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this was done by the Imperialists, who čonld not bear that the defeat of their ancestors should be thus held out to the view of every passenger. But others impute the dilapidation to Jacobins and terrorists, who did wish that even the splendid exploits of their forefathers, under a monarch, should not be transmitted to posterity.
The French villages are inferior, in almost every respect, to those of Belgium. Most of the houses are built of common clay, and the little furniture betrays evident warks of poverty. Some of them, however, exhibit appearances of prosperity and ease, Besides common corn, clover, horse-beans, and walnuts are produced in abundance, from the kernels of which last they express oil.
I saw a great number of boys and girls in the fields, gathering in the harvest; which led me to conclude, that those who ought to have been employed in that task, were called to the field of battle. I observed that three-wheeled cars, or carts, were used instead of four-wheeled ones, which in general are very large, and sometimes require from two to four, and even six, to draw them ; whilst one or two horses will pull a greater load in the former. But I must declare, that in no country with which I am acquainted, are the poor working horses treated with greater cruelty than in France. There can be no doubt, that, where the ground is even, and the roads good, these three-wheled waggons, or carts, ought to be preferred to those with four wheels.
The roads in this part of France are paved, like those of Belgium. Some of them, however, are better than the highways in that country : though there are many hollows and rough parts in several places, and although the tolls are very high, all idea of repairing them seems to have been abandoned since the revolution.
Bouchain is a very strong fortification ;-for, by ineans of the web placed and finely constructed sluices, the greatest part of the adjoining countiy can be inundated at pleasure : so that it would be very difficult to besiege or take this fortress, if well supplied with provisions. As to the town itself, its mean buildings have fallen into ruins: the in habitauts seem to share the same fate, for you meet with poverty in every quarter of it. Along the whole tract from Valenciennes to Paris there is a stratum of chalk-stone, which is used in decorating the cast frames of the windows, doors, and gates; and, as you approach the capital, you meet with some houses built entirely with this stone instead of bricks.
Cambray is well fortified, and is furnished with a citadel. The city is well built, neat, and clean. Throughout the whole, you see the remains of wealth and prosperity, for which, no doubt, it is indebted to its famous manufactories of cambric. From Cambray the road runs through Bouavia, Fins, Peronne (which is fortified), Marche le Pot, Fonches, Roye, Conchy les Pots, Carilly, Gournay, Buis le Liheu, and Pont St. Maxenze.
The French posts are under very proper regulations. The horses belong to the post-masters themselves, some of whom have ncar 120, a number of which are always in the stable ; so that you are not detained a moment. The post-boy rides on one of the horses, and goes at a smart trot over heights and hollows, rough places and smooth; and it is in vain either to entreat him to quicken or slacken his pace. This road is a great thosoughfare for carriages of every kind, and at every post-house there is a blacksmith's shop. As soon as you stop, the sons of Vulcan come out, and inquire if their assistance is wanted. The iron axle of my carriage happening to be broken by a stopez on my way to Pont Maxenze-they were glad to hear of it, took it out, welded it together, and in vabout two hours I was enabled to resume my journey, They asked a louis-d’or, which was not unreasonable; and it was so weil done, that it has not failed since.
From Pont Maxenze I preferred the road round Chantilly. Here I travelled through a fine grove of oak and beech, with much underwood ot forward growth. This narrow way is bordered with lofty trees, whose spreading branches form the most agreeable and grateful shade, especially from the noontide sun.
Chautilly belonged to the Prince of Condé, and is well known for the beauty of its architecture, and the enchanting walks and plantations, parks and pleasure-grounds around it. The Jacobins have nearly demolished the fine park walls, and cut down the trees which shaded the walls. All the internal decorations of the castle, the paintings, looking-glasses, tapestry, the valuable cabinet of natural history, library and all, were plundered ; so that the empty shell is all that remain of its former splendour. The mob cut and carried off the heads and arms of the statues, which the Prince had been so many years in collecting. In many of the rooms are yet to be seen part of the small cells, in which those who were doomed to the guillotine were immured, during the bloody reign of the terrorists.
· The roads begin to improve, as you approach Paris. The successive prospects on every side seem to vie with each other in richness and variety : they surpass whatever imagination can conceive. The mildness of the climate, groups of vineyards, highly cultivated orchards and kitchen-gardens, all contribute to render the scene delightful; and peaches, apples, pcars, plums, cherries, and walnut-trees, flourish in the open fields in the greatest ábuno dance.
misdadi From Chantilly I travelled through Lusarehe, Echouen, and St. Denis, and arrived in Paris in the afternoon of the 19th of August.
2 ati, 3
THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL
[. From the same. ] AS formerly called Jardin du Roi; but reNational Convention of the roth of June, 1793. One end of it extends to the Seine : it consists of a botanic garden, library for natural history, a menagerie, or collection of foreign animals, and an amphitheatre, or lecture-room.
The botanic garden which belongs to it is three hundred and twenty toises, or fathoms, long, and ten in breadth. It is partitioned lengthways, that is, from its entrance down towards the Seine, by three very fine alleys; and intersected across by various others, which terminate in the public promenades, or walks. The different square divisions thus formed, are used for plantations, and are at present enclosed with rail-work. The green-house and orangerie were formerly in pretty good order, and separated into rooms and spaces: but a new green-house and orangerie are now additionally erected, and they are very conveniently dispose d. Here is a great abımdance of foreign plants and trees, and from hence all the botanic gardens of the central schools are supplied with seeds and with trees as soon as they can be transplanted. From the same highly cultivated spot, the cultivators of tand can procure economic and nursery trees, and
even the indigent poor can obtain plants when they can be spared.
Captain Baudouin, in his travels into different parts of the world, bad collected a great variety of natural curiosities ; and presented the whole to the nation, on condition that he should be furnished with a ship to convey them to France. The English goverument consented that this ship should perform her voyage without molestation. Meanwhile the English had taken possession of the island of Trinidad, where this extensive and famous collection had been left. When Captain Baudouin arrived at Trinidad, in order to bring away his collection, the English would not give it up, on pretence that their government had consented to the safety of the expedition by sea, and not by land. However, this and the former expeditions were not altogether fruitless; for Baudouin has brought into the botanic garden about one thousand different kinds of live plants, besides assortments of seeds, and a considerable herbariuin.
The gallery for natural history is a building situated on the right hand, as you enter the botanic garden froin the street. On the second floor of this building are four large apartments, where fishes, birds, shells, insects, minerals, earths, and stones, are deposited on shelves, furnished with glass fronts. The inner part is allotted to vegetables, and contains specimens of trees, together with the herbarium of Tournefort.
Vaillant presented to the Museum a part of his birds. But several persons, who had certain knowledge of the fact, assured me, that Vaillant rés served for himself the most singular and curicus.
The gallery is open to the public the first, fourth, and seventh days of every decade, when it is crowded by all sorts of people, who come there not for instruction, but merely to view the place, by