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On this we may note that if the maintenance of three orders (meaning thereby successionally ordained ministerial grades, constitutionally established and constitutionally removable by the Church) is prelacy, then Mr. Wesley, both in 1747 and in 1784, was a prelatist; the British Conference and the American General Conference were prelatists; our Discipline, and therefore our ordinations, are prelatical; our episcopacy is a prelacy, our bishops are prelates, and our Church is prelatical. We are all “high Church,” and always have been from our founders until

now.

We present to our readers, also, the following harmony :

In whatever sense distinct ordinations In regard to the proper nature of
constitute distinct orders in the same "orders" we said in our article, p. 526,
sense Mr. Wesley certainly intended we “How can there be an ordination if not
should have three orders, for he unde- to an order?” This question enabraces
niably instituted three distinct ordina- an entire argument. The old verbs to
tions. All the forms and solemonities ordain and to order were different forms
requisite for the constituting of any one of the same word, used in the ritual of
order in this sense were equally pre- the Anglican Church, of which Wesley
pared and recommended by him to us was a presbyter; to order signifies to
for the constituting of three orders. endow with orders, just as to magnetize
The term ordain is derived from the signifies to endow with magnetism, and
Latin ordino, to order, to create, or com- so Webster rightly defines "ordinations
mission one to be a public officer, and in the Episcopal Church as the act of con-
this from ordo, order; and hence per- ferring holy orders or sacerdotal power,
sons orduined are said to be persons in "called also consecration." The word
"holy orders." And the degree of or- had this import because, to the mind of
dination stated in the "commission," or the Church, the thing had this nature.
letters of ordination, shows the degree Ordination was the mode and test of an
of the orders.--Emory's Defense. order. As an Anglican Churchiman Mr.

Wesley's mind was shaped to the as-
sumption that a valid ordination always
conferred valid orders. Although the
word order is an ecclesiastical rather
than a scriptural term, and is of very
flexible import, yet the best definition
we can give it would be thus: Order is
a rank of ministry constituted by election
and ordination, permanently and succes-
simally continued in a Church. Our
episcopate would thus be an order.-
October Quarterly.

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It is perfectly clear that under our definition of an order Emory affirms that Wesley intended three orders. It will also be seen that we regard election as conditional to a valid episcopate of any particular Church. Mather was ordained by Wesley as bishop, but, receiving no election, he was, at any rate, no bishop of any particular Church. Asbury was both elected and ordained, and $0 was the bishop of the Church that elected him.

At Last: A Christmas in the West Indies. By CHARLES KINGSLEY. With Illus

trations. 12m0., pp. 465. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1871. After forty years of anticipation, as he declares, the author of this book “at last” left his English home, and spent seven weeks in the island of Trinidad, one of the British West Indies. Every page shows that Mr. Kingsley is an enthusiastic lover and student of nature. Nothing escapes his quick eye. The people of various races, the plains, the mountains, the forest, the sea, the exulterant tropical vegetation, the multiform animal life, all meet due atten. tion. He was industrious in seeing, and in recording what he saw. He describes, in never-ceasing wonder, scenes that were so new and strange to him that at times it seemed as if they were not real, and if he were only to close his eyes for a few seconds, and “wink hard," all would vanish, and he would find himself home again. Truly, the transition from latitude 50° to latitude 10° in December, was not a small one. The book is a good one, full of information, full of vivid descriptions of novel scenes and novel things, indicating on every page that it is the work of an observant, thoughtful, cultured mind. A map, and a few statistical statements, would make it still more valuable. With much of accurate, minute description, there is a lack of clear, strong outline.

C.

The Ancient History of the East: From the Earliest Times to the Conquest by

Alexander the Great; including Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, Media, Persia, Asia Minor, and Phoenicia. By Philip SMITH, B.A., author of the History of the World. Illustrated by engravings on wood. 12mo., pp. 649. New York:

Harper & Brothers. 1871. The entire results of modern discoveries in the burial remains of the ancient nations of the earth are nowhere so compactly collected and summarily presented as in this volume. Although the earliest chronology is still a vexed question, yet this volume has a powerful evidential value in behalf of the Old Testament. Its syn. chronisms are striking. It is wonderful that the little race of Jews were chosen to be the historiographers of the world. While the registries of the proudest nations of antiquity have been buried from sight, and even now are traceable but in scattered fragments, the clear, consecutive Hebrew history has been the light of the world.

This volume, connected with Dr. Smith's History of the Old Testament, forms an historic commentary well worthy of the use of the biblical student. The density with which the facts are packed together renders study, repeated study, rather than mere reading, necessary, in order to a full mastery of the vast subject.

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Miscellaneous.

Threescore Years and Beyond ; or, Experiences of the Aged. A Book for Old

People, describing the Labors, Home Life, and Closing Experiences of a large
number of Aged Representative Men and Women. Illustrated edition. By
W. H. DE PUY, D.D. Royal 8vo., pp. 512. New York: Carlton & Lanalian.

1872.
Pillars in the Temple; or, Sketches of Deceased Laymen of the Methodist Episcopal

Church distinguished as examples of Piety and Usefulness. Chronologically
Arranged. By Rev. WILLIAM C. SMITH. With an Introduction by C. C. NORTH.

Large 16mo., pp. 366. New York: Carlton & Lanaban. 1872.
Life and Labors of Mrs. Maggie Newton Van Cott: the First Lady licensed to Preach
in the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States. By Rev. JOHN 0.
Foster. With an introduction by Rev. Gilbert Haven, Editor of “Zion's
Herald," Boston, and Rev. DAVID SHERMAN. 12mo., pp. 339. Cincinnati :

Hitchcock & Walden. 1872.
Light on the Pathway of Holiness. By Rev. L. D. M'CABE, D.D. 16mo., pp. 114.

New York: Carlton & Lanahan. 1871.
Spiritualism Identical with Ancient Sorcery. New Testament Demonology and
Modern Witchcraft, with the Testimony of God and Man against it. By W.

M'DONALD. Large 16mo., pp. 212. New York: Carlton & Lanahan.
The Annihilation of the Wicked Scripturally Considered. By Rev. W. M'DONALD.

Large 16mo., pp. 99. New York: Carlton & Lanaban. 1872.
The Last Gladiatorial Shou. By John T. Short. 12mo., pp. 283. Cincinnati :

Hitchcock & Walden. New York: Carlton & Lanahan. 1872.
Christ in the Soul ; or, Illustrations of Some of the Principles and Experience

which Characterize Christ's Spiritual or Inward Coming and Indwelling. By

Thomas C. UPHAM. 12mo., pp. 173. New York: W. C. Palmer, Jr. 1872.
First Principles of Ecclesiastical Truth. Essays on the Church and Society. By J.

BALDWIN Brown, B.A. 12mo., pp. 364. London: Hodder & Stoughton. 1871.
Cyclopædia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesinstical Literature. Prepared by Rev.

Joux M'CLINTOCK, D.D., and JAMES STRONG, S.T.D. Vol. IV. HIJ. Large

8vo., pp: 1113. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1872.
Short Studies on Great Subjects. By JAMES ANTHONY FROUDE, M.A. Second

Series. 12mo., pp. 472. New York: Charles Scribner & Co. 1871.
The Poetry of the Hebrew Pentateuch. Being Four Essays on Moses and the Mosaic

Age. By Rev. M. MARGOLW UTH, M.A., LL.D., Ph.D., etc. 12mo., pp. 146.

London: Samuel Bagster & Sons. 1871.
Lenten Sermons. By PAUL SEGNERI. Volume I. 12mo., pp. 362, New York:

Catholic Publishing House. 1872.
The Complete Phonographer : Being an Inductive Exposition of Phonography, with

its Application to all Branches of Reporting, and affording the Fullest Instruc-
tion to those who have not the assistance of an Oral Teacher. Also, intended
as a School-book. By James E. Munson. 12mo., pp. 236. New York:

Harper & Brothers.
Rameses the Great; or, Egypt Three Thousand Three Hundred Years Ago. Trans-

lated from the French of F. DE LANOYE. 12mo., pp. 296. New York : Charles

Scribner & Co. 1870.
Music and Morals. By Rev. H. R. HawEIS, M.A. 12mo., pp. 478. New York:

Harper & Brothers. 1872.
Illustrated Library of Travel, Exploration, and Adventure. Japan in Our Day.

Compiled and Arranged by BAYARD TAYLOR. 12mo., pp. 280. New York:

Charles Scribner & Co. 1872.
A Manual of Composition and Rhetoric. A Text-Book for Schools and Colleges.

By John S. HART. Fourth Edition. 12mo., pp. 380. Philadelphia: Eldredge
& Brother. New York: J. W. Schermerhorn & Co. 1872.

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First Lessons in Composition. By John S. HART, LL.D. 12mo. Pbiladelphia :

Eldredge & Brother. 1872. A Manual of English Literature. A Text-Book for Schools and Colleges. By JOHN

S. HART, LL.D. 12mo., pp. 636. Philadelphia : Eldredge & Brother. 1872. Spectrum Analysis. Three Lectures. By Professors ROSCOE, Hugging, ana

LOCKYER. 16mo., pp. 146. New Haven, Conn.: C. C. Chattield & Co. 1872. Light. By JACOB ABBOTT. With numerous engravings. 12m0., pp. 313. New

York: Harper & Brothers. 1871. Æsthetics; or, The Science of Beauty. By JOAN BASCOM. 12mo., pp. 268. New

York and Chicago: Woolworth, Ainsworth, & Co. 1872. Half- Hours with Modern Scientists : Huxley, Barker, Stirling, Cope, Tyndall. 12mo.,

pp. 288. New Haven, Conn.: Charles C. Chatfield & Co. 1871. Shakspeare's History of King Henry VIII. Edited, with Notes, by WILLIAM J.

ROLFE, A.M. With engravings. 12mo., pp. 207. New York: Harper &

Brothers. 1872. The Rise and Fall of the Paris Commune in 1871. With a Full Account of the

Bombardment, Capture, and Burning of the City. By W. PEMBROKE FETRIDGE.

Illustrated. 12mo., pp. 516. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1871. The August Stories. By JACOB ABBOTT. Volume II. Hunter aud Tom. 12mo.,

pp. 383. New York: Dodd & Mead. The Land of Desolation. Being a Personal Narrative of Observation and Adven

ture in Greenland. By ISAAC I. HAYES, M.D. Illustrated. 12mo., pp. 357.

New York: Harper & Brothers. 1872. Lucretius on the Nature of Things. Translated into English Verse. By CHARLES

FREDERICK JOHNSON. . With Introduction and Notes. 12mo., pp. 333. New

York: De Witt C. Lent & Co. London: Sampson, Low, & Marston. 1872. Water and Land. By JACOB ABBOTT. With numerous engravings. 12mo.

pp. 330. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1872. Bede's Charity. By HESBA STRETTON. 12mo., pp. 311. New York: Dodd &

Mead. 1872. Yesterdays with Authors. By JAMES T. FIELDS. 12mo., pp. 352. Boston: James

R. Osgood & Co. 1872. Twenty Years Ago. From the Journal of a Girl in her Teens, Edited by the

Author of " John Halifax, Gentleman." 12m0., pp. 354. New York: Harper

& Brothers. 1872. Little Sunshine's Holiday. A Picture from Life. By the Author of " John Hali

fax, Gentleman." 16mo., pp. 210. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1871. Woman's Worth and Worthlessness. The Complement to "A New Atmosphere."

By GAIL HAMILTON. 12mo., pp. 291. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1872. Wilfred Cumbermede. An Autobiographical Story. By GEORGE MACDONALD, A1

thor of " Annals of a Quiet Neigliborhood," " Alec Forbes," Robert Falconer,” etc. With 14 full-page Illustrations. 12mo., pp. 498. New York: Charles

Scribner & Co. 1872. The Adventures of Oliver Twist. By CHARLES DICKENS. With 28 Illustrations

by F. Mahoney. 8vo., pp. 171. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1872.

CORRECTION.—The phrase "we denounce,” attributed in our last Quarterly to the Editor of the “ Pittsburgh Christian Advocate," we find on referring really to have been “we pronounce." The sentence as thus read was peremptory enough, but not discourteous, and does not sustain certain sentences and turns of expression which were based by us upon it, and which, with gratification, we hereby withdraw.

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Art. I.-HOMER AND HIS ENGLISH TRANSLATORS.

[FIRST ARTICLE.] AMONG the anomalies of literature none, perhaps, is more remarkable than the circumstance that the most ancient productions of the human intellect are precisely those which, at the present day, attract the greatest attention. While the works of successive generations of philosophers and historians have perished—while the very names of the poets of later, and, as we call them, more cultivated ages, have well-nigh sunk into oblivion—the poems of the earliest writers, both sacred and profane, gather rather than lose interest in the eyes of the world. In fact, never were the poetical merits of the magnificent hymns of the Hebrew psalmist, or the lays of the early Greek minstrel, more carefully investigated or more fully appreciated than now, twenty-six or twenty-eight centuries after their first composition. Confining our attention to the latter class of productions, we are compelled to seek for the secret of this striking fact in something else than religious feeling; for not only do these venerable relics of extreme antiquity come down to us unhallowed by religious associations, but their entire tone and character is diametrically opposed to the system of truth which we profess; a fact so patent, that the early Christians felt themselves called upon to discourage, if not to forbid, their study. Nor was this strange. To the primitive Christians

FOURTH SERIES, VOL. XXIV.-23

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