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“ Plienology, must make himself acquainted, (1.) With the “ situation of the special organs ; (2.) With their relative de« velopment in each individual considered; (3.) With the dif“ ferent temperaments, as giving more or less energy to the “ functions of the organs, and (4.) With the true meaning of “ each fundamental faculty of the mind as adopted in Phrenolo
gy. Assisted by this knowledge, every one will be able to “ convince himself that the special powers of the mind are ma“nifested by the instrumentality of individual parts of the « brain.”
In this work, Dr Spurzheim introduces the doctrine of the Temperaments as an elementary part of Phrenology, as indicative of Activity. We have made several observations on the theory of Dr Thomas, reviewed in a preceding article, and have found it strongly confirmed. If it shall ultimately prove correct, it will form a great practical accession to the science.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE PHRENOLOGICAL SOCIETY.
April 12, 1827.-Mr Simpson read an account of the Mozambique skulls lately presented by Dr Sibbald. Mr Lyon read some observations upon the development and talents of Mr Vandenhoff. A portrait of Dr Spurzheim was presented by Mr Stewart Watson, for which the best thanks of the Society were directed to be returned to him. Casts of the skulls of Griffiths, Digley, and Mackaen, murderers, were presented by Sir James Gardiner, who, being present, gave the Society an account of their characters. The Society returned their thanks to Sir James for his donation. Two skulls of ancient Greeks, presented by Smith, Esq. Secretary to the Senate of the Ionian Isles, were laid on the table; and a Burman skull, and 3 skulls of the Vedah Tribe of Ceylon, were presented by Mr Lyon. Sir James Gardiner made some interesting observations regarding the frontal sinus and the size of the eye. .
Sir James was solicited to favour the Society by putting the observations made by him in writing. Mr Ellis, the keeper of the Museum, was authorised to give casts of those skulls belonging to the Society, which they are at liberty to communicate, in exchange to any other Phrenological Society, for casts of any skulls they may possess.
April 26.—Mr Scott read a letter from Dr Collier, Ceylon, accompanying donation of 12 Ceylonese skulls. The skulls were exhibited to the Society, and their thanks ordered to be returned for so valuable a present. Mr Simpson read farther Observations on Force, by Sir George S. Mackenzie, Bart. The session of the Society terminated, and they adjourned till November.
In last report of the proceedings of the Phrenological Society, under date January 4, 1827, instead of “The president was instructed to write to Dr
Spurzheim, accepting of his offer to lecture in Edinburgh in December next, " which was agreed to," read “ The president was instructed to return thanks
to Dr Spurzheim for his kind compliance with the request of the Society to “ lecture in Edinburgh in December next.”
LONDON.-Dr Spurzheim has just concluded a course of lectures at the London Institution, which was attended by upwards of seven hundred auditors. His collection of specimens is rapidly increasing, and is open for inspection at his house, No 8, Gower Street, every Thursday, from 2 to 4 o'clock. At that time also he answers any question or objection concerning Phrenology. Admission is easily obtained, although not indiscriminately granted. Tickets are distributed among the friends of the science, and to those who apply for them. The indivi. duals attending Dr Spurzheim's lectures have the first access. Dr S. will lecture in Edinburgh in January 1828, in compliance with the solicitations of the friends of the science in this city. He will lecture in Hull on his way north. He leaves England. on a visit to the continent till October.
HULL.-A Society has been established here “for the pur
pose of phrenological inquiry," of which the learned and es. teemed Dr Alderston is president. Some interesting papers, as well as dissections of the brain, have been brought forward, and many valuable facts recorded in the minutes taken of the proceedings in corroboration of the truth of Phrenology. We beg leave to solicit from the secretary of the Society a communication of these papers and facts for the Journal. Mr G. Combe has been elected an honorary member of the Society.
LIVERPOOL.—We copy the following notice from the Albion Liverpool newspaper of Monday, 21st May, 1827:-“We per“ceive, by the advertisement, that Dr Cameron intends to com
mence his lectures on Phrenology on Monday next, the 28th “ instant, in the hall of the Lyceum, at one o'clock. We have * read the prospectus, which is a copious one, and must con“ fess, that the vast variety of subjects to be treated of shows " to us this science in a new shape, and makes it appear some“ thing else than a mere map of the head. If the topics held ** forth in these lectures are at all judiciously considered, they " must be attended, to the Phrenologist or nonphrenologist, “ both with interest and instruction. In recommending the “ perusal of this prospectus we quote its introduction, explain“ ing Dr C.'s reasons for lecturing upon this subject at the pre« sent time:
“ Dr Cameron has been induced to lecture at the present “ time, owing to a very general report that he had ceased to
support the doctrines of Phrenology, in consequence of Mr “Jeffrey's article upon this subject in a late number of the Edinburgh Review:
“ Dr C., in contradicting this, begs to recommend to those “ who have yielded, or who are inclined to yield, to the opinion “ of the reviewer, to read the answer of Mr Combe. The “ reader will then see, that this high literary authority has not " adduced any argument which has not been already refuted, “nor contrived any witticism which has not been surpassed.
" Dr C. begs also to assure those individuals who will allow “ this reviewer to sway their belief, that the two former at. “ tempts in the same journal to demolish this science, one twen
ty years ago, by Dr Thomas Brown, the other ten years ago, " by Dr John Gordon, both exceed this third denunciation, the “ first in metaphysical reasoning, and the second in a knowledge “ of anatomy and physiology. The plausibility of this article “ of Mr Jo's is the natural effect of the exertion of a mind of the “ first order, which can confer seeming truth upon either side “ of a speculative question, in which light alone Mr J. has been
pleased to consider Phrenology. He sets the consideration “ of facts entirely aside, or disingenuously perverts those which “ he happens to allude to.'"
SHEFFIELD.-Great attention to Phrenology has been excited in this town by the delivery of an able lecture on the Philosophy of the Hindoos, by Mr Montgomery.
COPENHAGEN.-Our indefatigable friend Dr Otto has sent us the first number of a Phrenological Journal published by him in Danish. The contents are,-). The Study, lue, and Practical Utility of Phrenology.-2. Outlines of the System of Phrenology, and Vindication of its Principles.-3. On the Influence of Amativeness on the Sentiments and Intellectual Faculties, (translated from the Phrenological Journal published in Edinburgh).-4. Remarkable Criminal Cases.-5. The Progress of Phrenology.This work has already obtained an extensive circulation, not only in Denmark, but also in Sweden and Norway. Dr Otto has also published another work, the title of which is, “Phre“nology applied to Crimes and Criminals," a series of Psychological Essays, by C. Otto, M.D. &c. It is a reprint of some papers on this subject published in his medical journal Hygæa. Its contents are,-). Remarks on Crime, Punishments, and Responsibility in general.—2. The Murderer P. H. Nissen ; his Crimes and Life compared with his cerebral Development, (he mixed poison for his father and mother).—3. On Infanticide; its Motives, Causes, and Imputability. (He shows that infanticide only in very rare cases is to be considered as a true crime; it is rather a sort of insanity.)-4. The Infanticide, Ane Nielsdatter. -5. Remarks on Destructiveness. (The direction and abuses of this propension.)—6. The Murderer Adolph Mall, (murdered his mother, brother, and friend; his life and his misdeeds compared with his skull).—7. Observations on Conscientiousness.—8. The Murderer Peder Mikkelsen, (murdered his son-in-law).-9. Acquisitiveness in its Directions.-10. Conclusion.
EDINBURGH.—We have received an able Essay on Individuality and Memory, which, if possible, shall appear in our next number. Also an interesting communication on Concentrativeness and Constructiveness, which is at present under consideration.
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.
The conductors of the Phrenological Journal have received numerous complaints from country subscribers, of delay in receiving their copies, and beg to mention, that the general cause of it is the following :-A subscriber in the country desires his bookseller in the country to procure the Journal. This bookseller writes to his correspondent in Edinburgh to forward each number with his first parcel after publication. But if the country bookseller's trade be not extensive, there may be no parcel to him from his correspondent in Edinburgh for weeks or months in succession; and in this way the Journal may lie with the Edinburgh correspondent a long time before it is sent off. The remedy for this is, for country subscribers to send an order direct to the publishers in Edinburgh or London, whose names are on the title-page, desiring them to transmit each number immediately on publication, pointing out, at the same time, by what conveyance it is to be sent. If this is inconvenient or expensive, the next best method would be, to employ a bookseller in the country who is attentive to business, and has frequent parcels from Edinburgh or London. The conductors solicit every information on this subject from the subscribers, as they anxiously desire to attain punctuality in delivery of the copies.