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considerably skilled in mathematics. He was frank, mild, and generous; free from pedantry, and always just to the talents of others; and if he wished for praise, it was only for the praise of those who were qualified to bestow it.
At the time of his death, he was considerably involved in debt; but to the credit of Prague and Vienna, these cities disputed the honour of providing for his widow and children.
For the Monthly Visitor.
ON LOQUACITY. PROPENSITY to talkativeness is, in some A men, uncontroulable ; on every occasion, and on every subject, they will advance their opinions, notwithstanding it may be at times unseasonable, and perhaps often misconceived.
To engross the whole of conversation is generally admitted to be a deviation from the rules of politeness; it therefore consequently follows, that no man of this character can be a pleasing companion. The soul of conversation is rejoinder; and every judicious man will never be tedious in delivering his sentiments; and the modest man with a little discernment, will always look at the countenances of the company to discover what sensations his opinions excite. This would operate to check that disgusting garrulity to which many persons of respectability and fortune are addicted. This fault appears to arise from vanity and incon. siderateness for he surely must be a vain man, who, by not permitting conversation to be general, imagines that he can entertain for some hours, a whole company.-Even admitting him to be extensively informed, allow him genius, wit, good.
nature, &c.-yet without judgment he cannot be an agreeable associate. For once he may shine, and pleast, but it is of short duration.-Éternal sunshine would not perpetually please; gloom and shade render its brilliancy delightful; by continual enjoyment the most exquisite delicacies prove tastetess, and even unpleasant; for balsams by excess may be as pernicious as poisons.-In whatever light we view loquacity, folly appears the predominant figure on the canvass--while in the back ground are seen, sneering satire, growling censure, restless petulance, grinning ridicule, and frowning contempt. Who, possessed of one grain of common sense, would subject themselves to the painful reprobation of these tormentors of human life?
Soine men there are, who fondly conceive they possess such fascinating powers of conversation, that every one listens with silent admiration, and that they are invited for the especial purpose of entertaining the assembly, by retailing of anecdotés twenty times repeated, by elaborate narrations, and laboured eloquence. They think that the highest proof a man cản exhibit of talent, is to talk much in elegant language-without considering, that sometimes by its elevation, it might prove neither beneficial nor amusing.
Surely those persons must be very unacquainted with the world, and perfectly inexperienced in the knowledge of what gives energy to conversation, the most agreeable of which are (as before stated), reply and repartee. A few sentences, sensibly delivered on any common, subject, are quite sufficient; a reply follows judiciously concise, perhaps from the man of wit. and humour; pleasure sparkles then in every eye; siniles of approbation and delight are discovered on every countenance; and each gives and receives improvement and gratification, .
Another evil attached to this disposition of lo. quacity, partakes of the nature of calumny.By indulging in what is termed pleasantry, they often sketch with the pencil of sarcasm the features of their friends, and every foible is dragged to view to raise a momentary laugh, or gratify the lust of vanity. When you expostulate with such a cha. racter, he generally replies—“ I meant no harm. I respect you. I had no intention to defame your character, or wound your feelings." But what is the resultCan he recall his satire? Can he.paint over the portrait, and hide those features which excited ridicule, and, perhaps, contempt :-Alas! it is not in his power. “Satire fixes an indelible stain on the character. The memory appears fonder of recollecting the foibles, than the virtues of men, and, whether from habit, or natural depravity, the tales of vice are more perfectly remembered than the aphorisms of the philosophers, ,or the precepts of religion." * Viewing it on the most favourable side, it fre., quently involves a man in serious disputes on the most trivial occasions. Were not loquacious men in general very confident and thoughtless, reflection would often spread their cheeks with the burning blushes of shame, and the sting of selfreproach would pierce their hearts for their presumption and folly..**
There are seasons, it must be acknowledged, when these 'rigid laws may be violated with pros priety and advantage. To break the solemn sia lence of reserve, the whimsicalities of a spor ive fancy, may produce the effect desired. An interchange of sentiment may be excited, and the plea. şure resulting from sccial intercourse perfectly en. joyed. Some men, like gems, require the process of attrition, to shew their worth and brilliancy i to those the mechanical motion of the tongue of
loquacity may be of singular utility. Disgusted, perhaps, with unprofitable 'prattle, or stimulated to reply by some severity, they soon discover the amiable virtues of their hearts, and the strength and beauty of their minds. If then loquacity would be silent and abashed, good sense and reason would triumph; but such men, neither admonition nor persuasion, neither reproof nor praise, neither dea feat nor victory, can induce to restrain their dispoo sition. To fetter their tongues would be severe torture, and were the legislative power to impose silence on persons of this description, it would be considered the most extreme punishment, the most tyrannical interdiction."
Mr. Loquax, by an indulgence in this particular habit, though a man of virtue, some information, and talent, often renders himself ridiculous and unpleasant. Destitute of judgment, he gives the reins to his tongue, -on all subjects, whether com. petent or not, he must speak,- not content with giving an opinion, he permits the most irrelavent ideas, that are jumbled together in his mind, freely to obtrude themselves. Unacquainted with systems, without a perfect knowledge of any science, possessed only of miscellaneous intelligence, yet has a tolerable share of memory. Thus, as he thinks so he speaks, on every topic advanced, but like the mercenary troops of an enemy, his endowments seldom co-operate with each other they do not support with energy the common cause, and every new accession of idea, for want of judgment, åre like undisciplined recruits; they exhibit an appear=) ance of power, without being formidable. Such is Loquax, a man, from his situation and age, en titled to respect, and were he possessed of discre tion, would, doubtlessly, impart to every society pleasure, and be received as a welcome and respectable guest.
It appears, therefore, an indispensable duty on all heads of families, tutors, and friends, to inculcate modesty in the younger branches of society teaching them, above all things, to love TRUTH. Satirical conceptions let them reject altogether, as pestilential to friendship and barinony, and let them repress a fulsome, unprofitable, and injudicious propensity to LOQUACITY.
Jan. 14, 1801.
The Garden, with its many carcs, All well repaid, demands him---he attends - The welcome call-conscious how much the hand
Of lúbbard labour needs his watchful eye, . Oft loitering lazily if not seen, . Or misapplying his unskilful strength.
THE title of this third book of the task, indi
1 cates its contents, and boasts of a beautiful variety. In a garden, it is presumed, the poet passed much of his time the scenes there presented to the eye, were in unison with the benevolence and sensibility of his heart. He, however, indulges himself in that wholesome satire on the vices and follies of men, which he reprobates with a masterly severity. He also lays open a few traits of his own history-an interesting melancholy characterises his retirement.
This his history we have in the following singular lines: