Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation: A Theory of Discourse Failure

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Cambridge University Press, 24.07.2006 г. - 258 страници
In public political deliberation, people will err and lie in accordance with definite patterns. Such discourse failure results from behavior that is both instrumentally and epistemically rational. The deliberative practices of a liberal democracy (let alone repressive or non-democratic societies) cannot be improved so as to overcome the tendency for rational citizens to believe and say things at odds with reliable propositions of social science. The theory has several corollaries. One is that much contemporary political philosophy can be seen as an unsuccessful attempt to vindicate, on symbolic and moral grounds, the forms that discourse failure take on in public political deliberation. Another is that deliberative practices cannot be rescued even on non-epistemic grounds, such as social peace, impartiality, participation, and equality. To alleviate discourse failure, this book proposes to reduce the scope of majoritarian politics and enlarge markets.
 

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argue that counterproductive positions cannot be vindicated as symbolic
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this argument but this much seems to be common to
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theorem And they invariably omit mentioning that even if
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We see discourse failure as an essentially social phenomenon It
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25 Persuasive Definitions
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27 The Cost of Dissent
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other on the idea of deontological constraints In section 63
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63 Direct Involvement in Evildoing
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64 Split Responsibility
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help the poor her case cannot be invoked by the
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help the poor a goal that if our analysis
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variety of utilitarian and rightsbased considerations as they usually do
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A Summary
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of those regimes110 Some equated on a moral plane those
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Generalizing from this example we can predict that an agent
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or falsity of a belief can be given an instrumental
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empathize with the tangible hardships of the unemployed in a
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44 Shortcuts
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Nozicks Challenge
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55 Are SelfDefeating Reformers Rational?
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on foreign trade thus causing national and global impoverishment But
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us against placing much weight on what the most vocal
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74 Deliberation and Impartiality
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often than not emotional appeals serve the function of exaggerating
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impulses of the lower self so that genuine freedom can
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86 Substantive Principles and Deliberative Politics
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Those who place a high premium on ideal deliberation consent
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96 Discursive Advantages of Voluntary Communities
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