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salvation which the gospel of God has considered, 407 — the wicked and
power to effect, 666—the question, re- clumsy fiction which they invented, to
specting the salvability of the beathen account for the disappearance of the
world, independent of the gospel of body of Jesus, 438, 439—this story
Christ, considered, 689, 690

they did not long maintain, as appears
Samaritans, why the disciples were for- from Gamaliel, 438-a description of

bidden to go into any city of the Sa- this council, 567
maritans, 146—the mutual hatred be- Satan, meaning of the word, 56—bow
tween them and the Jews, noticed, 615 rendered by Wickliffe, in his transla-
-cause of this animosity, 616—why tion of the Testament, ib.—who deny
they refused to our Lord the common his existence, ib.—his existence affirm-
rites of hospitality, ib._a lesson of ed on philosophic grounds, as involving
meekness and forgiveness taught the no absurdity, and consistent with
disciples from their conduct, ib.no analogies among men, and the word of
parallel between this case, and that in God, ib.—appears in a human form to
which Elijah called for fire from hea- Christ, 58—the question, whether Sa-
ven, ib.-love to our neighbour, incul. tan knew the dignity of our Lord's per-
cated in the parable of the good Sama- son, and, if so, what hope of success
ritan, 624, 625

could he have in tempting him, an-
Sanctification, the entire regeneration of swered, ib.—how he transported the

the heart, a doctrine grounded on that Saviour from the wilderness to the
of inan's original depravity, 222-na- pinnacle of the temple, 59-cause of
ture of that absolute conversion which his fear at the presence and power of
is requisite for the kingdom of glory, Christ, 131—the order and subordina-
255—the necessity of holiness consti- tion of his kingdom, noticed, 180-his
tuting our meetness for heaven, repre- malignant industry and eagerness to
sented by the wedding garment, 312, turn away the attention of men from
313-love to God the root and fruit of salutary truths which they hear, 196–
Christian perfection, 594

in what sense the term Satan was
Sanhedrim, the great council of the Jews, applied to Peter on his rebuke of our

the power of life and death taken from Lord, 239-hell not prepared for the
it by the Romans, 82—the Sanhedrim devil in the same sense as heaven was
at Jerusalem, noticed, 138--courts of prepared for the righteous, 371-hea-
judicature among the Jews, specified, ven was prepared originally for him,
138—of whom the Sanhedrim was com- and how it was forfeited, ib.—no devil
posed, 238—-officers of this council, ever expressed any hope in Christ as a
mentioned, 289—had power to exa- Saviour, 449--the hostility of Christ to
mine the pretensions of all who assum- Satan, exemplified, 632
ed the office of prophets, and to punish Latav, a Jewish measure, described, 202
impostors, 303—a deputation of the Sawing asunder, an ancient punishment
Sanhedrim wait upon Christ, to inter- among the Jews, 356
rogate him, 303, 304—the result of Scarabæus, worship of, in Egypt, noticed,
this interrogation, ib.-assemble in the 675
house of Caiaphas, to put Christ upon Scourging, a Jewish punishment, de-
his trial, 403—their efforts to obtain scribed, 151, 510-among the Romans,
false witnesses to secure his condemna- scourging preceded capital punishment,
tion, noticed, ib.--the laxity of the 421
forms of justice, in the case of persons Scribes, meaning of the term, 34—their
charged with spiritual offences, noticed employment, 34, 80—not the authorized
by Maimonides, ib.--of which loose teachers of religion, but considered as
notions the council availed themselves, qualified to expound the law and the
in the case of our Lord, 404—their prophets, 81, 203—are termed false
guilt, in the condemnation of Christ, prophets, 116—wore long robes made

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of fine wool, ib.—the name given to the ing the corners of the streets, exposed,
apostles, to denote their qualification ib.—powerful encouragements to this
for the office of teacher, 205—the most duty, stated, 95
eminent of this party, resident at Seanuagetal, explained, 248
Jerusalem, 216–one of the three Seanviazquevous, explained, 65
orders who composed the Sanhedrim, Self-denial, in what it consists, 240—
238—their dissimulation, reproved, in testimony of Jerom on this subject, ib.
the parable of the two sons, 305—the -nature of that, which our Lord re-
situation they occupied in the Sanhe- quired of the young man, 276-a duty
drim, described, 324—only in the exer- often neglected by those who possess
cise of their judicial capacity, does our riches, 277— benefits of those who for-
Lord say that they are to be followed sake all for Christ, 281, 282—the duty,
and obeyed, ib. :-as teachers of religion enforced, 493
and morality, he held them in con- Sell, the phrase, “Sell that ye have,”
tempt, ib.—when their commands are spoken to the disciples, to be under-
to be observed or rejected, ib.-they stood comparatively, 647—reason why
did not themselves observe the onerous such advice was given, ib.—a com-
and expensive ceremonials which they munity of goods among the Christians
were anxious to impose upon others, at Jerusalem, was peculiar to that
325—their teaching contrasted with church, and only for a limited time,
that of our Lord, 447—their great ib.
captiousness when conversing with Sepulchres, nature of those in the east,
Christ, noticed, 638, 639

described, 130, 433—the resort of
Scripture, interpretation of, by a collation persons who were expelled from the
of its parts, absolutely necessary, 150–

habitations of men, 130—Mr. Light,
regard always to be paid to the most a modern traveller, quoted, 131—
obvious sense and to the construction opening of the graves, one of the most
of the words, 230-an unhappy in- remarkable prodigies which attended
stance of unnecessary addition to the the crucifixion of our Lord, 430–
scriptures, by our translators, noticed, its obvious design, 430, 431–how
290—the intention of our Lord, that a tombs cut out of the rock were se-
body of sacred scripture should always cured, 434—the sepulchres of persons
accompany the oral proclamation of of superior rank, described, 436–
his doctrine, 376—a living ministry Maundrell's description of an ancient
never intended to exclude the Bible, sepulchre, noticed, 437
ib.-the great care with which the Sermon on the Mount, where delivered,
sacred books were preserved by the 67—one consecutive discourse, and
Jews, noticed, 577. See WORD OF not a collection of fragments, ib.—

inculcated the most important truths,
Sea of Galilee, described, and the names ib.—frequently refers to the errors
by which it is designated, 63

propagated by Jewish teachers, ib.-
Sealing, the custom of sealing stone, no- Lightfoot's opinion of it, noticed, ib.
ticed, 435

-character of the doctrines contained
Seats, the most honourable at a feast, therein, 121—the conjecture, that St.

noticed, 326—the chief seats in a Luke has recorded an abridgment of
synagogue, described, ib.-mode of the discourse, considered and refuted,
occupying seats in this place, men- 591
tioned, ib.

Serpents, in what respects disciples of
Secret prayer, a duty recognised from Christ are to imitate the wisdom of,

ancient times, and practised by all 150—the worship of, noticed, 675
good men, 94—why the privacy of the Servant, a Jewish law, relative to master
closet is the most fitting place, ib. - and servant, noticed, 362—the charac-
the motives of the Pharisees in choos- ter of that slothful servant who hid hig

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lord's money, considered, 363–she read » the Na Testameni, 64-de-
great good which faittful servants are srece é ose used in the naviga-
capable of accomplishing, 361–teir Doc é ine sea di Gae, 129
reward, not of merit, but of grace, ib. Sies, arazo, Ecoce performed by
-the manner in which it will be con- Bares 3 tbe east, 50
ferred, ib —declension of religion may Signs, it the Paarisees vere anxious
be invariably attributed to the slothful. for a sza friz Caris, 185—why they,
ness of Christ's servants, ib.—the es. vih the disces, fired upon a “ sigo
cuses of the unprofitable servant, con- fron beaves, s proof of his Messiah-
sidered, 365—his condemnation, 365, skip, 24:- be inezcacy of the plain-
366—00 servant of Christ suffered to est szas to remove their obstinate in-
be idle, 512—in what respects is Christ sensiby, ib.-certain signs of the
said to wait upon his faithful servants, Messiah, absolutely disregarded by the
648—the term govhos does not always Pharisees, 925—the “ sign of the Son
mean a slave, 657

of Man," described, 350—sign given
Serrice, what the service of God implies, by Judas to the officers of the priests,

and shy he gave ode, 400—the reason
Serenty, call of the, noticed, 615-refer. why the Pharisees were anxious to ob-

ence made to the seventy elders of tain a sign from Christ, stated, 483
Israel, and to the Sanhedrim, in their Siloan, failing of the tower of, mention-
choice, ib.-Christ thus intimated that ed, 054
he was displacing the old church, and Simeon, conjecture respecting him, no-
forming a new one, ib.—their miracu. ticed, 502—his exemplary piety, and
lous powers increased at the pentecost, prophecy, 561, 562

Simon the Canaanite, why this surname
Sheba, queen of, an account of, 187—the was given to him, 145—its meaning,

Abyssinians have for ages maintained, ib.
that this princess was of their country, Simon of Cyrene, an account of, 423—
and with strong probability in their compelled, by the Jews, to bear the
favour, ib.—why she was commended cross of our Lord, ib.
by our Lord, ib.—and in what respect Sin, all occasions of, absolutely to be re-
her example condemned the Jews, nounced, 83—to call a sin a debt, was a

mode of speech common among the
Sheep, multitudes of people, who follow- Jews, 101—the comparative facility of

ed Christ, compared to, 143—his dis- neglecting the precepts of Christ, no-

ciples, compared to a flock of, 646 ticed, 116—how, by sin, the life of
Shekel, value of a, 377—the thirty pieces man is forfeited, 292—there is a mea-

of silver, for which Christ was be- sure of sin, which, when filled up, fails
trayed, estimated, ib.—the conjecture, not to bring down divine judgment,
that these pieces were the Talmudic 334—this measure was filled by the
minae, considered, 378

Jews, ib.
Shekinah, or glory of the Father, visible Livdwv, described, 434, 517

on the mount of transfiguration, 245 Single eye, sound, healthy, perfect vision,
Shepherds, the pride of man wounded by a metaphor, designed to indicate the

the heavenly host being sent to an- understanding, or practical judgment,
nounce the fact of Messiah's advent to 104—a criticism of Campbell, noticed,
them, 557-conjectures respecting the ib.-remark of Baxter, on the import-
time of the year in which those shep- ance of singleness of eye, ib.
herds were watching their flocks by Sinners, who they were, 135-generally
night, ib.—the message of the angels, classed with publicans, ib.—why our
considered, 558

Lord sought the society of such, 136–
Shew-bread, described, 175

in what respects, being last, they be-
'hip, the kind of, described, of which we came first, 285—the term not confined


by our Lord exclusively to the Gen- EwuatiKw Eidel, explained, 54
tiles, 399

Son, meaning of the term, as used by the
ExavdaniSelv, explained, 85, 163, 239

Jews, 21-terms“ father,” and “ son,”
EkvOpwnos, explained, 102

often given to master and scholar, 180
Slaves, how punished, among the Romans, -among the Jews a man who posses-

421-slaughter of, in the forum, for ses any good or bad quality is called
sport, noticed, 678

the son of it, 619
Sleep, a common euphonism for death, Son of David, a common title of the

and why, 140—the drowsiness of the Messiah among the Jews, 294
disciples, in the garden of Gethsemane, Son of God, the most appropriate desig-
accounted for, 399

nation given to Christ, and character-
Socinianism, the notion, that Christ dis- istic of the Messiah, 131, 215, 216–

claimed divinity, when he reproved the the inconclusive nature of criticisms,
young man who applied to him the founded upon the presence or absence
epithet, “Good Master,” refuted, 274 of the Greek article, on this title, no-
-affords no explication of the im- ticed, 215, 216, 432—was calmly and
mense sufferings experienced by Christ, deliberately given to Christ by the
which does not detract from that cha. apostles, 23)—was a designation of
racter of the highest virtue, which the nature and not of office, 232, 406, 407
Socinians are anxious to ascribe to him, -given with reference to their faith in
397—the system perplexed by the ex- our Lord's divine character, ib.-
clamation of abandonment uttered by rendered indisputable by the sense
our Saviour
upon cross, 427, 428–

which the Jews themselves put upon
his sufferings can only be accounted the phrase, implying an assumption of
for, on the supposition of a vicarious the divine nature, ib.-declared him-
and atoning death, 428—why Socinians self the divine Son of God, when
are fond of confining their attention to stating the reason why he pleaded ex.
the Gospels, and neglecting the Epis- emption from paying the temple tri-
tles, 652—the different interpretation bute-money, 252—was never explained
of the word “propitiation” by the So- by our Lord in any lower sense, 406,
cinians, and their master Socinus, no- 407—witnessing to this great truth
ticed, 704

before the Sanhedrim, led them to pro-
Socrates, his view of future blessedness, nounce Christ guilty of death, 406,
noticed, 125

407, 426, 543—the sense in which the
Soldiers, no proof that Roman soldiers centurion used this term at the cruci-

were employed in apprehending Christ, fixion, noticed, 432—further proof that
400—a cohort, described, 422_num- the phrase, “Son of God,” in the
ber of, stationed at Cæsarea and Jeru- language of the Jews, implied some-
salem, noticed, ib.-four soldiers, the thing higher than simply the office of
executioners of Christ under a centu. the Messiah, 457—the phrase,
rion, 424—the method of casting lots, of the Highest,” explained, 543—
stated, ib.—garments of executed male- Christ has been known, venerated, and
factors, the perquisite of the execu- worshipped, as the Son of God in the
tioners, ib.—their fear at the prodigies highest and divine character, in his
which attended the crucifixion, men- church, in all ages, ib.-is never,
tioned, 431-what soldiers were ad- throughout the New Testament, either
dressed by the Baptist, 571-a military by himself or others, called, “ Son of
life not necessarily inconsistent with God,” with reference to the miraculous
piety and godliness, 572

conception, 545—this title confirmed
Solomon, our Lord greater than Solomon, by his resurrection from the dead, 659

noticed, 187, 188 — Solomon violated -and applied in this sense by
the divine command, and introduced Paul, in the phrase, “ declared to
horses for state and show, 295

be the Son of God with power,

" Son



according to the Spirit of holiness," stones,” &c., explained, 49–David

and Christ, compared to the stone
Son of Man, a Jewish phrase, explained, rejected by the builders, 307—in what

128--why used as a designation of the respect Christ is the foundation and
Messiah, ib.—the phrase, "coming of corner-stone of the church, ib.-the
the Son of Man,” explained, 154-this foundation-stone an emblem of the
title given by Daniel, predicting the sufferings, and the corner-stone of the
incarnation of the Son of God, 230, exaltation, of the Redeemer, ib.—the
368-Christ is still the Son of Man, al- phrase, “stone of stumbling and rock
though glorified, ib.—why this designa- of offence,” explained, 308—the cus-
tion was adopted by our Lord, ib.- tom of sealing a stone for security,
signs of the Son of Man, described, noticed, 435
350-object of his second coming, de- Stoning, a Jewish punishment, described,
clared, 368

307—and inflicted upon those who
Soul, immortality of the, declared by our were found guilty of blasphemy, 406

Lord, 156, 318, 645—demonstrated by Strain, the phrase, “strain at a gnat and
the appearance of Moses and Elias on

swallow a camel,” explained, 332—
the mount, 247—its conscious exist- illustrated in the conduct of the San-
ence in a separate state, asserted, 156, hedrim, who purchased innocent blood
247-a belief in the existence of men with thirty pieces of silver, and when
after death, the belief of the body of brought back by Judas they refused to
the Jews, 214—value of the soul, put it into the treasury, 412
noticed by our Lord, 240, 241—the Stranger, among the Jews, was not con-
terms heart, soul, and mind, occasion. fined to those who were proselytes, 89
ally used conjointly, do not convey Stumbling-block, in what respect Peter
distinct ideas, but employed to give was one to Christ, 239

force to precept or conduct, 320 Evutampovobal, explained, 615
Eftelpa, described, 400

Euviotnoi, explained, 695
Spit, spitting in the face of another, a Evvodia, described, 566

mark of the utmost contempt and ab- Supper, the late and principal meal in
horrence, 407, 408

the day, among the ancients 309—the
Indayxva, explained, 142, 553

term often used to describe a feast,
Standing, at prayer, the usual posture of 309

the Jews, 94—when it was introduced Swearing. See Oaths.
into the Christian church, and why, ib. Swine, unclean animals, 111-Jews for-

bidden to keep or eat them, 131--
Star, in the east, various conjectures temptations which they had to break

respecting it, 33—was supernatural, ib. this law, ib.-swine clandestinely kept
—and to guide the wise men to the by the baser sort of Jews, ib.
place where the infant Saviour was, ib. Sword, in what respects Christ is said to
-among the ancients,


appearance bring a sword upon the earth, 159–
of a star was considered the forerunner the phrase, “They that take the sword
of some illustrious personage, ib.—the shall perish by the sword,” considered,
star departed from them on entering 410—the use of the sword, not forbid-
Judea, but re-appeared on the way den on every occasion, ib.

from Jerusalem to Bethlehem, 36 Synagogues, their antiquity and use, 61–
Stater, a Jewish coin, the value of, 252 the officers of the synagogue, de-
Stephen, his death, noticed, 335—the scribed, 65—of these places our Sa-

nature of that blasphemy with which viour availed himself, and, itinerating
he was charged, mentioned, 404

through Galilee, preached the gospel
Steward, his office in ancient times, de- of the kingdom, ib.—how many were
scribed, 649

eligible to form a synagogue, 138—
Stone, the phrase, “God is able of these courts connected with each synagogue,

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