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Mr Hardey stated, that he had found in children in whom the organ of Cautiousness was large, that they invariably were a long time before they went alone, and those in whom it was small, with large Firmness, it was vice versa.
ost: The sixth meeting of the Society was held at Mr R. Harsley's, surgeon, June 14, 1827, Dr Alderson in the chair. The president observed, that, in animals having the sense of smelling very acute, there was a greater surface of membrane provided for the ramification of the olfactory nerve; the saine applied to the eye; when that organ exercised an intensity of vision, the optic nerve was folded in plaits to form the retina. He therefore suggested that observations should be made on the convolutions of different brains, in order to de, termine whether or not the same law applied to the organs of itbe encephalon, that is, whether there was not in, some or, - 1 gans a greater number of convolutions to increase the surface - for the action of the nervous process produced by their being sin folds, and consequently having an increased number of .. fibrillæ. (This subject is treated at some length in our 14th +Nümber.--EDITOR.)
Allusion was also made by Dr Alderson to the difference in the phrenological busts of London and Edinburgh, which i prevented us from using the same numerals instead of He words to express the organs." lle De Elliotson of London was then proposed by Mr. Levi
son as an honorary member, " in testimony of the Society's 1 "esteem for his contributions to the science, and that he was 7. If one of the earliest defenders of the truth of the science
“ (and its vaļue pathologically) in England,” &c. Admitted s unanimously L A letter was read by the secretary from Mr George 1, Combe, in answer to a communication made to him, which
gave the Society much pleasure, as it proffered that gentleman's assistance to serve them in any of the difficulties connected with the science, &c.
As no essay was read, the evening was concluded with a spirited and interesting conversation on the science of Phrenology. Many views were then given to illustrate the effect produced in the development of the organs by the influence of education, by the Rev. J. Blezard, Dr Alderson made some curious observations on the causes that operated to perpetuate the peculiar traits in different savages and semi-barbarian tribes. He said, that whilst the female gave the preference to some peculiarity, say the reclining forehead, &c. it would follow as a consequence, that the race would preserve all their physical distinctions and mental deficiencies. He then illustrated these remarks by adverting to the various barbarian nations of North America, Africa, &c. and con. cluded with an anecdote related by Mr Cookman, a missionary, who stated, that those barbarians who retained the peculiar form of head that belonged to their caste, or tribe, remained immoveable to their superstitious notions and rites, but that he could make converts of those who possessed finerdeveloped crania, that is, who were mentally superior to their
The seventh meeting of the Society was held at Mr John Young's, surgeon, who took the chair in the absence of the president.
Mr Casson proposed the great and enlightened philosopher, Dr Spurzheim, as an honorary member. Mr C. communicated to him when in London, that our Society had been formed “ For Phrenological Inquiry,” and he, Dr S., observed, “ that we did right to designate ourselves inquir“ ers ; then we should appeal to nature for ourselves,” &c.
Mr Levison informed the Society, that Dr Philip, a mis, sionary, made a communication (through a gentleman) of a very interesting fact, viz., “that the children of the Christian “converts had anteriorly-developed crania, approximating “ to the European ones.” If moral causes have this. effect,
said Mr L., what incalculable benefits Phrenology will confer upon
the whole human race !
The eighth meeting was held at Mr Levison's, July 12, 1827, Dr Alderson in the chair. Mr L. read a paper, « to prove that man's cerebral organization destined him for civili“zation, and that the barbarous races of the human family (if they
are the production of one original stock) are examples of degene“ ration," &c.
Many highly-interesting and valuable remarks were made on the paper, connected with perfection and degeneration of animals by breeding, and crossing the breeds of families of the same species, by Dr Alderson, Messrs Casson, Craven, Rev. J. Blezard, Mr Lyon, &c.; and other parts of the paper were then alluded to.
A letter was read by the secretary from Dr Elliotson, in answer to one sent to that gentleman, in which he thanks the Society for their politeness, &c., and states that at the next meeting of the London Phrenological Society he intended to propose our president, Dr Alderson, a corresponding mem-' ber of theirs.
The ninth meeting was held at Dr Turnbull's, July 26, 1827, (Mr Lyon acting as secretary.) The minutes of a for mer meeting were read, and a paper commenced by the Rev. J. Blezard.
The tenth meeting held at Mr Robinson's, Mr Young in the chair, when the paper of Rev. J. Blezard was continued.
The eleventh meeting of the Society was held at Mr Lyon's, surgeon, on Thursday evening, August 23, 1827, the Rev. J. Blezard in the chair. After the minutes of a former were read by the secretary, the Society was favoured with some curious remarks on George Noakes, (by the Rev. J. Blezard), a youth celebrated for his powers of calculation. Many numerical questions were put to him, to which
gave prompt answers. Mr B., in conclusion, asked this question,- Is the talent which that boy displays, some pecuJiar perceptiveness, the effect of a general concentrated nerv. ous influence, rather than that of a particular organic devel. opment, such as that of Number?
Mr Casson read a curious case of disease of the brain, highly interesting, as illustrating Drs Gall and Spurzheim's theory of the structure of the brain.
Mr Levison read to the Society an account of an individual in the work-house at Scarborough, and stated, that although he was now an idiot, it was the result of an accident to the brain, but which, instead of presenting any obstacles to the study of the science of Phrenology, might be cited rather in proof of its fundamental truth, viz., that the mind exercised itself through the instrumentality of material organs, and therefore, whenever they were diseased, the process of ratiocination becomes defective. "A cast will be (if possible) procured, when a farther account will be furnished the Society. '.'!
Mr Craven read a post-mortem examination of a lad of seven years old, belonging to the Society of Friends, who, during the latter part of his disorder, (inflammation of the brain, &c.) occasionally sung, with great skill, "hymns, ' &c. although music is not cultivated or practised by those of his religious tenets. "Mr C. found the organs of Tune * consi“ derably increased in bulk, and rather more appearance of * inflammation on their surface than the neighbouring parts * presented."' But the brain itself was much larger and heavier than usual, and the boy exhibited very great precocity of talent.
Mr Blezard offered to translate Dr Gall's French work for the Society, if they furnished him a copy gratis. *;"$ 1"» ?
ON MEMORY.-FUNCTIONS OF UPPER AND LOWER
(From a Correspondent.)
Mr Combe, in his System of Phrenology; p. 393, gives the following account of memory. “ The mind," says he,“ has no
power of calling up into freshexistence the emotionsexperienced
by means of the propensities and sentiments, by merely willing “ them to be felt, and hence we hold these faculties not to pos" sess memory. The ideas, however, formed by the knowing " and reflecting faculties can be recalled by an act of recollec« tion, and they are therefore said to have memory.' Memory " is thus merely a degree of activity of the knowing and re“flecting organs.”
At first view this analysis of Memory appeared to us exceedingly simple and philosophical ; but, upon closer examination, we are inclined to think that it is altogether hypothetical, and has been framed without attending to some of the most striking characteristics of this faculty. The most important part of our knowledge consists in an
, acquaintance with the multifarious relations which we perceive to exist in nature, and the manner in which we recollect or recall these remains quite unexplained by Phrenologists. We are aware of the manner in which we recollect individual existences or events, without reference to the order in which they occur, or to any other relation in which they stand to each other ; but it still remains a mystery by what
'; power of the mind we are enabled to recall the relations which we trace or observe among the phenomena, either in the world without, or in that still more incomprehensible world within ourselves. This power of the mind comprehends a range of phenomena as extensive as nature itself. Without it, all the wisdom and knowledge of former ages would have been utterly lost to us. The discoveries of Newton could never have