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might be employed in studying geography, drawing, natural history, biography, the history of foreign countries, with their productions natural and artificial,—their trade, monies, mode of transacting business, &c.; and even a considerable portion of the elements of physical science contained in Mr Brougham's

Library of Useful Knowledge” might be made intelligible in the later years of the above period. This kind of instruction would forcibly exercise and excite the observing and reflecting faculties of children, and train their minds, just as gymnastic evolutions do their bodies, for higher exertions of activity and energy in after life. .

The minds of women are similar to those of men, but modified in power, and also in the degree in which particular faculties are possessed. Women are subjected to the same influences from external objects and beings as men. No reason, therefore, exists why they should not enjoy similar advantages of education, adapting the subjects taught to their particular wants. In founding an academy, then, as many classes as possible should be arranged, so as to admit of the attendance of female pupils.

The committee to whom these observations are addressed are respectfully reminded, that the arrangements they may now recommend, if adopted, will, in all probability, endure for ages, and affect the mental character of the population of for at least a century to come.

A great revolution in education is already obviously begun, and in all probability will proceed rapidly ; it would be a great advantage, therefore, to the public of -—, were the committee rather to move a

in advance of the new order of things, if this could be done on grounds reasonably clear and safe, than, through unwarrantable diffidence, or groundless dread of innovation, to consecrate anew errors that are about to be abandoned by reflecting men in all other parts of the united kingdom. The mechanics, by aid of the exact sciences and libraries of useful knowledge, will, in half a century, greatly surpass, in vigour of intellect and practical judgment, the higher and middle classes of society, if the latter persevere in squandering the years of youthful vigour in ancient literature.

few years

22d May, 1827.




It is truly gratifying to find friends to our science, and zealous friends too, declaring themselves in the most unexpected quarters, both within our own four seas and in distant regions of the world. While journalists and others in various parts of Britain are offering their zealous services for the promotion of our science, our well-wishers abroad have a still more substantial method of making themselves known to us; and sọ numerous of late have been the arrivals of national skulls to the Museum of the Phrenological Society, that there are but few races, we had almost said varieties, of the human species, of which one or more specimens are not now in that extensive and most instructive collection.

The Society have just learned, by means of a gift of the kind alluded to, that there is a knot of zealous Phreno logists in the island of Mauritius, who receive out the Phrenological publications, including our Journal, and intend for the Society some farther kindness in the way of donations of skulls, with descriptions of the corresponding char racters. It is in this, that, when abroad, the phrenological has an unspeakable advantage over the unphrenological purveyor. While the latter, however obliging, can only furnish a very general sketch of the character of a particular race, the former, knowing what to observe in the native's manifestations, accompanies his donation with a minutelyfinished portrait of his character.

Dr Sibbald, who holds an important medical situation in the Isle of France, lately presented to the Phrenological Society two skulls from the coast of Zanguebar, on the Mozambique channel. He very properly accompanied the donation with the following caveat :-" The Mozambique skulls may " be of a far superior caste to the natives of that part of the world, " from the mixture of races on that coast, viz. Arab, Portuguese, « and Caffre; at least the developments seem far above the characa « teristic traits of that race.”.The observation is as true as the caution is judicious. The Mozambique natives are African negroes,-a race whose head presents a well-known type to the observer of natural development, and to which neither of the heads in question bears any resemblance. They are both very superior to the common negro, and, indeed, present so much of the European character, that one of them, at least, is a little above the average size of the British or German head. With integuments, it must have measured 8 by 6, with a considerably larger fibre in the directions of the intellect and sentiments than in the animal; the animal, nevertheless, is considerable, but is balanced by a fine coronal surface, and good reflecting forehead; a head, in short, utterly thrown away in the Mozambique. The other, from its length and narrowness, and large love of offspring, is evidently the skull of a female. It, too, is very far superior to the ordinary negro type in both intellect and sentiment. It even presents considerable Ideality, and a large Benevolence, with moderate Combativeness and Destructiveness, which combination would be manifested in gentleness and kindness. Its Conscientiousness, too, is much above the negro allotment of that important moral provision. Of course we decide nothing on these specimens till we see some well-authenticated native skulls, for which, and an accurate account of the character of the Mozambique race, we look confidently to Dr Sibbald, who will, we doubt 'not, satisfy the curiosity he has raised.

The Sandwich island skull is valuable, in so far as it presents the precise type of those of Mr Malden's donation.

But Dr Sibbald, when lately in Edinburgh, had a much more interesting, because live specimen, with him, namely, a Madagascar young woman as child's maid in his family, whom he politely permitted us to see. She is about twenty-four years of age, with a complexion not black but dark, like that of the Malays, and Lascars, and other casts of the Hindoos,-lank black hair, flat and broad nose, but not thick lips, so as in no respect presenting the African negro character. She had a kind and obliging smile, indicating Benevolence, and a certain trust-worthy expression, which a phrenological physiognomist knows to be the natural language of Conscientiousness. We were surprised with the large size of the head in general for either an Asiatic or African woman,* and still more with the great endowment of the moral and intellectual,-nay, even the reflecting organs. Without asking a question, we took down the measurement and development, which are as follows:

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The bead considerably exceeds in size the average of the European fe. male head.

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Having finished noting the development, Dr Sibbald himself proposed to write down the leading particulars of the character before we should say a word of what we inferred.

He did so, and, before showing it, asked us what we thought? Any Phrenologist, who looks at this favourable development, will at once anticipate that we expressed great surprise to find it in any head except the European ; and that he must have experienced in his child's-maid strong attachment, and great respect, without avarice; quite love enough for her young charge, without passionate fondness ; a dread to offend, and a love of praise ; great kindness, and readiness to oblige; a degree of honesty and trust-worthiness which probably he never met with in any


person of colour; not great quickness in learning, but considerable sagacity and intelligence; a marked gravity, when the ludicrous would move most Europeans;* timidity; a frequent despondency, but a capability of being roused to great anger and resentment, with cries and tears which terminate in considerably hurt pride and obstinacy; great memory for persons, and might be taught to draw; some neatness of hand, but neither Time nor Tune.

In so far as we remember, Dr Sibbald, with his lady, who was present, admitted the general correctness of this merely verbal off-hand sketch, and then gave us the following written remarks:

• A well-known feature of the Asiatics, who think the laughing of Europe. ans absolute insanity.

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