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Enter Shepherd, with POLIXENES and CAMILLO, disguised; Clown, MOPSA, DORCAS, and Others.
FLO. See, your guests approach: Address yourself to entertain them sprightly, And let's be red with mirth.
SHEP. Fye, daughter! when my old wife liv'd, upon
This day, she was both pantler, butler, cook;
For you there's rosemary, and rue; these keep
• That which you are, mistress o'the feast:] From the novel: "It happened not long after this, that there was a meeting of all the farmers' daughters of Sicilia, whither Fawnia was also bidden as mistress of the feast." MALONE.
Seeming, and savour, all the winter long:
Shepherdess, (A fair one are you,) well you fit our ages With flowers of winter.
Sir, the year growing ancient,Not yet on summer's death, nor on the birth Of trembling winter,-the fairest flowers o'the sea
Do you neglect them?
Are our carnations, and streak'd gillyflowers,
Wherefore, gentle maiden,
For I have heard it said,
For you there's rosemary, and rue; these keep
Grace, and remembrance, be to you both,] Ophelia distri butes the same plants, and accompanies them with the same documents." There's rosemary, that's for remembrance. There's rue for you: we may call it herb of grace." The qualities of retaining seeming and savour, appear to be the reason why these plants were considered as emblematical of grace and remembrance. The nosegay distributed by Perdita with the significations annexed to each flower, reminds one of the ænigmatical letter from a Turkish lover, described by Lady M. W. Montagu. HENLEY.
Grace, and remembrance,] Rue was called herb of Grace. Rosemary was the emblem of remembrance; I know not why, unless because it was carried at funerals. JOHNSON.
Rosemary was anciently supposed to strengthen the memory, and is prescribed for that purpose in the books of ancient physick. STEEVENS.
For I have heard it said,] For, in this place, signifies--beoause that. So, in Chaucer's Clerkes Tale, Mr. Tyrwhitt's edit. V. 8092:
There is an art, which, in their piedness, shares With great creating nature.
Say, there be; Yet nature is made better by no mean, But nature makes that mean: so, o'er that art, Which, you say, adds to nature, is an art That nature makes. You see, sweet maid, we marry A gentler scion to the wildest stock
And make conceive a bark of baser kind
So it is.
POL. Then make your garden rich in gillyflowers,"
"She dranke, and for she wolde vertue plese,
• There is an art, which, in their piedness, shares
With great creating nature.] That is, as Mr. T. Warton observes, "There is an art which can produce flowers, with as great a variety of colours as nature herself."
This art is pretended to be taught at the ends of some of the old books that treat of cookery, &c. but, being utterly impracticable, is not worth exemplification. STEEVENS.
in gillyflowers,] There is some further conceit relative to gilly flowers than has yet been discovered. The old copy, (in both instances where this word occurs,) reads-Gilly'vors, a term still used by low people in Sussex, to denote a harlot. In A Wonder, or a Woman never vex'd, 1632, is the following passage: A lover is behaving with freedom to his mistress as they are going into a garden, and after she has alluded to the quality of many herbs, he adds: "You have fair roses, have you not?" "Yes, sir, (says she,) but no gilliflowers." Meaning, perhaps, that she would not be treated like a gill-flirt, i. e. wanton, a word often met with in the old plays, but written flirt-gill in Romeo and Juliet. I suppose gill-flirt to be derived, or rather corrupted, from gilly-flower or carnation, which, though beautiful in its appearance, is apt, in the gardener's phrase, to run from its colours, and change as often as a licentious female.
And do not call them bastards.
I'll not put
The dibble in earth to set one slip of them:
Desire to breed by me.-Here's flowers for
And only live by gazing.
Prior, in his Solomon, has taken notice of the same variability in this species of flowers:
the fond carnation loves to shoot
"Two various colours from one parent root."
In Lyte's Herbal, 1578, some sorts of gilliflowers are called small honesties, cuckoo gillofers, &c. And in A. W's Commendation of Gascoigne and his Posies, is the following remark on this species of flower:
"Some think that gilliflowers do yield a gelous smell." See Gascoigne's Works, 1587. STEEVENS.
The following line in The Paradise of daintie Devises, 1578, may add some support to the first part of Mr. Steevens's note: "Some jolly youth the gilly-flower esteemeth for his joy." MALONE.
8 -dibble] An instrument used by gardeners to make holes in the earth for the reception of young plants. See it in Minsheu. STEEVENS.
9 The marigold, that goes to bed with the sun,
And with him rises] Hence, says Lupton, in his Sixth Book of notable Things: "Some calles it, Sponsus Solis, the Spowse of the Sunne; because it sleepes and is awakened with
Would blow you through and through.-Now, my fairest friend,
I would, I had some flowers o'the spring, that might
That come before the swallow dares, and take
For the flowers now, that, frighted, thou let'st fall From Dis's waggon!] So, in Ovid's Metam. B. V: ut summa vestem laxavit ab ora, "Collecti flores tunicis cecidere remissis." The whole passage is thus translated by Golding, 1587: "While in this garden Proserpine was taking her pastime,
"In gathering either violets blew, or lillies white as lime,
"Dis spide her, lou'd her, caught hir up, and all at once well neere.
"The ladie with a wailing voice afright did often call "Hir mother-
"And as she from the upper part hir garment would
"By chance she let her lap slip downe, and out her flowers went." RITSON.
But sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes,] I suspect that our author mistakes Juno for Pallas, who was the goddess of blue eyes. Sweeter than an eye-lid is an odd image: but perhaps he uses sweet in the general sense, for delightful. JOHNSON.
It was formerly the fashion to kiss the eyes, as a mark of extraordinary tenderness. I have somewhere met with an account of the first reception one of our kings gave to his new queen, where he is said to have kissed her fayre eyes. So, in Chaucer's Troilus and Cresseide, v. 1358:
"This Troilus full oft her eyen two