Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub

TAGORE LA W LECTURES–1874-75.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

LATE FELLOW OF ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; BARRISTER-AT-LAW ; AND

OFFICIATING STANDING COUNSEL TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

CALCUTTA:

THACKER, SPINK AND CO.,

Publishers to the Calcutta University.
BOMBAY: THACKER, VINING & Co. MADRAS: HIGGINBUTHAM & Co.

LONDON : W. THACKER & Co.

9160E

Tx

T128

CALCUTTA:

PRINTED BY THACKER, SPINK & co.

lec Dec. 22, 1898 TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Scope of the present subject Nature of sources of information-Express Hindoo

law as to land-Menu does not show extent of rights in land-Obligation of

cultivator to cultivate—The king's share–The village as referred to in

Menu-The village as inferred from observation and analogy-Lord Met-

calfe's description of the village communities–Such communities found in

all parts of India—The village lands and homesteads—A self-governing cor.

poration - The development from the joint family—The lands at first held

in common but divided at an early period—Immigrants-Servile dependants

-Three classes of cultivators with interests in the land-Khoodkashts-

Their rights regulated by custom-In Southern India—Their right to occupy

so long as they cultivated and paid the customary revenue-The transfer-

ability of their rights—Rates paid by them-Paid a higher rate than other

cultivators formerly—Their privileges--The second class of cultivators-

Their rights in the land—What occupation sufficient–Less complete rights

than khoodkashts—Assessment upon them--The mere pyekashts—Rates paid

by them-Precarious nature of their rights—The village constitution—The

village officers—Mode of payment—The servile labourers of the village-The

headman-Partly elective and partly hereditary office–The State could dis-

miss-His functions-His emoluments-In Orissa villages-Dismissal --Mode

of assessment of revenue-Mode of payment--When headman refused to

agree to assessment-Headman not a farmer of the revenue-But he and the

village responsible-Headman long recognised–The putwarry and canoongoe

-The zemindar—The chowdhry–The amount of the king's share-Pro-

prietary rights

« ПредишнаНапред »