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46 My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.

47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much : but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.

48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.

49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also ?

50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

Verse 47. For she loved much.— Our and this makes the words sufficiently translation has been thought to make the plain, Wherefore, I say unto thee, Her sins, love of this woman the cause of her for which are many, are forgiven, because she giveness ; but this is contrary to the whole loved much,—the fact is proved by her very argument, founded upon the case of the love. So Wetstein well remarks, “ Love in. two debtors, which makes love the con- deed is naturally consequent on remission SEQUENCE of free and gratuitous forgive- of sins; that is, she loveth much, because ness : so that the notion of the Papists many sins are forgiven her. But it may built upon this passage, that love is a me- be considered as the mark and token of ritorious cause of the pardon of sin, is remission; that is, as it was manifest contradicted by its whole scope. Most that Christ was much beloved by her, it critics, therefore, give an illative sense might be certainly thence concluded that to and read, “Wherefore, I say unto reinission of sins had followed. This thee, Her sins, which are many, are for Christ addressed to the Pharisee, who given; oti, Therefore, she loved much.” thought her yet a sinner.” This aroids theological error ; for un- Both this transaction and the parable doubtedly the cause of her salvation, suh. to which it gave rise, are of great theoloordinate to the mercy of Christ, is said gical importance. The doctrine of the (verse 50) to have been her faith, not her parable is, that pardon of sin is wholly love,—Thy faith hath saved thee: but there gratuitous, independent of any consideseems no reason for depriving ori, in this ration of worthiness or ability in the place, of its usual causal sense, as will sinner. When the debtors had nothing appear if we closely consider the meaning to pay, he frankly forgave them both, of this verse. Our Lord evidently intend wholly remitted their debt and cancelled ed to correct Simon's notion respecting their obligation. Answering to the docthis woman, and also to prove that he trine of the parable, is the example. A himself, as he had supposed, was not at woman who was a sinner, yet being peniall ignorant of her character. Simon as- tent and having faith in Christ, is freely sumed her to be a sinner : Christ allows forgiven. Free and full salvation through her to have been a great sinner, a debtor the sole mercy of God in Christ, and by in five hundred pence, but declares that faith in his merit, is the glorious doctrine her many sins were forgiven, urging in of the New Testament, nor can it lead to proof of this, that she loved much. The any abuse, rightly understood: for he that argument in fact is, because she loveth hath much forgiven will love much ; and much, she hath had much forgiven, so to him that loveth, “the commandments that she is no longer a polluted sinner : of God are not grievous.”


CHAPTER VIII. 3 Women minister unto Christ of their substance. 4 Christ, after he had preached from

place to place, attended with his apostles, propoundeth the parable of the souer, 16 and of the candle : 21 declareth who are his mother, and brethren : 22 rebuketh the winds : 26 casteth the legion of devils out of the man into the herd of swine : 37 is rejected of the Gadarenes : 43 healeth the woman of her bloody issue, 49 and raiseth froin death Jairus' daughter.

1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him,

2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, a out of whom went seven devils,

3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.

4 And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable:

5 A sower went out to sow his seed : and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it.

6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. a Mark xvi. 9.

b Matt. xiii, 3.

CHAPTER VIII. Verse 2. Mary, call- generate state ; but that it argued any ed Magdalene.-She was of Magdala, a specific depravity does not appear. town of Galilee. That she was a person of Verse 3. Wife of Herod's steward.respectable circumstances, appears from She might be a widow, or her husband her being here mentioned with Joanna, might be favourable to Christ. Erilporos the wife of Herod's steward, Susanna, is a steward, agent, or manager; some and others who ministered to him of think that here it means a treasurer, as their substance. Her always being placed indeed it is rendered in the Arabic version. first when other women, even those of Which ministered to him of their subsome rank, are mentioned, indicates also stance.—They had all, it seems, been that she was not of the lower class ; and healed by our Lord of evil spirits and as to her character, that cannot be proved infirmities, that is, some of evil spirits, to have been manifestly evil from the cir- and others of infirmities; and they cumstance of her having been possessed showed their gratitude by ministering to with devils, unless it could be proved that the wants of our Lord, and those of his all possessions implied particular guilt in disciples who were in constant attendthe persons so afflicted. Such an afflic

ance upon him, tion indeed could not exist but among Verse 5. A sower went out, 80.-See fallen creatures, and only in their unre- the notes on Matt, xiii. 3-9.

7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it.

8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

9 And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be ?

10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God; but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.

11 °Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.

12 Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.

13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.

14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.

15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.

16 | No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed ; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.

17 • For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest ; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.

18 Take heed therefore how ye hear : 'for whosoever hath, to him shall be given ; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.

19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press.

c Matt. xiii. 18.

d Matt. v. 15.
* Or, thinketh that he hath.

e Matt. x. 26.

f Matt. xiii. 12. g Matt. xii. 46.

Verse 19. His mother and his brethren. -See notes on Matt. xii. 46–50. Joseph

not being mentioned, renders it probable that he had died before our Lord entered

20 And it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.

21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.

22 T Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples : and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth.

23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake ; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy.

24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water : and they ceased, and there was a calm.

25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this ! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him.

26 T. And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee.

27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of

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upon his public ministry. In Mark vi. 3, additional circumstances mentioned by the family is enumerated ; but no men- St. Mark, see Mark v. 1, &c. St. Luke tion is made of Joseph. The mother and adds, they besought him that he would not the brethren are here noticed, but there is command them to go out into the deep, the no allusion to Joseph; and at the cruci- abyss, els tnv aßvorov, the place of wicked fixion Jesus commended his mother to spirits, whether evil angels, or the disemthe care of John, which appears a certain bodied spirits of wicked men. It signifies indication that she was a widow, and pro- that part of hades where the wicked are bably also that those usually called “the reserved to the judgment of the great brethren” of our Lord, whether sons of day, but from which the devil and his Joseph by a former marriage, or of Jo- angels are suffered sometimes to emerge, seph and Mary, or the sons of a sister, in order to pursue their malicious works continued in a state of impenitence and on earth. Under what rules this is done, unbelief.

we know not; all here is mystery ; but Verse 22. He went into a ship.-See the the scriptures reveal the facts, and they notes on Matt. viii. 23—27.

teach us also, for our comfort, that the Verse 26. Country of the Gadarenes.- keys of hades are in the hands of our SaSee notes on Matt. viii. 28, &c. For the viour.

of the man.

the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs.

28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. 29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out

For oftentimes it had caught him : and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)

30 And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion : because many devils were entered into him.

31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep.

32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain : and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them.

33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine : and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked.

34 When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, and went and told it in the city and in the country,

35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind : and they were afraid.

36 They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed.

37 Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again.

38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying,

39 Return to thine own house, and show how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published

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