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sequently look upon this clever production as a literal deathblow to the new doctrines. It is also reported, that the learned editor, in his zeal to promote the great cause, and to make every reparation for his former maltreatment, has become so enthusiastical and impetuous, that Mr Combe has positively been obliged to write a pamphlet for the express purpose of keeping him within bounds ! Now, Mr Editor, if you will just conceive for a moment the intense curiosity one must naturally feel to get a full and satisfactory account of the quantum of truth in all these rumours in a region so remote as this, I am sure your Benevolence will be excited to such vivid action, as will instantly prompt you to gratify us by adopting more efficient means for the regular and speedy transmission of your periodical.*
And now that my pen is in my hand, I may tell you, Mr Editor, that I have long had a desire to write something for your Journal ; but when I recollected what a terrible thing it was, and how trying to the nerves, to see one's lucubrations in print, and especially to hear one's self laughed at, cut up, or abused, as often happens to printed men, my big Self-esteem and Cautiousness revolted at the idea, and drove me from the attempt; but now that I have begun, my valour rises within me, and I shall e'en go on at every risk ; but, as my Concentrativeness is none of the biggest, if I ramble a little in my story, I
Some of our readers may marvel, that, at so late a date as the 31st September, our 13th Number, containing the results of Mr Jeffrey's attack, should not have reached Glenhoulakin ; but our much-esteemed correspondent and subscriber explains the mystery by telling us, in a private letter, that his venerable residence is so far removed from the line of mail-coaches, rail-ronds, and steam-packets, and the half-yearly carrier's horse is so lame in two knees and one ankle (besides being blind of an eye), that he can never calculate on receiv. ing any of his periodicals sooner than twelve months after date. He wisely adds, that this is, after all, no such great hardship as might at first be supposed, as he receives, say the October Number of 1826, about the 31st September, 1827, and he has only to fancy the year the saine, to have it in precise course the day it is due, and to have all the pleasure of novelty unimpaired. Some notion of the extreme remoteness of Glenhoulakin from our meridian may be formed from observing the very singular fact of the earth's motion being so much modified there, by its distance from the centre, as to give thirty-one days to their September, when, for time immemorial, our's has only been gifted with thirty.--EDITOR.
hope you will not refuse to keep me company, at least till you are tired, or I am done.
But perhaps you think it is time to begin';-I am of the same opinion, and therefore proceed to tell you a hantel about” what I have to say.
You once had a very sensible article about Mr Owen's parallelogramatic communities, in which you discussed the possibility of men living together in numbers on terms of union, equality, and co-operation; and you talked as if no such experiment had ever before been tried. Now, I propose to show that you are wrong in this supposition, and that communities of union and mutual co-operation exist in all quarters of the world, and have existed from the earliest times, and that they are always found to work well where the insti. tution has been properly framed from the beginning, and established in a favourable soil.
It is, perhaps, not the least singular circumstance in the history of the communities to which I allude, that, although, as has since been proved, they have existed and flourished almost, if not altogether, as long as man himself, yet it was not till late in the 18th century that their existence and constitution were discovered and explained to the world by a German of the name of Gall, who has since gained great celebrity by his discovery. Many people, called philosophers, had indeed suspected their existence, and some of them seem even to have occasionally stolen a glance in at the windows, and described what they saw ; and almost everybody had remarked the exterior of the buildings so occupied, but without troubling themselves much about the number, habits, or occupations of the tenants. And another kind of men, called anatomists, have been known to examine many of these edifices, after they had been forsaken and abandoned by the proprietors, and to investigate their arrangements and structure with great care, in the hope of finding out the uses of the machinery, and the number and particular occupations of the artists ; but every thing they saw was so totally unlike every other kind of machinery with which they were acquainted, and the actual uses to which each particular part was applied being no longer observable, they also were defeated in their attempts. Most people had at last come to regard each of the edifices and all its contents as a single large storehouse occupied by a single tenant; but a few, particularly of those who had peeped in at the windows while business was going on, insisted that, in fact, each building was subdivided into a variety of parts, each inhabited by a partner, who carried on a distinct branch of business for the general behoof. But it remained for Gall the German to put their real nature beyond a doubt; and he succeeded where others had failed, only because, instead of contenting himself with looking in at the window of occupied tenements, or with inspecting forsaken ones, he persevered in his entreaties till he was let in at the door, and had an opportunity of seeing with his own senses the kind of use to which every individual part of the machinery was applied.
Gall, Mr Editor, was a very curious and a very reflecting man, and he made his discovery in a very curious manner. Being placed by accident in the immediate vicinity of one of the communities, he was often made to suffer from the pertinacious loquacity of a voluble little man, with very big eyes, and who was never amissing from his station under the porch in front of the edifice, where he seemed ever on the watch for a new victim on whom to inflict his ceaseless prattle. Cu-. riosity prompted Gall to enter into conversation with him, and to inquire how it happened that he was always at the door, apparently idling away his time to no purpose. His little friend told him that this was a sad mistake, and that he was there in discharge of the important duty of interpreter and speaker for the whole establishment, (not a speaker, like be of the House of Commons, a non loquendo ;) and that, besides, he assisted the secretary in reading the correspondence and in the composing of his letters, neither of which the secretary could accomplish without him, whether from nature
or from habit he was uncertain, as it was not within his province, but belonged to another member to think. He farther added, that not one member of the whole community could either speak, write, or read, a single word without him, however trivial and schoolboy-like such accomplishments might seem to be ; and that he, in executing all these multifarious functions, discharged his share of the duties, and consequently was entitled to and received an equal share in all the comforts which the community could command. He also informed Dr Gall, that in these establishments every member, on the true principle of a division of labour, was intrusted with a particular department of business, and was answerable for its proper execution, and that every thing being thus regulated, and each having his own lodging fitted up expressly for himself, and adapted to the nature of his employment, it was astonishing how successfully business went on.
Gall was at first greatly surprised at this information, and was long doubtful of its truth; but having kept up his acquaintance, he at last prevailed upon his little friend to introduce him to some of the other inmates, that he might have an opportunity of observing how the system worked ; and then, to be sure, he saw between twenty and thirty members, each installed in a lodging of his own, occupied exclusively in his own peculiar business, but contributing his share to the common good.
Scarcely had Gall satisfied his curiosity by gaining admittance to one building, than a strong desire to inspect a great many more all at once seized upon his mind; and, in looking around him, he was amazed to observe that he had actually been living in the midst of them, without ever suspecting what was going on within. The other buildings, to be sure, varied in size, in convenience, and in furniture, but were all erected on the same general plan, and with the same number of apartments and of tenants; and it now appeared that it was their very number and similarity that had hitherto prevented their true government from being inquired into.
Thus, the first person that he came into contact with, in approaching all of them, was always the little big-eyed interpreter seated under the porch in front; and what struck him as very remarkable was, observing that his little friend's fluency and volubility of utterance was exactly proportioned to the size and accommodation of his apartment. At first he was surprised to meet with some of those gentlemen, whose monosyllabic answers and dearth of words seemed to indicate almost ani absence of the power of speech ; but he soon gathered from them, and, indeed, saw with his own eyes, that this arose from their own diminutive stature, and from the scanty forniture and narrow limits of the lodge putting copiousness'êntirely out of their power. And it was this observation that, pursued farther, ultimately led him to remark, that the capabilities and efficiency of all the members were exactly proportioned to the extent of their accommodation; and, after a great deal of trouble, and time expended in visiting an immense multitude of communities, he ascertained, that although all were occupied by the same number of individuals, intrusted with the same functions, and domiciled in the same apartments, yet immense differences were to be met with in regard to the extent of accommodation possessed by each; and thus it appeared, that all were not carried on with equal success or with perfect harmony, as will afterwards be more fully explained.
In many other respects, too, these communities were found by Gall to differ from those patronized by Mr Owen. Mr Owen's, as you, Mr Editor, well know, are intended for two or three thousand members; but those seen by Gall, and which abound in the world, are on a much smaller scale, none of them containing more than from thirty to forty individuals, although he was informed that a few of the members had escaped his notice, and had been confounded by him with others with whom they were in the habit of associating. Mr Owen, being fond of straight lines and sharp corners, places his societies, as you know, in stiff parallelograms.