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12 Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow : and much people of the city was with her.

13 And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.

14 And he came and touched the • bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. 15 And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak.

And he delivered him to his mother.

16 And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.

17 And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judæa, and throughout all the region round about.

18 • And the disciples of John shewed him of all these things.

19 | And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come ? or look we for another ?

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But with God there are no chances; and power and authority at which death reapparent accidents only the more strongly tires and life returns, Young man, I say mark his interposition. The deceased was UNTO Thee, arise ; and he that was dead the only son of his mother, and that mother sat up, and began to speak; and he delivered a widow,

-a circumstance which appears him to his mother. In how few sentences to have excited great commiseration in the is this stupendous occurrence narrated: place ; for much people of the city was with leaving the mind to dwell upon it without her. Our Lord was touched with the any interruption from the remarks of the circuinstance ; and at the sight of the dis- narrator, and to fall under the influence tressed widow, he had compassion on her: of that fear which came upon all. she appeared before him bereaved and Verses 18—22. And the disciples of Joka, childless, her quiver empty, and, to use &c.—On the visit of John's disciples to the expression of the Jews, the last coal Christ, see the notes on Matt. xi. 2–12. on her hearth extinguished, having now From St. Luke we learn that our Lord no help or refuge in man; but “a very in the same hour, whilst these disciples present help in trouble” was near, and were with him, cured many of infirmities, he said unto her, Weep not. The whole plagues, and evil spirits, and unto siany tảat manner of the miracle is overwhelming. were blind he gave sight; which circumHe lays his hand upon the bier,--the fu- stance gives great force to the words neral couch in which the dead were car- which follow, Go your way, and tell Joén ried forth, without coffin,--arrests the what things ye hare seen and heard ; hos march of the bearers, utters the words of that the blind see, &c.

20 When the men were come unto him, they said, John Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another ?

21 And in the same hour he cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were blind he gave sight.

22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.

23 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended

in me.

24 q And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to speak unto the people concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind ?

25 But what went ye out for to see ? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings' courts.

26 But what went ye out for to see ? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and much more than a prophet.

27 This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

28 For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist : but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.

29 And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.

Verse 29. All the people that heard him, were greatly despised because of their and the publicans, justified God, being bap- profession. They justified God; which tized with the baptism of John.-From cannot be taken, as by Grotius and Beza, this it appears, that a vast body of the in the sense of giving thanks to and people of Galilee must have been baptized praising God. It expresses the sentiment by John, since the whole of this promis- of those who believed in the authority of euous multitude now assembled to hear John's mission, in opposition to the PhaChrist, are said to have received his bap- risees, who rejected it. In echoing back tism. The publicans are again mentioned; the eulogies pronounced upon John by from which it may be inferred that our Lord, they therefore vindicated his John's ministry had been eminently suc- mission from the reproach and slight put cessful among that class of Jews, who upon it by the Pharisees, and acknow

30 But the Pharisees and lawyers * rejected the counsel of God * against themselves, being not baptized of him.

31 | And the Lord said, “Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation ? and to what are they like?

32 They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.

33 For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.

34 The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!

35 But wisdom is justified of all her children.

36 T & And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat.

37 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of ointment,

* Or, frustraled.

+ Or, within themselves,

c Matt xi. 16.

d Mark xiv. 3.

ledged the divine wisdom and goodness Verse 31. Whereunto shall I liken, &c. of its appointment.

-See the notes on Matt. xi. 16. Verse 30. Rejected the counsel of God Verse 36. One of the Pharisees desired against themselves. Tnv Bovany, here, is that he would eat with him.--He publicly the purpose of God in the mission of invited him to dinner, and appears also John, his gracious design to bring men to have invited many persons to meet to repentance, and place them in a state

him. With what intent this was done of preparation to receive the Messiah, does not clearly appear, except that he and all the spiritual blessings which he was far from treating our Lord with the was appointed to impart; and as this was usual marks of courteous attention shorn the design as to men in general, so to to guests, and therefore probably he had them who rejected it. Hence εις εαυτους either a captious or a curious design. is to be understood towards or in respect Our Lord did not decline this invitation, of themselves, and so he connected with either that he might not gire occasion to the counsel or purpose of God. But if the Pharisees to take any advantage of els be interpreted against, as in our trans- his refusal, as though he was gloomy and lation, the sense is not substantially dif- morose, or that he might teach those imferent; for unless the counsel or purpose portant lessons which the circumstances of God had respect to their benefit, their of the occasion called forth. rejection could not have been an injury Verse 37. A woman in the city, which to them in the way of consequence, as here was a sinner.—Because Mary, the sister of represented

Lazarus, anointed our Lord's feet, in the

38 And stood at his feei behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.

39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.

house of Simon the leper, at Bethany, a common name for all vessels containing some have confounded this woman with unguents or scents; and anointing at her, and others with Mary Magdalene, feasts was a customary act. because she is here called a sinner, that Verse 38. And stood at his feet, &c.— is, one who had offended against the laws The whole picture is beautifully drawn. of chastity. But it is equally unjust to As our Lord was reclining in the Jewish the tivo respectable women, Mary of Be- manner upon the couch at table, his feet thany, and Mary of Magdala, to suppose would be stretched out behind with santhat either of them had been sinners in dals off. Hence the woman is said to have this sense.

The demoniacal possession stood at his feet behind. She was weeping, of the latter appears to have been her having been probably touched by his disaffliction, not her crime; and that the courses on some occasion, and brought character of the whole family which into a state of true penitence. The wash“ Jesus loved,” at Bethany, stovd high ing of the feet with tears, wiping them among the respectable classes of Jews at with the hair of the head, kissing them, Jerusalem, appears from the number of and anointing them, were all marks of the them who came to condole with them profoundest veneration. Washing the upon the death of Lazarus. Beside, this feet always preceded anointing. To this woman was a resident in the city, not like day, among the Arabs, when the master Mary, sister of Lazarus, the inhabitant of the family has welcomed a stranger, he of a village; and the city appears to have washes his feet. been Nain, where our Lord had recently Verse 39. He spake within himself.He performed the miracle ; whereas, the reasoned in his own mind, but said noother Mary resided at Magdala : and had thing; and our Lord gave another proof it been the latter, there seems no reason of his omniscience, by adapting his diswhy her name should not have been men- course to the train of thought and the tioned here, as well as on other occasions, suspicions into which his host had fallen. by the evangelist. Whoever this woman He had the commonly received notion was, we hear no more of her. She found that a true prophet, and especially the mercy, she showed her grateful affection Messiah, would know exactly the characto her Saviour, she received his approba- ter of those who approached them ; and tion for that act of gratitude publicly ma- concluded certainly, from Christ suffering nifested ; but he appears to have dis- this woman to touch him, that he was igmissed her into privacy, and not to have norant of her character, and wanted given a woman who had been a sinner, therefore that power to “discern spirits” impudica, a leading place among his fe- which the Messiah would undoubtedly male disciples. All the affinity in this possess. The Jewish commentators interaccount and that of the anointing of our pret that passage of Isaiah respecting the Lord at Bethany lies, in fact, in the mention Messiah, “ He shall be of quick underin each of a box or vase of alabaster, and standing ; bie shall know at once who is a in the act of anointing ; but the first was wicked person, and who is not.”

40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.

41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.

42 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?

43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.

44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman ? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.

45 Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss



# See Matt. xviii. 28.

Verse 41. Five hundred pence.-Five therefore as her Saviour, and lored kim hundred denarii or Roman pence, each much ; loved him in proportion to the deabout sevenpence halfpenny of our mo- gradation he had pitied, and the guilt he ney.

had removed, -in a word, to the much she Verse 44. Thou gavest me no water for had had forgiven. This whole argument, my feet.—The Pharisee is here gracefully be it observed, rested on twofacts; that the reproved by the commendations bestowed sins of the woman were forgiven; and upon the woman for his want of courtesy. that Christ, to whom she had shown so To guests at least who were received with inuch love, had forgiven her. And that peculiar joy and affection, it was custom- which was implied in his argument our ary to furnish water for the feet, to give the Lord immediately publishes expressly, kiss of welcome, and to anoint the head. As saying to the woman, “Thy sins are forSimon had done none of these to our Lord, given,” declaring the fact to them, and rehe showed that he regarded him only as iterating to her the assurance of her foran indifferent person ; at least these neg- giveness, which must before in some way lects proved that he loved little : whilst have been conveyed to her mind, because the attentions paid to him by the woman, her love is accounted for by our Lord, -not only washing his feet, but doing it from her consciousness that she bad with tears; not wiping them with a towel, had much forgiven. Those who sat at but with her hair; kissing even the feet meat, marking the AUTHORITATIVE mode and anointing them, as not presuming in which this declaration of the woman's anoint his head,-proved that she loved forgiveness was made, began to object, much. Much had been forgiven her. saying, Who is this that forgireth sins She was not only a penitent, but a for- also? invading, as they affirmed in another given penitent. The words of Christ place, the authority of God; but lest the which she had heard on some former but woman herself should be disturbed by unrecorded occasion had not only these murmurs, and to silence all, he retouched her conscience, but led her to peats the assurance, “Thy faith bath God and salvation. She regarded him saved thee; go in peace.”

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