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Thou shouldst have said, “Good porter, turn the key;" | Edmund, enkindle all the sparks of nature,
To quit this horrid act.
Out, treacherous villain! Corn. See't shalt thou never :- Fellows, hold the Thou call'st on him that hates thee : it was he chair :
That made the overture of thy treasons to us; Upon these eyes of thine I 'll set my foot,
Who is too good to pity thee. Glo. He that will think to live till he be old
O my follies !
Then Edgar was abus'd.-
Reg. Go, thrust him out at gates, and let him smell Serv.
Hold your hand, my lordi ; His way to Dover.—How 'st, my lord? How look I have sery'd you ever since I was a child ; But better service have I never done you
Corn. I have receiv'd a hurt :-Follow me, lady. Than now to bid you hold.
Turn out that eyeless villain ;-throw this slave Reg.
How now, you dog ? Upon the dunghill.—Regan, I bleed apace : Serv. If you did wear a beard upon your chin, Untimely comes this hurt : Give me your arm. I'd shake it on this quarrel : What do you mean? [Exit CORNWALL, led by Regan;-Servants unbind Corn. My villain! [Draws and runs at him.
GLOSTER, and lead him out. Sero. Nay, then come on, and take the chance of 1 Serv. I 'll never care wbat wickedness I do, anger.
If this man come to good. [Draws. They fight. CORNWALL is wounded. 2 Serv.
If she live long, Reg. Give me thy sword.—[ To another Servant.] A And, in the end, meet the old course of death, peasant stand up thus!
Women will all turn monsters. [Snatches a sword, comes behind, and stabs him. I Serv. Let's follow the old earl, and get the Bedlam Serv. O, I am slain!—My lord, you have one eye left To lead him where he would ; his roguish madness To see some mischief on him:-0!
(Dies. Allows itself to anything. Corn. Lest it see more, prevent it:-Out, vile jelly! 2 Serv. Go thou; I 'll fetch some flax, and whites of Where is thy lustre now?
eggs, Glo. All dark and comfortless.- Where's my son To apply to his bleeding face. Now, heaven help Edmund ?
SCENE I.-An open country.
'T is poor mad Tom.
Edg. (Aside.] And worse I may be yet: The worst Enter Edgar.
is not Edg. Yet better thus, and known to be contemnd, So long as we can say, “ This is the worst." Than still contemn'd and flatter'd. To be worst,
Old Man. Fellow, where goest ? The lowest and most dejected thing of fortune,
Is it a beggar-man ? Stands still in esperance, lives not in fear :
Old Man. Madman and beggar too. The lamentable change is from the best;
Glo. He has some reason, else he could not beg. The worst returns to laughter. Welcome, then, l' the last night's storm I such a fellow saw, Thou unsubstantial air that I embrace !
Which made me think a man a worm ; my son The wretch that thou hast blown unto the worst Came then into my mind : and yet my mind Owes nothing to thy blasts.—But who comes here? Was then scarce friends with him : I have heard more
As flies to wanton boys are we to the gods;
How should this be? Life would not yield to age.
Bad is the trade that must play fool to sorrow, Old Man. O my good lord, I have been your tenant, Ang'ring itself and others. [Aside.]-Bless thee, and your father's tenant, these fourscore years.
Ay, my lord.
Glo. Get thee away: If, for my sake, Old Man. You cannot see your way.
Thou wilt o'ertake us, hence a mile or twain, Glo. I have no way, and therefore want no eyes; l' the way toward Dover, do it for ancient love; I stumbled when I saw : Full oft 't is seen
And bring some covering for this naked soul, Our means secure us ;^ and our mere defects
Which I 'll entreat to lead me. Prove our commodities. O, dear son Edgar,
Alack, sir, he's mad. The food of thy abused father's wrath!
Glo. 'T is the times' plague, when madmen lead the Might I but live to see thee in my touch,
blind. I'd say, I had eyes again!
Do as I bid thee, or rather do thy pleasure; Old Man.
How now? Who's there? Above the rest, be gone. Edg. (Aside.] O gods! who is 't can say, "I am at the worst ?"
Old Man. I'll bring him the best 'parel that I have, I am worse than e'er I was.
Come on 't what will.
Glo. Sirrah, naked fellow. • Our Beans secure ks. We believe that means is here used oily in the common sense of resources, powers, capacities. The
Edg. Poor Tom 's a-cold. I cannot daub it further
(Aside. means, such as we possess, are our securities, and further, our tuere defects prove advantages.
Glo. Come hither, fellow.
Edg. [Aside.] And yet I must.-Bless thy sweet She that herself will sliver and disbranch eyes, they bleed.
From her material sap, perforce must wither, Glo. Know'st thou the way to Dover ?
And come to deadly use. Edg. Both stile and gate, horse-way and footpath. Gon. No more; the text is foolish. Poor Tom hath been scared out of his good wits : Bless Alb. Wisdom and goodness to the vile seem vile: thee, good man's son, from the foul fiend! Five fiends Filths savour but themselves. What have you donie have been in poor Tom at once; of lust, as Obidicut; | Tigers, not daughters, what have you performd ! Hobbididence, prince of dumbness ; Mahu, of stealing; A father, and a gracious aged man, Modo, of murder; Flibbertigibbet, of mopping and Whose reverence even the head-lugg'd bear woulo mowing ; who since possesses chamber-maids and wait
lick, ing-women. So, bless thee, master!
Most barbarous, most degenerate! bave you madded. Glo. Here, take this purse, you whom the heaven's Could my good brother snffer you to do it? plagues
A man, a prince, by him so benefited ?
'T will come: That slaves your ordinance, that will not see
Humanity must perforce prey on itself,
Milk-lirer'd man! And each man have enough.-Dost thou know Dover ? That bear'st a cheek for blows, a head for wrongs; Edg. Ay, master.
Who hast not in thy brows an eye discerning Glo. There is a cliff, whose high and bending head Thine honour from thy suffering; that not know'st, Looks fearfully in the confined deep:
Fools do those villains pity, who are punish d Bring me but to the very brim of it,
Ere they have done their mischief. Where 's thy drum! And I 'll repair the misery thou dost bear
France spreads his banners in our noiseless land:
Whilst thou, a moral fool, sitt'st still, and ery'st
“ Alack! why does he so ?" Poor Tom shall lead thee.
See thyself, devil!
Proper deformity seems not in the fiend
So horrid as in woman.
O vain fool!
Alb. Thou changed and self-cover'd thing, for shame, Gon. Welcome, my lord : I marvel, our mild hus- Be-monster not thy feature. Were it my fitness band
To let these hands obey my blood,
Stew. Madam, within; but never man so chang'd : Thy flesh and tones :-Howe'er thou art a fiend, I told him of the army that was landed;
A woman's shape doth shield thee.
Gon. Marry, your manhood now !-
Enter a Messenger.
Alb. What news? And told me, I had turn'd the wrong side out :
Mess. O, my good lord, the duke of Cornwall 's dead: What most he should dislike seems pleasant to him; Slain by his servant, going to put out What like, offensive.
The other eye of Gloster. Gon. Then shall you go no further. [To EDMUND. Alb.
Gloster's eyes! It is the cowish terror of his spirit,
Mess. A servant that he bred, thrillid with remors,
But not without that harmful stroke which since
This shows you are above, Shall pass between us : ere long you are like to hear, You justicers, that these our nether crimes If you dare venture in your own behalf,
So speedily can venge !—but, 0, poor Gloster ! A mistress's command. Wear this ; spare speech ;
Lost he his other eye? [Giving a favour. Mess.
Both, both, my lord. Decline your head : this kiss, if it durst speak, This letter, madam, craves a speedy answer; Would stretch thy spirits up into the air ;
*T is from your sister. Conceive, and fare thee well,
Gon. [Aside.] One way I like this well; Edm. Yours in the ranks of death.
But being widow, and my Gloster with her, Gon. My most dear Gloster! [Exit EDMUND. May all the building in my fancy pluck 0, the difference of man and man!
Upon my hateful life: Another way, To thee a woman's services are due;
The news is not so tart.—I 'll read, and answer. [Es My fool usurps my body.
Alb. Where was his son, when they did take his eyes! Stew. Madam, here comes my lord. [Excit Stew. Mess. Come with my lady bither.
He is not bere Enter ALBANY.
Mess. No, my good lord ; I met him back again. Gon. I have been worth the whistle.
Alb. Knows he the wickedness? Alb.
O Goneril! Mess. Ay, my good lord : 't was he inform 'against You are not worth the dust which the rude wind
him; Blows in your face.--I fear your disposition :
And quit the house on purpose, that their punishment That nature, which contemns its origin,
Might have the freer course. Cannot he borderd certair in itself ;
Gloster, I live
To thank thee for the love thou show'dst the king,
SCENE IV.-The same. A Tent.
Enter CORDELIA, Phys cian, and Soldiere.
Cor. Alack, 't is he; why he was met even now SCENE III.- The French Camp, near Dover. As mad as the vex'd sea : singing aloud;
Crown'd with rank fumiter, and furrow weeds,
With harlocks, hemlock, nettles, cuckoo-flowers,
In our sustaining corn.—A century send forth ; Gent. Something he left imperfect in the state, which Search every acre in the high-grown field, since his coming forth is thought of; which imports to And bring him to our eye. What can man's wisclom the kingdom so much fear and danger, that his personal
[Exit an Officer return was most required, and necessary.
In the restoring his bereaved sense?
Kent. Did your letters pierce the queen tɔ any de- Our foster-nurse of nature is repose, monstration of grief?
The which he lacks; that to provoke in him, Gent. Ay, sir, she took them, read them in my pre- | Are many simples operative, whose power sence;
Will close the eye of anguish. And now and then an ample tear trill d down
All bless d secrets,
Spring with my tears! be aidant, and remediate,
In the good man's distress !-Seek, seek for him;
Lest his ungovern'd rage dissolve the life
Enter a Messenger.
News, madam : That play'd on her ripe lip, seem d not to know The British powers are marching hitherward. What guests were in her eyes; which parted thence, Cor. "T is known before; our preparation stands As pearls from diamonds dropp d.-In brief, sorrow In expectation of them.-0 dear father, Would be a rarity most belov'd, if all
It is thy business that I go about; Could so become it.
Therefore great France Kent.
Made she no verbal question ? My mourning, and important tears, hath pitiedl. Gent. 'Faith, once, or twice, she heard the name of No blown ambition doth our arms incite, “ father"
But love, dear love, and our agd father's right : Pantingly forth, as if it press’d her heart;,
Soon may I hear and see him !
Enter REGAN and Steward.
Ay, madam. Kent. It is the stars, Reg.
Himself The stars above us, govern our conditions ;
In person there?
Stero. Madam, with much ado:
Reg. Lord Edmund spake not with your lord at home? Kent. Was this before the king return d ?
Stero. No, madam. Gent.
No, since. Reg. What might import my sister's letter to him? Kent. Well, sir : The poor distress'd Lear is i' the Stew. I kuow not, lady. town:
Reg. 'Faith, he is posted hence on serious matter. Who sometimes, in bis better tune, remembers
It was great ignorance, Gloster's eyes being out, What we are come about, and by no means
To let him live; where he arrives he moves
All hearts against us; Edmund, I think, is gone,
In pity of his misery, to despatch Kent. A sovereign shame so elbows him : his own His nighted life; moreover, to descry unkindness,
The strength o' the enemy. That stripp'd her from his benediction, turn'd her Stew. I must needs after him, mauam, with my To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights
letter. To bis dog-hearted daughters,—these things sting Reg. Our troops set forth to-morrow ; stay with us; His mind so vedomonsly, that burning shame
The ways are dangerous. Detains him from Cordelia.
I may not, madam; Gent.
Alack, poor gentleman ! My lady charg‘d my duty in this business. Kent. Of Albany's and Cornwall's powers you beard Reg. Why should she write to Edmund ? Migli
not? Gent. 'T is so; they are afoot.
Transport her purposes by words ? Belike, Kent. Well, sir, I 'll bring you to our master, Lear, Something-1 know not what :-I 'll love thee much, And leave you to attend him : some dear cause Let me unseal the letter. Will in concealment wrap me up awhile;
Madam, I had ratherWhen I am known aright, you shall not grieve
Reg. I know your lady does not love her husbanıl : Lending me this acquaintance. I pray you, go
I am sure of that: and, at her late being here, Along with me.
(Exeunt. She gave strange wiliads, and most spies.king looks * Dear cause-- important business.
To noble Edmund : I know you are of her busons.
Stew. I, madam?
Burn itself out. If Edgar live, O, bless him!-
Gone, sir. Farewell.My lord is dead; Edmund ana I have talk'd;
[GLOSTER leaps, and falls along. and more convenient is he for my hand,
And yet I know not how conceit may rob Than for your lady's :
-You may gather more. The treasury of life, when life itself If you do find him, pray you, give him this;
Yields to the theft : Had he been where he thougtit
, And when your mistress hears thus much from yori By this had thought been past. - Alive or dead ! I pray, desire her call her wisdom to her.
Ho, you sir! friend !-Hear you, sir !--speak! So fare you well.
Thus might he pass indeed :-Yet he revives : If you do chance to hear of that blind traitor,
What are you, sir ? Preferment falls on him that cuts him off.
Away, and let me die. Stew. 'Would I could meet him, madam! I would Edg. Hadst thou been aught but gossamer, feathers, show
air, What party I do follow.
So many fathom down precipitating, Reg. Fare thee well. (Exeunt. Thou badst shiver'd like an egg: but thou dost breatbe;
Ilast heavy substance; bleed'st not; speak'st; art sound. SCENE VI.- The country near Dover. Ten masts at each b make not the altitude
Which thou hast perpendicularly fell; Enter Gloster, and Edgar dressed like a peasant.
Thy life's a miracle : Speak yet again. Glo. When shall we come to the top of that same Glo. But have I fallen, or no? hill ?
Edg. From the dread summit of this chalky bourn :' Edg. You do climb up it now : look how we labour. Look up a-height ;-the shrill-gorg d lark so far Glo. Methinks, the ground is even.
Cannot be seen or heard : do but look up. Edg.
Horrible steep: Glo. Alack, I have no eyes.-
Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit,
To end itself by death? "T was yet some comfort,
And frustrate his proud will.
Give me your arm: Methinks thy voice is alter'd; and thou speak'st Up:-50;—How is 't? Feel you your legs! la In better phrase, and matter, than thou didst.
stand. Edg. You are much deceiv d; in nothing am I Glo. Too well, too well. chang'd,
This is above all strangeniess : But in my garments.
Upon the crown o' the cliff, what thing was that Glo.
Metlinks, you are better spoken. Which parted from you ? Edg. Come on, sir; here 's the place!--stand still. Glo.
A poor unfortunate beggar. How fearful
Edg. As I stood here helow, methought his eyes And dizzy 't is, to cast one's eyes so low!
Were two full moons; he had a thousand voces, The crows, and choughs, that wing the midway air, Horns whelkd, and wav'd like the enridged sea; Show scarce so gross as beetles : Half way down It was some fiend : Therefore, thou happy father, Hangs one that gathers samphire; dreadful trade! Think that the clearest gods, who make them honuus Methinks he seems no bigger than his head :
Of men's impossibilities, have preservd thee. The fishermen, that walk upon the beach,
Glo. I do remember now : henceforth I 'I bear Appear like mice: and yon' tall anchoring bark, AMiction, till it do cry out itself, Diminish'd to her cock; * her cock, a buoy
Enough, enough, and die. That thing you speak el, Almost too small for sight: the murmuring surge, I took it for a man ; often 't would say, That on the unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,
“ The fiend, the fiend :" he led me to that place. Cannot be heard so high :-I 'll look no more ;
Edg. Bear free and patient thoughts. — But a la Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight
comes here? Topple down headlong. Glo. Set me where you stand. Enter Lear, fantastically dressed up with flowers
. Edg. Give me your hand: you are now within a The safer sense will ne'er accommodate foot
His master thus. Of the extreme verge: for all beneath the moon
Lear. No, they cannot touch me for coining; Would I not leap upright.
I am the king himself.
Edg. O thou side-piercing sight!
Lear. Nature 's above art in that respect. There's Well worth a poor man's taking: Fairies, and gods, Prosper it with thee! Go thou further off;
your press-money. That fellow handles his bow like a Bid me farewell, and let me hear thee going.
& Gone, sir. This is ordinarily printed, gore, sir t as it Edra*
asked Gloster if he had gone; whereas Gloster has precizesi! Edg. Now fare you well, good sir. [Seems to go. told him, “ go thou further off;" and when Gloster kan Glo.
With all my heart. speaks to him, he says, gone, sir. Edg. Why I do trifle thus with his despair,
• Ten masts at each may signify each placed at the end of the Is done to cure it.
other. Some think, however, that there is a slight typogra
phical error, and that we should read ten nasts at reach. We Glo. O you mighty gods !
can find no example of a similar use of at each; and yet the This world I do renounce; and, in your sights, phrase conveys the meaniny. Shake patiently my great affliction off:
• Bourn. In a previous passage, “Come o'er the branz. If I could bear it longer, and not fall
Bessy, to me," bourn signifies a river. The chalky barn
in the passage before us is the chalky boundary of Eagland 10To quarrel with your great opposeless wills, My snuff, and loathed part of nature, should
d For coining. If we follow the course of Lear's thoughts **
shall see that he fancies himself a king at the head of his arm! * The cuck boat. The “anchoring bark” has a small boat It is his prerogative to coin money-" they cannot touch or to Irwing, and, as the bark was diminished to a cock, the cock coining." New levies are brought to lim-* There's a was a buoy “almost too small for sight."
crow-keeper : draw me a clothier's yard. 6— Look, look, , is the justice, which is the thief? Thou hast seen a a mouse! Peace, peace;—this piece of toasted cheese farmer's dog bark at a beggar ? will do 't.— There's my gauntlet ; I'll prove it on a Glo. Ay, sir. giant.-Bring up the brown bills. — 0, well-flown, Lear. And the creature run from the cur? There bird Si' the clout, i' the clout: hewgh! - Give the thou mightst behold the great image of authority : 8 word.
dog 's obeyed in office.Edg. Sweet marjoram.
Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand : Lear. Pass.
Why dost thou lash that whore? Strip thine own tack; Glo. I know that voice.
Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind Lear. Ha! Goneril !with a white beard !- They For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs the flatter'd me like a dog ; and told me I had the white nairs in my beard, ere the black ones were there. To Through tatter'd clothes small vices do appear ; say ay, and no, to everything I said.-Ay and no too Robes and furr'd gowns hide all. Plate sin with gold, was no good divinity. When the rain came to wet me And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks ; once, and the wind to make me chatter; when the Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. thunder would not peace at my bidding; there I found None does offend, none, I say, none; I 'll able 'em : them, there I smelt them out. Go to, they are not Take that of me, my friend, who have the power men o' their words : they told me I was everything; To seal the accuser's lips. Get thee glass eyes; 't is a lie; I am not ague-proof.
And, like a scurvy politician, seem
Pull off my boots :-harder, har ler; so.
Edg. O, matter and impertinency mixd!
Reason in madness! I pardon that man's life : What was thy cause ? — Lear. If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes. Adultery –
I know thee well enough; thy name is Gloster; Thou shalt not die : Die for adultery! No:
Thou must be patient; we came crying hither. The wren goes to 't, and the small gilded fly
Thou know'st, the first time that we smell the air, Does lecher in my sight.
We wawl, and cry : I will preach to thee; mark. Let copulation thrive, for Gloster's bastard son
Glo. Alack, alack the day! Was kinder to his father, than my daughters
Lear. When we are born, we cry, that we are come Got 'tween the lawful sheets.
To this great stage of fools;—This a good block !_* To't , luxury, pell-mell, for I lack soldiers.
It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe Behold yon' simpering dame,
A troop of horse with felt: I 'll put it in proof; Whose face between her forks presageth snow;
And when I have stolen upon these sons-in-law, That minces virtue, and does shake the head
Then, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill.b
Enter a Gentleman, with Attendants.
Gent. O, here he is; lay hand upon him.-Sir, Down from the waist they are centaurs, though women
Your most dear daughter
Lear. No rescue ? What, a prisoner? I am even all above: but to the girdle do the gods inherit, beneath is all the fiends”; there's hell, there's darkness, there is The natural fool of fortune. Use me well;
You shall bave ransom. Let me have surgeons, the sulphurous pit, burning, scalding, stench, consump- I am cut to the brains. tion :-Fye, fye, fye! pah; pah! Give me an ounce
You shall have anything. of civet; good apothecary, sweeten my imagination :
Lear. No seconds ? all myself? there 's money for thee.
Why, this would make a man, a man of salt, Glo. O let me kiss that hand !
To use bis eyes for garden water-pots, Lear. Let me wipe it first ; it smells of mortality
Ay, and for laying autumn's dust. Glo. O ruin'd piece of nature! This great world
Good sir, Shall so wear out to nought.–Dost thou know me?
Lear. I will die bravely, like a smug bridegroom ; Lear. I remember thine eyes well enough. Dost
What? thou squiny at me? No, do thy worst, blind Cupid; I will be jovial; come, come; I am a king, I'll not love.- Read thou this challenge; mark but the penning of it.
My masters, know you that?
Gent. You are a royal one, and we obey you. Glo. Were all thy letters suns, I could not see.
Lear. Then there 's life in 't. Come, an you get it, Edg. I would not take this from report ;-it is,
you shall get it by running. Sa, sa, sa, sa. And my heart breaks at it. Lear. Read.
[Exit running ; Attendants follow. Glo. What, with the case of eyes ?
Gent. A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch;
Past speaking of in a king !- Thou hast a daughter, Lear. O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes in
Who redeems nature from the general curse your head, nor no money in your purse? Your eyes
Which twain have brought her to. are in a heavy case, your purse in a light: Yet you see bow this world goes.
Edg. Hail, gentle sir.
Gent. Glo. I see it feelingly.
Sir, speed you : What's your will
Edg. Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward ? Lear. What, art mad? A man may see how this
Gent. Most sure, and vulgar: every one hears that, world goes, with no eyes. Look with thire ears : see
Which can distinguisha sound. how yon' justice rails upon yon' simple thief. Hark,
But, by your favour, in thine ear : Change places; and, handy-dandy, which
How near 's the other army? • The crow-keeper was the rustic who kept crows from cornoue unpractised in the proper use of the how.
This a good block! Steevens conjectures that, when Lear 6 Daw me a clothier's yard-draw like a famous English
says, “I will preach to thee," and begins his sermon." When archer,--the archer of Chevy Chase :
we are born, we cry," he takes his hat in his hand, and, ture
ing it round, dislikes the fashiou or shape of it, which was then “ An arrow of a cloth yard long
called the block. He then starts off, hy association with the hint, Up to the head drew he."
to the delicate stratagem of shoeing a troop of horse with feit. • The bruion bills-bills for billmen, the infantry.
• Kill was the ancient word of onset in the English army.