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and, above all, within the wheels of even animal life, must be for its living spirits, giving them all their motion, “ faith, hope, and charity”—the only “abiding ” elements of power and progress, of health and beauty in the human bosom. Alas ! how little of religion is there, or even of science, in the mode in which most men treat their bodies! How are its strings, which are skillfully attuned to the wants of three score years and ten by its Maker, so broken over all the earth, that the average life of the race does not amount to even halt that brief term of time! Those who grasp most eagerly after the mere pleasures of the body, most abuse it in the act of doing so, and take the most direct course possible to lose even the petty prize for which they seek. Whatever laws God hath seen fit to make for us, we must see fit to keep. Christianity alone dignifies the body as it makes this fleshly tabernacle the temple of the immortal soul ; yea, rather of God its Maker. “Your bodies,"

“ saith Paul, “ are the temples of the Holy Ghost ;” and “hiin that defileth the temple of God, shall God destroy.”

2d. Thorough mental industry, especially about great commanding objects.

The body, like a flute or viol, is all the more improved perpetually, as the music of sweet and stirring thoughts is breathed through it. The greatest impressions made on the vital forces of the body, are made from within, and not from without. The currents of life in our veins are chiefly, for the fullness and strength of their tide, what the mind itself makes them. There is no one law more fully enthroned in all the inner chambers of the soul, in respect to its own conscious pleasure, or the greatness of the results of its action to others, than that of constant, earnest employment. Not more truly must one lay out all his powers to climb a lofty precipice, than we must toil with continual, though delighted energy, to make any just approaches to that sphere of neighborhood to God in our aims and efforts for which we were made. For such a life of ever renewed lofty labor our minds were constituted, as was the body to sustain and serve just such natures in their highest courses of action. Thorough, successful mental labor, and to be successful it must be thorough and unremitted, is one of the



greatest of all stimulants to health, and of all safeguards of it. The higher the object of pursuit, and the more perpetual the felt inspiration of its claims, the deeper and richer will be the satisfaction of strong and steady toil to obtain it. The face of a vigorously industrious man has a light in it that other faces have not. “A man's wisdom," saith Solomon, “maketh his face to shine; and the impudence of his countenance is taken away." His step has a force and quickness in it; his form an erectness, and his whole bearing an air that publishes to every one the arrival of a true man, wherever he goes.

3d. Habitual cheerfuness.

There is everything, in God and nature, and in the work of life and its results, to fill the heart with joy, in running its earthly career. We are capable, also, of possessing such a style and assemblage of Christian graces, and there are so many inducements, invitations, summons and helps to us to obtain and exercise them, that it is wholly our own fault if a single drop of bitterness remains in the cup of sweets which our Father in heaven presents to us here below. Whose heart was not made to be, and, therefore, cannot, and ought not, at all times to be, full of gratitude, love, faith, hope, zeal, and holy peace ? Such exercises, ever spreading their light and heat over the soul, and, through the sonl, over the various functions of the body, will stimulate all their energies into a full growth. Earnest self-improvement, constant bappy service unto others and full devotion to God, what will not these do, when combined, to quicken and strengthen the innermost elements of life, in the organism of the body?

Careful, full conformity to the physical laws of our being, thorough mental industry and habitual cheerfulness, are not, surely, haphazard qualities, of which a youth can become possessed, he knows not how. His guides to manly greatness must zealously lead him to seek and to obtain these permanent resources of health, honor, and happiness.

Secondly. In reference to the intellect.

It is in this part of our nature that we differ most from the other orders of beings around us. Here is the throne of our manhood. The very word man, coming from the same root as the Latin mens, mind, memini and reminiscor, to remember, moneo, to admonish, and Minerva, the goddess of wisdom; and as also the Greek μένος, courage, μνάομαι, to remember, μήτις, wisdom, and unvúerv, to reveal, as well as the German inann and mensch, a man, and meinen, to guess or intend, means a thinker: so that he belies his very designation as a man, who neglects to nise and improve his mind, as the very crown and summit of his whole being.

What now is the complement of things to be gained, in this part of our nature, by a true, full education ?

I. Intelligence.

Wonderful, indeed, are the mind's powers of receptivity; opening outwards to all parts of the universe, and capable of taking them all in and expanding also in its dimensions, at each new outlay of its strength. The uses and pleasures of knowledge, are the very highest of our being. The kinds of knowledge that must be gained, in a course entitled to be called that of the higher education, are various.

1st. Acquaintance with man.

Into what a proverb, of universally acknowledged authority, has that pithy saying of Pope's passed, “The proper study of

“ mankind is man.” It certainly is one of our proper studies. In ourselves, individually, as in a synopsis or diagram, we are to find all the elements of our science of man, since in each of us are the contents of our whole race. It is always he, who best paints, sings, or preaches his own thoughts and feelings as they are, that most evokes the sympathy and adıniration of all around him. The chord of mutual fellowship is, at once, struck deeply in their hearts. The different kinds of acquaintance with man to be gained are such as,

(1.) The knowledge of human nature.

Our whole life is, from first to last, one of constant relations to others. The social harmonies of our being are the highest part of its frame-work. But how can we gain from others, or give to them what we should, without an adequate comprehension of their most facile points of connection with us. An analysis of the elements of the highest influence over others, whether insensible or direct, and whether in the mere forms of ordinary intercourse or in high governmental relations of any kind, will always detect these two as chief : rightness of principle, or thorough reason, system, and science, in the positions assumed, and kindness in one's feelings and manner in taking them. All who excel in generalship, statesmanship, education, or parental duty, do so, by holding these two elements in full combination in their work. Kindness means treating others as belonging to the same kind. This is the origin of the word; as of humane from human, and of generous from genus; all indicating a disposition, in full acquaintance and sympathy with the race at large. But what room is there, in employing the elements of power over others, already mentioned, for ever-varying additions of patience, tact, skill, plan, and prayer, in the mode of reaching the desired result, both by way of not evoking any passions, prejudices, or suspicions against us, and also by way of introducing the influence which we wish to exert, in the most insinuating and winning manner. The knowledge of human nature can be best communicated to another, by the constant exhibition of its practical use. Opportunities of incidental instruction, also, in its elements, occur perpetually, in teaching the philosophy of history, and in traversing the rich and ever-varying field of study in the classical authors. And if there is one spot of all the earth that furnishes, beyond any other, incessant occasions for discovering and watching the developments of human nature, it is the school room; and here, too, if anywhere, a skillful acquaintance with its principles is in ever new demand at all times.

(2.) The knowledge of human history.

By knowing what man has been, during the ages that have gone, under every variety of climate, education, religion, and social development, we are best prepared to learn what he is n himself, without reference to any ontward conditions. It is man that gives to every mountain, river, sea, ocean, or continent, all its value, as these are but his surroundings, and contrived to be as they are, only to make his nature all the more super-eminent.

The study of history is one of the inost liberalizing of all studies. It gratifies the curiosity: it furnishes endless food for thought; and it multiplies onr own experience, for breadth and value, by as many fold, as the area of our observation is extended outwardly from ourselves. All human character and conduct, fate and fortune, are covered up within its ample folds. The older the thinker or writer, the larger his stores of thought and the wider the scope of his powers—the higher always is the estimate that he sets upon the value of historical knowledge.

History must be studied philosophically, and its lessons conned over and over again, or its rich harvests of truths will be only looked at, but not reaped by the student. The true history of a nation is its inner not its outer history—the history of its courses of thought, purpose, and achievement. Its external show of bustle, pomp, and pride may please children, who like noise and glitter, but not a real man, who looks beneath the surface after the hidden springs of all that at any time appears upon it. The track of historical investigation, that every truly educated man should traverse with care, beside that passing through the dimmer regions of antiquity, in Egypt, Phoenicia, Judea, and western Asia: beginning with Greece, where the historic muse first combined exactness and fullness of record with high elevation of style, passing through Rome and the Middle Ages, and modern Europe, as such, branches off into separate lines of special interest, through Germany, Holland, France, Italy, Spain, England, and America, with all of which countries the developments of modern progress are greatly connected. It is singular, indeed, that our scholars are so generally contented to be ignorant of the history of Germany and of Holland, to which two countries we are more indebted than to all others of the present day, except England. To Germany we owe, to a high degree, our blood and language and reformed faith and scholarship; and, like England, Germany deserves from modern society, at large, for its intellectual explorations and discoveries, for its many practical inventions, and for its general spirit of progress, the highest possible appreciation and gratitude.

(3.) The knowledge of human language and literature.

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