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Say not, treasonous. Buck. To the king I'll say 'ts and make my vouch as
'Faith, and so it did.
Or but allay, the fire of passion.] So, in Hamlet :
Sprinkle cool patience.” Steevens.
sincere motions,)] Honest indignation, warmth of integrity. Perhaps name not, should be blame-not.
Whom from the flow of gall I blame not. Johnson.
- for he is equal ravenous,] Equal for equally. Shakspeare frequently uses adjectives adverbially. See King John, Vol. VII, p. 415, n. 4. Malone.
- his mind and place Infecting one another,] This is very satirical. His mind he represents as highly corrupt; and yet he supposes the contagion of the place of first minister as adding an infection to it.
Warburton. suggests the king our master -] Suggests, for excites.
Warburton. So, in King Richard II:
“ Suggest his soon-believing adversaries.” Steevens.
As give a crutch to the dead: But our count-cardinal
I am sorry
No, not a syllable ;
our count-cardinal -1 Wolsey ís afterwards called king cardinal. Mr. Pope and the subsequent editors read-court-cardinal. Malone.
He privily —] He, which is not in the original copy, was added by the editor of the second folio. Malone.
thus the cardinal Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases,] This was a prorerbial expression. See King Richard III, Act V, sc. iii.
Malone. The same phrase occurs also in King Henry VI, Part I:
from bought and sold lord Talbot.” Again, in The Comedy of Errors: " It would make a man as mad as a buck, to be so bought and sold.” Steevens.
- he were Something mistaken in't.] That is, that he were something different from what he is taken or supposed by you to be. Malone.
Enter BRANDON; a Sergeant at Arms before him, and
two or three of the Guard. Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it. Serg.
you, my lord,
I am sorry
It will help me nothing,
As the duke said
Here is a warrant from
- practice. ] i. e. unfair stratagem. So, in Othello, Act V:
“ Fallen in the practice of a cursed slave." And in this play, Surrey, speaking of Wolsey, says:
“How came his practices to light?” Reed.
1 I am sorry
To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on
The business present:) I am sorry that I am obliged to be present and an eye-witness of your loss of liberty. Johnson.
- lord Montacute;] This was Henry Pole, grandson to George Duke of Clarence, and eldest brother to Cardinal Pole. He had married the Lord Abergavenny's daughter. He was restored to favour at this juncture, but was afterwards executed for another treason in this reign. Reet.
One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor, 4-
Bran. A monk o’the Chartreux.
0, Nicholas Hopkins ?5 Bran.
He. Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great cardinal Hath show'd him gold: my life is spann'd already : 8 I am the shadow of poor Buckingham ;? Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, By dark’ning my clear sun. --My lord, farewel. [Exeunt.
3 John de la Court,] The name of this monk of the Char. treux was John de la Car, alias de la Court. See Holinshed, p. 863.
Steevens. 4 One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,] The old copies have ithis counsellor; but I, from the authorities of Hall and Holinshed changed it to chancellor. And our poet himself, in the beginning of the second Act, vouches for this correction:
" At which, appear'd against him his surveyor,
“Sir Gilbert Peck, his chancellor.” Theobald. I believe (in the former instance) the author wrote-And Gili bert &c. Malone.
Nicholas Hopkins?] The old copy bas-Michael Hop. kins. Mr. Theobald made the emendation, conformably to the Chronicle : “ Nicholas Hopkins, a monk of an house of the Char. treux order, beside Bristow, called Henton.” In the MS. Nich. only was probably set down, and mistaken for Mich. Malone.
my life is spann'd already:] To span is to gripe, or inclose in the hand; to span is also to measure by the palm and fingers. The meaning, therefore, may either be, that hold is taken of my life, my life is in the gripe of my enemies; or, that my time is mea sured, the length of my life is now determined. Fohnson.
Man's life, in scripture, is said to be but a span long. Probably, therefore, it means, when 'tis spann'd’tis ended. Reed.
? I am the shadow of poor Buckingham ;] So, in the old play of King Leir, 1605:
“And think me but the shadow of myself.” Steevens. 8 I am the shadow of poor Buckingham; Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on,
By dark’ning my clear sun.] These lines have passed all the editors. Does the reader understand them? By me they are inexplicable, and must be left, I fear, to some happier sagacity. If the usage of our author's time could allow figure to be taken, as now, for dignity or importance, we might read:
Whose figure even this instant cloud puts out. But I cannot please myself with any conjecture.
Cornets. Enter King HENRY, Cardinal Wolsey, the
Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas LOVELL, Officers, and Attendants. The King enters leaning on the Cardinals shoulder.
K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it, Thanks
you for this great care : I stood i' the level
Another explanation may be given, somewhat harsh, but the best that occurs to me :
I am the shadow of poor Buckingham,
Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, whose port and dignity is assumed by the Cardinal, that overclouds and oppresses me, and who gains my place
By dark’ning my clear sun. Fohnson.
“0, how this spring of love resembleth
“ And, by and by, a cloud takes all away.” Antony, remarking on the various appearances assumed by the flying vapours, adds:
"now thy captain is
“But cannot hold this visible shape, my knave.” Or yet, more appositely, in King John:
being but the shadow of your son “Becomes a sun, and makes your son a shadow." Such another thought occurs in the famous History of Thomas Stukely, 1605:
“ He is the substance of my shadowed love." There is likewise a passage similar to the conclusion of this, in Rollo, or the Bloody Brother, of Beaumont and Fletcher':
is drawn so high, that, like an ominous comet, “ He darkens all your light.” We might, however, read-pouts on; i. e. looks gloomily upon. So, in Coriolanus, Act V, sc. i:
“ To give, or to forgive."
“ Thou pout'st upon thy fortune and thy love." Wolsey could only reach Buckingham through the medium of the King's power. The Duke therefore compares the Cardinal