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A COUNTING-HOUSE ROMANCE.

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The prospect

from the baker, who was, indeed, barely civil •What finger? I did not know he had lost to him; but his time was not wholly wasted, for one,' said Vann, forgetting that he was keeping his while he was speaking, Miss Bessy, with the most intimate business relations with the firm of Perrow natural and engaging unconsciousness in the world, and Son from his companion. tripped to her father's side, and asked him some "Well, I shouldn't suppose you did,' said the question relative to the books on which she was other, with some little contempt in his tone : 'he engaged. The baker, who spoke rather thickly isn't likely to tell everybody he meets about it. and hoarsely, answered her with as much indiffer- But he has lost the last finger on his left hand, as ence as if she had been the journeyman; and the I have seen ; and if you ever meet him again, you girl, sending one swift and apparently accidental notice if he don't always keep his glove on that glance right through the stranger, went back to hand.? her desk. Taking a very hasty leave of the trades- Well,' returned Vann, with a short laugh, 'I man, Vann went his way towards the west end of don't suppose I shall see him again in a hurry. London.

However, I am very glad to find he is lucky. His goal was a well-known rendezvous where, If Apparition wins the big steeple-chase, I will at that time, betting-men of all ranks met in the meet you here to have a glass the night after the evening, and although not rivalling Tattersall's race.' in its importance, yet ranked as a very respectable 'It's a bargain ; I'll be here !' exclaimed the auxiliary to the • Corner;' and here Vann listened other. And the two shook hands, and parted ; greedily in the vicinity of those whom he knew for it had grown late. to be large speculators, or bookmakers. With the As Vann left the hall, he muttered to himself: freemasonry of the turf, he soon got into conversa- It's very odd I never noticed that the governor tion with a man who had been there all the even- had lost a finger ; but now I come to think of it, ing, and was gratified learn that Apparition, he always does wear a glove on his left hand. I his selected animal, was being backed heavily. In somehow think I shall win now, as he is on the the course of half-an-hour, as they sat over their same suit; and if I do, and can only get hold of ale, Vann and his new acquaintance grew confi- what he is backing in future’dential, as men with a common and absorbing of doing this, and the consequences to which it pursuit will do ; and the clerk was enabled to give might lead, engrossed Vann sufficiently to occupy some information respecting a certain Derby out- him until he reached home, where his last waking sider, which impressed his companion so much as thoughts were regrets that he had not a little to induce him to make a special entry in his money by him to put on Apparition. For the pocket-book. He also declared his intention of vista which success in betting opened led up backing the horse ; and then and there proclaimed through as fairy-like a perspective as he could his willingness to stand a fiver to nothing,' or, imagine to where rosy, plump Bessy Capelmann in other words, to give Vann five pounds if it won. stood. Fortune favoured Vann, for on the very At this moment a voice close behind them asking, next day Mr Perrow, senior, in the same quiet way What is Apparition's price ?' caused them both to in which all their business had been managed, gave look round and utter short exclamations, although him five pounds as a return for his trouble in from very different motives. This is a fortunate acting for him extra officially. A great part of fellow,' whispered the stranger: "he is often here, this was invested on Apparition, who came to be and is the best judge going. I knew him a long first favourite ; and, as there is no reason for tiine

ago, when I was abroad, but he was too much dwelling on this part of our story, we may briefly of a swell to know me then, and he's more so say, she won, Whatever Mr Ambrose Perrow's now,

gains might have been, he was hardly likely to 'Indeed,' said Vann. 'I have seen him also in shew by his manner at the office that he had leen the City. Where was he abroad ?'

successful ; nevertheless, his clerk could quite "Oh, well, it was abroad,' said the stranger, rival him in his power of repressing all show of who did not seem disposed to enlarge on that exultation. Nor did any alteration of dress or subject. It's very likely you have seen him in manner reveal to his fellow-clerks that Vann had the City, for he's one of the great firm of Perrow won money : he had for years betted to the utterand Son, Hark!'

most farthing of his means, had known what it “Then you can book me two hundred and fifty was to peril and lose his last shilling, even to to twenty-five about the mare,' said Mr Ambrose leaving himself without the means of providing Perrow.

a meal, and had had his gleams of success. So he Very good, sir,' returned a little dark man. was hardened ; and although more and more eager Some bank-notes changed hands, a couple of lines after money, as men will grow who follow this were written; the transaction was complete; and practice, yet he was devoid of impulse in such the next comer was informed that nine to one matters. In addition to the good fortune just was the highest possible price which could be laid detailed, the outsider won the Derby; and Vann's against Apparition.

friend kept his promise, as, to their credit be it So he is a lucky fellow, is he ?' resumed Vann. said, most betting-men do. So affairs looked 'I am glad to hear it, for I have already backed brighter for the clerk than they had done for a Was he always lucky ?'

long time past, and although, as we have said, he O yes, I daresay he was,' said the man ; but made no change at the office, yet he did so at he said it curtly, as if he did not intend to be led home. Not only did he buy new clothes, and even on to talk. “But I tell you it's a long time since new gloves, but the climax of his weakness was I knew him, and I saw very little of him then : in actually going to church that he might have it was before he wore an eyeglass, and he had the pleasure of sitting near Bessy Capelmann. only just lost his finger; his hand was bound up He was successful; he saw her during the whole through it.'

of the service, and had the pleasure, too, of seeing

the mare.

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her read from the same book and sing from the finished, the preserved milk is ready : if, after a same hymns as did young Mr Banner. Despite of time, the box is opened, it will be found filled with this discouraging state of things, the clerk lingered a thick substance of a yellow white colour, and about the porch until he saw the group coming semi-transparent. Mixed with five times its weight out, when, with a lame pretence of having just of water, a liquid is produced presenting the apcome out also, he assumed an air of great surprise, pearance and offering all the character of ordinary and spoke to Mr Capelmann. He was again not milk. It may cause some surprise to the person without his reward, for at that moment Bessy mixing it to see that what is translucid as long as dropped her church service. Vann, being close to it is a paste, becomes opaque when placed in water. her, had the happiness to pick it up and restore it, This is simply due to a phenomenon in the refracreceiving in return such a smile, and such a look, tion of light. The globules being endowed with and a few such sweet-sounding words, as sent him a different angle of refraction from the water, the home half giddy with excitement and augmented rays of light which regularly traverse either the love.

globules alone or the pure water, take a very At the weekly attendance of Mr Spires the irregular and broken line in the mixture of the verger on the following Thursday for the purpose two. It is found that this milk after being opened of letting sittings, one was taken by Frederick will keep for ten days or more, especially if care Vann, Esquire; this gentleman, in spite of Mr is taken always to skim a layer off the top, thus Spires' advice, choosing a seat in about the least removing the surface in contact with the atmoeligible pew in the whole church, where, as the spheric air and those fermented particles which old clerk remarked, you couldn't hear much, and may have formed upon it. could see nothing.' But even church officials are It is not difficult to explain why the process not infallible,

just described should be attended with a successful

result. When liquid matter is heated so as to CHEMISTRY IN THE KITCHEN.

reduce it to a fifth of its primitive volume, it is

nothing less than taking away the greater part of Of all the services which industrial chemistry is the watery particles it contains. Milk contains likely to give us, those which concern the alimenta- about thirteen parts in a hundred of sugary, fat, tion of the people are perhaps the most valuable, cheesy, and saline substances; the remaining and are accepted as such by the mass. Chemists eighty-seven parts are water : after the concentrahave perfectly understood this

, and have proved it, tion, the proportion of water is reduced to thirtyby the numerous attempts they have made to fur- water has a predominating influence on the de

. nish us with fresh articles of food, or, above all, to velopment of many kinds of fermentation ; the less enable us to draw the best particles from those we water, the more the chances of preservation are already possess. Of a humble and unattractive ap- increased. The sugar which is first added to the pearance, these preparations do not draw the eye milk in a considerable quantity is also an antiof the crowd, and pass unnoticed by many; there is septic; it is upon this quality that the confecnothing in their exterior quality, colour, or form, tioner's art and all the domestic preparation of to excite curiosity. Their merit rests entirely in preserved fruits are based. To give an idea of the the principles which have directed their fabrica- efficacy with which sugar overcomes fermentation tion, and in the applications that may be made of and consequent decay, has sometimes been them; they permit us to point out theory growing observed that in barrels of molasses, which have into practice, and how purely speculative know- come from the colonies, the bodies of small insects ledge may assist various trades.

have been perfectly preserved. The last process Ever since the war in the Crimea, efforts have is not the least important—that which keeps the been made for the preservation of milk; the want milk for some time at a high temperature, to of it during that time of trial was seriously felt, destroy the vitality of the fermenting particles it and the problem to be resolved was, how to contains. The atmosphere that we breathe is produce, in the smallest possible size, a nourishing loaded with these, which fall upon all bodies beverage, which might be weakened with water exposed to the air, and develop themselves by when the time arrived to make use of it. If this decomposing when favourable conditions are to be were discovered, the sale would be large for ships found. These particles become completely inon long voyages where it was not convenient to active, are killed, in fact, by heat of about a take a cow ; in fortresses, or for armies in the field. hundred degrees. As care has been taken herEven in households, there might be times when metically to close the boxes against the air, no such a preparation would be advantageous, but it fresh elements can enter to replace those that have concerns them less directly. The first object the been destroyed. There is still one improvement to managers had in view was, to procure the best be desired, the preserved milk retains the flavour kind of milk, drawn from healthy cows, and fed on of boiled milk; but probably this defect will be fertile pastures in the open air-not, in fact, stall- removed in time by improved processes. fed. This is heated in large flat-bottomed vessels, Domestic economy, it may be said, has little to to which is added white sugar in a fixed propor- do with what has just been described; but there is

l tion; whilst it is heating, continual stirring is another process with which chemists have been necessary, to favour evaporation. When the quan- occupied relating more particularly to it—this is to tity is reduced to one-fifth, this concentrated improve the old way of preserving hams by salting liquid is poured into cylindrical boxes, which are and smoking. Without changing that system, immediately closed by tin solder, to be wholly which in its way is excellent, the application of it impervious to the air. The boxes thus filled are may be made more regular and complete ; and it arranged in a steam-boiler heated to about a is found that the results present a real superiority hundred and four degrees. When this process is over the former plan. Nothing is more simple

CHEMISTRY IN THE KITCHEN.

135

than the theory of salting meat: kitchen salt has a of wood, and consequently the combustion goes on great affinity for water; it draws towards it that invariably under the same conditions. which is contained in the muscular fibres of meat Thus constant results are obtained, and nothing when it comes in contact with it. It is by the is left to chance : the success has justified the absorption of water, as well as by the antiseptic hopes of the inventor, M. Martin de Lignac. The qualities which it possesses, that it prevents fer-meat prepared in his manufactory has been highly mentation. But this absorption in ordinary salting appreciated by consumers. Many agriculturists, is very irregular ; whilst the outer parts of a piece who formerly used a more or less imperfect mode of meat are saturated with salt, contracting and of salting their pigs, have adopted his method. If hardening it to the serious disadvantage of the there is additional expense, they are sure, on the eaters, the centre is almost withdrawn from the other hand, of having hams which never fail to be antiseptic action of the salt. Much of this may be well preserved, and about which they feel no diminished by adding a proportion of sugar, which anxiety; and in addition to these proofs of popular makes the surface desiccation less powerful ; but it favour, the gold medal of the last International is only a palliative, not reaching the original evil. Exhibition in Paris was awarded to him. After this irregular salting, the meat is submitted Let us turn to another very important trade to the action of smoke; the tar proceeding from the which has arisen within the last few years—that of combustion of wood, especially the creosote, pene- German yeast. Taking up the idea that chemists trates into the pores and between the fibres, para- had formed, that yeast was a vegetation which lysing or destroying the germs of cryptogamic grew in the vats of breweries, some persons in vegetation and fermentation. The more the action Austria and Moravia began to cultivate this parof the smoke is prolonged, penetrating deeply and ticular kind of leaven, which should be free from in an efficacious manner, the more the flavour of the strong odour and bitterness of malt. In the meat is likely to be spoiled by the predominant this way they have succeeded in developing the flavour which these pyrogenous matters have when qualities, and producing a fermenting substance condensed.

endowed with remarkable power, which, in a very The improvement sought for is produced by small compass, gives better results than any other giving precision to the quantities and regularity of kind that housekeepers have adopted.

It is a action over the whole mass submitted to salting and gray, firm paste, crumbling at the touch, and exsmoking. This is the course of operation. As soon haling a slightly sour odour. As heat changes it as the pieces of pork come to the kitchen, the quickly, it could not have been available in other weight of each is written down in chalk on a black countries before the establishment of railways; it board. The salt is employed in a liquid state, the spoils much in the same way as animal matters in dissolution being proportioned in the same quanti- a state of putrefaction. This is how it is manuties for all meat; so that, by a calculation made factured ; and besides the yeast, some accessory beforehand, it is known how much saline mixture productions are obtained as alcohol, and a residuum must be given to the weight of each piece. The of a kind of malt which is used for the fattening reservoir containing this is placed on a higher stage, of cows and sheep. and communicates with the operator by a flexible Three kinds of grain, maize, rye, and malted india-rubber pipe, terminating in a slender metallic barley, after having been reduced to powder and tube with a tap. Each ham is laid on the scale ; mixed together, are macerated in water at a temwhilst in the other is the weight, not only of the perature of sixty-five or seventy degrees. Under ham, but of the salt which must be added to it. these conditions, the active principle previously The workman introduces the tube into the ham at developed in the barley reacts on the starch, and the thin end, and then turns the tap; the saline transforms it into two other products immediately liquid forced into the cellular tissues by the pres- soluble, called dextrine and glucose, which are sure from the reservoir, equal to a column of water analogous to grape-sugar. At the end of a few of about sixteen feet high, insinuates itself between hours, this sacchariferous process is complete; the the muscles, and swells the mass in a very appa- liquid is racked off and refined, whilst alcoholic rent manner, at the same time the weight increases. fermentation is produced by introducing a small At the precise moment when the ham has received quantity of leaven, reserved from a previous operathe proper amount of salt, the weight in the other tion. Under the action of the leaven, the glucose scale falls, and the workman closes the tap. Thus is divided into carbonic acid, alcohol, and other the salting has penetrated to the interior; and to accessories. At the same time, the dextrine, in insure the preparation of all the exterior, the hams which the sugary process is no longer retarded by are steeped for a few days in a tub filled with the an excess of glucose, gradually transforms itself same liquid. From this they are carried to the into glucose ; under this new form, it submits to smoking-chamber, a large room, into which open the mysterious action of the leaven, and contributes two chimneys communicating with fires in a lower towards enriching the liquor with an additional story. The smoke arising from the combustion of quantity of alcohol ; whilst the carbonic acid, wood spreads through the space at the same time as rendered free, disengages itself in the form of gas. it warms the air; thus the ħams are partially dried A question naturally presents itself to the mind : as well as smoked. Thermometers are hung in How does the leaven act ? and why does it decomdifferent places, and are visible from the outside, pose the glucose? Unfortunately, among,

the

many so that the temperature is carefully regulated different replies which have been made to this The only wood used is very dry oak ; thus the question, there is none which is completely satispyroligneous properties are always identical. The factory. The only certain thing is, that the weight of wood to be burned has been made with globules of leaven are reproduced by a sort of equal precision, according to the amount of smoke budding process, giving birth at first to the most it gives out ; for the quantity of air introduced minute particles, which grow rapidly, reaching the into the stoves is always proportioned to the weight largest dimensions that these corpuscles ever present; that is to say, about the three-thousandth civilised countries they have acquired a commerpart of a foot. In this mode of manufacturing cial value which covers the price of the freight; yeast, care is taken to furnish these vegetables, they are largely used by the cutlers; gelatine is exby the composition of the malt in which they are tracted from them; by burning them, the substance developed, with a much richer nourishment than is obtained which clarifies sugar ; phosphorus is the malt of ordinary breweries. This is the made from them, and lastly, they furnish the most essential principle of this new preparation. On valuable manure for the agriculturist. this account, the vital activity of the fermentation As for the skins, the country not offering the is much greater. The carbonic acid disengages necessary resources for the establishment of tanitself in such abundance, that the leaven drawn up yards, they were exported in a fresh state. A new with it floats on the liquid, forming a thick foam. agent, phenic acid, preserved them from any alteraIt is clear that these are the most powerful globules tion during the voyage. It is the best antiseptic which are thus raised and sustained on the surface known; there is no animal fermentation which can by the bubbles of gas. They are skimmed off as resist it, no putrefaction that it does not arrest. they appear, leaving the less active leaven at the After this, there only remained the flesh to perish bottom of the vat. Before despatching it to every for want of suitable means of preservation. The country, there is nothing to be done but to drain employment of phenic acid could not be thought it, wash it slightly on a sheet, and, in order to of; excellent as it is for the purification of stables, render it less impervious to the action of the air houses, and hospitals, it does not answer for articles and heat, to submit it to the hydraulic press, of food. Though it has been purified so as to which eliminates the greater part of the liquid. obtain colourless crystals, it always has an odour In this state it may be preserved for eight or of the coal-tar from which it is extracted, which fifteen days, according to the season.

gives a flavour to the meat. In default of a modern When examined by the help of a microscope, antiseptic, another was tried, less efficacious, and this leaven is composed of ovate granules, trans- as old as civilisation-common salt; but no deciparent, and of regular size ; the greater part are of sive result was obtained : it did not give complete the size mentioned above; whilst a few, which security, and it did not yet appear possible economimay be called the young ones, do not reach a cally to preserve the meat which was left to perish. quarter of that diameter. It is evidently owing to The well-known chemist, Dr Liebig, directed his the abundance of nutritive principles which are researches in another way; instead of exporting furnished at the moment when it is formed, and the flesh, he wished to concentrate on the spot, to other favourable arrangements, that the German and in a small compass, the principal nutritive yeast owes the very rich composition and vigorous elements ; to obtain an extract of meat, which, vitality with which it is endowed. For example, when it reached England, might be weakened by maize-flour possesses three times as much of fatty thirty times its weight of water, and give a liquid substances as barley or wheat flour ; and this is having all the essential qualities of ordinary beefone of the causes of the large proportion which tea. This new commercial production has been is found in the pressed yeast, as it is sometimes largely consumed in England and Germany; called, the glucose also assisting in this respect. it is used in the navy, and in distant colonies It is the same with the azotic or mineral composi- where food is difficult to obtain ; but in France, tions, which make the German yeast so much more where refinement of taste is greater, the success valuable than the brewer's yeast; endowed as it is has not been so general. This is the manner with greater energy,

half the quantity produces a in which it is prepared ; the process more regular and active fermentation. Every simple, and suited to the primitive state of the housekeeper will allow that bread made with it is country: After the animal is killed, the meat is lighter than the other; this is owing to the dis- cut very small, and steeped in an equal quantity engagement of the gas being more uniform, the of water ; this is boiled for a quarter of an hour, dough is more homogeneous, and, consequently, when the whole is thrown into a linen cloth, and better raised. Owing to the mode of preparation, the liquid which passes through is the beef-tea in it contains neither the bitter flavour nor the its normal state. There is, however, too large a strongly scented essential oil of the hop.

proportion of water, and some fat, which would Leaving these home manufactures, the last interfere with its keeping. The hydraulic press is example of the power of chemistry will be found applied to the mass of meat which is left after in the immense prairies of La Plată and Australia. straining; and thus pressed it forms a sort of cake, Here wander innumerable flocks of sheep and which is considered to be exhausted of all eatable cattle; a vigorous vegetation, favoured by a warm particles ; a residue which at some future time will climate and the humid salt emanations from the probably be turned to a useful purpose.

The sea, provides abundance of nourishment; animals liquid is again heated, and the fat being carefully prosper and multiply amazingly. The South skimmed off the top, it is boiled down to one-sixth American hunters are numerous also ; and the of its original volume, and brought to the connumber of cattle killed every month may be sistency of extract, keeping it from all contact counted by hundreds of thousands, so that the with the air in a vessel where a vacuum has been wonder is that they do not wholly disappear

. In made by means of a pneumatic pump. Nothing former days, this rough sport was carried on for more is wanting but to pour it into jars hermetithe sake of the hides and wool only; the flesh, cally closed, and sealed with a leaden seal, to bones, and sinews were too difficult of transport preserve them from adulteration. and preservation for this rudimentary trade, and The first commercial inferiority of the extract of lay abandoned on the spot. Some persons inter- meat arises from the fact, that for the same quantity ested themselves to utilise more fully these waifs of nutritive elements, it costs more than ordinary and strays of the chase. At first, it was proposed broth ; so that it need never be supposed that the to export the bones to England and France. In flocks of South America and Australia will reduce

is very

BIM. AMONG THE BEASTS.

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in any manner the price of butcher-meat here. but that was by very ill-behaved boys, and it was Besides this objection, the extract during its pre- thought to be very rude.” paration loses a part of its aroma, and contracts a *Was it ? Well, that's a matter of opinion. If alightly acid flavour, which becomes more apparent they had called him a beaver, it would have been the stronger the infusion is made; and finally, there a compliment. What you must all come to, howis a deep colour, which is always avoided in the ever, is not dust, as you think, but fur and feathers. domestic preparation. The greater part of these All men sooner or later become animals. If they disadvantages will probably disappear when the have been bad men, they transmigrate into the company has perfected its apparatus. Instead of bodies of bad beasts, of which there is here a large the flesh being chopped by men, the machines used assortment; while the good men become beavers. here for that purpose would do it much more I see,' said Abimelech ; but I am almost afraid quickly, and with less waste. The alteration of he didn't. the liquid during concentration, both in colour “There are some wise races,' continued Castor and flavour, might be prevented by the use of the Fiber, who, even as men, are almost equal to system employed by the sugar-refiners-vessels Rodents.' heated by steam.

'I know,' cried Bim. with the vivacity of a The cakes of pressed meat too, containing, as they sharp little boy in class who is afraid that the do, fibrine, albumen, phosphate of magnesia, and one question he can answer will not come down chalk, ought to be put to some use; if nothing to him. “You're a Rodent: I've read that in better can be found, at least it would not be difficult | Wood.' to make them into a manure of unexceptionable The Siamese, for instance,' pursued the beaver, richness. The bones also, which are now used to without regarding this egotistic interruption, never heat the caldrons, might find a more remunerative destroy animals, for fear they should thereby kil} destination. It ought to be possible to lower the their relatives, with the exception of the white price to a quarter of its present value; and we need elephant, whom they believe to have been their not doubt that the chemists who have already done mother-in-law. Similarly, the Banians of Indiaso much for us, will make every effort to improve sometimes, from this conscientious abstemiousness, and cheapen such a valuable addition to our diet. termed Banyans—are not only vegetarians, but will

redeem any animal who is about to be killed, and

suffer it to go at large. These nations, however, are BIM. AMONG THE BEASTS. honourable exceptions. I daresay you have eaten

innocent sucking-pig without a twinge.? CHAPTER 1.—THE SPECULATING BEAVER.

'I ate it once, reflected Abimelech, 'though not "To see Skiddaw's Peak is a wonderful sight,' says without several twinges; the doctor said they the old proverb, “but to hear Skiddaw speak is were caused by the rich crackling and the currant much more surprising ;' similarly, to see the sauce. It was the first day we came to Bantling Beaver had been an agreeable surprise to Bim., but Terrace ; but I shall never forget it.' to hear him was a still more unexpected pleasure.

You live in Bantling, Terrace, do u ?'

you The animal was a very common specimen of his teeth! Well, that is a good one. Why, I ran up

squeaked the beaver merrily. 'O my tail and genus, too-with long chestnut hair, such as his those houses myself.' enemies would have called 'red,' much soiled with 'Not lately, did you ?' said Bim. simply. 'I mud; and claws that looked as if he were a pastry- should very much like to have seen you at it. cook in the dirt-pie line. He stood on his hind 'I mean, I built 'em, you silly boy. I built 'em legs, leaning his fore-paws against the wire of the with this very trowel, and that is why I am here enclosure, and looked up at our young friend as in the mud and muck, instead of holding my head inquisitively as he looked at him.

up with the giraffe and the best of them. The I had no idea that beavers could talk,' ex- fact is, I scamped the work. You find the drains claimed Abimelech, though I knew they could are a little odoriferous, don't you ? And you can make dams and lodges. What very intelligent hear all that's going on in the next house? Well, animals you must be !"

you are indebted for those advantages to me. Ah! you may say that; but I was not always Here his light tone altered to one of deep cona beaver. I was a speculative builder. trition. But to jest at such conduct only Observe my flat paddle-shaped tail; that used to befits the laughing jackass. My object (alas !) was be my trowel. I work in mud now, but there was to sell 'em, not to do my duty by 'em; and that's a time when I dabbled in bricks and mortar. why I'm a beaver.' The poor animal flapped its Have you never read of Pythagoras ?'

paws, and beat its tail about in a manner quite Abimelech scratched his little head; but that deplorable to witness. only affected the surface. If there was anything I thought you said that all beavers had been inside it about Pythagoras (which I doubt), it did good men ?' said Abimelech, whose own name (as

you remember) means in the original) the Soul of I see you have not, said the beaver, with a Truth. look of rather low. cunning. "Don't distress your- 'I daresay I did. I am as great a liar now as I self on that account; no more have I. But I have always was. You can't get on as a speculating heard about him from the Secretary Bird, who builder without it; I defy you to do it. Look at knows everything. He was the first man who the mortgagees.' found out that beasts had once been men : that Bim. looked about him, but saw nothing, except men are often beasts, you have probably discovered the beaver in tears. for yourself.'

Yes, young gentleman, I was too clever by half.

I "Well, I have heard it said,' replied Abimelech “ It is much better to be good than to be clever,” hesitatingly, that our schoolmaster is a beast ; l as the lord-mayor told the excellent Francis Good

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