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The fact that this volume is small and contains a mere outline of events is expected to make it the more useful both to teachers and to the “ general reader;" for no subject can be learned from a single book. Only a comparison of authors and a combination of points of view can make any period of history really familiar. The briefer the preliminary sketch the better, if only it be made in just proportion. The use of this book should be to serve as a centre from which to extend reading or inquiry upon particular topics. The teacher should verify its several portions for himself by a critical examination, so far as possible, of the sources of information. His pupils should be made to do the same thing, to some extent, by being sent to standard authors who have written on the same period. The bibliographies prefixed to the several chapters are meant for the pupil rather than for the teacher. They are, for the most part, guides to the best known and most accessible secondary authorities, rather than to the original sources themselves. They ought to be acceptable, therefore, to the general reader also, who is a pupil without a teacher. If he wishes to seek further than these references carry him, he will find the books mentioned a key to all the rest.

The following brief works may serve for reference or comparison, or for class use in the fuller preparation of topics. The set should cost not more than ten dollars.

1. ALEXANDER JOHNSTON: History of American Politics. 3d ed. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1890. — Best brief outline of purely political events.

2-4. JAMES SCHOULER : History of the United States of America under the Constitution. Vols. iii.-v. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1889-1891. — A careful narrative, brought down to 1861. It should be used with caution, because of its strong bias of sympathy in the sectional controversy.

5, 6. Carl Schurz: Life of Henry Clay (American Statesmen). 2 vols. Boston & New York : Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1887. - Covers the period 1777-1852.

7. EDWARD M. SHEPARD: Martin Van Buren (American Statesmen). Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1888. – Critical of political influences.

8. EDWARD STANWOOD: A History of Presidential Elections. 4th ed., revised. Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1892. — An account of the political events of each Presidential campaign, with the platforms and a statement of the votes.

9. William G. SUMNER: Andrew Jackson (American Statesmen). Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1882. — Full account of financial questions.

To make up a very good working library of standard reference books, the following works may be added, at an additional cost of probably not more than one hundred and twenty dollars.

10, 11. THOMAS Hart BENTON: Thirty Years' View; or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820-1850. 2 vols. New York : D. Appleton & Co., 1861, 1862.

12, 13. GEORGE TICKNOR Curtis: Life of Fames Buchanan. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1883. — The best account of the disordered times immediately preceding the Civil War.

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14, 15, JEFFERSON Davis: The Rise and Fall of the Con. federate Government. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1881.

16. RICHARD T. ELY: The Labor Movement in America. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co, 1886.

17. WILLIAM GOODELL: Slavery and Antislavery: A History of the Great Struggle in both Hemispheres; with a View to the Slavery Question in the United States. New York: William Goodell, 1855. — A judicious estimate of the movements of opinion, based upon extracts from authoritative records

18. HORACE GREELEY: A History of the Struggle for Slavery Extension or Restriction in the United States, from the Declaration of Independence to the Present Day. Compiled from the Journals of Congress and other official records. New York ; Dix, Edwards & Co., 1856.

19, 20. HORACE GREELEY: The American Conflict. A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-64; Its Causes, Incidents, and Results. 2 vols. Hartford O. D. Case & Co., 1864-1867. — Abounds in extracts from speeches and documents.

21-23. ALEXANDER JOHNSTON : Representative American Orations to illustrate American Political History, 1775-1881. 3 vols. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1884.

24-26. JOHN J. LALOR : Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States. 3 vols. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1883, 1884. – Contains invaluable articles on the history and politics of the United States, by the late Professor Alexander Johnston.

27. JUDSON S. LANDON: The Constitutional History and Government of the United States. A Series of Lectures. Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1889. — An excellent brief constitutional history.

28–31. JOHN T. MORSE, JR., EDITOR: American Statesmen Series. Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 18821891. In addition to those already mentioned: HERMANN von Holst: John C. Calhoun, 1882; HENRY C. LODGE: Daniel Webster, 1883; THEODORE ROOSEVELT: Thomas Har Benton, 1887; Andrew C. MCLAUGHLIN: Lewis Cass, 1891. - Lives of Lincoln, Seward, Sumner, Charles Francis Adam and Chase are also announced.

32. EDWARD A. POLLARD: The Lost Cause ; A New South ern History of the War of the Confederates. Drawn from Official Sources. New York: E. B. Treat & Co., 1866.

33. HENRY J. RAYMOND: Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln, together with his State Papers. New York: Derby & Miller, 1865.

34, 35. JAMES FORD RHODES: History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850. New York: Harper & Brother 1893. — The two volumes published cover the period 1850-1866 with an introductory chapter on Slavery.

36, 37. ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS: A Constitutional View of the War between the States. Its Causes, Character, Conduct, and Results. 2 vols. Philadelphia: National Publishing Co., 1867. – An exceedingly able argumentative statement of the Southern side of the slavery and State sovereignty controversies.

38. WILLIAM G. SUMNER: History of American Currency. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1875.

39. F. W. TaussiG: The Tariff History of the United States. A Series of Essays. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Revised edition, 1892.

40. GEORGE TUCKER: The History of the United States from their Colonization to the End of the Twenty-sixth Congress, in 1841. Vol. iv. Philadelphia : Lippincott, 1857. – A Southern history of admirable temper.

41-46. HERMANN VON HOLST: The Constitutional and Political History of the United States (1750-1861). Translated from the German by A. B. Mason, J. J. Lalor, and Paul Shorey. Vols. ii.-vii. Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1877–1892. — TH. 3 narrative begins at about 1828, and ends in 1860.

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