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(ACT of May 12th, 1820.) thousand seven hundred and ninety, which were good and valid in law, and recognised by the act of the said state of North Carolina, commonly called the cesssion act, passed the day of December, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, and which lie west and south of the line described in the act to which this is supplementary; and also to issue grants and perfect titles on all warrants of survey, interfering entries and locations, which might be removed by the cession act of North Carolina aforesaid, and which are good and valid in law, and which have not been actually located or granted, east and north of the aforesaid line; and all interfering grants which are good and valid in law, or the warrants or certificates legally issued, in consequence of such interference, on land lying south and west of the said line, in the manner, and under the same and similar rules, regulations, and restrictions, as are prescribed by the laws now in force in the said state of Tennessee, for issuing grants and perfecting titles on claims of a like nature for lands lying north and east of the said lines.

Sec. 11. Previous to issuing a grant or perfecting a title on any of the claims herein before described, the warrant, or other legal evidence of such claim, shall be laid before the commissioner of land claims for West Tennessee, for the time being, appointed by the authority of the said state, and approved by him as valid, upon sufficient legal evidence being adduced of such validity, according to the rules and regulations prescribed by the laws of the said state now in force, for deciding on warrants and other land claims of the like nature, authorised to be perfected into grants, north and west of the aforesaid line; and upon such warrant, or other legal evidence, of any of the claims aforesaid being declared valid by said commissioner, it shall be lawful for the surveyor of the proper district, or county, to lay off and survey the same, in the manner prescribed by the laws of the said state in similar cases, and return such survey to the register of the land office of West Tennessee, who shall thereupon be authorised to make out a grant thereon, to be executed by the governor, and countersigned by the secretary of the said state, in the manner provided by the laws of the same: Provided, that no surveys shall be made, grants issued, or titles perfected, by virtue of this act, for any land to which the Indian claim has not been previously extinguished.

ACT of May 12, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 87. 6. The consent of congress is hereby, given to a compact or agreement, made and concluded, by and between the states of Kentucky and Tennessee, at Frankfort, in Kentucky, on the second day of February, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, to adjust and establish the boundary line between them, and for other purposes.

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ACT of September 2, 1789. 2 Biorén, 48.

An act to establish the treasury department. 1. Sec. I. There shall be a department of treasury, in which shall be the following officers, namely; a secretary of the treasury, to be deemed head of the department; a comptroller, an auditor, a treasurer, a register, and an assistant to the secretary of the trea. ry, which assistant shall be appointed by the said secretary

[Altered infra, 11.] 2. Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of public credit; to prepare and report estimates of the public revenue, and the public expenditures; to superintend the collection of the revenue; to decide on the forms of keeping and stating accounts and making returns, and to grant, under the limitations herein established, or to be hereafter provided, all warrants for moneys to be issued from the treasury, in pursuance of appropriations by law; to execute such services relative to the sale of the lands belonging to the United States, as may be by law required of him; to make report, and give information, to either branch of the legislature, in person or in writing, (as he may be required,) respecting all matters referred to him by the se. nate or house of representatives, or which shall appertain to his office; and, generally, to perform all such services, relative to the finances, as he shall be directed to perform.

3. Sec. 111. It shall be the duty of the comptroller to superintend the adjustment and preservation of the public accounts; to examine all accounts settled by the auditor, and certify the balances arising thereon to the register; to countersign all warrants drawn by the secretary of the treasury, which shall be warranted by law; to report to the secretary the official forms of all papers to be issued in the different offices for collecting the public revenue, and the manner and form of keeping and stating the accounts of the several persons employed therein: He shall, moreover, provide for the regular and punctual payment of all moneys which may be collected, and shall direct prosecutions for all delinquencies of officers of the revenue, and for debts that are, or shall be, due to the United States. (See title ACCOUNTS.]

4. Sec. iv. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive and keep the moneys of the United States, and to disburse the same upon warrants drawn by the secretary of the treasury, counter

emples of the treaball be the one

(ACT' of September 20, 1789.) signed by the comptroller, recorded by the register, and not otherwise, he shall take receipts for all moneys paid by him, and all receipts for moneys received by him shall be endorsed upon warrants signed by the secretary of the treasury, without which warrant, so signed, no acknowledgment for money received into the public treasury shall be valid. And the said treasurer shall render his accounts to the comptroller quarterly, (or oftener if required,) and shall transmit a copy thereof, when settled, to the secretary of the treasury. He shall, moreover, on the third day of every session of congress, lay before the senate and house of representatives, fair and accurate copies of all accounts by him, from time to time, rendered to, and settled with, the comptroller as aforesaid, as, also, a true and perfect account of the state of the treasury. He shall, at all times, submit to the secretary of the treasury, and the comptroller, or either of them, the inspection of the moneys in his hands; and shall, prior to the entering upon the duties of his office, give bond, with sufficient sureties, to be ap. proved by the secretary of the treasury and comptroller, in the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, pay able to the United States, with condition for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, and for the fidelity of the persons to be by him employed, which bond shall be lodged in the office of the comptroller of the treasury of the United States.

5. Sec. v. It shall be the duty of the auditor to receive all public accounts, and, after examination, to certify the balance, and transmit the accounts, with the vouchers and certificate, to the comptroller, for his decision thereon: Provided, That if any person, whose account shall be so audited, be dissatisfied therewith, he may, within six months, appeal to the comptroller against such settlement.

6. Sec. vi. It shall be the duty of the register to keep all accounts of the receipts and expenditures of the public money, and of all debts due to or from the United States; to receive from the comptroller the accounts which shall have been finally adjusted, and to preserve such accounts with their vouchers and certificates; to record all warrants for the receipt or payment of moneys at the treasury, certify the same thereon, and to transmit to the secretary of the treasury copies of the certificates of balances of accounts adjusted as is herein directed.

7. Sec. viii. No person appointed to any office instituted by this act, shall, directly or indirectly, be concerned or interested in carrying on the business of trade or commerce, or be owner, in whole or in part, of any sea vessel, or purchase, by himself, or another in trust for him, any public lands or other public property, or be concerned in the purchase or disposal of any public securities of any state, or of the United States, or take or apply to his own use, any emolument or gain for negociating or transacting any business in the said department, other than what shall be allowed by law; and if any person shall offend against any of the prohibitions

(ACT of May 8th, 1792.) of this act, he shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and forfeit to the United States the penalty of three thousand dollars, and shall, upon conviction, be removed from office, and forever thereafter incapable of holding any office under the United States: Provided, That if any other person than a public prosecutor shall give information of any such offence, upon which a prosecution and conviction shall be had, one half the aforesaid penalty of three thousand dollars, when recovered, shall be for the use of the person giving such information. [Altered infra, 11.]

ACT of March 3, 1791. 2 Bioren, 223. An act supplemental to the act “establishing the treasury department," and for

a farther compensation to certain officers. Sec. 1. The eighth section of the act, entitled, “ An act to establish the treasury department,” passed the second day of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, shall be, and the same is hereby, extended to all and every of the clerks employed in the treasury department, as fully and effectually as if they, and every of them, were specially named therein, except as to the penalty in such section mentioned, which, in case of any such clerk offending against the provisions of the said section, shall be five hundred dollars, and removal from office.

8. Sec. 11. Each and every clerk, and other officer already appointed in any of the departments of the United States, (and who have not, since their appointment, taken the oath or affirmation hereafter mentioned) shall, within fifteen days after the passing of this act, and those who shall hereafter be appointed, shall, before they enter upon the duties of such appointment, take an oath or affirmation, before one of the justices of the supreme court, or one of the judges of a district court of the United States, to support the constitution of the United States, and also an oath or affirmation, well and faithfully to execute the trust committed to him, which oaths or affirmations, subscribed by such clerk, and certified by the person administering the same, shall be filed in the office of the person employing such clerk.

ACT of May 8, 1792. 2 Bioren, 303. An act making alterations in the treasury and war departments. 9. Sec. 1. There shall be an accountant to the department of war, who shall be charged with the settlement of all accounts relative to the pay of the army, the subsistence of officers, bounties to soldiers, the expenses of the recruiting service, the incidental and contingent expenses of the department; and who shall report, from time to time, all such settlements as shall have been made by him, for the inspection and revision of the accounting officers of the treasury; and the said accountant shall also be charged with the settlement of all claims for personal service, authorized by the act of this congress of the twenty-seventh of March last, and of all military claims lodged in the late office of the paymaster gene

one thompensationalis be directe

(ACT of July 16th, 1793.) ral, and commissioner of army accounts, which are not foreclosed by the acts of limitation of the late congress, and he shall report, from time to time, all such settlements as have been made by him, for the inspection and revision of the comptroller of the treasury. The compensation of the said accountant shall be a yearly salary of one thousand two hundred dollars...

[Altered as to the salary, see SALARIES, 4.] ,

10. Sec. II, The treasurer of the United States shall dishurse all such moneys as shall have been previously ordered for the use of the department of war by warrants from the treasury; which disbursements shall be made pursuant to warrants from the secretary of war, countersigned by the accountant.

11. Sec. vi. The present office of assistant to the secretary of the treasury, shall be abolished; and instead thereof, there shall be an officer in the department of the treasury to be denominated commissioner of the revenue, who shall be charged with superintending under the direction of the head of the department, the col. lection of the other revenues of the United States; and shall execute such other services, being conformable to the constitution of the department as shall be directed by the secretary of the treasury. The compensation of the said commissioner shall be a salary of one thousand nine hundred dollars per annum.

[This salary was increased to two thousand four hundred dollars, by an act passed March 2, 1793. And was made three thousand by act of March 2, 1799, which last act was limited to three years, and has not been revived as to that part which relates to commissioner of the revenue; the office was discontinued, but revived, see Infra, 18, and see title TAXES, 2, Ante, page, 810.]

12. Sec. VII. [Altered and supplied, see title STATE depart. ment, 9.1

Sec. ix. (See ACCOUNTS, 1.1

13. Sec. xi. The restriction on the clerks of the department of the treasury, so far as respects the carrying on of any trade, or business, other than in the funds, or debts of the United States, or of any state, or in any kind of public property, be abolished, and such restriction, so far as respects the funds or debts of the United States, or of any state, or any public property of either, shall be extended to the commissioner of the revenue, and to all persons employed in their respective offices, and to all officers of the United States concerned in the collection or disbursement of the revenues thereof, under the penalties prescribed in the eighth section of the act, entitled “An act to establish the treasury department; and the provisions relative to the officers in the treasury department, contained in the “ Act to establish the post office and post roads," shall be, and hereby are, extended and applied to the commissioner of the revenue.

ACT of July 16, 1798. 3 Bioren, 114. 14. Sec, 11. The treasurer of the United States shall disburse

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