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with Life; and who, alas ! once little thought, that this Testimony of Veneration would be all the Tribute of Gratitude left in his power to render to the most exalted of Minds and the kindeft of Hearts.

ORIGINAL PREFACE

TO

That Part of the MEMOIRS which ends

with the BATTLE off LA HOGUE,

TH

HE following Memoirs were undertaken

by the advice of the Person to whose memory they are inscribed. He used to call himself a fugitive from the muses : And indeed, amidst his vast variety of business, he still sacrificed to them in secret. He advised me also not to trust to printed books for materials, but to get access to original papers. I followed advices which to me had the authority of commands, because they were always kind, and always just; and I procured materials in England, Scotland, and France, far superior to what any lingle person has hitherto been able to obtain.

I am nevertheless conscious that they are not equal to the dignity of the subject. There are some family-memoirs in London of great authority, which I wished much to have seen; but it VOL. I,

b

required

'

required a train of solicitation to get access to them, to which no man of common pride could submit.

Notwithstanding the advantages I have had, I found myself under great difficulties in giving a Review of the reign of Charles II. because that Prince made mere tools of his ministers, and even of his brother. The best key to the secrets of his reign lies in the dispatches of Barillon the French ambaffador, which are in the Depôt des Affaires Etrangeres at Versailles. Mr. Stanley gave me a letter of introduction to the Duc de Choiseul, in expresions which did honour to him who wrote it. Lord Harcourt and Mr. Walpole, considering the cause of letters to be the cause of England, seconded my request. The Duc de Choiffeul, with that liberality of sentiment which distinguishes almost every Frenchman of high rank, gave directions that I should have copies of the papers I wanted. But Mons. Durand, in whose custody they were, having been, last summer, fent minister to Vienna, I have not yet received the papers ;

and in the mean time, as I have been very careless in giving away copies of the Memoirs to which that Review is now prefixed, some of these have been loft. It is usual for men to urge the fear of their works being pirated, as an affected excuse for their publishing at all: But, in my case, it is really a just just one for publishing before this

Review

Review was as complete as I wished to have made it.

I have generally quoted the papers, of which I have either the originals or the copies in my possession; others, I mean those of king James, although of the highest authority of all, I have not quoted, because I have no extracts. Since the first edition of the Memoirs was published in Scotland, I have fortunately fallen upon a collection of papers in London, which vouch almost all the new facts that are to be found in them. The papers I mean are those of the late Mr. Carte, now in the poffefion of Mr. Jernegan, who married his widow. They consist of very full nores, extracted from the memoirs of James the Second, now in the Scots College at Paris, written by that Prince's own hand, and of many original state-papers, and copies of others of the court of St. Germains. The extracts from the memoirs are in Mr. Carte's hand-writing, and he had an order for all these different papers from the Stuart family. I could have easily made a second volume of the papers in my hands; but am not fond of taxing the public for what only the curious in the history of their country care to read. However, if the public express. any desire to see them, they shall still be published; and, if I receive Barillon's difpatches soon enough, they shall be printed with the rest. b 2

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Every man who keeps good company, and does not combat every one he meets about his political principles, must hear many circumItances from men of different parties, which are not to be found in printed books, relative to a period so late and so interesting as that of which I have endeavoured to give an account; and these anecdotes are often better founded than facts which have been published. For a lie may live for a day, or a year; but it will hardly pass from father to son for near a century. In the course of my inquiries, I have often found a current report, of which no one can tell the origin, authenticated by a number of original papers. Some circumstances, therefore, which are in the mouths of all, although in no one's library, I have introduced into these Memoirs ; where I did so, I have often expressed it; where I have not, it has arisen from an inattention which, perhaps, may be excused in one who writes only when he cannot better employ or amuse himself.

In order to give variety to the narration, and to avoid making reflections myself, I have often thrown what people thought, into what they said. This, though warranted by the example of almost all the ancient historians, and the greatest of the moderns, may, in this age, give an appearance of infidelity to the narrative. But I Aatter myself a reader of taste will easily perceive

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