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LOVE'S LABOUR’S LOST.
FERDINAND, King of Navarre.
Dull, a constable. 495647, Act I. so. 1. Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 3. Act V. sc. 2. Appears, Act I. sc. 1; se. 2. Act IV. sc. 2. Act V. N. 1. Biron, a lord attending on the King.
COSTARD, a clown. Appears, Act I. sc. I. Act II. se. 1. Act III. sc. I. Act IV. sc. 3. Appears, Act I. sc. 1; sc.2. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1; sc. 2, Act V. sc. 2.
Act V. sc. l; sc. 2. LONGAVILLE, a lord attending on the King.
Mota, page to Armado. Appears, Act I.se. 1. Act II. sc. I. Act IV. sc. 3. Act V. sc. 2. Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act III. sc. l. Act V. sc. 1; sc. 2. Dumain, a lord attending on the King.
A Forester. Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. se. 1. Act IV. sc. 3. Aet V. sc. 2.
Appears, Act IV. sc. I. Borst, a lord attending on the Princess of France.
PRINCESS OF FRANCE. Appears, Act II. s. 1. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc. &.
Appears, Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc. 2. MERCADE, 2 lord attending on the Princess of France. Rosaline, a lady attending on the Princess of France Appears, Act V. sc. 2.
Appears, Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc. 2. Don ADRIANO DE ARMado, a fantastical Spaniard. Maria, a lady attending on the Princess of France. Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act III. sc. I. Act V. se. 1; sc. 2.
Appears, Act II. sc. 2. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc. 2. Sır NATHANIEL., a curate.
Katharine, a lady attending on the Princess of France, Appears, Act IV. se. 2. Act V. sc. 1; sc. 2.
Appears, Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc.2.
JAQUENETTA, a country wench.
Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act IV. sc. 2.
SCENE 1.–Navarre. A Park, with a Palace in it. The grosser manner of these world's delights
He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves •
To love, to wealth, to pomp, 1 pine and die;
Biron. I can but say their protestation over,
So much, dear liege, I have already sworn, Whers , spite of cormorant devouring Time,
That is, To live and study here three years. Th' endeavour of this present breath may buy
But there are other strict observances : That honour, which shall bate his scythe's keen edge, As, not to see a woman in that term ; And make us heirs of all eternity.
Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there : Therefore, brave conquerors ! - for so you are,
And, one day in a week to touch no fool, That war against your own affections,
And but one meal on every day beside ; And the huge army of the world's desires,
The which, I hope, is not enrolled there : Our late edict shall strongly stand in force :
And then to sleep but three hours in the night, Navarre shall be the wonder of the world ;
And not be seen to wink of all the day; Our court shall be a little Academe,
(When I was wont to think no barm all night, Still and contemplative in living art.
And make a dark night too of half the day ;) You three, Biron, Dumain, and Longaville,
Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there : Have swom for three years' term to live with me, 0, these are barren tasks, too harri to keep; My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes Not to see ladies, – study,---fast-not sleep. That are recorded in this schedule here :
King. Your oath is pass'd to pass away from these, Your oaths are pass’d, and now subscribe your names ; Biron. Let me say no, my liege, an if you please, That his own hand may strike his honour down, I only swore to study with your grace, That violates the smallest branch herein :
And stay he:e in your court for three years' space. If you are arm'd to do, as sworn to do,
Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest. Subscribe to your deep oath, and keep it too.
Biron. By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in jest. Long. I am resolvd : 't is but a three years' fast; What is the end of tudy ? let me know. The mind shall banquet, though the body pine :
King. Why, that to know, which else we should not Fat maunches have lean pates, and dainty bits
know. Make rich the ribs, but bankeront the wits.
• With all these. To love, to wealth, to pomp, Dumain is Den. My loving lord, Dumain is mortified. dead; but philosophy, in which he lives, includes them all.
Biron. Things hid and barr'd, you mean, from King. How well this yielding rescues thee from common sense ?
shame! King. Ay, that is study's godlike recompense. Biron. [Reads.] Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study so,
Item, That no woman shall come within a mile of my court To know the thing I am forbid to know : As thus,—To study where I well may dine,
Hath this been proclaim'd ? When I to fast expressly am forbid ;a
Long. Four days ago. Or study where to meet some mistress fine,
Birón. Let 's see the penalty. (Reads.] When mistresses from common sense are hid:
-On pain of losing her tongue.Or, having sworn too hard-a-keeping oath,
Who devis'd this penalty? Study to break it, and not break my troth.
Long. Marry, that did I. If study's gain be thus, and this be go,
Biron. Sweet lord, and why? Study knows that which yet it doth not know :
Long. To fright them hence with that dread per Swear ine to this, and I will ne'er say, no.
Biron. A dangerous law against gentility. [R King. These be the stops that hinder study quite,
Item, If any man be seen to talk with a woman wit' And train our intellects to vain delight.
term of three years, he shall endure such public shamu Biron. Why, all delights are vain; and that most rest of the court shall possibly devise.vain,
This article, my liege, yourself must break; Which, with pain purchas'd, doth inherit pain :
For, well you know, here comes in embassy As, painfully to pore upon a book,
The French king's daughter, with yourself to speak,To seek the light of truth ; while truth the while
A maid of grace, and complete majesty, Doth falsely blind the eyesight of his look :
About surrender-up of Aquitain Light, seeking light, doth light of light begnile:
To her decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father : So, ere you find where light in darkness lies,
Therefore this article is made in vain, Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes.
Or vainly comes th' admired princess hither. Study me low to please the eye indeed,
King. What say you, lords ? why, this was quite By fixing it upon a fairer eye;
forgot. Who dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed,
Biron. So study evermore is over-shot; And give him light that it was blinded by.
While it doth study to have what it would, Study is like the heaven's glorious sun,
It doth forget to do the thing it should : That will not be deep-search'd with sancy looks ; And when it hath the thing it hunteth most, Small have continual plodders ever won,
*T is won, as towns with fire; so won, so lost. Save base authority from other's books.
King. We must, of force, dispense with this decree; These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights,
She must liea here on mere necessity. That give a name to every fixed star,
Biron. Necessity will make us all
sworn Have no more profit of their shining nights,
Three thousand times within this three years' space: Than those that walk, and wot not what they are.
For every man with his affects is born; Too much to know is, to know nought but fame;
Not by might master'd, but by special grace. And every godfather can give a name.
If I break faith, this word shall speak for me, King. How well he's read, to reason against reading! I am forsworn on mere necessity. Dum. Proceeded well, to stop all good proceeding! So to the laws at large I write my name : [Subscribes. Long. Ile weeds the corn, and still lets grow the And he that breaks them in the least degree weeding.
Stands in attainder of eternal shame: Biron. The spring is near, when green geese are a Suggestions b are to others, as to me; breeding
But, I believe, although I seem so loth, Dum. How follows that?
I am the last that will last keep his oath. Biron.
Fit in his place and time. But is there no quick recreation granted ? Dum. In reason nothing.
King. Ay, that there is : our court, you know, is Biron. Something then in rhyme.
haunted King. Biron is like an envious sneaping frost,
With a refined traveller of Spain ;
One who the music of his own vain tongue
Doth ravish, like enchanting harmony; Why should I joy in any abortive birth ?
A man of complements, whom right and wrong
Have chose as umpire of their mutiny :
For interim to our studies, shall relate,
In high-born words, the worth of many a knight Climb 'o'er the house to unlock the little gate.
From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate. King. Well, sit you out; go home, Biron; adieu !
How you delight, my lords, I know not, I; Birón. No, my good lord ; I have sworn to stay with But, I protest, I love to hear him lie, you :
And I will use him for my minstrelsy. And, though I have for barbarism spoke more,
Biron. Armado is a most illustrious wight, Than for that angel knowledge you can say; A man of fire-newd words, fashion's own knight. Yet, confident I 'll keep what I have swore,
Long. Costard the swain, and he, shall be our sport; And bide the penance of each three years' day, And, so to study, three years is but short. Give me the paper,–let me read the same; And to the strictest decrees I 'll write my name.
• Lie-to reside.
b Suggestions - temptations. • Forbid was a very ancient mode of making bid more em- • Complements—man versed in ceremonial distinctions, te rhatical. Biron will study to know what he is forbid to know; punctilios-a man who brings furms to decide the mut ny be le lises here forbid in its common acceptation. But he is tween right and wrong. expressly for-bid to fast-expressly bid to fast; and he will a Fire-now and bran new-that is, brand-new-new of the receive the word as if he were forbidden--bid from fasting.
irous have each the same origir.
Enter Dull, with a letter, and COSTARD.
Cost. Me? Dull. Which is the duke's own person ?
King. Diron. This fellow. What wouldst ?
_“that shallow vassal, Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for I am his Cost. Still me! grare's tharborough but I would see his own person in King. Lai and blood.
-" which, as I remember, hight Costar, Diron. This is he.
Cost. O me! Dul. Signior Arme-Arme--commends you. There is villainy abroad : this letter will tell you more.
King. Cost. Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me.
-“sorted, and consorted, contrary to thy established pro
claimed edict and continent canon, with-with,-) with-but King. A letter from the magnificent Armado.
with this I passion to say wherewith, Biron. How low soever the matter, I hope in God for
Cost. With a wench. aigh words. Long. A high liope for a low heaven :b God grant us
King. patience !
" with a child of our grandmother Eve, a female; or, for
tly more sweet understanding a woman. Him I (as my everBiron. To hear? or forbear hearing?
esteemed duty pricks me on) have sent to thee, to receive the Long. To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh moderately; meed of punishment, by thy sweet grace's officer, Antony Dull; a to fortear both.
a man or good repute, carriage, bearing, and estimation Biron. Well, sir, be it as the style shall give us Dull. Me, an 't shall please you; I am Antony Dull. cause to climb in the merriness.
King. Cost. The matter is to me, sir, as concerning Jaque- “ For Jaquenetta, (so is the weaker yessel called, which I Detta. The manner of it is, I was taken with the manner. apprehended with the aforesaid swain,) I kerp her as a vessel Biron. In what manner ?
of thy law's fury, and shall, at the least of thy sweet notice, Cost. In manner and form following, sir ; all those bring her to trial. Thine, in all compliments of devoted and
heart-buruing heat of duty, three: I was seen with her in the manor-house, sitting
DON ADRIANO DE ARMADO." with her upon the form, and taken following her into
Biron. This is not so well as I looked for, but the best the park; which, put together, is in manner and form that ever I heard. kllowing. Now, sir, for the manner,—it is the manner
King. Ay, the best for the worst. But, sirralı, what of a man to speak to a woman : for the form,-in some ferm.
say you to this?
Cost. Sir, I confess the wench. Biron. For the following, sir?
King. Did you hear the proclamation ? Cost. As it shall follow in my correction : And God defend the right!
Cost. I do confess much of the hearing it, but little
of the marking of it. King. Will you hear this letter with attention ?
King. It was proclaimed a year's imprisonment, to Biron. As we would hear an oracle.
be taken with a wench. Cost. Sach is the simplicity of man to hearken after
Cost. I was taken with none, sir; I was taken with a
damosel. King. (Reads.]
King. Well, it was proclaimed damosel. Great depaty, the welkin's vicegerent, and sole dominator d Navarre, my soul's earth's God, and body's fostering
Cost. This was no damosel neither, sir; she was a virgin. patroa,
King. It is so varied too; for it was proclaimed virgin. Cost. Not a word of Costard yet.
Cost. If it were, I deny her virginity; I was taken
with a maid. King. • So it is
King. This maid will not serve your turn, sir.
Cost. This maid will serve my turn, sir. Cost. It may be so: but if he say it is so, he is, in telling true, but so.
King. Sir, I will pronounce your sentence : You shall
fast a week with bran and water. King. Peace! Cost. be to me, and every man that dares not fight!
Cost. I had rather pray a month with mutton and King. No words !
King. And don Armado shall be your keeper.Cost. -of other men's secrets, I beseech you. King.
My lord Biron, see him deliver'd o'er.
And go we, lords, to put in practice that "S it is, besieged with sable-coloured melancholy, I did
Which each to other hath so strongly sworn.-neol the black-oppressing humour to the most wholesome jayrie of thy health giving air ; and, as I am a gentleman,
(Exeunt KING, LONGAVILLE, and DUMAIN. hetook myself to walk. The time when? About the sixth Biron. I'll lay my head to any good man's hat, basur; when beasts most graze, birds best peck, aud men sit These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn.down to that nourishment which is called supper. So much for the time when : Now for the ground which ; "which, I mean, I Sirrah, come on. walked upon : it is yelept thy park. Then for the place where ; Cost
. I suffer for the truth, sir : for true it is, I was exterous event, that draweth from my snow-white pen the and therefore, Welcome the sour cup of prosperity! wheze, I mean, I did eneounter that obscene and most pre taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true girl ; * coloured ink, which here thou viewest, beholdest, surpages, or seest: But to the place where, It stundeth north: Aliction may one day smile again, and until then, Sit wrth east and by east from the west corner of thy curious- thee down, sorrow!
[Exeunt. kated garden. There did I see that low-spirited swain, that aux misnow of thy mirth,
SCENE II.-Another part of the same. Cost. Me?
Armado's House. King.
Enter ARMADO and Moti. " that unletter'd small-knowing soul,
Arm. Boy, what sign is it, when a man of great spirit • Thorborough-thirdborough, a peace-officer.
grows melancholy ? Haaren. The keacca here mentioned is the heaven of the Moth. A great sign, sir, that he will look sad. Iseinnt stage--the covering, or internal roof.
The " ' high Arm. Why, sadness is one and the self-same thing Fonds" rupected in Armado's letter were associated with ** a
dear imp." learen" as the tasting beroes of the early tragedy mouthed Petar losky language beneath a very humble roof.
Moth. No, no; O Lord, sir, no. • Marver. A thief was taken with the mainour when he was Imp, in our old language, is grast, a snoot ;-and thenon tale with the thing stolen-hmd habend, having in the hand. applied to a child.
Arm. IIow canst thou part sadness and melancholy, Moth. Of the sea-water green, sir. my tender juvenal ?
Arm. Is that one of the four complexions ? Moth. By a familiar demonstration of the working, Moth. As I have read, sir : and the best of them too. my tough senior.
Arm. Green, indeed, is the colour of lovers; but to Arm. Why tough senior ? why tough senior ? have a love of that colour, methinks, Sampson had smalı Moth. Why tender juvenal ? why tender juvenal ? reason for it. He, surely, affected her for her wit.
Arm. I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent epi- Moth. It was so, sir ; for she had a green wit. theton, appertaining to thy young days, which we may Arm. My love is most immaculate white and red. nominate tender,
Moth. Most maculate thoughts, master, are masked Moth. And I, tough senior, as an appertinent title to under such colours. your old time, which we may name tough.
Arm. Define, definē, well-educated infant. Arm. Pretty, and apt.
Moth. My father's wit, and my mother's tongue, asMoth. How mean you, sir ; I pretty, and my saying sist me. art? or I apt, and my saying pretty ?
Arm. Sweet invocation of a child; most pretty, and Arm. Thou pretty, because little.
pathetical ! Moth. Little pretty, because little : Wherefore apt? Moth. If she be made of white and red, Arm. And therefore apt, because quick.
Her faults will ne'er be known; Moth. Speak you this in my praise, master ?
For blushing cheeks by faults are bred, Arm. In thy condign praise.
And fears by pale-white shown : Moth. I will praise an eel with the same praise.
Then, if she fear, or be to blame, Arm. What ? that an eel is ingenious ?
By this you shall not know; Moth. That an eel is quick.
For still her cheeks possess the same, Arm. I do say, thou art quick in answers : Thou
Which native she doth owe. heat'st my blood.
A dangerous rhyme, master, against the reason of white Moth. I am answered, sir.
and red. Arm. I love not to be crossed.
Arm. Is there not a ballad, boy, of the King and the Moth. He speaks the mere contrary, crosses a love not Beggar? him.
Aside. Moth. The world was very guilty of such a ballad Arm. I have promised to study three years with the some three ages since : but, I think, now it is not to be luke.
found; or, if it were, it would neither serve for the Moth. You may do it in an hour, sir.
writing, nor the tune. Arm. Impossible
Arm. I will have that subject newly writ o'er, that Moth. How many is one thrice told ?
I may example my digression by some mighty preceArm. I am ill at reckoning; it fits the spirit of a dent. Boy, I do love that country girl that I took in the lapster.
park with the rational hind Costaru; she deserves well. Moth. You are a gentleman, and a gamester, sir. Moth. To be whipped ; and yet a better love than my Arm. I confess both; they are both the varnish of a master.
[ Aside complete man.
Arm. Sing, boy ; my spirit grows heavy in love. Moth. Then, I am sure, you know how much the gross Moth. And that 's great marvel, loving a light wench. sum of deuce-ace amounts to.
Arm. I say, sing: Arm. It doth amount to one more than two.
Moth. Forbear till this company be past
Enter Duli, Costard, and JAQUENETTA.
Dull. Sir, the duke's pleasure is that you keep Costard here 's three studied, ere you 'll thrice wink : and how safe : and you must let him take no delight, nor no easy it is to put years to the word three, and study three penance; but a' must fast three days a-week. For this years in two words, the dancing horse will tell you.
damsel, I must keep her at the park; she is allowed for Arm. A most fine figure !
the day-woman. Fare you well. Moth. To prove you a cipher.
Arm. I do betray myself with blushing.–Maid, Arm. I will hereupon confess, I am in love : and, as
Jaq. Man. it is base for a soldier to love, so am I in love with a base
Arm. I will visit thee at the lodge. wench. If drawing my sword against the humour of
Jaq. That 's hereby.d affection would deliver me from the reprobate thought of
Arm. I know where it is situate. it, I would take Desire prisoner, and ransom him to any
Jaq. Lord, how wise you are ! Frencb courtier for a new devised courtesy. I think
Arm. I will tell thee wonders. scorn to sigh; methinks, I should outswear Cupid.
Jaq. With that face ?e Comfort me, boy : What great men have been in love?
Arm. I love thee. Moth. Hercules, master.
Jaq. So I heard you say. Arm. Most sweet Hercules !—More authority, dear
Arm. And so farewell. joy, name more; and, sweet my child, let them be men
Jaq. Fair weather after you ! of good repute and carriage.
Dull. Come, Jaquenetta, away. (Ex. Dull and JAQ. Moth. Sampson, master; he was a man of good car
Arm. Villain, thou shalt fas: for thy oflences ere thu riage, great carriage; for he carried the town-gates on
be pardoned. his back, like a porter : and he was in love.
Cost. Well, sir, I hope, when I do it, I shall do it on Arm. O well-knit Sampson! strong-jointed Sampson!
a full stomach. I do excel thee in my rapier, as much as thou didst me
Arm. Thou shalt be heavily punished. in carrying gates. I am in love too,—Who was Samp- they are but lightly rewarded.
Cost. I am more bound to you than your fellows, sur son's love, my dear Moth! Moth. A woman, master.
* Maculate thoughts are impure thoughts.
Owe-possess. Arm. Of what complexion ?
• Day-woman most probably means dairy-woman. Moth. Of all the four, or the three, or the two; or one • Hereby-a provincial expression for as it muy happen. Ar of the four,
mado takes it as hard by. Arm. Tell me precisely of what complexion
." With that face" was a vulgar idiomatic expression ereg
in the time of Fielding, who says he took it. " serbatim, frums * Crosser. A cross is a coin
very polite conversatiou."
Arn. Take away this villain ; shut him up. is basest, doth tread. I shall be forswom (which is a Broth. Come, you transgressing slave; away. great argument of falsehood) if I love: And how can
Cost. Let me not be pent up, sir; I will fast, being that be true love, which is falsely attempted ? Love is loose
a familiar; love is a devil : there is no evil angel but Moth. No, sir; that were fast and loose : thou shalt love. Yet Sampson was so tempted ; and he had an to raisin.
excellent strength : yet was Solomon so seduced ; and Cost. Well, if erer I do see the merry days of clesola- he had a very good wit. Cupid's buttshaft is too hard tion that I have seen, some shall see
for Hercules' club, and therefore too much odds for a Moth. What shall some see?
Spaniard's rapier. The first and second cause will not Cost. Nay, nothing, master Moth, but what they look
serve my turn; the passado he respects not, the duello upon. It is not for prisoners to be silent in their words; he regards not : his disgrace is to be called boy; but and, therefore, I will say nothing : I thank God, I have his glory is to subdue men. Adieu, valour! rust, raas little patience as another man; and, therefore, I can pier ! be still, drum! for your manager is in love ; yea, be quiet.
[Exeunt Moru and Costard. he loveth. Assist me some extemporal god of rhyme, Årm. I do aflecta the very ground, which is base, for, I am sure, I shall turn sonnet. Devise, wit; write, where laer shoe, which is baser, guided by her foot, which 'pen; for I am for whole volumes in folio. [Exit.
SCENE I.- Another part of the Park. A Pavilion i Lord. Longaville is one. and Tents at a distance.
Know you the man ?
Mar. I know him, madam ; at a marriage feast, Enter the PRINCESS OF FRANCE, ROSALINE, Maria, Between lord Perigort and the beauteous heir KATHARINE, BOYET, Lords, and other Attendants.
Of Jaques l'alconbridge, solemniz'd Boyet. Now, madam, summon up your dearest o 1 In Normandy, saw I this Longaville : spirits;
A man of sovereign parts he is esteem 'u ; Consider who the king your father sends;
Well fitted in the arts, glorious in arms : To whom he sends; and what is his embassy :
Nothing becomes him ill, that he would well. Yourself, held precious in the world's esteem,
The only soil of his fair virtue's gloss To purley with the sole inlieritor
(If virtue's gloss will stain with any soil) Orall perfections that a man may owe,
Is a sharp wit match'd with too blunt a will; Matchless Navarre : the plea of no less weight
Whose edge hath power to cut, whose will still wills Than Aquitain; a dowry for a queen.
It should none spare that come within his power. Be now as prodigal of all dear grace,
Prin. Some merry mocking lord, belike; is 't so ? As Nature was in making graces dear,
Mar. They say so most, that most his humours know.
Prin. Such short-liv'd wits do wither as they grow. When she did starve the general world beside,
Who are the rest ?
Kath. The young Dumain, a well-accomplist")
youth, mean, Needs not the painted flourish of your praise;
Of all that virtue love for virtue lov'd : Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye,
Most power to do most harm, least knowing ill;
For he hath wit to make an ill shape good,
And shape to win grace though he had no wit.
I saw him at the duke Alençon's once;
And much too little of that good I saw,
Is my report, a to his great worthiness.
Ros. Another of these students at that time
Was there with him : As I have heard a truth,
Biron they call him ; but a merrier man,
Within the limit of becoming mirth,
I never snent an hour's talk withal :
His eye begets occasion for his wit: To know his pleasure; and in that behalf,
For every object that the one doth catch, Bold of your worthiness, we single you
The other turns to a mirth-moving jest ;
Which his fair tongue (conceit's expositor)
Delivers in such apt and gracious words,
That aged ears play truant at his tales, Importades personal conference with his grace.
And younger hearings are quite ravished;
So sweet and voluble is his discourse.
Prin. God bless my ladies! are they all in love; Boyet. Proud of employment, willingly I go: [Exit
. With such bedecking ornaments of praise ?
That every one her own hath garnished
Mar. Here comes Boyet.
Re-enter BoYET. To affect is to incline towards, and thence, metaphorically, Prin.
Now, what admittance, lord ? is love Dearest-best.
Boyet. Navarre had notice of your fair approach ; • To etter is to put forth-as we say, "to utter base coin." And he and his competitors in oath • Chapata was formerly a seller-a cheapman, from cheap, a Were all address d to meet you, gentle lady, arket. But it was also used indifferently for seller and
Before I came. Marry, thus much I have learnt, Eier: the largaider ou either side was a cheapman, chapman,
a Compared to his great worthinessi,