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And such author or proprietor shall, within two months from the date thereof, cause a copy of the said record to be published in one or more of the newspapers printed in the United States, for the space of four weeks. \Infra 8.]

4. Sec. rv. The author or proprietor of any such map, chart, book or books, shall, within six months after the publishing thereof, deliver, or cause to be delivered, to the secretary of state, a copy of the same, to be preserved in his office. [Infra 8 and 9.3

5. Sec. V. Nothing in this act shall be construed to extend to prohibit the importation, or vending, reprinting, or publishing, within the United States, of any map, chart, book or books, written, printed, or published, by any person not a citizen of the United States, in foreign parts or places without the jurisdiction of the United States.

6. Sec. Vi. Any person or persons, who shall print or publish any manuscript, without the consent and approbation of the author or proprietor thereof, first had and obtained as aforesaid, (if such author or proprietor be a citizen of, or resident in these United States,) shall be liable to suffer and pay to the said author or proprietor, all damages occasioned by such injury, to be recovered by a special action, on the case, founded upon this act, in any court having cognizance thereof.

7. Sec. vn. If any person or persons shall be sued or prosecuted for any matter, act or thing done under or by virtue of this act, he or they may plead the general issue and give the special matter in evidence.

An act supplementary to an act, entitled, " An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, duriDg the time therein mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching, historical and other prints.

8. Sec. I. Every person who shall, from and after the first day of January next, claim to be the author or proprietor of any maps, charts, book or books, and shall thereafter seek to obtain a copy right of the same agreeable to the rules prescribed by law, before he shall be entitled to the benefit of the act, entitled "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned," he shall, in addition to the requisites enjoined in the third and fourth sections of said act, if a book or books, give information, by causing the copy of the record which, by said act, he is required to publish in one or more of the newspapers, to be inserted at full length in the title page, or in the page immediately following the title, of every such book or books; and if a map or chart, shall cause the following words to be impressed on the face thereof, viz: "Entered according to

ACT of 29th April, 1802. 3 Bioren, 493.

(ACT of April 29th, 1802.)

act of congress; the day 18 [here insert the date

when the same was deposited in the office] by A. B. of the state of ——— [here insert the authors or proprietor's name, and the state in which he resides.]

9. Sec. n. From and after the first day of January next, every person, being a citizen of the United States, or resident within the same, who shall invent and design, engrave, etch, or work, or, from his own works and inventions, shall cause to be designed and engraved, etched, or worked, any historical or other print or prints, shall have, the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing, and Vending, such print or prints, for the term ol fourteen years from the recording the title thereof in the clerk's office, as prescribed by law for maps, charts, book or books: Provided, he shall perform all the requisites in relation to such print or prints, as are directed in relation to maps, charts, book or books, in the third and fourth sections of the act to which this is a supplement, and shall, moreover, cause the same entry to be truly engraved on such plate, with the name of the proprietor, and printed on every such print or prints, as hereinbefore required to be made on maps or charts.

10. Sec. 3. If any printseller, or other person whatsoever, from and after the said first day of January next, within the time limited by this act, shall engrave, etch, or work, as aforesaid, or in any other manner copy or sell, or cause to be engraved, etched, copied, or sold, in the whole or in part, by varying, adding to, or diminishing from, the main design, or shall print, reprint, or import for sale, or cause to be printed, reprinted, or imported for sale, any such print or prints, or any parts thereof, without the consent of the proprietor or proprietors thereof, first had and obtained, in writing, signed by him or them, respectively, in the presence of two or more credible witnesses; or, knowing the same to be so printed or reprinted, without the consent of the proprietor or proprietors, shall publish, sell, or expose to sale, or otherwise, or in any other manner, dispose of any such print or prints, without such consent first had and obtained, as aforesaid, then such offender or offenders shall forfeit the plate or plates on which such print or prints ai e or shall be copied, and all and every sheet or sheets (being part of, or whereon, such print or prints are or shall be copied or printed) to the proprietor or proprietors of such original print or prints, who shall forthwith destroy the same; and further, that every such offender or offenders shall forfeit one dollar for every print which shall be found in his, her, or their custody, either printed, published, or exposed to sale, or otherwise disposed of, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act; the one moiety thereof to any person who shall sue for the same, and the other moiety thereof to and for the use of the United States, to be recovered in any court having competent jurisdiction thereof.

(RESOLUTION of September 23d, 1789

It. Sec. 4. If any person or persons, from and after the passing of this act, shall print or publish any map, chart, book or books, print or prints, who have not legally acquired the copy right of such map, chart, book or books, print or prints, and shall, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, insert therein, or impress thereon, that the same has been entered according to act of congress, or words purporting the same, or purporting that the copy right thereof has been acquired, every person, so offending, shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars, one moiety thereof to the person who shall sue for the same, and the other moiety thereof to and for the use of the United States, to be recovered by action of debt, in any court of record in the United States, having cognizance thereof: Provided always, That in every case for forfeitures hereinbefore given, the action be commenced within two years from the time the cause of action may have arisen. [Supra 2.]

[See the constitution Art. III. Sec. 2. cl. 3. Sec. 3. cl. 1 and 2. and Art. IV. Sec. 2. cl. 2.]

RESOLUTION of September 23d, 1769. 2 Bioren, 75.

1. It is recommended to the legislatures of the several states to pass laws making it expressly the duty of the keepers of their gaols, to receive and safe keep therein all prisoners committed under the authority of the United States, until they shall be discharged by due course of the laws thereof under the like penalties as in the case of prisoners committed under the authority of such states respectively, the United States to pay lor the use and keep

CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS.

Gaob, 1,34

Treason, 2, S

Murder and manslaughter, 4, 8

Convict's body, 5, 6

Misprision, 1

Piracy, 9 to 13, 60 to 71

Maiming, 14

Forgery and counterfeiting, 18, 44, 45
Larceny and falsifying records, 16, to 18
Perjury, 19, 20, 21, 35, 46

Bribery, 22

Obstructing process, 23

Bocae, 24

Corruption of blood, 25

Foreign ministers, 26, 27

Safe-conducts, 28

Copy of iudictment, 29

Standing mute, 30

Beoeflt of clergy, 31

Limitation, 32,39

Hanging, 33

Intercourse with the enemy, 36

Destroying vessels, 37, 38

Offences against the coin, 40 to 42

Crimes within Indian boundary, 47

Holding foreign commission, 47, 48

Fitting vessels for foreigu power, 52, 58

Military expedition, 52

Process enforced, 55

Foreign vessels give bonds, &c. 56 to 58 (ACT of April 30th, 1790.)

ing of such gaols at the rate of fifty cents per month for each prisoner that shall, under their authority, be committed thereto, during the time such prisoners shall be therein confined; and also to support such of said prisoners as shall be committed for offences. [Infra 34.]

ACT of April 30th 1790. 2 Bioren, 92. 1 Oswald, 147. An act for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States.

2. Sec. T-^lf any person or persons, owing allegiance to the United States of- America, shall levy war against them, or shall adhere to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, and shall be thereof convicted, on confession in open court, or on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act of the treason whereof he or they shall stand indicted, such person or persons shall be adjudged guilty of treason against the United States, and shall suffer death.

3. Sec. Ii. If any person or persons, having knowledge of the commission of any of the treasons aforesaid, shall conceal and not as soon as may be disclose and make known the same to the president of the United States, or some one of the judges thereof, or to the president or governor of a particular state, or some one of the judges or justices thereof, such person or persons on conviction shall be adjudged guilty of misprison of treason, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding seven years, and fined not exceeding one thousand dollars.

4. Sec. nr. If any person or persons shall, within any fort, arsenal, dock-yard, magazine, or in any other place or district of country, under the sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, commit the crime of wilful murder, such person or persons on being thereof convicted shall suffer death.

5. Sec. Iv. The court before whom any person shall be convicted of the crime of murder, for which he or she shall be sentenced to suffer death, may at their discretion, add to the judgment, that the body of such offender shall be delivered to a surgeon for dissection; and the marshal who is to cause such sentence to be executed, shall accordingly deliver the body of such offender, after execution done, to such surgeon as the court shall direct, for the purpose aforesaid: Provided, That such surgeon, or some other person by him appointed for the purpose, shall attend to receive and take away the dead body at the time of the execution of such offender.

6. Sec. v. If any person or persons shall, after such execution had, by force rescue or attempt to rescue the body of such offender out of the custody of the marshal or his officers, during the conveyance of such body to any place for dissection as aforesaid, or shall by force rescue or attempt to rescue such body from the house of any surgeon, where the same shall have been deposited in pur(ACT of April 30th, 1790.)

suance of this act; every person so offending, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, and an imprisonment not .exceeding twelve months.

7. Sec. Vi. If any person or persons having knowledge of the actual commission of the crime of wilful murder or other felonv, upon the high seas, or within any fort, arsenal, dock-yard, magazine, or other place or district of country, under the sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, shall conceal, and not as soon as may be disclose and make known the same to some one of the fudges or other persons in civil or military authority under the United States, on conviction thereof, such person or persons shall be adjudged guilty of misprison of felony, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding three years, and fined not exceeding five hundred dollars.

8. Sec. Vii. If any person or persons shall within any fort, arsenal, dock-yard, magazine, or other place or district of country, under the sole and exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, commit the crime of manslaughter, and shall be thereof convicted; such person or persons shall be imprisoned not exceeding three years, and fined not exceeding one thousand dollars.

9. Sec. Viii. If any person or persons shall commit upon the high seas, or in any river, haven, basin or bay, out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, murder or robbery, or any other offence which if committed within the body of a county, would by the laws of the United States be punishable with death; or if any captain or mariner of any ship or other vessel, shall piratically and feloniously run away with such ship or vessel, or any goods or merchandise to the value of fifty dollars, or yield up such ship or vessel voluntarily to any pirate; or if any seaman shall lay violent hands upon his commander, thereby to hinder and prevent his fighting in defence of his ship or goods committed to his trust, or shall make a revolt in the ship;—every such offender shall be deemed, taken and adjugcd to be a pirate and felon, and being thereof convicted, shall suffer death; and the trial of crimes committed on the high seas, or in any place out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, shall be in the district where the offender is apprehended, or into which he may first be brought.

10. Sec. Ix. If any citizen shall commit any piracy or robbery aforesaid, or any act of hostility against the United States, or any citizen thereof, upon the high sea{ under color of any commission from any foreign prince or state, or on pretence of authority from any person, such offender shall, notwithstanding the pretence of any such authority, be deemed, adjudged and taken to be a pirate, felon and robber, and on being thereof convicted shall suffer death.

11. Sec- x. Every person who shall, either upon the land or the seas, knowingly and wittingly aid and assist, procure, command, counsel or advise any. person or persons to do onCommit any murder or robbery, or other piracy aforesaid, upon the seas, which

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