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Duxr, living in exile.
DENNIS, servant to Oliver. appears, Act II, c.l; sc, 7. Act V. .:. 4.
Appeurs, Act l. sc. I. FREDERICK, brother to the Duke, and usurper of his
TOUCHSTONE, a clown. dominions.
Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act 11.sc.4. Act IIL **, 3; 11.8. Appeurs, Act I. se. 2; se. 3. Act II. sc. 2. Act III. sc. l.
Act V. sc. 1; sc. 3; sc. 4. AMERS, a lord attending upon the Duke in his
Sır OLIVER MARText, a vicar. banishment.
Appears, Act III. sc. 3. Appeits, Act II. s. 1; se. 5; sc. 7. Act V. sc. 4.
Corin, a shepherd. JAQUES, a lord attending upon the Duke in his
Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 4; sc. 5. Act V. Sed banishment.
Suvius, a shepherd. waars, Act Il. . 5; sc. 7. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 3. Act IV.
Appears, Act 11. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 5. Act IV. sc. a *. 1; sc. 2, Act V. sc. 1.
Act V. sc. %; sc. 4. L: BEAU, a courtier attending upon Frederick.
WILLIAM, a country felloro, in love with Audrey.
Appears, Act V. sc. 1.
A person representing Hymen.
Appears, Act V. sc. 4.
Rosalind, daughter to the banished Duke. Appears, Act 1. sc. I. Act III. sc. I. Act IV. sc. 3. Appears, Act I. sc. 2: sc. 3. Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 2; se. 4 ; Act V. sc. 2; se. 4.
SC. 5. Act IV. sc. 1; sc. 3. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4.
CELIA, daughter to Frederick.
Appears, Act I. sc. 2; sc. 3. Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 4;
sc. 5. Act IV. sc. 1 ; se. 3. Act V. sc. 4. Appeurs, Act I. s.1; sc. 2. Act II. sc. 3 ; s. 6; sc. 7. Act III.
Phebe, a shepherdess.
Appears, Aet III. sc. 5. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4.
AUDREY, a country wench.
Appears, Act III. sc. 3. Act V. sc. l; sc. 3; sc. 4. SCENE,-FIRST, NEAR OLIVER'S House; afterwards, PARTLY IN THE USURPER's Court, AND
PARTLY IN THE FOREST OF Ardex.
SCENE I.--An Orchard, near Oliver's House.
Adam. Yonder comes my master, your brother.
Orl. Go apart, Adam, and thou shalt hear how he Orl. As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion will shake me up. bequeathed me by will, but poor a thousand crowns ; Oli. Now, sir! what make you here? and, as thou say’st, charged my brother, on his bless- Orl. Nothing: I am not taught to make anything. ing, to breed me well: and there begins my sadness, Oli. What mar you then, sir ? My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks Orl. Marry, sir, I am helping you to mar that which goldenly of his profit: for my part, he keeps me rustic God made, a pour unworthy brother of yours, with idleally at home, or, to speak more properly, stays* me here at home unkept. For call you that keeping for a Oli. Marry, sir, be better employed, and be naught gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stall awhile. ing of an ox? His horses are bred better; for, besides Orl. Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks with that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught them? What prodigal portion have I spent, that I their manage, and to that end riders dearly hired : but should come to such penury ? 1, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth ; for Oli. Know you where you are, sir? the wbich his animals on his dunghills are as much Orl. O, sir, very well: here in your orchard. bound to him as I. Besides this nothing that he so Oli. Know you before whom, sir? plentifully gives me, the something that nature gave Orl. Ay, better than him I am before knows me. 1 me his countenance b seems to take from me: he lets me know you are my eldest brother; and, in the gentle leed with nis hinds, bars me the place of a brother, and, condition of blood, you should so know me : The couras much as in him lies, mines e my gentility with my tesy of nations allows you my better, in that you are enlucation. This is it, Adam, that grieves me; and the first-born; but the same tradition takes not away the spirit of my father, which I think is within me, be my blood, were there twenty brothers betwixt us: I gins to mutiny against this servitude: I will no longer have as much of my father in me, as you ; albeit, I endure it, though yet I know no wise remedy how to confess, your coming before me is nearer to his reavoid it. • Stays-detains.
• Be naught or be nought was a petty malediction; and thus His countenance-his behaviour, his hearing.
Oliver says no more than—ve better employed, and be haayed • Hiaesindermines, seeks to destroy
Oli. What, boy!
Cha. Marry, do I, sir ; and I came to acquaint you Orl. Come, come, elder brother, you are too young with a matter. I am given, sir, secretly to understand in this.
that your younger brother, Orlando, hath a disposition Oli. Wilt thou lay hands on me, villain ?
to come in disguised against me to try a fall : To-morOrl. I am no villain : “ I am the youngest son of sir row, sir, I wrestle for my credit; and he that escapes Rowland de Bois; he was my father; and he is thrice me without some broken limb shall acquit him well. it villain that says such a father begot villains : Wert Your brother is but young, and tender; and, for you thou not my brother, I would not take this hand from love, I would be loth to foil him, as I must, for my own thy throat till this other had pulled out thy tongue for honour, if he come in: therefore, out of my love to you, saying so; thou hast railed on thyself.
I came hither to acquaint you withal; that either you Adam. Sweet masters, be patient; for your father's might stay him from his intendment, or brook snch disremembrance, be at accord.
grace well as he shall run into; in that it is a thing of Oli. Let me go,
his own search, and altogether against my will. Orl. I will not, till I please : you shall hear me. Oli. Charles, I thank thee for thy love to me, which My father charged you in his will to give me good thou shalt find I will most kindly requite. I had myeducation: you have trained me like a peasant, ob- self notice of my brother's purpose herein, and have by scuring and hiding from me all gentlemanlike quali- underhand means laboured to dissuade him from it; ties: the spirit of my father grows strong in me, and I but he is resolute. I 'll tell thee, Charles, it is the stubwill no longer endure it: therefore allow me such ex- bornest young fellow of France; full of ambition, an ercises as may become a gentleman, or give me the envious emulator of every man's good parts, a secret and poor allottery my father left me by testament; with villainous contriver against me his natural brother; that I will go buy my fortunes.
therefore use thy discretion; I had as lief thou didst Oli. And what wilt thou do? beg, when that is break his neck as his finger: And thou wert best look spent? Well, sir, get you in : I will not long be trou- to 't; for if thou dost him any slight disgrace, or if he bled with you: you shall have some part of your will : , do not mightily grace himself on thee, he will practise I pray you, leave me.
against thee by poison, entrap thee by some treacherous Orl. I will no further vffend you than becomes me device, and never leave thee till he hath ta'en thy life for my good.
by some indirect means or other : for, I assure thee, and oli. Get you with him, you old dog.
almost with tears I speak it, there is not one so young Adam. Is old dog my reward? Most true, I have and so villainous this day living. I speak but broJost my teeth in your service.—God be with my old therly of him; but, should I anatomize him to thee as master! he would not have spoke such a word. he is, I must blush and weep, and thou must look pale
(Exeunt Orlando and Adam. and wonder. Oli. Is it even so ? begin you to grow upon me? I Cha. I am heartily glad I came hither to you: If he will physic your rankness, and yet give no thousand come to-morrow I 'll give him his payment: If ever be crowns neither. Holla, Dennis!
go alone again I 'll never wrestle for prize more : And Enter DENNIS. so, God keep your worship.
Oli. Farewell, good Charles.—Now will I stir this Den. Calls your worship? Oli. Was not Charles, the duke's wrestler, here to gamester : * I hope I shall see an end of him ; for my
soul, yet I know not why, hates nothing more than he. speak with me?
Yet he 's gentle; never schooled and yet learned ; full Den. So please you, he is here at the door, and im
of noble device; of all sorts enchantingly beloved ; portunes access to you.
and, indeed, so much in the heart of the world, and Oli. Call him in. [Exit Dennis.]—'T will be a
especially of my own people who best know him, that I good way; and to-morrow the wrestling is.
am altogether misprised : but it shall not be so long; Enter Chari.ES.
this wrestler shall clear all : nothing remains but that I Cha. Good morrow to your worship.
kindlec the boy thither, which now I'll go about. (Erit. Oli. Good monsieur Charles ! - what 's the new news at the new court?
SCENE II.-A Lavon before the Duke's Palace. Cha. There 's no news at the court, sir, but the old
Enter ROSALIND and CELIA. news : that is, the old duke is banished by his younger
Cel. I pray thee, Rosalind, sweet my coz, be merry. brother the new duke; and three or four loving lords Ros. Dear Celia, I show more mirth than I am mishave put themselves into voluntary exile with him, tress of; and would you yet I were merrier ? Unless whose lands and revenues enrich the new duke; there you could teach me to forget a banished father, you fore he gives them good leave to wander.
must not learn me how to remember any extraordinary Oli. Can you tell if Rosalind, the duke's daughter, pleasure. be banished with her father?
Cel. Herein I see thou lov'st me not with the full Cha. 0, no; for the duke's daughter, her cousin, so
weight that I love thee : if my uncle, thy banished faloves her, being ever from their cradles bred together, ther, had banished thy uncle, the duke, my father, so that she would have followed her exile, or have died to thou hadst been still with me I could have taught my stay behind her. She is at the court, and no less be- love to take thy father for mine; so wouldst thou, if the loved of her uncle than his own daughter; and never truth of thy love to me were so righteously tempered as two ladies loved as they do.
mine is to thee. Oli. Where will the old duke live? Cha. They say he is already in the forest of Arden, to rejoice in yours.
Ros. Well, I will forget the condition of my estate, and a many merry men with him; and there they live
Cel. You know my father hath no child but I, nor like the old Robin Hood of England: they say many none is like to have; and, truly, when he dies thou young gentlemen flock to him every day, and fleet the shalt be his heir: for what he hath taken away from ihy iime carelessly, as they did in the golden world.
father, perforce, I will render thee again in affection; lis Oli. What, you wrestle to-morrow before the new
mine honour I will; and when I break that oath let ice luke?
& Gamester-adventurer at this game. We have here the two meanings of the word. + Enchantingly belured-beloved, of all ranks. to a degree Oliver use it in the sense of worthless fellow; Orlando in that of one of mean birtlı,--the original sense.
that looks like enchantment.
tum monster: therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear Rose, Ros. Then shall we be news-crammed. be merry.
Cel. All the better; we shall be the more marketRos. From henceforth I will, coz, and deviše sports : able. Bon jour, monsieur le Beau : What 's tl:e news ? let me see ;-what think you of falling in love!
Le Beau. Fair princess, you have lost much good Cel. Marry, I prithee do, to make sport withal; but sport. love no man in good earnest ; nor no further in sport Cel. Sport? Of what colour? neither, than with safety of a pure blush thou mayst in Le Beau. What colour, madam? How shall I an. bonour come off again.
swer you? Ros. What shall be our sport then?
Ros. As wit and fortune will. Cel. Let us sit and mock the good housewife, For- Touch. Or as the destinies decree. tane, from her wlieel, that her gifts may henceforth be Cel. Well said ; that was laid on with a trowel.. bestowed equally.
Touch. Nay, if I keep not my rank, Pos. I would we could do so; for ber benefits are Ros. Thou losest thy old smell. nightily misplaced : and the bountiful blind woman Le Beau. You amazeb me, ladies : I would have doth most mistake in her gifts to women.
told you of good wrestling, which you have lost the Cel. 'T is true : for those that she makes fair she sight of. scarce makes honest; and those that she makes honest Ros. Yet tell us the manner of the wrestling. she makes very ill favouredly.
Le Beau. I will tell you the beginning, and, if it Ros. Nay, now thou goest from fortune's office to na- please your ladyships, you may see the end; for the ture's : fortune reigns in gifts of the world, not in the best is yet to do; and here, where you are, they are lineaments of nature.
coming to perform it.
Cel. Well,—the beginning, that is dead and buried. Enter TOUCHSTONE.
Le Beau. There comes an old man, and his three Cel. No! When nature hath made a fair creature, sons,may she not by fortune fall into the fire? Though na- Cel. I could match this beginning with an old tale. ture hath given us wit to flout at fortune, hath not for- Le Beau. Three proper young men, of excellent tune sent in this fool to cut off the argument ?
growth and presence;Ros. Indeed, there is fortune too hard for nature ; Ros. With bills on their necks,—“ Be it known unto when fortune makes nature's natural the cutter off of all men by these presents,"Tiature's wit.
Le Beau. The eldest of the three wrestled with Cel. Peradventure, this is not fortune's work neither, Charles, the duke's wrestler; which Charles in a mobat nature's; who, perceiving our natural wits too ment threw him, and broke three of his ribs, that there dull to reason of such goddesses, hath sent this natural is little hope of life in him : so he served the second, for our whetstone : for always the dulness of the fool is and so the third : Yonder they lie; the poor old man, the whetstone of the witz.—How now, wit? whither their father, making such pitiful dole over them, that Fander you?
all the beholders take his part with weeping. Touch. Mistress, you must come away to your father. Ros. Alas! Cel. Were you made the messenger ?
Touch. But what is the sport, monsieur, that the Torch. No, by mine honour; but I was bid to come ladies have lost?
Le Beau. Why, this that I speak of. Ros. Where learned you that oath, fool?
Touch. Thus men may grow wiser every day! it is Touch. Of a certain knight, that swore by his honour the first time that ever I heard breaking of ribs was they were good pancakes, and swore by his honour the sport for ladies. mustard was naught: now, I 'll stand to it, the pan- Cel. Or 1, I promise thee. cakes were naught, and the mustard was good; and Ros. But is there any else longs to see this broken yet was not the knight forsworn.
music in his sides ? is there yet another dotes upon rib. Cel. How prove you that, in the great heap of your breaking ?-Shall we see this wrestling, cousin ? knowledge !
Le Beau. You must, if you stay here : for here is the Ros. Ay, marry; now unmuzzle your wisdom. place appointed for the wrestling, and they are really
Touch. Stand you both forth now : stroke your chins, to perform it. and swear by your beards that I am a knave.
Cel. Yonder, sure, they are coming : Let us now stay Cel. By our beards, if we had them, thou art.
and see it. Touch. By my knavery, if I had it, then I were: but if you swear by that that is not, you are not forsworn : Flourish. Enter Duke Frederick, Lords, ORLANDO, no more was this knight, swearing by his honour, for he
CHARLES, and Attendants. nerer had any; or, if he had, he had sworn it away Duke F. Come on; since the youth will not be enbefore ever he saw those pancakes or that mustard. treated, his own peril on his forwardness. Cel. Prithee, who is t that thou mean'st?
Ros. Is yonder the man? Touch. One that old Frederick, your father, loves. Le Beau. Even he, madam.
Cel. My father's love is enough to honour him enough: Cel. Alas, he is too young: yet he looks successfully. speak no more of him; you 'll be whipped for taxation, Duke F. How now, daughter and cousin? are you one of these days.
crept hither to see the wrestling ? Touch. The more pity, that fools may not speak Ros. Ay, my liege; so please you give us leave. visely, what wise men do foolishly.
Duke F. You will take little delight in it, I can tell Cel. By my troth, thou say'st true; for since the
there is such odds in the man. In pity of the little wit that fools have was silenced, the little foolery challenger's youth I would fain dissuade him, but he frat wise men have makes a great show. Here comes will not be entreated : Speak to him, ladies; see if you monsieur le Beau.
can move him.
Cel. Call him hither, good monsieur le Beau.
a Laid on with a trowel-coarsely. A gross flatterer is still Cel. Which he will put on us, as pigeons feed their
said to lay it on with a trowel. Foung.
The meaning would appear to be, the · Taxation-satire.
challenger is unrgnal.
Duke F. Do so; I 'll not be by. [Duke goes apart. Ros. My father lov'd sir Rowland as his soul
Had I before known this young man his son,
Ros. Young man, have you challenged Charles the Ere he should thus have ventur'd. wrestler ?
Sticks me at heart.—Sir, you have well deservd; Cél. Young gentleman, your spirits are too bold for If you do keep your promises in love your years: You have seen cruel proof of this man's But justly * as you have exceeded all promise, strength: if you saw yourself with your eyes, or knew Your mistress shall be happy. yourself with your judgment, the fear of your adventure Ros.
Gentleman, would immsel you to a more equal enterprise. We
(Giving him a chain from her neck pray you, for your own sake, to embrace your own Wear this for me, -one out of suits with fortune, safety, and give over this attempt.
That could give more but that her hand lacks means. Ros. Do, young sir; your reputation shall not there- Shall we go, coz ? fore be misprised : we will make it our suit to the duke Cel.
Ay :-Fare you well, fair gentleman that the wrestling might not go forward.
Orl. Can I not say I thank you? My better parts Orl. I beseech you, punish me not with your hard Are all thrown down; and that which here stands up thoughts, wherein I confess me much guilty to deny Is but a quintain, a mere lifeless block. so fair and excellent ladies anything. But let your fair Ros. He calls us back : My pride fell with my fureyes and gentle wishes go with me to my trial : wherein
tunes : if I be foiled, there is but one shamed that was never I 'll ask him what he would :-Did you call, sir?gracious; if killed, but one dead that is willing to be Sir, you have wrestled well, and overthrown so : I shall do my friends no wrong, for I have none to More than your enemies. lament me; the world no injury, for in it I have no
Will you go, coz? thing; only in the woria I fill up a place which may Ros. Have with you :-Fare you well. be better supplied when I have made it empty.
[Ereunt ROSALIND and CELIA. Ros. The little strength that I have, I would it vere Orl. What passion hangs these weights upon my
tongue ? Cel. And mine, to eke out hers.
I cannot speak to her, yet she urg'd conference. Ros. Fare you well. Pray Heaven, I be deceived in you!
Re-enter Le Beau. Cel. Your heart's desires be with you.
Cha. Come, where is this young gallant, that is so O poor Orlando! thou art overthrown; desirous to lie with his mother earth?
Or Charles, or something weaker, masters thee. Orl. Ready, sir; but his will hath in it a more Le Beau. Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you modest working.
To leave this place : Albeit you have deserv'd Duke F. You sball try but one fall.
High commendation, true applause, and love; Cha. No, I warrant your grace; you shall not en- Yet such is now the duke's condition, treat him to a second, that have so mightily persuaded That he misconstrues all that you have done. him from a first.
The duke is humorous ;c what he is, indeed, Orl. You mean to mock me after; you should not More suits you to conceive, than I to speak of. have mocked me before : but come your ways.
Orl. I thank you, sir; and, pray you, tell me this ;
Ros. O excellent young man!
And here detain'd by her usurping uncle, Orl. Yes, I beseech your grace; I am not yet well To keep his daughter company; whose loves breathed.
Are dearer than the natural bond of sisters. Duke F. How dost thou, Charles ?
But I can tell you, that of late this duke
Hath ta'en displeasure 'gainst his gentle niece;
But that the people praise her for her virtues,
And, on my life, his malice 'gainst the lady Duke F. I would thou hadst been son to some man Will suddenly break forth.—Sir, fare you well; else.
Hereafter, in a better world than this, The world esteem'd thy father honourable,
I shall desire more love and knowledge of you. But I did find him still mine enemy:
Orl. I rest much bounden to you : fare you well! Thou shouldst have better pleas'd me with this deed
[Exit LE BEAU. Hadst thou descended from another house.
Thus must I from the smoke into the smother ; But fare thee well; thou art a gallant youth;
From tyrant duke unto a tyrant brother :I would thou hadst told me of another father.
But heavenly Rosalind !
(Erit. [Exeunt Duke FRED., Train, and Le Beau.
SCENE III.-A Room in the Palace.
Enter Celia and ROSALIND.
mercy !--not a word ? * Wherein is used in the sense of in thuat.
a But justly—but as justly. Calling-bams.
Pos. Not one to throw at a dog.
Cel. I did not then entreat to have her stay, Cel. No, thy words are too precious to be cast away It was your pleasure, and your own remorse ; a upon eurs; throw some of them at me: come, lame me I was too young that time to value her, with reasons.
But now I know her : if she be a traitor, Ros. Then there were two cousins laid up; when the Why, so am I; we still have slept together, the should be lamed with reasons, and the other mad Rose at an instant, learn’d, play'd, eat together; without any.
And wheresoe'er we went, like Juno's swans, Cel. But is all this for your father?
Still we went coupled, and inseparable. Ros. No, some of it is for my father's child : 0, how Duke F. She is too subtle for thee ; and her smoothfull of briars is this working-day world !
ness, Cel. They are but burs, cousin, thrown upon thee in Her very silence, and her patience, Loliday foolery; if we walk not in the trodden paths, Speak to the people, and they pity her. our very petticoats will catch them.
Thou art a fool : she robs thee of thy naine; Ros. I could shake them off my coat; these burs are And thou wilt show more bright, and seem more in my heart
virtuous, Cel. Hem them away.
When she is gone: then open not thy lips ; Ros. I would try; if I could cry hem, and have Firm and irrevocable is my doom
Which I have pass'd upon her; she is banish'u. Cel. Cone, come, wrestle with thy affections.
Cel. Pronounce that sentence then on me, my Ros. O, they take the part of a better wrestler than
I cannot live out of her company. Cel 0, a good wiah upon you! you will try in time, Duke F. You are a fool :-You, niece, provide yourin despite of a fall. But, turning these jests out of service, let us talk in good earnest: Is it possible, on If you outstay the time, upon mine honour, sach a sudden, you should fall into so strong a liking And in the greatness of my word, you die. with old sir Rowland's youngest son ?
[Exeunt Duke Fred, and Lords. Ros. The duke my father loved his father dearly. Cel. O my poor Rosalind! whither wilt thou go?
Cd. Doth it therefore ensue that you should love his Wilt thou change fathers ? I will give thee mine. son dearly! By this kind of chase, I should hate him, I charge thee, be not thou more griev'd than I am. for my father hated his father dearly;" yet I hate not
Ros. I have more cause. Orlando.
Thou hast not, cousin; Ros. No, 'faith, hate him not, for my sake.
Prithee, be cheerful; know'st thou not the duke
That he hath not. him, because I do :-Look, here comes the duke.
Cel. No? hath not ? Rosalind lacks then the love Cel. With his eyes full of anger.
Which teacheth thee that thou and I am one :
Shall we be sunder'd ? shall we part, sweet girl?
No; let my father seek another heir.
Whither to go, and what to bear with us :
And do not seek to take your changed upon you,
To bear your griefs yourself, and leave me out;
You, cousin : For, by this heaven, now at our sorrows pale, Within these ten days if that thou best found
Say what thou canst, I 'll go along with thee. So near our public court as twenty miles,
Ros. Why, whither shall we go?
Cel. To seek my uncle in the forest of Arden.
Ros. Alas, what danger will it be to us,
Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than gold.
Cel. I 'll put myself in poor and mean attire, If that I do not dream, or be not frantic,
And with a kind of umber smirch my face, (As I do trust I am not,) then, dear uncle,
The like do you ; so shall we pass along, Nerer, so much as in a thought unborn,
And never stir assailants. Did I offend your highness.
Were it not better, Duke F.
Thus do all traitors; Because that I am more than common tall, If their purgation did consist in words,
That I did suit me all points like a man ? They are as innocent as grace itself:
A gallant curtle-axe upon my thigh, Let it suffice thee, that I trust thee not.
A boar-spear in my hand ; and (in my heart Ros. Yet your mistrust cannot make me a traitor : Lie there wbat hidden woman's fear there will) Tell me, whereon the likelihood depends.
We 'll have a swashing and a martial outside ; Duke F. Thou art thy father's daughter, there's | As many other mannish cowards have, enough.
That do outface it with their semblances. Ros. So was I when your higliness took his duke- Cel. What shall I call thee, when thou art a dom;
man ? So was I when your highness banishid bim :
Ros. I 'll have no worse a name than Jove's own Treason is not inherited, my lord ;
page, Or, if we did derire it from our friends,
And therefore look you call me Ganymede. What's that to me! my father was no traitor :
But what will you be call'd ? Then, good my liege, mistake me not so much
Cel. Something that hath a reference to my state; To think my poverty is treacherous.
No longer Celia, but Aliena. Cel. Dear sovereign, hear me speak.
Remorse-compassion. Duke F. Ay, Celia; we stay'd her for your sake,
• Change-reverse. Else had she with her father rang'd along.
Swashing. To swash is to make a noise of swords again..! Dearly-extremely.