informed.


The income from the College Fund arising from the Congressional grant of lands has this year amounted to about $27,000.00, a sum that seems to warrant the establishment of a Military Department at the College, in accordance with the terms of the Congressional grant. The enactments relative to such departiment are to be found:

Congressional provision act of Congress, approved July, 1852, Sec. 4, in our Report for 1882, page 190.

State law establishing a Military Department, approved March 20, 1863, in our Report for 1882, page 189. Howell's Annotated Statutes §§ 5013, et seq. United States enactment regarding the detail of military officers to colleges, our Report, 1882, page 192.

State law authorizing deposit of arms at the College, approved June 6, 1883, in our Report for 1883, page 27.

During 1863 and 1864, military drill, once a week was required, and courses of lectures given to all the students on Military Hygiene and on Military Fortifications. But at that time the College had not the means to make the Military department of much account, and the department was suspended.

The large increase of revenue from the Congressional grant the present year was followed by an application to the war department of the United States for the detail of an officer. Accordingly the Adjutant General notified me that the following order has been received:


"WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, October 31, 1884. "By direction of the President, and in accordance with section 1225, Revised Statutes, Second Lieutenant John A. Lockwood, Seventeenth Infantry, is detailed as

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Professor of Military Science and Tactics, in the Michigan Agricultural College, Lansing, Michigan, and will report for duty accordingly.

"P. H. SHERIDAN, "Lieutenant General and Acting Secretary of War." Col. Lockwood met the Board, November 25, 1884, but no plan of drill or military instruction has yet been made. In some colleges the duties of the military officer do not exceed an hour a week; in others these duties are multiplied and arduous. In some colleges participation in drill and instruction is made obligatory, at least on some classes; in others they are made obligatory only on those who select the military as one branch of study. In some States we are told the military instruction has been made of greater importance than any of the other branches. In this College, surely, nothing should interfere with the paramount importance of agriculture and the sciences that underlie it.

As with the present year I close my long occupancy of the presidency of the College, I pupose now to set forth the present condition of the College.


[From Howell's Annotated Statutes, chapter 194.]

SECTION 1. The People of the State Michigan enact. That a board is hereby constituted and established which shall be known under the name and style of the "State Board of Agriculture." It shall consist of six members besides the Governor of the State and the President of the State Agricultural College, who shall be ex officio members of the board; the Governor, by and with the consent of the Senate, on or before the third Wednesday of January of each biennial session, shall appoint two suitable persons to fill the vacancies that shall next occur, which vacancies shall be so filled that at least one-half the members shall be practical agriculturists.

SEC. 2. The state board of agriculture shall be a body corporate, capable in law of suing and being sued, of taking, holding and selling personal and real estate, of contracting and being contracted with, or having and using a corporate seal, and of causing to be done all things necessary to carry out the provisions of this act.

SEC. 3. Any vacancy in the said board, caused by death, resignation or removal from the State, may be filled by a majority of the members. A majority shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. The members of the board shall receive no per diem compensation for their services, but shall be paid their traveling and other expenses while employed on the business of the board.

SEC. 4. They shall meet quarterly at stated times at the State Agricultural College, and may meet at such other times and places as they may determine.

SEC. 5. At their first meeting the members shall choose one of their number as president of their own board.

SEC. 6. At their first meeting, or as soon after as a competent and suitable person can be obtained, they shall choose a secretary of the board. If chosen from their own number, a vacancy shall be thus created in the board. A treasurer shall also be chosen, at their first meeting, who may or may not be from the members of their board, as they shall determine. They shall take such bonds from the secretary and treasurer as shall be deemed adequate to secure the faithful performance of their duties by those respective officers. The secretary and treasurer shall be chosen biennially, and shall hold their offices for two years from the last Wednesday of February, or till their successors are chosen.

SEC. 7. The board shall direct the disposition of any moneys appropriated to the State Agricultural College.

SEC. S. The secretary of the board shall reside at or near the Agricultural College, and keep his office at the city of Lansing, in the State buildings, or at the institution, as the board shall direct. It shall be his duty to keep a record of the transactions of the State Board of Agriculture, and of the State Agricultural College and farms, which shall be open at all times to the inspection of any citizens of this State. He shall also have the custody of all books, papers, documents and other property which may be deposited in his office, including specimens of the vegetable and animal kingdoms of the State or counties; also keep and file all reports which may be made from time to time by county and State agricultural and horticultural societies, and all correspondence of the office from other persons and societies appertaining to the

general business of husbandry; address circulars to societies, and the best practical farmers in the State and elsewhere, with the view of eliciting information upon the newest and best mode of culture of those products, vegetables, trees, etc.. adapted to the soil and climate of this State; also, on all subjects connected with field culture, horticulture, stock-raising and the dairy. He shall also encourage the formation of agricultural societies throughout the State, and purchase, receive and distribute such rare and valuable seeds, plants, shrubbery and trees, as it may be in his power to procure from the general government and other sources, as may be adapted to our climate and soils. He shall also encourage the importation of improved breeds of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and other live stock, and the invention and improvement of labor saving implements of husbandry, and diffuse information in relation to the same. He shall encourage such domestic industry and household arts as are calculated to promote the general thrift, wealth and resources of the State. To effect these objects he shall correspond with the patent office at Washington, and representatives of our national government abroad, and if possible procure valuable contributions to agriculture from these sources. He shall aid, as far as possible, in obtaining contributions to the museums and the library of the State Agricultural College, and thus aid in the promotion of agriculture, science and literature.

SEC. 9. The seeds, plants, trees and shrubbery received by the secretary, and not needed by the college, shall be, so far as possible, distributed equally throughout the State, and placed in the hands of those farmers and others who will agree to cultivate them properly, and return to the secretary's office a reasonable proportion of the products thereof, with a full statement of the mode of cultivation, and such other information as may be necessary to ascertain their value for general cultivation in the State. Information in regard to agriculture may be published by him, from time to time, in the newspapers of the State, provided it does not involve any expense to the State.

SEC 10. That the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture shall report to the Legislature at every regular session thereof, and to the Governor on the first Wednesday of January of each year when the Legislature is not in session, which report shall embrace all statements, accounts, statistics, prize essays, and other information relative to agriculture in general, proceedings of the State Board of Agriculture, of the State Agricultural College and Farm, of the State Agricultural Society, and of the county and district agricultural societies, to be approved by the board; that eight thousand copies of this report shall be printed and bound annually, prior to the first day of June, and shall be immediately placed at the disposal of the State Board of Agriculture; four thousand copies to be distributed by the Secretary of said State Board of Agriculture as the board shall direct, and the remaining four thousand copies to be distributed prior to the first day of September after publication by the Secretary of the Board, to the secretaries of the various district and county societies as equally as may be, according to the population of said counties, to be by said secretaries distributed among the various viewing committees of county and district fairs, giving one volume of said report to each of said committees as shall be present and discharge the duties of the office on the day of the county and district fairs; and in addition to the foregoing there shall be published a number of copies of said report equal to the number of reports bound as joint documents, which shall be disposed of in the same manner as the joint documents.

SEC. 11. The secretary shall receive, as a compensation for his services, a salary of one thousand dollars per annum, to be paid quarterly from the State Treasury, in the same manner as is provided by law for the payment of the salaries of State officers.

SEC. 12. The sum of twelve hundred dollars per annum, for the years eighteen hundred and sixty-one and eighteen hundred and sixty-two, or so much thereof as may be esteemed necessary by the State Board of Agriculture, is also hereby appropriated, to meet the expenses which may incurred in the purchase and transportation of seeds, postage, and the other contingent expenses of the office of the secretary, and also necessary to pay the expenses of the board in attendance upon their duties.

SEC. 13. The State Agricultural School, established by act number one hundred and thirty, session laws of eighteen hundred and fifty-five, in obedience to section eleven of article thirteen, of the constitution, shall be known by the name and style of "the State Agricultural College;" the design of the institution, in fulfillment of the injunction of the constitution, is to afford thorough instruction in agriculture, and the natural sciences connected therewith; to effect that object most completely, the institution shall combine physical with intellectual education, and shall be a high seminary of learning, in which the graduate of the common school can commence,

pursue and finish a course of study, terminating in thorough theoretic and practical instruction in those sciences and arts which bear directly upon agriculture and kindred industrial pursuits.

SEC. 14. No student shall be admitted to the institution who is not fifteen years of age, and who does not pass a satisfactory examination in arithmetic, geography, grammar, reading, spelling and penmanship.

SEC. The course of instruction shall embrace the English language and literature, mathematics, civil engineering, agricultural chemistry, animal and vegetable anatomy and physiology, the veterinary art, entomology, geology, and such other natural sciences as may be prescribed, technology, political, rural and household economy, horticulture, moral philosophy, history, book-keeping, and especially the application of science and the mechanic arts to practical agriculture in the field.

SEC. 16. A full course of study in the institution shall embrace not less than four years. The State Board of Agriculture may institute winter courses of lectures, for others than students of the institution, under necessary rules and regulations.

SEC. 17. The academical year shall consist of not less than nine calendar months. This academical year may be divided into such terms, by the State Board of Agriculture, as, in their judgment, will best secure the objects for which the college was founded; the board may, at any time, temporarily suspend the college in case of fire, the prevalence of fatal diseases, or other unforeseen calamity.

SEC. 18. Three hours of each day shall be devoted by every student of the college to labor upon the farm, and no person shall be exempt except for physical disability. By a vote of the Board of Agriculture, at such seasons and in such exigencies as demand it, the hours of labor may be increased to four hours, or diminished to two and one-half hours.

SEC. 19. The State Board of Agriculture shall be vested with discretion to charge tuition or not, as they may deem most conducive to the interests of the institution, unless acts of the legislature, making appropriations for its support, shall otherwise direct. The board may make discriminations in regard to tuition between students from this Scate and from other States. One-third of the tuition charged for the academic term shall be paid in advance, and shall be forfeited in case the student abandons the institution.

SEC. 20. The State Board of Agriculture shall have the general control and supervision of the State Agricultural College, the farm pertaining thereto, and lands which may be vested in the college by State legislation; of all appropriations made by the State, for the support of the same, and also the management of any lands that may hereafter be donated by the general government to this State, in trust for the promotion of agricultural and industrial pursuits. The board shall have plenary power to adopt all such ordinances, by-laws and regulations, not in conflict with this act, as they may deem necessary to secure the successful operation of the college, and promote its designated objects.

SEC. 21. It shall be the duty of the State Board of Agriculture to choose a president of the State Agricultural College before the commencement of the next term of the institution; they shall then proceed to choose such professors, tutors, and employés, as the necessities of the institution demand. In case of vacancy in the office of president, or in case a suitable man cannot be selected, the president of the State Board of Agriculture, or such member of the board as shall be designated by them, shall be president pro tem. of the college, who shall receive such compensation for his services as the board shall determine.

SEC. 22. The board shall fix the salaries of the president, professors and other employés, and prescribe their respective duties. The board may remove the president or subordinate officers, and supply all vacancies.

SEC. 23. The board shall have power to regulate the course of instruction, and prescribe, with the advice of the faculty, the books to be used in the institution; and also to confer, for similar or equal attainments, similar degrees or testimonials to those conferred by the university of Michigan.

SEC. 24. The president, professors, farm manager and tutors shall constitute the faculty of the State Agricultural College. The president of the college shall be the president of the faculty. The secretary of the State Board of Agriculture shall be a member and secretary of the faculty.

SEC. 25. The faculty shall pass all needful rules and regulations necessary to the government and discipline of the college, regulating the routine of labor, study, meals, and the duties and exercises, and all such rules and regulations as are necessary to the preservation of morals, decorum and health.

SEC. 26. The faculty shall have charge of the laboratories, library, and museums of the institution.

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