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THE MONTH : SCIENCE AND ARTS.

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disconcerted him extremely. Was it possible that for fear it should stop beating at such fatal news, any woman could so love him, that she had been for ever. • There is no worse news,' he said, 'than content to be his wife, notwithstanding that such a what I have told you, Helen! revelation as he had just made had been no news Half-fainting in his arms for joy, she blessed her to her?

fate, and thanked him. She had never known, *You don't know what a gamester is; you don't she said, how dear he had been to her until that know what a marriage with such a man may mean, moment when his face had seemed to be so girl,' said Arthur, almost fiercely. He was strugg- strangely set against her, and yet she had loved ling. against the tenderness with which her self- him from the first, and had never ceased to love sacrificing affection, and simplicity, and beauty --all sharp words, and pouting looks, and perilous were inspiring him. How should you ?'

rebukes (that should never again be uttered), not'It may mean ruin, Arthur,' said she calmly ; withstanding. She was his, and his alone, and 'my mother told me so, and I believed her. Is ever would be his while life was in her. this all your bad news?'

And he, on his part, was not silent, but touched *You talk of ruin, Helen, as though it did not (as well he might be) by her unexacting trustfulmean the wreck of happiness, as well as of every-ness, made solemn promise that, for the future, he thing else. I saw you were annoyed the other would risk nought at play of hers, nor his ; nor day, when I lost but a few pounds'

ever game again. Your generosity has quite * That was wrong of me,' interrupted she subdued me, darling, and exorcised this dernon earnestly—' very wrong of me. But do not from my breast,' he said. "I cast it from me.' punish me with death for an offence so slight.' * And take me instead,' she murmured.

'Death, Helen! What do you mean ?' asked he. 'Nay; you were always there.'

Never mind,' replied she, with the same ghastly What could he say with those blue eyes swimming look as she had worn before. “Don't ask me; but in grateful tears beneath his own, and while she

nestled in his bosom like a dove ? I say,

if it annoyed you because I lost a few pounds, what would you say if I were to lose hundreds—thousands ? '

THE MONTH: Nothing, Arthur ; nothing at all, believe me.

SCIENCE AND ARTS. Whatever you may lose henceforth, you shall never hear a reproach from me.'

THE scientific session being over, men of science, That she meant what she said was clear ; it was who are not going abroad for their holiday, are also becoming clear to Arthur why she meant it thinking about the meeting of the British Associawhy she clung to him, while he was confessing his tion which is to be held at Brighton about the nnworthiness, more closely than she had ever done middle of August. Science in a fashionable when he was pouring forth his protestations of watering-place is as rare as philosophy on a racelove. She was resolved, at all hazards, not to lose course ; and some curiosity prevails as to the him.

entertainment the savants are likely to meet with You think and hope it may not happen, Helen. in our marine metropolis. This year, Dr Carpenter You know not the depths of folly into which such is President, and it is pretty safe to predict that a man as I describe is capable of descending. Let his opening address will enter largely into natural me give you an instance, not of what may happen, history, deep-sea dredging, and ocean-currents. but of what has already taken place. I have paid The ship Challenger is fitting out at Sheerness away three thousand pounds of losses at cards for the round-the-world expedition mentioned in since my return to England, and I owe five thou- our last Month, and Captain Nares, who has much

I lost a thousand pounds last night experience in deep-sea dredging, is to have the while you were sleeping-dreaming, perhaps, of command. In addition to Professor Wyville me as your pure mind has pictured me, not as Thomson, the scientific staff will include a chemist,

three naturalists, and an artist ; hence we may 'It matters nothing,' she broke in; though anticipate that everything seen and found during your debt were five times as great, I still could the long voyage will be properly drawn and pay it. And how could I spend my fortune better described. than in helping you? What use were a fortune to The Geographical Society are trying to persuade me, if you did not need it? I would never ask the Admiralty to send out another expedition to you to stint yourself of a single pleasure ; and if explore once more towards the north pole, up the this be indeed a pleasure, take it. Perhaps luck west side of Greenland by way of Smith's Sound. will turn; and if it does not turn, at least there There are interesting questions in geography, fossil will be your Helen to comfort you. O Arthur! is botany, temperature, and magnetism waiting in this loss the only ill news you had to tell me? If those frozen regions to be cleared up. It may be so, I thank Heaven for it, for somehow, in your that another nation will win fame therein, for look and tone at first, I thought I saw—but it is an Austrian expedition has recently sailed from

I not there now, I thought I saw I was exiled from Norway to get, if possible, to the pole.

Ι your heart, and that would have been loss and The paragraph on the use of strychnia for affecdoom indeed.'

tions of the sight, published in our Month for May The passionate earnestness and pathos of her last, has elicited so many inquiries, that we return tone took Arthur's soul by storm. Looking down to the subject here with further particulars. Attenupon the beautiful face that supplicated him thus tion was first attracted by Professor Nagel's (of tenderly, he could not but stoop down and kiss it, Tübingen) reports of cases which appeared in the and clasp to his own that self-sacrificing and gener- Centralblatt (a German periodical) during 1871. In ous heart, which only beat for him. He dared not those cases it was shewn that, by the injection of say: 'I have not told you half; I love another,' sulphate of strychnia under the skin, surprising

sand more.

I am

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effects had been produced, and that functional and Paternoster Row, London.

But to all who may organic diseases of the optic nerve had been relieved desire to try the remedy, we say, do not try it quickly and permanently. In many of the cases, except under the best medical advice. improvement in vision appeared to follow upon The difficulty of purifying a sick chamber is the very first dose of the remedy ; and in a few known in many quarters by painful experience, cases of functional derangement, the complete especially in cases of lunacy or epilepsy, which restoration of sight was established after three or diffuse smells of the most disagreeable kind, that four doses of the strychnia administered under the cling to the rooms for months, and even come skin; but the whole quantity was not more than a back after vigorous attempts to get rid of them. minute fraction of a grain.

Dr B. W. Richardson, F.R.S. has shewn in a recent Dr Chisholm, Clinical Professor of Eye and Ear lecture how this difficulty may be overcome. He Diseases in the University of Maryland, at Balti- dissolves iodine in the chemical preparation known more, heard of these cures, and though he had as amyl hydride, and in the liquid thus produced, himself relieved infirmity of sight by the use of he soaks pieces of filter-paper, and when these are strychnia, he thought it 'nearly as possible to dry, he lays three or four about the room, and the metamorphose old age into youth as to give chemical action that then takes place purifies the sight in cases of nerve atrophy. However, he air. If the smell of iodine is perceptible in the tried the remedy on the naval captain mentioned room, that is a proof that the work of purification in the paragraph above referred to, and with com- is going on; and this may be accelerated by burnplete success, although his case had previously ing one of the little sheets of paper from time to been dismissed as incurable. Some other cases time. were of that peculiar imperfection of sight known After infectious diseases, a room may be more as "night-blindness,' extending in one instance effectually purified by damping it with the liquid over a period of seven months. On this case, Dr in showers of spray. Instruments which will send Chisholm remarks : ‘Notwithstanding a long and forth a shower of spray may be bought at the carefully instituted treatment by other physicians, makers of chemical apparatus. The room should the patient remained so absolutely blind after be first thoroughly cleaned and dried, and then nightfall that he could not detect even a gaslight moistened in every part with the liquid, of which in full blaze. After a few doses of the sulphate of one ounce will suffice for four feet of wall, floor, or strychnia injected under the skin of the arm, ceiling; and care must be taken that the doors night-vision was so perfectly restored, that at the and windows are kept close shut for twenty-four end of ten days the patient could read a newspaper hours after the operation. During this time, also, by the gas, when a few nights previously he could the carrying of a lighted candle into the room not see even the light itself.'

must be absolutely forbidden. While the room is So far as we can gather from Dr Chisholm's drying, a volatile vapour rises from the layer of statements, he has not failed to afford relief in a liquid, and, by mere contact, rapidly destroys the single instance. His cure of the naval captain was offensive and hurtful organic matters lurking not less wonderful than the cases reported by Pro- therein. By this simple method,' says Dr Richfessor Nagel ; and after this the doctor remarks: ardson, the most persistent and offensive odour in 'In testing the use of strychnia in other cases of rooms that have been occupied by the sick may be optic nerve atrophy, the effects seem nearly in more speedily purified than perhaps by any other stantaneous upon the injection of the fluid under known method. the skin. In nearly every instance the patient Some remarks on the gas known in mines as experienced the brightening of the light in less 'fire-damp, published by the doctor, are worth than half a minute. In one instance, in which attention. The chemical name of this gas is one-fortieth of a grain in solution was accidentally methyl hydride :' in small quantities, it is not thrown into a vein, the sensations of light, and a dangerous; but mixed in large quantities with the feeling of muscular twitchings, were apparently ordinary air of a mine, it is at once fatal, yet occa simultaneous with the emptying of the syringe. I sions no pain to the victim. A man killed by commence usually with the one-sixtieth of a grain, methyl hydride appears only to have fallen asleep, which I gradually increase to one-thirtieth, twice a and it seems almost impossible to believe that he day, in no case exceeding this last amount.' The cannot be awakened. Dr Richardson believes that professor at Tübingen injects under the skin of the the day will come 'when some advance will be temple, but Dr, Chisholm prefers to inject in the made in the art of restoring animation at consider, arm;

and we close our notice with his concluding able periods of time after what is now called actual words : “This treatment has now been tried in death. Meanwhile, he recommends that as much many cases, doing harm to none, and benefiting all pains should be taken to restore respiration in more or less. In functional disturbances, the relief persons who have breathed the gas, as in cases of is very prompt; in organic troubles of the retina drowning. Artificial breathing will expel the war and optic nerve, results shew themselves more from the lungs, and thereby aid recovery, especially slowly. So far, my experience in the hypodermic if the attempt be made in a dry, warm room, which (under-skin) use of strychnia, enables me to should be always available at all mines liable to endorse the statement of the wonderful effects outbursts of fire-damp. As many persons now secured by Professor Nagel ; and I can recommend know, the best way to restore breathing is to to the profession strychnia, hypodermically used, gently raise and lower the arms, and at the same as a most valuable remedy in many cases of nerve- time to rub the chest with a warm hand. blindness.'

An instrument has been invented which will be Those who desire to read Dr Chisholm's state- very serviceable in surgery, especially in cases ment in full will find it in The American Journal when it is desired to ascertain whether a bulet of the Medical Sciences

, January 1872, published at has lodged in a wound or not. It may be described Philadelphia, and to be had of Trübner & Co. 60 as a galvanic probe: the operator passes it into the

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wound, watching, all the while, the needle of a from this, we are informed that puddling by hand small galvanometer which is attached to the instru- is so exhausting and laborious that the puddlers ment, and no sooner does the end of the probe are now abandoning it and seeking other employtouch the bullet, than a movement of the needle ment. It was quite time that the new furnace of indicates the fact. This, it will be seen, is a means which we gave a brief notice a few months ago, towards the alleviation of suffering ; for cures are should be invented. In the old way of puddling, often retarded by, uncertainty as to whether a the huge lump of iron is stirred about inside a bullet is actually in the wound or not. Some of fixed furnace; but in the new way it is the furour readers will perhaps remember a memorable nace that moves, turning round and round about instance : when Garibaldi was wounded, an emi- the iron. In America, petroleum has been used as nent English surgeon travelled to Italy and de- fuel for puddling with excellent results, but the clared there was no bullet in the wound, from cost is believed to be great. The importance of which a bullet was afterwards extracted by the the questions involved in this statement may be famous Nelaton—a Frenchman. A recommenda- inferred from the fact, that the production of iron tion of this new galvanic probe is, that it is so ore in this country last year was more than foursmall and light as to be easily carried in the pocket. teen million tons; and in the United States nearly

Among mechanical novelties recently brought one million five hundred thousand tons of manuout in America is a 'gunpowder pile-driver,' which factured iron. drives in piles more rapidly than by any other Professor Ramsay, F.R.S. who, since Sir Roderick method, and does not require any hoop or pro- Murchison's decease, has become Director-general tection round the top of the pile. A notion of the of the Geological Survey, has recently made public contrivance and its operation may perhaps be statements with regard to future supplies of coal gathered from a brief description. Tall hoisting which will comfort all those worthy people who timbers, as usual in pile-drivers, are fitted up; the feared that our grandchildren would have nothing pile is set in place by a steam-engine: a gun to burn. We have from time to time informed our weighing one thousand eight hundred pounds with readers of the geological speculations put forward a six-inch bore is lowered, and made to rest on the to shew that abundant deposits of coal are lying top of the pile. The muzzle points upwards, and ready for use below the New Red Sandstone, and the breech being dished or recessed, covers the top the strata known to geologists as Permian, and now of the pile as a cap. Above the gun is suspended Professor Ramsay enlarges their scope, and lends the ram, with a piston projecting downwards that them the weight of his authority. In the South fits the bore of the gun. All being ready, a car- Staffordshire and Shropshire districts, he says there tridge is dropped into the gun; the ram is released, are ten thousand million tons of coal “existing at and descends, the piston plunges into the gun, a workable depth beyond the present limits. Two compressing the air, and fires the cartridge. A thousand four hundred and ninety-four million tremendous explosion follows; up flies the ram, and tons underlie the present Warwickshire coal-field, is caught in the break, and with the recoil of the and one thousand seven hundred and sixty millions, gun down goes the pile. This must certainly be the Leicestershire field. After this, all people who regarded as a very clever way of utilising the force love a good fire may cease to be apprehensive about of fired gunpowder. Tried for the first time, and lack of coal, and smelters of iron and other metals by inexperienced hands, in constructing a pier near may look forward to doing (literally) a roaring Philadelphia, it drove piles ten inches in diameter trade for ages to come. Of course the mines will to a depth of nearly twenty feet with five blows, have to be as deep again as they are at present, and and with an expenditure of eight ounces of gun- difficulties will increase ; but we may be sure that powder for each pile.

they will be overcome by mechanical skill and An alteration in a steam-engine which saves fuel ingenuity. It is safe, however, to predict that and improves the vacuum could hardly fail to be posterity will pay a much higher price for their acceptable. It occurred to Mr R. Edge, of Dean coal than the present generation. Mills, near Bolton, that if he connected each end of his horizontal air-pump with the upper part of his condenser, by a pípe fitted with a valve, the pump OUR FEATHER FARM. would, while working, draw air from the condenser above the surface of the water. He tried, and succeeded. By improving the vacuum, the consumption WHEN first the gray-bearded German, speaking of coal is diminished, and the saving in this par- with all the emphasis of an elderly Mephistopheles ticular is said to be beyond expectation ; and we are not surprised to hear that many engines in suggesting radiant visions to a young Faust, told Lancashire have been fitted with the additional me that his cherished scheme for making our forpipe, as above described. It may be applied also to tunes was based upon feathers, I could not avoid vertical air-pumps, but not with so large an amount breaking into a fit of hearty laughter, an exhibi

economy in the result. We have the more tion of unseemly mirth of which I soon felt pleasure in making this invention known, as the ashamed as I met the calm, sad, patient eyes of inventor, instead of taking out a patent, has pre- my companion. sented it freely to the public. It was mentioned at a meeting of the Iron and he said mildly.

You are wrong, young man, you are wrong,' Steel Institute that the waste of fuel in an ordinary puddling furnace is enormous. There is heat

'I was very unmannerly, I know that,' said I, enough in a pound of coal to produce seventeen reddening; and I beg your pardon, professor.

You were pounds of puddled bar-iron, but in most of the But the idea somehow tickled me. existing furnaces not more than one pound of iron talking of ostrich-feathers, I presume?'

I is produced for one pound of coal consumed. Apart The old lecturer nodded assentingly. "It seems

IN FOUR CHAPTERS.- CHAPTER IV.

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absurd to you, does it not ?' he asked meekly, but I am not of a speculative turn, and at first I with an odd twinkle in his pale bright eyes. listened, incredulous if attentive, to the professor's

• Not (absurd,' I answered, smiling, but scarcely shower of statistics. But presently I was won a paying scheme. Do you know how yonder poor over. The facts of the case were stated so modestly, fellows toil, ruining good horse-flesh, and risking so forcibly, and yet with such dry, hard adherence their own limbs and necks, to bring in a few to the naked truth, that I could not withhold my plumes that are often battered or blood-stained, belief that ostrich-farming, if undertaken under and so unsaleable? Then the pedlers who pur- favourable auspices, would prove a lucrative emchase them are keen bargainers, and the gains are ployment of time and capital. “But why on earth, 80 small that the Guacho gets excitement and I could not help saying, did you not grow rich pocket-money, but no solid reward, out of the by this notion of yours long ago at the Cape or Ostrich-hunts that exhaust the best energies of here?' horse and man. Nothing worth mention is to be Mr Hartmann chuckled in his bushy beard, like earned thus.'

an amiable baboon over a nut. · English boy,' he The professor eyed me with the serene benignity said, “have you yet to learn the great lesson that with which a very old gray muzzled rat might things are not what they seem? I am an ugly old contemplate the sportive gambols of young fellow. My speech, my gait, my clothes, are all rodent of the same race. My dear, good friend,' out of tune with the world. Why, the very chilhe said, “you have been, as the advocates say, dren—and I love children-either jeer and pelt me, “proving my case” all this while. Do I need to or else run away from old Hans Hartmann as if he be told, at my time of life, that the “noble savage” were an ogre. Only the brutes have found me out. theory is an economical paradox! Bah! the mere They understand me. I am their friend. But hunter is of necessity a wasteful barbarian, a men—I do not speak of you, kind sir, who have destructive spendthrift that lays by nothing against done me a great service--but men, in general, a rainy day. Did ever the man who spent his life will not see any good that there may be under this in the pursuit of wild creatures make any but a unsightly husk of mine. At the Cape, I had no precarious living out of the fur, or the plumes, or credit

. I have none here. I am the crazed old the ivory, that he painfully won with spear and German bookworm to the educated whom I meet, arrow, with trap and gun? Herr Warburton; the vile wizard to the superstitious population of those fowls of mine'-turning his head with an New Spain. But you-you are fair-faced and wellaffectionate smile towards where the pale blue smoke spoken, and the sort of man that men willingly from his kitchen chimney was faintly visible at a hearken to. Old Hans owes you a debt-his poor rifle-shot off— give eggs and chicks almost enough life—and he would fain pay it by sending you to pay for the maintenance of a thrifty old master. back, rich, to your sweetheart at home in England. There would soon be an end of them, if I knocked | Be my partner. Do you manage the men, and them by wholesale on the head, in coop and hen- leave the lower creation to me.' house.'

The professor further urged that the preliminary He then, with a lucid power of description, for expenses would be trifling. There was his hut and which I had not given him credit, developed his its homestead, and a small expenditure would put scheme to me. It was, like most sound ideas, up extra pens and fenced inclosures. Maize was eminently simple. When in South Africa, he had cheap at Rosario, rice was abundant near the great made himself familiar with every detail of those river, and grass was to be had almost gratis. The ostrich-farms which constitute one of the most Guachos, who were indispensable for the purpose thriving industrial enterprises in the Cape Colony. of capturing the old birds that were to be the He extracted from one of his cavernous pockets a foundation of our Titanic poultry-yard, would ride bundle of papers, neatly docketed, and proved their best for me ; and if I could but coax them every statement by the inexorable logic of figures. into using the lasso instead of the murderous bolas; The average hatch of ostrich-chicks was so and so ; we should soon be masters of a sufficient stock of the cost of food and labour so much ; sale of

eggs,

brood-birds. Don Miguel was under deep obligameat, and feathers brought in such and such re- tions to me, and would push on the undertaking, turns. So much acreage of grass and berry-bearing instead of hindering it. Finally, if I would but bushes, so many bushels of grain for winter con- put down seventy dollars, he, the professor, would sumption, would feed so many young, half-grown, produce another seventy-hoarded by what painand full-grown birds. The diseases to which tamé ful self-denial, who knew l-and we would enter ostriches are liable, the ratio of mortality to be into articles of partnership on equal terms. expected, the fluctuations in the European feather- We did enter into partnership, to the intense market, were set down with the painstaking accu- astonishment, and perhaps disgust, of the neighracy of a Teutonic man of letters. Had the ostrich bourhood, since none of the Creoles around us been a Greek comedy, the professor could not have could be brought to regard the poor old professor annotated it with more severe and critical industry. with more than toleration at the best

. Don He verbally photographed, as it were, every habit, Miguel, however, could, as he said, refuse me every merit and each drawback, of the huge non- nothing, and he proved a kind and generous friend flying bird on which his thoughts were running. to the new firm of Hartmann and Warburton, for not He pointed out with cogency that the strong point only did he hand us over several acres of choice of ostrich-keeping was the regular and large supply grass-land, rent-free, with leave to cut what fencing. of feathers superior to those taken from the wild timber we wanted in his woods, but he also bade birds, and of eggs, for which the demand was con- his smiths and carpenters do our behests without stant. On the other hand, many young birds charging us a single real ; and permitted several perished in adolescence, and the plumage of the of his best riders to devote their spare time to the American ostrich would never prove so valuable novel task of catching live ostriches for us. Little as that of the African variety.

Charlie clapped his hands with delight P

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OUR FEATHER FARM.

477 notion of his friend, myself, setting up as a it with its bony heel in a manner that was anypatron,' with a farm of his own, and only stipu- thing but encouraging to its future proprietor. lated for a ride on the first bird caught; and the Indeed, the kick of an ostrich is much dreaded, wild Guachos shewed unusual docility in acceding and a single male bird will keep several fierce dogs to my plans, and swore to do all that man, horse, at bay. But we sometimes had the good fortune hemp, and leather could do, in the service of their to capture a number of young birds, and often English comrade, Don Morrizio.

found in some sandy spot, under the screen of the Under these good auspices, we began operations cactus shrubs and thorny bushes, the great shining in a vigorous way. Like other pastoral persons, our eggs of some gigantic hen, lately scared from her first concern was to stock our farm ; and this was nest. The professor proved himself a poultrycomparatively difficult when the feathered objects master of the first water, and it was wonderful of our interested attentions were roving the desert, with what skill and care he attended to the wants leagues away, and were gifted, besides, with far- of our prisoners, feeding, herding, and doctoring sighted vision, and a power of running that re- the feathered flock with unfailing patience and minded me of an express train. Indeed, the speed remarkable success. I shall never forget his pride of a full-grown ostrich is almost portentous ; and, when the first brood of young ostriches that had although I regard as fabulous the assertion, com- been hatched in our yard began first to peck mon in the colony, that with the help of a favour- greedily at the cunningly devised paste of flour, able wind to fill their short close-fledged wings, herbs, and chopped eggs, that he had prepared for they can accomplish eighty miles in the hour, still, their refection, nor how singular was his success when unwearied and confident as to their line of in taming the full-grown denizens of the desert. country, I am sure that the best thoroughbred of Some few of the plumed bipeds, indeed, proved Nejd or Market-Harborough could not live with too quarrelsome or morose to be useful, and were them for ten minutes of prairie-galloping. Swift reluctantly consigned to the butcher; but, in and strong as the big birds are, however, they have general, Mr Hartmann won the affection of his somewhat of the proverbial stupidity which is apt feathered charges ; and even old “Anak,' the great to accompany gigantic proportions ; and although cock-ostrich, whose kick was like that of a horse, they do not, according to the dear old classical and with whom I was on terms of wary politeness, tradition that has pointed so many epigrams, hide was gentle with him, and would come running, their heads in holes by way of concealing them- as if he had been a pet bantam, to be fed and selves, they run in circles, are easily headed back stroked. or outflanked, and throw away, by a succession of By the commencement of the second year we strategic blunders, the advantages of their extra- had seven hundred head of ostriches, chiefly young, ordinary fleetness of foot. Nor, when fatigued and on our farm, and we were forced continually to hard-pressed, do they shew the generous endurance inclose fresh acres of grass, for which we now inof man's faithful four-footed servant, the horse. sisted on paying regular rent to Don Miguel, at a

The great difficulty was to induce the Guachos, rate that would appear ludicrously low to the tenant when heated with a long chase, to remember our of an English sheep-walk. Nine or ten persons, compact, and to take the game alive. It saved black, brown, and copper-coloured, two-thirds of trouble to end the contest by a stroke of the deadly whom were grizzle-headed negresses, were in our leaden balls, instead of tugging along a kicking employment as “hen-wives. The professor ap

a ' and recalcitrant captive over endless stretches of peared ubiquitous, sometimes in a shed, helping to plain. To keep these wild riders steady to their crack the egg that in its breakage allowed the work, I had frequently myself to turn out and join embryo ostrich to assert its position in the world, the expedition, to the amusement of my less and presently soothing a wild, new-caught hen, adventurous partner, who, indeed, admitted that whose bright shy eye told of her timid horror of the equestrian art was not among his multifarious the obtrusive human beings who held her captive. accomplishments.

The Guachos had now thoroughly learned the Never could I make up my mind to trust my lesson that it paid better to take the ostrich alive bones to the tender mercies of an individual of the than to bring back a few ruffled feathers from the genus Equus, he said, in his quaint dry way. Pampas ; and before long, my partner began to Horsemanship is all very well for our Prussian talk of the necessity of additional skilled superVons, our subalterns of cavalry, but the saddle is intendence, and to propose writing to one or two not a chair fit for a civil professor. Luckily, you countrymen of his own, doctors of laws and masters Englanders have somewhat of the old barbarous of all arts but that of making money, who would, hunting instinct in you still.'

he thought, gladly exchange the semi-starvation of It was lucky, as it turned out, for although, being a scholastic career in Germany for the rough neither so light nor so expert as our wiry men of plenty and freedom of the plains. the wilderness, I was never actually present at the After all, the great gauge of these experiments noosing of a mature ostrichi, and occasionally found may be best expressed by the simple, eminently myself alone, thirty miles from home, and com- Anglo-Saxon query, ‘Did it pay ?? Well

, it did. pelled to find my route by compass, and to plod The money, like the gains of the Indiana cornslowly back with my exhausted horse, I was often planter, according to the boat-song of the negro near enough to save the life of a captured bird, by oarsmen on the Ohio, came tumbling in.' We taking charge of it when the impatient Guacho had small profits, large profits, profits that were who had it in tow was disposed to club it down very large indeed. Mr Hartmann himself went with the bolâs. A strange sight it was, that of down to Buenos Ayres and brought back seventeen Juan or Pedro coming back victorious, the heaving thousand dollars as the price of our hoarded store flanks of his mustang black with heat, and furrowed of snow-white feathers. The eggs sold very well. by spur-strokes, dragging after him an enormous In the Pampas, they are more rarely offered for fowl, that flapped its short wings and lashed about sale than in some districts nearer to the coast, in

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