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to fear the fate of Peter III. ?-What revolutions may be expected to take place in Russia.--National character.---Religion.-Female government.-Education and supplement. The author, though unknown, is certainly a sagacious observer of men and manners. His remarks have all the appearance of truph and integrity. The part which entertained us niost, was the account of Paul, the present emperor-the anecdotes of whom are so curious, that they shall be transcribed.
"The prince, whom Paul appears to have chosen for the prototype of his reign and actions, is Frederic William, father of the great King of Prussia. The same austerity of manners, and the same passion for soldiers, are found in the Russian autocratė. For the rest, I have drawn, I conceive, the character of Paul in relating his actions ; if not, the task, I confess, is above my powers. It is well known, that nothing is so difficult to paint as an infant, whose physiognomy is as yet unsettled, and it is the same with the charac. ter of an eccentric m30. The most favourable plea we can make for him is, that the light of the French revolution has touched his brain, and disordered his intellects. It had already disturbed the much stronger head of his mother. Ii is said, that the people of Paris, crowding to see Paul (then a youth), cried, “ My God, how ugly he is !” and that he had the good sense to laugh at ii.t He is not improved since he is grown
* This he cloes not allow-for he said, one day, « I will be Frederic II. in the morning, and Louis XIV. at
+ He is greatly changed; or raiher, he now dares shew himself what perbaps he was already. A poor soldier, in the agony of bis sufferings under the cane, by Paul's orders, for a trifling fault in his exercise, cried out in despair, “ Cursed baldhead! cursed bald. head !". The enaged autocrate gave orders that he should expire under the knout; and issued a proclaold, bald, and wrinkled. The empress appears hy his side like one of those beautiful women who are paint. ed with a litle delormed black ainoor near them, as a contrast to their digoity and grace. The singularity which he affects in his dress, and the severity of his manners, add greatly to his deformity. Without excepting even the Kalmuks and the Kirghises, Paul is the ugliest man in his extensive diminions; and he himself cousiders his countenance as so shocking, that he dares not impress it upon his coin *
“I shall here subjoin some traits, which will serve to describe Paul hy his own actious; and will prove, that when grand-duke, he announced what we have seep of him since his accession.
“ Near to bis castle of Pavlossky he had a terrace, from which he could see all the centineis, whom he delighted to station about him wherever there was room for a centry-box. On this covered terrace he spent a part of each day, and observed with a spying glass all that was passing about him. Olen he sent a servant to a cenonel, to order him to button or unbutton a little more of his coat, to keep bis musket higher or lower, to walk at a greater or lesser dis.
mation, by which it was prohibited, under pain of the same punishment, for any one to make use of the term bald in speaking of the head, or snubbed in speaking of the nose.
* The new coins have not his effigy, but his cypher mcrely, with the following words of Scripture, which, in such a connexion, have no meaning : "Not unto us, not unto us, but to Thy name.” Probably it is some device of martinism, or oi obscarantiim, which Paul pa'ronises. It cven appears that he is going to establish this order with that of Malia, of wh ch, to be astonishment of all Europe, he has just deciared himsell grand-master, at the very instant of terming an alliance with the Turks. O, my friends, can you refrain from laughier! But, alas!
Quidquid delirant reges plectuntur Achivi,
tance from bis centry box. Sometimes he would go himself ricarly half a mile to give these important or ders, and would cane the soldier, or put a rouble into his pocket, according as he was angry or pleased with himn.
" Pavlofsky. was an open village, yet guards were appointed, who wrote down the names of all who en. tered it, or went out of it, and who were obliged to tell whence they came, whither they were going, or what they wanted. Every evening each house was visited, to learn if there were any strangers there. Every man who wore a round hat, or had a dog with him, was arresied. The village, which had been much frequented because of its beautiful situation, soon became a desert; persons turned out of their way to avoid it; and when Paul was perceived at a distance, he was carefully shunned. These circumstances encreased his displeasure and suspicions, and he often caused the persons who thus sought to avoid him to be pursued and questioned.
“ One day he put all the officers of his battalion under arrest, because they had saluted him awkwardly in filing off after their drill, and he ordered them to be called out for eight days successively to file off and salute before him, sending them regularly back to the guard-house till they were able to perform according to his fancy
" Exercising, one day, his regiment of curiassiers, the horse of an officer threw him. Paul ran furiously towards him, crying, “ Get up rascal!"._." Your highness, I cannot, I have broken my leg !" Paul spat upon him, and retired swearing.
« Passing at another time unexpectedly and secretly. by one of his guardhouses, the officer, not knowing him, did not order out his men ; upon which he instantly turned back, boxed the cars of the officer, and ordered him to be disarmed, and put under arrest.
Ove day, travelling from Tzarsko-selo to Gan. shina, of which the road was in the middle of a marshy forest, he suddenly recollected something, and ora
dered the coachman to return. " Presently, your highness," said the coachman; “ the road is here too narrow,''-" How, rascal,” cried Paul, wont you turn immediately:" The coachman, instead of answering, hastened to a spot where it was possible to comply. Paul, however, called to his equerry, and ordered him to arrest and punish the rebellious coachman. The cquerry assured him that he would turn in a moment. Paul Aew into a passion with the equerry also : “ You are a pitiful scoundrel like himseli,” said he ; " let him ovcrturn the carriage, let him break my neck, but let him obey me, and turn the instant I cominand him." During the dispute the coachman succeeded in turn. ing, but Paul had him chastised on the spot.
« Since his accession, one of bis horses stumbled with him in one of the streets of Petersburg ,--he alighied immediately, beld a sort of council with his attendants, and the horse was condemned to receive fisty lashes with a whip. Paul caused them to be given on the spot before the populace, and counted himself the strokes, saying, "There, Sir, that is for haviog stumbled with the emperor..
« One day, when only grand-duke, he met in the gardens a man with a round hat, who wished to avoid him. Paul caused the man to be brought before him, and found that he was a clock.maker, who came to repair his time-keepers. Alter baving at greai length remonstrated with him on the indecency of round hats, he asked his wife for some pins, and raising the flaps of the hat, cocked it himsell, and then replaced it upon the head of its owner.
“ To balance this multitude of absurdities, he exhi, bits many trails of humanity : the pensions which he bas bestowed on the unforrupate, the hospitals which he has founded for his soldiers, the provisions which he distributes among his poor officers, and other acts of benevolence and justice, atiests that he deseives the character rather of a capricious than a bad man.”
Such are the traits of the present Russian mo, narchlet the reader forịn his own judgment re
specting thein. : His character surely, under such circumstances, cannot command respect. Discontent will prevail among his subjects, and probably effect a revolution when least expected by him. In. sanity proves the best apology for his conduct. Such a man, however, is capable of doing incredible mischief to the millions under his jurisdiction, and to the many nations by which his extensive dominions are surrounded. Wishing well to the human race, we hope Paul will reform, or that Providence will raise up some other monarch in Russia more friendly to the peace and happiness of the world.
The immodesty of the Russian women, and the superstitions of the Greek church, are disgusting to every sensible mind. We sincerely wish that the customs, manners, and government of Russia were more favorable to human improvement.
Providence Displayed, or the remarkable Adventures
of Alexander Selkirk, of Largo, in Scotland, wbo lived four Years and four Months by himself on the Island of Juan Fernandez, from whence be returned with Captain Rogers, of Bristol; and on whose Adventures was founded the celebrated Novel of Robinson Crusoe. With a Map of the Island, and twenty-four Cuts. By Isaac James,
Button. 35. M R . JAMES has industriously collected the
11 several particulars that are extant respecting that singular inai, Selkirk, whose history, it is acknowledged on all hands, gave rise to Robinson Crusoe. Mere matter of fact, however, though uruch to be desired in all cases, yet certainly falls far beneath the flights of imagination. It is curious, however, to trace the broad basis on which De Fox