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The Argument.") The subject proposed. Invocation. Address to Mr. Dodington. An introductory reflection on the motion of the heavenly bodies; whence the succession of the Seasons. As the face of nature in this season is almost uniform, the progress of the poem is a description of a summer's day. Morning. A view of the sun rising. a) Hymn to the sun. Forenoon. Rural prospects.) Summer insects described.4) Noon-day. A woodland retreat. A groupe of flocks and herds.) A solemn grove. How it affects a contemplative mind.) Transition to the prospect of a well-cultivated country; which introduces a panegyric on Great Britain. A digression on foreign summers. Storm of thunder and lightning A tale. The storm over; a

serene afternoon. Bathing. Sun set. Evening. The whole concluding with the Praise of Philosophy.

') Appears for the first time in the quarto of 1730. The following variations occur in the editions of 1744 and 1746 : 2) Summer's Day. The Dawn.

Sun-rising. 3) “Rural prospects” omitted 4) describ'd. Hay-making. Sheep-shearing. Noon-day. 5) Groupe of Herds and Flocks. 8) Mind. A Cataract, and rude Scene. View of Summer in the torrid Zone. Storm of Thunder and Lightning. A Tale. The Storm over,

Afternoon. Bathing. Hour of walking. Transition to the Prospect etc. as above down to “Great Britain”. Sun-set. Evening Night. Summer Meteors. The whole concluding etc.

а

serene

SUMMER.

A
POEM.

The text given in full (A) is that of the first edition (1727). B ed. 1730. The MS. notes, written before the publication of the edition

of 1744, were made on the latter text.

FROM Southern Climes, where unremitting Day
Burns over Head, illustrious Summer comes,
In Pride of Youth, and felt thro' Nature's Depth.
He comes! attended by the sultry Hours,
5 And ever-fanning Breezes, on his Way;
While, from his ardent Look, the turning Spring
Averts her blushful Face, and Earth, and Skies,
All-smiling, to his hot Dominion leaves.

B9

Hence, let me haste into the mid-wood Shade,
10 Where scarce a Sun-Beam wanders thro’ the Gloom ;

And, on the dark-green Grass, beside the Brink
Of haunted Stream, that by the Roots of Oaks
Rowls o'er the rocky Channel, lie at large,
And sing the Glories of the circling Year.

15

B15

Come, Inspiration! from thy Hermit-Seat, By Mortal seldom found : may I presume

B 1, 2 From yonder fields of æther fair disclos'd, || Child of the

Sun! illustrious etc. 12 oak 16 may fancy dare, MS 2 illustrious] resplendent T

SUMMER

The text reproduced in full (C) is that of the edition of 1744. The variations from the previous text are printed in italics. D =

ed. 1746.

FROM brightening Fields of Ether fair disclos'd,
Child of the Sun, refulgent Summer comes,
In pride of Youth, and felt thro’ Nature's Depth:
He comes attended by the sultry Hours,
5 And ever-fanning Breezes, on his way;
While, from his ardent Look, the turning Spring
Averts her blushful Face; and Earth, and Skies,
All-smiling, to his bot Dominion leaves.

D9

Hence, let me haste into the mid-wood Shade,
10 Where scarce a Sun-beam wanders thro' the Gloom;

And on the dark-green Grass, beside the Brink
Of haunted Stream, that by the Roots of Oak
Rolls o'er the rocky Channel, lie at large,
And sing the Glories of the circling Year.

Come, Inspiration! from thy Hermit-Seat,
By Mortal seldom found: may Fancy dare,

15

D15

From thy fix'd, serious Muse, and raptur'd Glance
Shot on surrounding Heaven, to steal one Look,
Creative of the Poet, every Power
Exalting to an Extasy of Soul!

20

B32

With what a perfect, World-revolving Power Were first th’unweildy Planets launch'd along Th’illimitable Void! thus to remain,

Amid the Flux of many thousand Years, 25 That of has swept the busy Race of Men,

And all their labour'd Monuments away,
Unresting, changeless, matchless, in their Course;
To Day, and Night, and the delightful Round

Of Seasons, faithful; not excentric once:
30 So pois’d, and perfect, is the vast Machine!

B 17 Glance ] eye After l. 20 the poetical dedication is inserted :

And thou, the muse's honour! and her friend !
In whom the human graces all unite:
Pure light of mind, and tenderness of heart;
Genius, and wisdom; the gay social sense,
By decency chastiz'd; goodness and wit,

(25)
In seldom-meeting harmony combin'd;
Unblemish'd honour; and an active zeal,
For Britain's glory, liberty, and man;
Oh Dodington! attend my rural song,
Stoop to my theme, inspirit every line,

(30 And teach me to deserve thy best applause. 28 To night and day, with the delightful round MS 22 th’unweildy ] (the cumbrous) T 27 Unresting, changeless]

Firm, unabating T

20

D21

From thy fix'd serious Eye, and raptur’d Glance
Shot on surrounding Heaven, to steal one Look
Creative of the Poet, every Power
Exalting to an Ecstasy of Soul.

And thou, my youthful Muse's early Friend,
In whom the Human Graces all unite:
Pure Light of Mind, and Tenderness of Heart;

Genius, and Wisdom; the gay social Sense, 25 By Decency chastis’d; Goodness and Wit,

In seldom-meeting Harmony combin'd;
Unblemish'd Honour, and an active Zeal,
For Britain's Glory, Liberty, and Man:

O Dodington! attend my rural Song,
30 Stoop to my Theme, inspirit every Line,
And teach me to deserve thy just Applause.

With what an awful world-revolving Power Were first th’unwieldy Planets launch'd along

Th’illimitable Void! Thus to remain,
35 Amid the Flux of many thousand Years,

That oft has swept the toiling Race of Men
And all their labour'd Monuments away,
Firm, unremitting, matchless, in their Course;

To the kind-temper'd Change of Night and Day, 40 And of the Seasons ever stealing round,

Minutely faithful: Such the perfect Hand,
That poisid, impels, and rules the steady Whole.

D32

D 41 th’all-perfect

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