Early American Nature Writers: A Biographical Encyclopedia

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Daniel Patterson, Roger Thompson, J. Scott Bryson
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008 - 433 страници


At a time when the environment is of growing concern to students and general readers, nature writing is especially meaningful. This book profiles the literary careers of 52 early American nature writers, such as John James Audubon, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Caroline Stansbury Kirkland, Thomas Jefferson, Henry David Thoreau, and Mabel Osgood Wright. Each entry is written by an expert contributor and discusses the writer's life and works. Entries close with primary and secondary bibliographies, and the encyclopedia ends with suggestions for further reading.

Global warming, pollution, and other issues have made the environment a topic of constant discussion these days. Many environmental concerns were treated by early American nature writers, who recognized the beauty of the natural world in an age of commercial expansion. Some of the most famous writers of the 18th and 19th centuries wrote about nature, and their works are stylistic masterpieces. At a time when students are being encouraged to read and write about nonfiction, these masterworks of early American nature writing are all the more important. This book gives students and general readers a welcome introduction to early American nature writers.


The volume begins with an introductory essay on the history of early American nature writing and its anticipation of present day concerns. The book then provides alphabetically arranged entries on 52 writers, including:

Elizabeth Agassiz, John James Audubon, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Caroline Stansbury Kirkland, Thomas Jefferson, Meriwether Lewis, Edith M. Thomas, Henry David Thoreau, Bradford Torrey, and Mabel Osgood Wright.

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Съдържание

Elizabeth Agassiz
8
Louis Agassiz
14
John James Audubon
22
Florence Merriam Bailey
30
John Bartram
37
William Bartram
44
Isabella Lucy Bird
54
Neltje Blanchan
62
John Lawson
242
Joseph LeConte
247
Graceanna Lewis
254
Meriwether Lewis
261
Olive Thorne Miller
269
Thomas Nuttall
275
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps
281
John Wesley Powell
288

John Bradbury
70
William Byrd II
77
George Catlin
83
Susan Fenimore Cooper
89
J Hector St John de Crevecoeur
96
Elizabeth Fries Lummis Ellet
105
Ralph Waldo Emerson
111
Eliza W Farnham
130
Thomas Wilson Flagg
137
John Charles Fremont and Jessie Benton Fremont
146
William Hamilton Gibson
154
Chandler Robbins Gilman
163
John D Godman MD
173
Louis Hennepin
178
Francis Higginson
185
John Edwards Holbrook
192
Thomas Jefferson
200
Peter Pehr Kalm
211
Clarence King
220
Thomas Starr King
226
Caroline Kirkland
235
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque
295
Captain Charles Melville Scammon
302
Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
311
George Washington Sears
316
Annie Trumbull Slosson
321
Celia Laighton Thaxter
328
Edith M Thomas
335
Henry David Thoreau
341
Bradford Torrey
365
John Kirk Townsend
373
Mary Davis Treat
381
Alexander Wilson
388
Theodore Winthrop
394
Elizabeth CWright
400
Mabel Osgood Wright
407
blank
414
Further Reading
415
Index
423
About the Editors and Contributors
429
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Информация за автора (2008)

Daniel Patterson is Associate Professor of English and Coordinator of Graduate Studies in English at Central Michigan University. His previous books include Reading the Earth: New Directions in the Study of Literature and Environment (1998), Susan Fenimore Cooper: New Essays on Rural Hours and Other Works (2001), an edition of Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours (1998), Essays on Nature and Landscape by Susan Fenimore Cooper (2002), and Edward Taylor's Gods Determinations and Preparatory Meditations: A Critical Edition (2003).

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