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(ACT of February 28th, 1803.)

others resulting from the nature of their appointments, or any treaty or convention, under which they may act.

ACT of February 28th, 1803. 3 Bioren, 526.

7. Sec. n. It shall be the duty of every master or commander of a ship or vessel, belonging to citizens of the United States, who shall sail from any port of the United States, after the first day of May next, on his arrival at a foreign port, to deposit his register, sea letter, and Mediterranean passport, with the consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, (if any there be at such port;) that in case of refusal or neglect of the said master or commander, to deposit the said papers as aforesaid, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars, to be recovered by the said consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent> in his own name, for the benefit of the United States, in any court of competent jurisdiction; and it shall be the duty of such consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, on such master or commander producing to him a clearance from the proper officer of the port where his ship or vessel may be, to deliver to the said master or commander all of his said papers: provided, such master or commander shall have complied with the provisions contained in this act, and those of the act to which this is a supplement.

8. Sec- in. Whenever a ship or vessel, belonging to a citizen of the United States, shall be sold in a foreign country, and her company discharged, or when a seaman or mariner, a citizen of the United States, shall, with his own consent, be discharged in a foreign country, it shall be the duty of the master or commander to produce to the consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, the list of his ship's company, certified as afore* said, and to pay to such consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, for every seaman or mariner so discharged, being designated on such list as a citizen of the United States, three months' pay, over and above the wages which may then be due to such mariner or seaman, two-thirds thereof to be paid by such consul or commercial agent, to each seaman or mariner so discharged, upon his engagement on board of any vessel to return to the United States, and the other remaining third to be retained for the purpose of creating a fund for the payment of the passages of seamen or mariners, citizens of the United States, who may be desirous of returning to the United States, and for the mainte? nance of American seamen who may be destitute, and may be in such foreign port; and the several sums retained for such fund shall be accounted for with the treasury every six months, by the persons receiving the same.

9. Sec. tv. It shall be the duty of the consuls, vice consuls, commercial agents, vice commercial agents of the United States, from time to time, to provide for the mariners and seamen of the (ACT of February 28th, 1808.)

United States, who may be found destitute within their districts* respectively, sufficient subsistence and passages to some port in the United States, in the most reasonable manner, at the expense of the United States, subject to such instructions as the secretary of state shall give; and that all masters and commanders of vessels belonging to citizens of the United States, and bound to some port of the same, are hereby required and enjoined to take such mariners or seamen on board of their ships or vessels, at the request of the said consuls, vice consuls, commercial agents, or vice commercial agents, respectively, and to transport them to the port in the United States to which such ships or vessels may be bound, on such terms, not exceeding ten dollars for each person, as may be agreed between the said master and consul, or commercial agent. And the said mariners or seamen shall, if able, be bound to do duty on board such ships or vessels, according to their several abilities: Provided, that no master or captain of any ship or vessel shall be obliged to take a greater number than two men to every one hundred tons burthen of the said ship or vessel, on any one voyage; and if any such captain or master shall refuse the same, on the request or order of the consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, such captain or master shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars for each mariner or seaman so refused, to be recovered, for the benefit of the United States, in any court of competent jurisdiction. And the certificate of any such consul or commercial agent, given under his hand and official seal, shall be prima facie evidence of such refusal, in any court of law having jurisdiction for the recovery of the penalty aforesaid.

10. Sec, Vi. It shall and may be lawful for every consul, vice consul, commercial agent, and vice commercial agent, of the United States, to take and receive, for every certificate of discharge of any seaman or mariner in a foreign port, fifty cents; and for commission on paying and receiving the amount of wages payable on the discharge of seamen in foreign ports, two and a half per centum.

11. Sec. Vii. If any consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, shall, falsely and knowingly certify that property belonging to foreigners is property belonging to citizens of the United States, he shall, on conviction thereof, in any court of competent jurisdiction, forfeit and pay a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars, at the discretion of the court, and be imprisoned for any term not exceeding three years.

. 12. Sec. vm. If any consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, shall grant a passport, or other paper, certyfying that any alien, knowing him or her to be such, is a citizen of the United States, he shall, on conviction thereof, in any court of competent jurisdiction, forfeit and pay a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars.

ACT of May 1st, 1810. 4 Biorcn, 310.

13. Sec. Iv. It shall not be lawful for the consuls of the United States, residing on the Barbary coast or either of them to expend or to disburse or pay, or cause to be paid for any purpose or on any pretence whatever, not authorized by law, to any one of the Barbary powers, or to the officers or subjects thereof, a greater sum than three thousand dollars in any one year, with intent to charge the United States with the same, without first obtaining a special approbation in writing from the president of the United States for that purpose. And every such consul who shall, after notice of this act, expend or disburse, or pay or cause to be paid for any purpose or on any pretence whatever, not authorized by law to any one of the Barbary powers, or to the officers or subjects thereof a greater sum than three thousand dollars in any one year, or shall be aiding or assisting therein, without first obtaining the approbation of the president, as aforesaid, shall forfeit and pay to the treasury of the United States, a sum equal to one half his yearly compensation: and shall moreover stand charged with and be accountable for all moneys so disbursed or paid contrary to the provisions of this act.

14. Sec. V. From and after the first day of November next, no consul of the United States, residing on the Barbary coast shall own in whole or in part any ship or vessel, to be concerned directly, or indirectly, with exportation from or importation to any of the states on the coast of Barbary, of any goods, wares or merchandise, on penalty that every consul so offending and being thereof convicted, shall for every offence forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.

15. Sec . Vi. It shall be the duty of the consuls residing on the Barbary coast to transmit to the secretary of the treasury, annually, an account of all moneys received and of all disbursements or expenditures made by them respectively, for or on account of the United States, and the particular purpose to which the moneys have been applied, and the vouchers to support the same. [See Treasury Department.]

149

COPY RIGHT.

Publication of manuscript, 6
Special matter to be given in evidence, 7
Engraving, etching, &c. 0
Penalty for infraction, i,tl
Limitation, 11

ACT of 31st May, 1790. 2 Bioren, 104.

Ao act for the encouragement of learning-, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.

1. Sec. t. From and after the passing of this act, the author and authors of any map, chart, book or books already printed within these United States, being a citizen or citizens thereof, or resident within the same, his or their executors, administrators, or assigns, who hath or have not transferred to any other person the copy right of such map, chart, book or books, share, or shares thereof; and any other person or persons, being a citizen or citizens of these United States, or residents therein, his or their executors, administrators, or assigns, who hath or have purchased, or legally acquired the copy right of any such map, chart, book or books, in order to print, reprint, publish, or vend the same, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing, and vending such map, chart, book or books, for the term of fourteen years, from the recording the tide thereof in the clerk's office, as is hereinafter directed: And that the author and authors of any map, chart, book or books, already made and composed, and not printed or published, or that shall hereafter be made and composed, being a citizen or citizens of these United States, or resident therein, and his or their executors, administrators, or assigns, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing, and vending, such map, chart, book or books, for the like term of fourteen years, from the time of recording the title thereof in the clerk's office, as aforesaid. And if, at the expiration of the said term, the author or authors, or any of them, be living, and a citizen or citizens of these United States, or resident therein, the same exclusive right shall be continued to him, or them, his or their executors, administrators, or assigns, for the further term of fourteen years: Provided, he or they shall cause the title thereof to be a second time recorded, and published in the same manner as is hereinafter directed, and that within six months before the expiration of the first term of fourteen years aforesaid.

2. Sec. Ii. If any other person or persons, from and after the recording the title of any map, chart, book or books, and publishing the same as aforesaid, and within the times limited and granted by this act, shall print, reprint, publish, or import, or cause to be printed, reprinted, published, or imported, from any foreign

Ttm of exclusive right to print, sic. t

What an infraction, J, 10

Conditions, S, 8

Cop; for the secretary of state, 4

i not prohibited, 5

CACT of May 31st, 1790.)

kingdom or state, any copy or copies of such map, chart, book of books, without the consent of the author or proprietor thereof, first had and obtained in writing, signed in the presence of two or more credible witnesses; or knowing the same to be so printed, reprinted, or imported, shall publish, sell, or expose to sale, or cause to be published, sold, or exposed to sale, any copy of such map, chart, book or books, without such consent first had and obtained in writing as aforesaid, then such offender or offenders, shall forfeit all and every copy or copies of such map, chart, book or books, and all and every sheet and sheets, being part of the same, or either of them, to the author or proprietor of such map, chart, book or books, who shall forthwith destroy the same: And every such offender and offenders, shall also forfeit and pay the sum of fifty cents for every sheet which shall be found in his or their possession, either printed or printing, published, imported, or exposed to sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, the one moiety thereof to the author or proprietor of such map, chart, book or books, who shall sue for the same, and the other moiety thereof to and for the use of the United States; to be recovered by action of debt, in any court of record in the United States, wherein the same is cognizable. Provided always, That such action be commenced within one year after the cause of action shall arise, and not afterwards. Altered by act of 2\)th April, 1802. [Infra 11]

3- Sec. Iii. No person shall be entitled to the benefit of this act, in cases where any map, chart, book or books, hath or have been already printed and published, unless he shall first deposit, and in all other cases, unless he shall, before publication, deposit a printed copy of the title of such map, chart, book or books, in the clerk's office of the district court where the author or proprietor shall reside: And the clerk of such court is hereby directed and required, to record the same forthwith, in a book to be kept by him for that purpose, in the words following, (giving a copy thereof to the said author or proprietor, under the seal of the court, if he shall require the same.) "District of to wit: Be it remembered, That on the day of

in the year of the independence

of the United States of America, A.B. of the said district hath deposited in this office, the tide of a map, chart, book or books, (as the case may be) the right whereof he claims as author or proprietor; (as the case may be) in the words following to wit: [here insert the title] in conformity to the act of the congress of the United States, entitled, " An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned." C. D. clerk of the district of ." For

which the said clerk shall be entitled to receive sixty cents from the said author or proprietor, and sixty cents for every copy, under seal, actually given to such author or proprietor as aforesaid.

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