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MONTHLY CHRONOLOGIST.

1801. JAN. 1. THE new century commenced witk

1 the union of Great Britain and Irę. land; and here it may not be improper to introduce to our readers, a representation of the Union Flag, which is composed of the three orders of St. George, St. Andrew, and St. Patrick.

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That the union may be productive of the happiest effects must be the ardent wish of every friend to his country.

His majesty, by his royal proclamation, bearing date the ist instant, after referring to the Acts of Union of the respective parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, and mentioning his titles, &c. directs that “ the same shall be expressed in the Latin tongue by these words :-" GEORGIUS TERTIUS, Dei Gratia, Brittanniarum Rex Fidei Defensor :" And in the English tongue by these words: “ GEORGE the THIRD, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith.” And that the arms or ensigns arınorial of the said united kingdom shall be quarterly, first and fourth, Eng. land; second, Scotland; third, Ireland ; and it is our will and pleasure, that there shall be borne therewith, on an escocheon of pretence, the arms of our dominions in Germany, ensigned with the Electoral bonnet. And it is our will and pleasure, that the standard of the said united kingdom shall be the same quartering as are herein-before declared to be the arms or ensigns armorial of the said united kingdom, with the escocheon of pretence thereon, herein-before described : and that the union flag shall be azure, the crosses-saltires of St. Andrew and St. Patrick quartered per saltire counter changed argent and gules; the latter simbriated of the second ; surmounted by the cross of St. George of the third, simbriated as the saltire.”

The proclamation further directs that all coin current in the united kingdom prior to the ist inst. shall continue so, together with such other money as may be coined of similar description, until his majesty's pleasure shall be further made known.

The arms on all the royal carriages are altered. The fleur de lis is left out, in lieu of which the Electoral cap is introduced ; the shamrock is also introduced in the different orders.

The standard of the united kingdom is thus mar

shalled: in four great quarters are-1st, on the dexter side, in a field gules (red) three lions passant guardant, in pale or (yellow) for England.-2d, Azure (blue), a harp or (yellow) stringed argent (white) for Ireland. On the similar side-3d. Field or (yellow) a lion rampant, within a double tressure, flowered, counter-flowered with fleur de lis, gules (red) for Scotland.—4th. Field gules (red), two lions passant guardant or (yellow) for Brunswick : his majesty's paternal coat.-In base gules (red) an horse current argent (white) for Hanover.--The shield gules (red) seine of hearts or (red) surmounted with an Electoral cap, proper. -These are to be the arms in all official seals : in all which the English rose, the Scotch thistle, and the Irish Shamrock are conjoined, springing from one stem.

2. Lavater, the physiognomist, died at Rome, of the wounds he received from the French soldiers some time since in Switzerland.

3. In the London Gazette of this date. there are no less than eighty-seven promotions of admirals.

9. A baker's covered barrow or truck, with 135 loaves of new bread, was stopped by two informers in the Borough, and carried to Union Hall, under authority of the law which forbids the sale of bread within a given period. The baker, by his counsel, contended, that the bread was neither sold nor exposed for sale, and did not come within the purview of the act :--the magistrates, however, after three hours deliberation, fined the baker 5s. for cach loaf, and sent the bread to be distributed amongst the prisoners in the County Goal.

15. A general court of India proprietors confirmed a resolution of the court of Directors, grant. ing to the Marquis Wellesley an annuity of 5000l. for 20 years, to commence ist. Sept. 1798, the day on which the treaty with the Soubah of the Decan was concluded.

This nobleman, with the concurrence of the East India Company, has established a university at Calcutta, upon an extensive scale. It will contain professors for the ancient languages, with the Persian, Hindoo, &c. and for every branch of science and literature. The professors are to be obliged to read lectures in their respective departments.

19. This day being set apart for the celebration of her majesty's birth-day, the accustomed display of ceremony and splendour 'took place on the occasion. The morning was ushered in by ringiug of bells, the Park and Tower guns were fired at noon, and the union flags were displayed from the steeples of the several churches. The younger branches of the Royal family paid their congratulatory respects to the queen, at Buckingham House. At one o'clock her majesty held a court at St. James's Palace, when the Ode (See the Parnassian Garland) for the new year was performed in the anti-chamber adjoining the drawing-room, and a congratulatory oration delivered by his grace the archbishop of Canterbury. On this occasion a new crimson velvet canopy and throne were put up in the great council chamber, the royal arms of the union being beautifully embroidered, and decorated with diamonds.

22. This evening a person of very genteel appearance, who says his name is Palmer Hurst, was taken into custody at Buckinghamn-house, where he had several times before been troublesome, coming there under pretence of having business with the King and Princesses. On the preceding day he left a letter, which, he said, he came then to demand an answer to. Baker, one of the porters, very properly desired hiin to wait, and sent meeting..

for Sayers, one of the Bow-street officers, who took him into custody. On Friday he was examined before Messrs. King and Ford, at Whitehall, and, from the incoherent manner in which he answered the questions put to him, there remained no doubt of his being in a state of insanity. He is a man of very respectable family, and formerly resided at Walton-upon-Thames, where he possessed considerable property, but which he is supposed to have squandered away. He was sent to Tothillfields Bridewell, and ordered to be taken particular care of.

Same day the Imperial parliament held their first

26. The long pending dispute between the master and journeymen taylors came on this day before the Court of Aldermen, when it was finally determined that in future the wages of the journeymen should be advanced to 275. per week.

At a sitting of the Royal Society, some valuable books, magnificently bound, were presented to the society from the National Institute of France. A letter of compliment accompanied this present, signed Bonaparte, President of the National Institute, and First Consul of France; and on the letter was a finely executed vignette, representing Liberty sailing on the open ocean on a scollop-shell, with the following motto-Liberté de Mer. Sir J. Banks read the letter, and put the question, that a letter of thanks be returned to Bonaparte, which was unanimously carried.

Some revenue officers, in consequence of a late information, searched a mourning coach, which they met in the Kent road, when finding lace, &c. to the value of 6ool. they seized it, together with the carriage and horses.

The Dublin Gazette notifies the elevation to the Irish Peerage, of Lord C. Fitzgerald, as Lord

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