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dred thousand inen: though he cannot effect much with all this force; because, excepting the Moors, thry are, for the most part, an undisciplined rab. ble.—The imperial life. guards consist of six hunc dred Moors of cavalry, enjoying an unbounded licence, and consequently practicing every species of rapine and extortion. The governors in the capitals, and the sub-governors in the other towns, exercise the sovereign authority within their districts, ruling with the most absolute authority; the emperor, let them be ever so intemperate and cruel towards his subjects, giving himself but little concern about them.-If a subject conceal any part of his effects, or of the fruits of his ground, and enquiry be made after it in the name of the emperor, or of a governor, if he deny that he knows any thing of it, on its being detected, he forfeits both his life and the whole of his property ; nay, he must even esteem it a signal act of favour, if his sentence be mitigated to that of being bound up in iron for life, and his family banished the country. The priests, who are extremely numerous, are the proper instruments in the performance of these acts of iniquity, of horror and murder; usually running about with the Koran, as if they were diligently reading it, encouraging the people to prayer, and to observe the precepts of the Koran, going thrice a day to the mosques, bawling there to God, as if they wanted to wake him from a profound sleep; imploring the prophet that he will grant a long reign to the emperor, his son, and the like; while their aim is, certainly, not the advancement of wisdom and virtue, but the promo: tion of their own inportance and respect, and of an unlimited dominion over the minds of men. Only, then they pray with fervent zeal when they invoke God and the prophet to exterminate infidels, and destroy beretics. They are einployeu daily, indeed for some hours, in giving lessons to youth; but what they teach only tends to suppress in their tender minds the voice of reason, and to inspire them, in its stead, with a servile fear of the prophet, and an implicit reverence for them as his servants.
Polygamy is in general practice here; the Moors, in particular, taking not unfrequently four, five, or six wives, and often getting rid of them with equal facility. No inquisition is taken when the wife of a Moor happens suddenly to die; nay, if any one offer to bring testimony that she is murdered, he is inmediately sent away with reproof for his forwardness. If a Moor attach himself to the daughter of a mechanic, she must be given up to him, if the whole family would avoid the hazard of having their houses plundered, or some indivie dual of it secretly made away with. 4. The women are kept in a very sequestered state, living in rooms apart from the rest.-Anong the primary class of inhabitants, comprehendiug mer. chants, priests, officers, and the like, liberal and honest men are occasionally found; the greater part, however, are people of base and sordid minds; but the priests and officers are of a peculiar wicked stamp. The merchant is obliged to give the tenth of the articles of his trade, in kind, as a tribute to the emperor or his viceroys; but, besides this, he must likewise, every week, pay ca pitation - tax, war-tax, security-money*, &c. Over and above these ordinary taxes, voluntary contributions, or free gifts, are demanded in behalf of the emperor; at the same time, every one must furnish a stated sum for the maintenance of
** This money is paid to the governor, for which he keeps a guard of soldiers, who at night are watchmen at the warchouses of the merchants."; d. i
'the priests. The Jews ate not allowed to trattic. or to possess anv property, but are obliged to perform the meanest offices, and subinit to the harshest treatment, like the coinmun slaves....
- 29717 MODERN METHOD OF PUFFING. DE
(Extracted from a daily Newspaper.) THE SOCIABLE.-One of these pleasant vehi.
1. cles was crouded lately, in its way to town, with a jolly fat company, to the utter exclusion of elbow-room. The favourite topic of conversation was the near commencement of the grand half-million lottery. A Kentish farmer candidly acknow. ledged, that, from gaining early in life an eighth share of only a ten thousand pound prize, he had realized a fortune of above 30,00ol, and which had enabled him to purchase the whole of an estatě, of which he had originally rented but a few acres. Another of the company, a London merchant, as freely confessed that he had handsomely portioned off his two daughters, by having presented them with a ticket in a late lottery, that proved a prize of consequence. His right-hand neighbour, a buxom fat widow, exclaimed also in praise of a lot. tery ticket, which had enabled her late husband to comfort her in her weeds, with a handsomne provision. " Then, Madam," cried a gentleman directly facing her, " let me join my fate to your's, for I am a widower, and have very receptly been a
favourite of fortune's wheel.” The voice now of ra charming girl, at the upper end of the Sociable,
avowed that her business then to town was to ac* cept soool. colisols. which was bought for her
from the produce of a share in a recent lottery, « Bless me,” cried à Bristol merchant from the lower end of the vehicle, " and my business to
town is to negociatě the 20,00ot. prize, which I bought at Pope's office only two months ago," All the remaining conipany were by this time perfectly electrified by these lottery occurrences, and being now near town, agreed to give the coachman a douceur to drive immediately to Pope's Of. fice, No. 12, corner of the Royal Exchange, facing the Bank of England.
ACCOUNT OF VALENCIENNES, FRENCH VILLAGES, it !' AND CHANTILLY.
[From Jones's Translation of Bygg's Travels in the French Republic.] T ALENCIENNES is the first stage in Old
V France. I came in on that side which was attacked by the Austrians. In the part near the rampart, whole streets and lanes have been demolished, some have been levelled to the ground, and others burnt. They have not made the least attempt, since the siege, to build or repair thein. Copenhagen has been more fortunate in this respect. The third part of that city was consumed by fire, and in less than three years the whole was
rebuilt on an extensive and improved plan, far su. -, perior to the former. Fire-engines are tound to be
of great use in Denmark, even in villages. I am not certain that fire-engines are used in France, or in what manner they are regulared and kept up, since the revolution,
The French villages will lose by comparison, in the eye of the traveller, who has just passed through the neat and handsome ones of the Netherlands. The first moment you set your foot in the environs of Valenciennes, you are encircled with a bost of beggars, so importunate, that they rather demand than solicit charity, It seems that, shortly after the revolution, a number of the youth, ofte both sexes, engaged in the manufactures, were thrown out of employment, and reduced to the necessity of living on the casual bounty of travellers.
In order to show my pass, it was necessary that I should go to the municipality, and thence to the police officer (bureau de police). As these two did not sit at the same time of the day, I went to the house of one of the municipal officers, a shoes maker, whom I found at work in his shop. He did not detain me a moment, when I showed him the pass I had from the French minister in Copenhagen. On showing him the royal Danish pass, he'shook his head; as much as to say, That is of no use. His dress was not very fine, and yet he was the chief of the municipality. In all the other towns, in which there were barriers or turnpikes, I was only desired to show my pass, which the of. ficer never took out of my hands; but this was not the case in fortified or garrisoned places, where they examine them very attentively. Formerly they expected a small douceur on these occasions, which was strictly forbidden by the last French proclaination; rien de votre générosité. I am told they were very well satisfied with ten or twelve sous.
It is not very far from Valenciennes to Frejus, where the French gained a very remarkable victory. Here I saw a sinall monument, erected to the memory of General Dampierre. Douay lies farther off; a severe battle was fought hete in the reign of Louis XIV. and the French, in order to perpetuate that day, raised a monument on the road side, which consisted of a square pyramid, about thirty feet high, inserted in a square pedesa tal, ornamented with pyramids of marble, in bas relief, with inscriptions on each side. The pyramid is now stripped of all these ornainent, which were broken down or carried away. Some say that