Графични страници
PDF файл



ARCHÆOLOGIST. I N another column we have given our plans and prospects,

From the Maidstone Journal. I but as that statement relates more particularly to the The death of the Rev. Beale Poste, LL.B., took place commercial character of the ANTIQUARIAN, a few explanatory on Saturday, the 15th ultimo, at his residence. Bydew's words respecting its literary features may be deemed desirable. Place, near Maidstone. Born in 1793, of an old Kentish Although considerably affecting the mart, this new class family, he was son of William Poste, Esq., one of the four

pleaders of the City of London, and grandson of William publication aims largely at literary usefulness, and aspires to

Poste, Esq., of Hayle Place, near Maidstone, and Mary his occupy a worthy place in periodical literature.

wise, daughter and co-heiress of Richard Beale, Esq., likeImbued with a deep reverence for whatever has been

een wise of Hayle Place, which property had been held by the rescued from devouring time, illustrative of the labour and Beales for several generations. The deceased gentleman art of by-gone civilisations, or of whatever indicates was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he modern progress in manufactures and arts, we accept the

attained to the degree of LL.B, at an unusually carly age. editorial management of the ANTIQUARIAN with a fervent

After spending some time on the Continent he returned to

England, and took holy orders, and was some years curate desire to serve not only those who are already devoted to.

of High Halden and Milsted, in Kent, but never held archæology, but to assist in multiplying the numbers of its

preferment in the Church. He afterwards came to reside students by awakening an interest in the precious and ir.- on his property at Bydew, where he occupied himself much structive remains of antiquity. In speaking of archæology in antiquarian studies and researches, and was intimately it must be understood that we refer to it in its limited yet associated with a number of antiquaries of note, more popular signification, as relating to the manifold materials - especially with those resident in and near Maidstone, of such as coins, medals, sculptures, paintings, furniture,

whom we may mention the late Rev. Lambert Larking,

| Mr. Charles, Mr. Clement Smythe, Mr. Pretty (the late jewels, glass, pottery, &c., &c.—wherein we can read the

curator of the Museum), and Mr. John Newington Hughes, history and habits of long-buried generations. In this all of whom have passed away before him. Mr. Poste was respect we hope to act as an auxiliary to those learned and an early member of the Archæological Association of Great valuable journals occasionally issued by the numerous Britain, and contributed several learned papers to their Archaeological and kindred Societies established throughout journal. On the establishment of the Kent Archæological

Society he took an active part in its foundation, and reguthe kingdom, which important literature is, however, from

| larly attended the meetings of the council. One of his last its limited circulation, little known to the thousands who

no papers was contributed to that society's journal, “ Archæo. are daily beginning to appreciate the beautiful and rare i logia Cantiana,” on the site of ancient Roman Maidstonc, productions of the past.

and it contains a mass of valuable and interesting informaOf late years the study of Archæology has greatly extended tion respecting the early history of that town. In 1847 both at home and abroad, and it is gratifying to see that

Mr. Poste published a “ History of the Church and College this respect to the works of old, and the growing regard to

of All Saints, Maidstone,” which was followed in 1853 by

“ Britannic Researches; or new Facts and Rectifications of their touching lessons, is extending not only amongst the Ancient British History," Mr. Poste married in early life wealthy and refined, but amongst intelligent persons of the Mary Jane, daughter of the late John Cousens, Esq., of middle, and even to some of the labouring, classes. To Westbourne, who died two years since, and has left a family. foster and direct this taste will constitute one of our most His eldest surviving son is Mr. Edward Poste, Fellow of agreeable duties, and in so doing we shall, by quickening Oriel College, Oxford, one of the principale

Oriel College, Oxford, one of the principal examiners to the observation and stimulating inquiry, forward the discovery

Civil Service Commissioners, himself an author. of antique objects, and secure their preservation for future

The members of the Burlington Fine Arts Club recently admiration and study.

gave a conversazione at their house in Savile-row. The club With this view we purpose occasionally to lead our readers

has been formed by the association of gentlemen interested into the national and private muscums, and by explaining cently, however, it has removed to the house in Savile-row,

in works of art, and was at first opened in Piccadilly. Remany things therein which are imperfectly understood, re. where the committee have decided upon giving evening veal their value and stimulate an interest in them before receptions, of which the principal attraction will be formed

by various objects of art lent by members for exhibition. unfelt-an interest yielding a new intellectual pleasure. Among the pictures were several very quaint and curious

To aid us in this enterprise the promise of kindly assist paintings by Sandro Botticelli, two illustrating the legend of ance has been received from gentlemen conversant with nu

Theodore and Honoria, another the battle of the Centaurs

10 and the Lapithæ. In the gallery a central table was mismatics, the ceramic art, heraldry, painting, and other arranged for the display of china, ivory, carvings, majolica cognate matters. Their accomplished pens will give variety ware, enamels, and other works. To this table Dr. Sibson and impart utility to the ANTIQUARIAN; and while our had contributed some fine specimens from his collection of warmest thanks are tendered to them for such invaluable Wedgwood medallions, and Mr. Julian Goldsmid, M.P., promised help, we invite further aid from contributors!

had sent some good Roman bronzes, and some choice qualified to entertain and instruct the reader on things of great beauty and interest, and it had the rare merit of not

specimens of carving. On the whole, the collection was one relating to Archäology

| being too large to be comfortably examined by the visitors.

BRITISH ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION. I Rev. A. P. Stanley, D.D., Dean of Westminster, ViceAt the meeting held on the 26th ultimo, Mr. Thomas Wright,

President; Frederick Owny, Esq., Treasurer; Charles SpenF.S.A., vice-president, in the chair, a tribute was paid to

omas Wright, Icer Perceval, Esq., LL.D., Director; the Rev. James Gerald

air, a tribute was paid to Joyce, B.A., Auditor ; George Steinman Steinman, Esq., the memory of the late Mr. H. F. Holt, whose communica-Auditor: Colonel Augustus Henry Lane Fox; the Rev. tions to the society were always full of valuable information,

John Fuller Russell, B.C.L., and William Smith, Esq., II and whose agreeable manner, and pleasing style of composition, lent additional interest to the subjects of which he

members from the old Council, were chosen of the new

Council ; Lieut-Colonel John Farnaby Lennard, Auditor ; treated. The Rev. S. M. Mayhew, F.S.A., exhibited an enormous

Thomas Lewin, Esq., M.A., Auditor; Samuel Birch, Esq.,

LL.D.; Richard Redmond Caton, Esq.; Charles Drury collection of bronzes, from Butler's Wharf, Bermondsey, Edwará Fortnum, Esq.; the Rev. Wharton Booth Marriott, so numerous as to lead to the conclusion that it was the site of a bronze factory.

M.A. ; the Rev. William Sparrow Simpson, M.A.; George The chief articles were ecclesiastical, and some domestic ; such as pins, wire, a gypsire mouth,

Richmond, Esq., R.A., D.C.L.; the Hon. William Owen

Stanley, M.P.; and William John Thomas, Esq., 10 of the reliquary, scourge, missal-clasp, steelyards, scale-beams, other fellows of the Society were chosen of the new Council ; spurs, fish-hooks (or small harpoons), sail-needles, a gimlet, Land C. Knight Watson, Esq., M.A., was re-elected Secretary. a morris-dancer's bell, keys, knife-handles,--some of which are gilt and engraved.

Mr. Watling exhibited drawings of Roman Aue-tiles, with set patterns on them, found at Stonham, Suffolk.

NUMISMATIC SOCIETY. Mr. J. S. Phené read a paper on the pottery found in On the 20th ultimo, this Society held a meeting in their tumuli in Scotland, chiefly on the site of Berigonium, from rooms, when W. S. W. Vaux, Esq., F.R.S., President, which, and from Jedburgh, he exhibited examples.

occupied the chair. Mr. Evans exhibited a sceatta of Mr. J. Blashill produced a drawing and brief description | Æthelræd I., King of Mercia, A.D. 675—-704 ; also a hoard, of the Roman pavement just now discovered in Mark-lane. consisting of twelve coins of William the First, or Second, He stated that it was 8ft. beneath the surface, is of common and Henry the First, lately found in the south part of Bed. red tesseræ, and is very uneven on the surface. Severalfordshire. They are pennies of the types engraved in Hawpieces of Samian and other pottery had been found, and sold kins's “English Silver Coinage,” Nos. 244, 246, 247, 250, to visitors.

and 252.-Mr. Barclay V. Head read a paper, communi. Other exhibitions having been made, it was announced cated by M. F. de Saulcy, “On the Coins bearing the that the Council had resolved to communicate with the Legends, ANTIOXEON TAN IPOE AA NHI, ANTIOXEON French authorities, with a view to the preservation of the ΤΩΝ ΕΝ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΔΙ, and ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΕΠΙ ancient walls of Dax, whereupon it was moved by Mr. | KAAAIPOHI, and having on the Reverse the figure of W. H. Black, F.S.A., and carried :

the Olympian Zeus.” M. de Saulcy argued that these That the members of this association cordially approve coins were not struck by the people of Antioch, as is of the steps taken by the Council to intercede with the generally supposed, but by certain corporations of Jewish public authorities in France on behalf of the ancient fortifi- merchants established at the three localities above mencations of the town of Dax, and earnestly hope that they tioned, who had adopted the Greek faith and the worship may be spared from destruction, in accordance with the l of Zeus Olympius, and upon whom the title and the rights public voice of men of learning and science in this country of citizens of Antioch had been conferred by Seleucus and elsewhere."

Nicator, in reward for their apostasy, B.C. 291 (Josephus,

“ Ant. Jud.” XII. c. iii. 1). SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.

LONDON AND MIDDLESEX ARCHÆOLOGICAL Ar the meeting of this Society on the 20th ultimo, A. W. Franks, Esq., V.P., in the chair, the Rev. A. Pownall commu

SOCIETY. Tiicated further notes on the curious glass bottles discovered One of those interesting and pleasant gatherings for which under the churches of South Kilworth and Lutterworth this Society is famous took place on Thursday, the 4n Tespectively. The chairman remarked that these bottles instant, and there was a very large attendance of ladies and were of undoubted antiquity, and of great rarity, as the gentlemen. Amongst the company were Mr. F. H. Janson Cldest English glass vessel of known date was probably Master of the Leathersellers' Company), Mr. Ord-Hall, no older than the reign of George III. Mr. W. White Mr. J. G. Nichols, F.S.A., Rev. T. Hugo, F.S.A., Mr. J. Observed that about six or seven years ago a glass bottle | W. Bailey, Mr. W. H. Black, Mr. Franklin, Major Healas, was found in the foundations of the chancel-wall of the / Mr. A. White, Mr. G. H. Giddins, Sir Duncan GIDD, church of St. Phillack, Cornwall, which was believed to Colonel Robinson, Dr. E. Smith, Captain Ward, Captain contain the blood of St. Felicitas (of which St. Phillack is a 1. Britson, Mr. Lewis Berger, and Mr. Edgar Graham. corruption), and which could not have been later than the It was the happiest of “happy thoughts" which made Iwelfth century. Capt. Tupper communicated an account the council decide upon a visit to the City of London, so of his visit to Beddington, near Croydon, the site of some rich in archæological treasures, and from first to last good recent discoveries, of which fuller particulars were promised taste and sound judgment characterised the arrangements, to the Society by the resident engineer, Mr. Addy. Mr. S. The meeting was presided over by Mr. F. H. Janson. D], Walker exhibited an iron-capped stake and a pair of master of the Leathersellers' Company, and the first place suffers, found during some excavations at Nottingham. visited was Leathersellers' Hall, where, after a brief adMr. W. White read a paper “ On the Use of the Ancient I dress from the chairman, who welcomed the visitors in Galilee in the Cathedral Church of Durham.”

the name of the wardens and members, and in graceful The anniversary of the Society of Antiquaries of London terms acknowledged the honour done to the company was held on Monday, the 24th of April last, at their apart by the society selecting it for a visit, the ancient ments in Somerset House, when, in pursuance of their charters and records of the Leatherseller's Company Statutes and Charter of Incorporation, they elected a Presi- / were exhibited, and some pithy remarks made upon them dent, Council, and Officers of the Society for the year en- / by Mr. W. H. Black, who also gave a short summary of suing. The Right Hon. the Earl Stanhope. President: the history of the company gleaned from these documents. Augustus Woollaston Franks, Esq., M.A., Vice-President: The Rev. T. Hugo, one of the vice-presidents of the society, Sir William Tite, C.B., M.P., Vice-President; the Very I then gave a short paper on the “ Hospital of Le Patey,

Bishopsgate,” which gave evidence of great antiquarian re-stood that the great window of the north transept will be search, and was listened to with marked attention. A large filled with painted glass, at the cost of Sir M. Hicks-Beach, collection of drawings, prints, &c., of Leathersellers' Hall M.P., as a memorial to the late Lady Beach, and that the and the neighbourhood were exhibited by Mr. J. E. Gardner, subject will probably be the life of St. Paul, as that of the which were well worthy inspection. The company then pro- great window in the south transept is the life of St. Peter. ceeded to the Church of St. Andrew Undershaft (Leadenhall

THE ABYSSINIAN ABANAS CROWN.-The following Street), where Mr. W. H. Black gave a brief notice of

reply, by the Under Secretary of State for War to the AbysHans Holbein (the celebrated painter), as a parishioner

sinian Prize Fund Committee, is in the correspondence on of St. Andrew Undershaft. Remarking upon the fact of

this subject just printed :-"December 8, 1870. Gentlemen, the great painter having dwell in the parish, and asserting | I am directed by Mr. Secretary Cardwell to acknowledge that his remains were buried in the church, the will of the the

the receipt of your letter of the roth of October, inclosing painter, a curiosity in itself, was read. It showed the artist

copy of a correspondence which has passed between the to have been in poverty, and in debt to a money-lender in

Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, the trustees of the

L. Antwerp. Mr. Black controverted the usually accepted | British Museum, and Colonel Milward, as the representative time of Holbein's death, viz., 1554, and from the records he

of the prize committee of the late army in Abyssinia, on the had unearthed fixed it eleven years earlier, viz., 1543. The subject of the proposed purchase, for a sum of 2000l., of a records of the church were then commented upon and ex

gold crown and chalice taken at Magdala by the late plained by Mr. W. H. Overall, F.S.A., the principal features

expedition, and requesting that the Secretary of State would of interest being the letters patent, given in the reign of

urge the justice of the claim’ upon the Lords CommisElizabeth, uniting the two churches of St. Mary-at-Axe

sioners of the Treasury. In reply, I am to state to you that and St. Andrew Undershaft, dated September 12, 1562: | Mr. Cardwell has no power to compel either the trustees of The record of deaths during the plague was also commented I the British Museum or the Treasury to authorize the pay. upon, and turning over the leaves, one saw the fearful

ment in question, and he does not feel himself entitled to ravages it committed, whole families being swept off. The

interfere with their decisions respectively. I have, &c., melancholy record shows that out of 182 people buried in

EDWARD LUGARD, -The Abyssinian Prize Fund Comthe year in that church 116 died of the plague. "The sacred

mittee.” edifice contains many monuments and brasses, and rubbings from some of the latter were exhibited. The one which

Charrone whis! A NEW CAVERN has been discovered in the mountain attracted most attention was that of Master Nicholas Leve- ! limestone formation at Stainton, near Ulverston, North son and his wife, who died, leaving a family of eight sons | Lancashire. Immense ridges of limestone exist at this place. and ten daughters to mourn their loss. Proceeding to the and hundreds of tons of the rock have been carried away church of St. Peter-upon-Cornhill, the Rev. R. Whitting-weekly to the neighbourhood smelting furnaces of the Barton. vicar of the parish, remarked upon the history of the row Hæmatite Iron and Steel Company. Escarpment after church and the archives of the parish, stating that St. escarpment has been cleared away, and in an immense cutPeter's was said to be the first church founded in London, ting in the rock, about half way up the face of a perpenby Lucius, the first Christian king, the date of foundation dicular cliff, 100 feet high, is the entrance to the cavern. being 199. The church was restored after the fire. Among The length from the mouth of the cavern was 235 yards. the interesting objects exhibited here was a MS, copy of Many visitors have been attracted to this place, but few have the Holy Bible written on vellum, every page of which is

ible written on vellum. every page of which is ventured to the end. beautifully illuminated.


SOME antiquities obtained from excavations in Cyprus were ARCHÆOLOGICAL.

sold on Monday and Tuesday last, by Messrs. Sotheby, DISCOVERY IN THE GUANO DEPOSITS OF Peru.-An Wilkinson & Hodge. We quote the following: A large English engineer in Peru states that remarkable discoveries Amphora, covered with ornamental patterns, 81. 195. have been made in the lower excavations in the guano of the (Wareham), -another of the same style and size, 137. 58. Guanape Islands. The guano appears to have preservative

reservative Hall),-a large globular Enochæ, Phænician, 121. (Hail), properties. Besides gold ornaments and other objects, a | Terra-cotta Head of a Cyprian Venus 5l. (Feuardent).quantity of cloth was found, said to have been paintings of Head of a helmeted and 5

of Head of a helmeted and bearded Warrior, 61. 55. (Ware. animals and symbols, of which the colours were well pre-ham). From the objects in chalk-stone may be selected, served. The Atheneum doubts about the paintings and

Bust of a Young Man, 10 inches high, 81. (Wareham),the symbols, because it suspects that the stuff was tappa, or

Child's Head with a Wreath, 57. (Hoffman), -another with stamped cloth, as in Polynesia, with which traces of inter

a thick Tust of Hair, 5 inches high, 67. 6s. (Curt),--a large course have been found in Guanape. An early remittance

| archaic Head of Apollo, 77. (Hoffman), -Statuette of an of some of the objects to London is expected.

Egyptian King, 12 inches high, 201. (same),-Colossal Head GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL RESTORATION.--Special effort Head of the same kind, beard and head painted red, 401.

of a Man with a long Beard, 13 inches high, 201. (same),is being made to have the choir completed in time for the

(same),-Female Head crowned with a Wreath of Laurel, Triennial Musical Festival, to be held in September next.

Greek, 1251. (Whitehead),---Head of a Greek Girl, found at Much of the basement has been prepared for the new tile Pyla, 201. (Wareham). The collection comprised enamelled flooring, in imitation of the ancient tiles found in the cathe.

ware and jewellery found in tombs at Idalium. dral. The fine clerestory windows on the north side have been filled with beautiful stained glass, while the west window has been chiefly restored with fragments of ancient A farm servant a few days since dug up in a field near glass found in the chapels of the crypt and elsewhere, and Kilbride, Scotland, a mass of 200 old silver coins. Some which have been artistically united. Two other works of were of the reign of Edward VI., others of Elizabeth, great interest have been finished-the restoration and deco- James I., Charles I., and one or two were Scotch, and a ration of the Chapel of St. Philip, as a memorial to Sir C. few Spanish. Within the last few years 'several ancient W. Codrington, for many years member for the eastern remains, and other objects have been accidentally turned up division of the county; and the restoration, at the cost of the in the same locality, or become exposed after heavy rains. Earl of Ellenborough, of the chapel in the north transept. A process of denudation is evidently going on in the district, The work in the first is Norman in character, and is founded which is on a slope, and the fields about seem to be rich in on fragments in Ely and Durham Cathedrals. It is under- | antiquarian and archæological remains.


DISCOVERY OF ROMAN REMAINS. MAY is so called from Maia, the mother of Mercury, to The experiment of a large farm for utilization of the whom sacrifices were offered by the Romans on the ist sewage of Croydon is about to be tried at Beddington, of this month, or, according to some, from respect to the where an extensive tract of land north of Beddington senators and nobles of Rome, who were called Majores, as Church is being rapidly prepared for its purpose. During the following month was termed Junius in honour of the the cutting of one of the main channels for carrying the youths of Rome.

sewage across the land, a small fragment of Roman walling The Saxons called May tri-milchi, because in that month was cut through, and a portion of the site of an apparently they began to milk their kine three times a-day.

large villa has since been cleared. The building stood

east and west, and about a third of a mile from BedIs not this the merry Month of May,

dington Church and Hall. A chamber, 16ft. 5in. by When love lads masken in fresh array? Youth folks now flocken in everywhere

gft. rin., has been uncovered, and an opening from To gather may-baskets and smelling breese,

this leads into a small semi-circular apse in the northBut we here sitten as drowned in a dream.--SPENCER. west corner. A second chamber, which appears to be All ranks formerly went out into the woods a maying early

the base of a small tower, is partly beyond the northon the ist of this month, returning laden with boughs and

east corner. The internal dimensions of this are only zft.

ugns and iin. by ;ft. gin garlands, and spending the remainder of the day in dancing

Part of a third chamber or passage, round a May-Pole crowned with flowers; of customs like

18 5ft. 6in, wide, has been met with east of the former ones, these, Mr. Leslie's picture of May Morning conveys a most

and several walls lead temptingly away from the uncovered excellent representation. One of the poles was standing in

portions. The walls are only about 18in. high, and average East Smithfield about the year 1740, and another opposite

about the same in thickness. They are constructed of the new church in the Strand, in Queen Anne's reign, but

rough flints with a large admixture of the well-known was taken down in 1717.

flat Roman bricks, and have been plastered internally and Other sports and pastimes besides those of Maying were

externally. Some of the fragments of plaster met with in

the excavations still show bright broad bands of red colour celebrated by our ancestors on this day. In the time of Cromwell fifty Cornish gentlemen on one

on a white ground. Numerous fragments of coarse pottery

have been met with, but only one piece of Samian ware, and side “hurled the great Ball” to fifty on the other; one party played in red caps, the other in white, in Hyde Park.

also portions of scored flue tiles, showing that the building Cromwell, and many of his Privy Council were present. The

possessed a hypocaust. Three coins only appear to have ball they played with was silver and designed for the party Gre

been found. These are of Commodus, Constantine the

party | Great, and Constans, and are very much worn. The chamthat won the goal.

bers have all been paved with flat tiles on a bed of concrete. A peculiar rustic ceremony used annually to be observed | at Horncastle, in Lincolnshire, about fifty years ago.

| Two of the channels before alluded to must, it appears, The

pass at right angles through the site, and what is not obliyoung of the neighbourhood assembled to partake of the amusements, with wands enwreathed with cowslips, and

terated must, doubtless, be speedily again hidden from view.

The site is almost level, and on very low land. There was walked in procession to the May-Pole—there uniting in the wild joy of young enthusiasm; they struck together their

I nothing above ground to indicate the existence of ancient wands and scatter around their cowslips. At Saistow in

walling beneath, and the ground, which is fully pst. deep

above the walls, seem to be quite undisturbed. The land Cornwall, there is a singular species of festivity on the ist of

around the spot where these remains have been discovered May. This is called the Hobby-horse, from canvas being extended with hoops, and painted to resemble a horse.

is full of organic remains, but no fragments of building have Being carried through the streets, men, women, and children

been met with elsewhere, flock round it, when they proceed to a place called Traitor. pool, about a quarter of a mile distant, in which the Hobby

ROMAN REMAINS IN MARK LANE, horse is always supposed to drink, when the head, being dipped into the water, is instantly taken up and the mud and EARLY last week, in excavating in what was formerly the water are sprinkled upon the spectators, to the no small garden belonging to No. 27, Mark Lane, a noble City diversion of all: on returning home a particular song is sung | mansion, of apparently the 17th century, the workmen came that is supposed to commemorate the event that gave the upon some remains of a Roman tesselated pavement, about Hobby-horse birth.

ten feet below the level of the ground. The pavement was That Queen Elizabeth actually went a Maving, we have rather rude, the tessere being formed from fragments of red the authority of « The progress of this Queen,” (vol. iv. I tiles roughly shapen into inch squares of less than an inch ili part 1.) where the fact is thus stated. "May 8th, 1602. On thickness. The extent of these remains was about twelve May Day the Queen went a Maving to Sir Richard Buckley's feet by six, of a pear-like form, the narrow end greatly at Lewisham, some three or four miles off Greenwich."

declining, having become depressed either by the original sinking of its bed, or by the pressure of accumulating soil. At any rate the sinking had not been caused through the

vielding of any sub-cavity, as no hypocaust was present or THE CASTELLANI COLLECTION.-The Castellani col. leven indicated. As yet but a few pieces of Roman pottery lection of artistic treasures, for the exhibition of which at have been found. The spot is about 70 feet from the street South Kensington preparations had actually commenced, is Lline of frontage. likely to be broken up. Financial difficulties (according to the Architect) have intervened to prevent its acquisition by the British Government. It is the intention of the pro- | ANCIENT CITY ARCHITECTURE.--But few of the quaintprietor to submit the majolica division to public auction in looking gabled houses of the City of London now remain, the ensuing season. Respecting the antique jewelry, the and of these four or five are about to be removed; two, collecting of which has occupied much time and labour of indeed, are almost demolished now, viz., 155 and 150, three generations of artist-jewellers, there is some hope that Aldersgate-street. The other old houses about to be taken the collection may yet be preserved in its entirety. The I down are in Fore-street, at the corner of Milton-street. chief portion is to be warehoused, but a selection of choice EDWARD SIMPSON, better known as “ Flint Jack," a representative pieces will, by the permission of the trustees notorious vendor of spurious antiquities, such as fint arrow of the British Museum, be exhibited within the walls of that heads, &c., has been committed to prison at Northallerton institution.

| for a month, as a rogue and vagabond.

STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE to be that of Rameses III., who reigned about 1250 B.C. ANCIENTS.

Dr. Burney, in his History of Music, published Bruce's (Copied, by permission, from The History of the Pianoforte.” | letter to him, accompanied by drawings of one of these By Edgar Brinsmead, Esq.)


The discovery of these drawings created a great sensation, TN sketching the birth and development of our national and was hardly believed until other travellers confirmed his I instrument, the pianoforte, it will be necessary to give statement. Bruce, with much truth says, “ These harps, in some short description of its ancestors. Much light has my opinion, overturn all the accounts hitherto given of the been thrown on this subject by the various interesting re-earliest state of ancient musical instruments in the East, and searches and discoveries made in the present century, for are altogether, in their form, ornament, and compass, an not only have we learned much of the ancient musical in incontestable proof that geometry, drawing, mechanics, and struments from the sculptures and paintings that have been music, were at the greatest perfection when this instrument discovered, but several of the actual instruments have been was made, and that the period from which we date the found in tombs or other protected places, where they had remained during an extraordinarily long period, almost without change. One of these-an Egyptian harp—was found in one of the famous tombs at Thebes, and when the catgut strings upon it were touched the harp still emitted sounds, although it had been unused probably for three thousand years. In describing these ancient instruments we shall confine ourselves almost entirely to the stringed instruments from which the pianoforte is descended.

Amongst the ancient stringed instruments, the harp and lyre are probably of the greatest antiquity, but which had the priority of invention it is impossible to ascertain with certainty. The harp, which was much used in ancient Egypt and Assyria, varied greatly in size and shape, as will be seen from the illustrations of Egyptian harps.

4. From painting at Thebes on tomb of Rameses III.,

3 2. Orchestral Harp.

discovered by James 'Bruce.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

I and 3 Portable Harps for single use.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

3. Ancient Egyptian Harp (Wilkinson). 4. Persian Chang (from

Persian MS. 410 years old). Lane's Arabian Nights."*"* Those harps intended for single use were made portable and light, whilst those for choral accompaniments were large and powerful, being evidently intended to stand on the ground. Carl Engel, in “ The Music of the most Ancient Nations," remarks that “the Asiatic harps never had a front pillar to assist in withstanding the tension on the strings, as we have in our own; but probably metal or ivory was used in the manufacture, to permit of the strings being screwed up very tightly. The harp of the Burmese, and other inhabitants of the countries situated between Hindoo-invention of these arts was only the beginning of the era of stan and China, is very similar to the Assyrian harp. The their restoration. ... One of these harps has thirteen Burmese harp is tuned by tasseled cords at the end of the strings, but wants the fore-piece of the frame opposite to strings, which are bound to the upper curved end so that the longest string. The back part is the sounding-board, they can be pushed up or down to tune the instrument, composed of four thin pieces of wood joined together in This is similar to the manner occasionally adopted by the form of a cone--that is, growing wider towards the bottom; ancients; but their usual system of tuning seems to have so that as the length of the string increases the square of been by tuning-pegs, round which the strings were passed.” the corresponding space in the sounding-board, in which

The Egyptian harps were sometimes most remarkable for the sound was to undulate, always increases in proportion. elegance of form and elaborate decoration. The celebrated | The whole of the principles on which this harp is constructed traveller James Bruce found two, painted in fresco, on the are rational and ingenious, and the ornamental parts are wall of an ancient sepulchre at Thebes, which is supposed executed in the very best manner. It would be even now

« ПредишнаНапред »