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(ACT of March 30th, 1802.)
2. Sec. n. The president of the United States, hereby is further authorized and empowered, to cause to be defrayed on the part of the United States, the reasonable expenses of such Indians as may from time to time visit the seat of government thereof, for their journey to, stay at, and return from the same; and also to cause to be given to such Indians, during their stay as aforesaid, such presents as he shall judge necessary.
Sec. in. A separate account of all rations issued, and expenses defrayed as aforesaid, and of the expenditures occasioned by such presents, shall be kept at the department of war.
ACT of March 30th, 1802. 3 Bioren, 460.
An act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers.
3. Sec. I. The following boundary line, established by treaty between the United States, and various Indian tribes, shall be clearly ascertained, and distinctly marked in all such places as the president of the United States shall deem necessary, and in such manner as he shall direct, to wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Cayahoga river, on lake Erie, and running thence, up the same, to the portage between that and the Tuscaroras branch of the Muskingum; thence down that branch, to the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; thence, westwardly, to a fork of that branch of the Great Miami river running into the Ohio; at or near which fork stood Laromie's store, and where commences the portage, between the Miami of the Ohio and St. Mary's river, which is a branch of the Miami, which runs into lake Erie; thence, a westwardly course, to Fort Recovery, which stands on a branch of the Wabash; thence, southwestwardly, in a direct line to the Ohio, so as to intersect that river opposite the mouth of Kentucky or Cuttawa river; thence, down the said river Ohio, to the tract of one hundred and fifty thousand acres, near the rapids of the Ohio, which has been assigned to general Clarke, for the use of himself and his warriors; thence, around the said tract, on the line of the said tract, till it shall again intersect the said river Ohio; thence, down the same, to a point opposite the high lands, or ridge, between the mouth of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers; thence, southeastwardly, on the said ridge to a point, from whence a southwest line will strike the mouth of Duck river; thence, still eastward ly, on the said ridge, to a point forty miles above Nashville; thence, northeast, to Cumberland river; thence, up the said river, to where the Kentucky road ci osses the same; thence, to the Cumberland Mountain, at the point of Campbell's line; thence, in a southwestwardly direction, along the foot of the Cumberland Mountain, to Emory's river; thence, down the same, to its junction with the river Clinch; thence, down the river Clinch to Hawkins's line; thence, along the same to a white oak, marked one mile Tree; thence, south, fifty-one degrees west, three hundred and
(ACT of March 30th, 1802.)
twenty-eight chains, to a large ash tree on the bank of the river Teunessee, one mile below Southwest Point; thence, up the northeast margin of the river Tennessee, (not including islands,) to the Wild Cat Rock below Tellico block house; thence, in a direct line, to the Militia Spring, near the Maryville road leading from Tellico; thence, from the said spring, to the Chilhowee mountain, by a line so to be run as will leave all the farms on Nine Mile Creek to the northward and eastward of it, and to be continued along the Chilhowee mountain until it strikes Hawkins's line; thence, along the said line, to the great Iron Mountain; and from the top of which a line to be continued, in a southestwardly course, to where the most southern branch of Little river crosses the divisional line to Tugaloo river; thence, along the South Carolina Indian boundary, to and over the Ocunua mountain, in a southwest course, to Tugaloo river; thence, in a direct line, to the top of Currahee mountain, where the Creek line passes it; thence, to the head or source of the main south branch of the Oconee river, called the Appalachee; thence, down the middle of the said main south branch and river Oconee, to its confluence with Oakmulgee, which forms the river Altamaha; thence, down the middle of the said Altamaha, to the old line on the said river; and thence, along the said old line, to the river St. Mary's: Provided always, That if the boundary line between the said Indian tribes and the United States, shall, at any time hereafter, be varied, by any treaty which shall be made between the said Indian tribes and the United States, then all the provisions contained in this act shall be construed to apply to the said line so to be varied, in the same manner as said provisions apply, by force of this act, to the boundary line herein before recited.
4. Sec. n. If any citizen of, or other person resident in, the United States, or either of the territorial districts of the United States, shall cross over, or go within the said boundary line, to hunt, or in anywise destroy the game; or shall drive, or otherwise convey, any stock of horses or cattle, to range on any lands allotted or secured, by treaty with the United States, to any Indian tribes, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding six months.
5. Sec in. If any such citizen, or other person, shall go into any country which is allotted or secured, by treaty, as aforesaid, to any of the Indian tribes south of the river Ohio, without a passport first had and obtained from the governor of some one of the United States, or the officer of the troops of the United States commanding at the nearest post on the frontiers, or such other person as the president of the United States may, from time to time, authorize to grant the same, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding three months.
6. Sec. Iv. If any such citizen, or other person, shall go into . (ACT of March 30th, 1802.)
any town, settlement, or territory, belonging, or secured, by treaty with the United States, to any nation or tribe of Indians, and shall there commit robbery, larceny, trespass, or other crime, against the person or property of any friendly Indian or Indians, which would be punishable, if committed within the jurisdiction of any state against a citizen of the United States; or, unauthorized by law, and with a hostile intention, shall be found on any Indian land, such offender shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months; and shall also, when property is taken or destroyed, forfeit and pay, to such Indian or Indians, to whom the property taken and destroyed belongs, a sum equal to twice the just value of the property so taken or destroyed: and if such offender shall be unable to pay a sum at least equal to the said just value, whatever such payment shall fall short of the said just value shall be paid out of the treasury of the United States: Provided, nevertheless, That no such Indian shall be entitled to any payment out of the treasury of the United States, for any such property taken or destroyed, if he, or any of the nation to which he belongs, shall have sought private revenge, or attempted to obtain satisfaction by any force or violence.
7. Sec. V. If any such citizen or other person, shall make a settlement on any lands belonging, or secured, or granted, by treaty with the United States, to any Indian tribe, or shall survey, or attempt to survey, such lands, or designate any of the boundaries, by marking trees, or otherwise, such offender shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, and suffer imprisonment, not exceeding twelve months. And it shall, moreover, be lawful for the president of the United States to take such measures, and to employ such military force, as he may judge necessary, to remove from lands, belonging, or secured by treaty, as aforesaid, to any Indian tribe, any such citizen, or other person, who has made, or shall hereafter make, or attempt to make, a settlement thereon.
8. Sec. vt. If any such citizen, or other person, shall go into any town, settlement, or territory, belonging to any nation or tribe of Indians, and shall there commit murder, by killing any Indian or Indians, belonging to any nation or tribe of Indians in amity with the United States, such offender, on being thereof convicted, shall suffer death.
9. Sec. Vii. No such citizen, or other person, shall be permitted to reside at any of the towns, or hunting camps, of any of the Indian tribes, as a trader, without a license under the hand and seal of the superintendent of the department, or of such other person as the president of the United States shall authorize to grant licenses for that purpose: which superintendent, or person authorized, shall, on application, issue such license, for a term not exceeding two years, to such trader, who shall enter into bond, with one or more sureties, approved of by the superintendent, or (ACT of March 30th, 1802.)
person issuing such license, or by the president of the United States, in the penal sum of one thousand dollars, conditioned for the true and faithful observance of such regulations and restrictions as are, or shall be, made for the government of trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes: And the superintendent, or person issuing such license, shall have full power and authority to recal the same, if the person so licensed shall transgress any of the regulations or restrictions provided for the government of trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and shall put in suit such bonds as he may have taken, on the breach of any condition therein contained.
10. Sec. vm. Any such citizen, or other person, who shall attempt to reside in any town or hunting camp, of any of the Indian tribes, as a trader, without such license, shall forfeit all the merchandise offered for sale to the Indians, or found in his possession, and shall, moreover, be liable to a fine, not exceeding one hundred dollars, and to imprisonment, not exceeding thirty days.
11. Sec- Ix. If any such citizen, or other person, shall purchase, or receive, of any Indian, in the way of trade or barter, a gun, or other article commonly used in hunting, any instrument of husbandry, or cooking utensil, of the kind usually obtained by the Indians, in their intercourse with white people, or any article of clothing, excepting skins or furs, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding thirty days.
12. Sec. x. No such citizen, or other person, shall be permitted to purchase any hotse nf an Indian, or of any white man in the Indian territory, without special license for that purpose; which license the superintendent, or such other person as the president shall appoint, is hereby authorized to grant, on the same terms, conditions, and restrictions, as other licenses are to be granted under this act: and any such person, who shall purchase a horse or horses, under such license, before he exposes such horse or horses for sale, aud within fifteen days after they have been brought out of the Indian country, shall make a particular return to the superintendent, or other person, from whom he obtained his license, of every horse purchased by him, as aforesaid; describing such horses, by their color, height, and other natural or artificial marks, under the penalty contained in their respective bonds. And every such person, purchasing a horse or horses, as aforesaid, in the Indian country, without a special license, shall, for every horse thus purchased, and brought into any setdement of citizens of the United States, forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding thirty days. And every person who shall purchase a horse, knowing him to be brought out of the Indian territory, by any person or persons not licensed, as above, to purchase the same, shall forfeit the value of such horse.
13. Sec. Xi. No agent, superintendent, or other person, authorized to grant a license to trade, or purchase horses, shall have (ACT of March 30th, 1802.)
any interest or concern in any trade with the Indians, or in the purchase or sale of any horse to, or from, any Indian, excepting for and on account of the United States: And any person offending herein, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months.
14. Sec. xir. No purchase, grant, lease, or other conveyance, of lands, or of any title or claim thereto, from any Indian, or nation, or tribe of Indians, within the bounds of the United States, shall be of any validity, in law or equity, unless the same be made by treaty or convention, entered into pursuant to the constitution: And it shall be a misdemeanor in any person, not employed under the authority of the United States, to negotiate such treaty or convention, directly or indirectly, to treat with any such Indian nation, or tribe of Indians, for the title or purchase of any lands by them held or claimed, punishable by fine, not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment, not exceeding twelve months: Provided, nevertheless, That it shall be lawful for the agent or agents of any state, who may be present at any treaty held with Indians under the authority of the United States, in the presence and with the approbation, of the commissioner or commissioners of the United States, appointed to hold the same, to propose to, and adjust with, the Indians, the compensation to be made for their claims to lands within such state which shall be extinguished by the treaty.
15. Sec. Xiii. In order to promote civilization among the friendly Indian tribes, and to secure the continuance of their friendship, it shall be lawful for the president of the United States to cause them to be furnished with useful domestic animals, and implements of husbandry, and with goods or money, as he shall judge proper, and to appoint such persons, from time to time, as temporary agents, to reside among the Indians, as he shall think fit: Provided, That the whole amount of such presents, and allowance to such agents, shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars per annum.
16. Sec. Xiv. If any Indian or Indians, belonging to any tribe in amity with the United States, shall come over or cross the said boundary line, into any state or territory inhabited by citizens of the United States, and there take, steal, or destroy, any horse, horses, or other property belonging to any citizen or inhabitant of the United States, or of either of the territorial districts of the United States, or shall commit any murder, violence, or outrage, upon any such citizen or inhabitant, it shall be the duty of such citizen or inhabitant, his representative, attorney, or agent, to make application to the superintendent, or such other person as the president of the United States shall authorize for that purpose; who, upon being furnished with the necessary documents and proofs, shall, under the direction or instruction of the president of the United States, make application to the nation or tribe to which such Indian or Indians shall belong, for satisfaction; and if such