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trolled.” It did not occur to this writer, 'what God was doing with the seedsman; and how the farmer, when he goes forth in the morning to his field to prepare for his harvest, might be saluted by the way, and congratulated that he was going forth to feed God's creatures liberally, though it is not in his heart to do it; but God causes it to be in his hand to do it. There is a noble overflowing largeness in the works and ways of God. What man calls waste abounds on every side. For example, amongst the millions of blossoms which are, at this very moment, at this season of the year, opening their beauteous bosoms, and emitting their fragrant odours in the thousand and ten thousand fields, and gardens, and orchards, how few will bear food for the use of man? But shall they all be wasted therefore ? Shall they turn to no other use? O, yes; even the very blight which ruins them for man's use, does itself produce unnumbered myriads of the creatures of God, who feed, and fatten, and enjoy their fleeting existence.

and partakes in its proper measure of the general enlargement. So, also, as the Christian advances in the divine life, the understanding, the affections, the practical habits, the disposition to self-inspection, watchfulness, and prayer, and whatsoever else is conducive to genuine godliness, all improve together ; and, if any one of these be contracted at the expense of the others, it is an unhealthy increase, and cannot properly be denominated growth in grace.- Rev. E. G. Marsh.

Ronish PROHIBITION OF THE SCRIPTURES.--Many an alarming accusation may doubtless be urged against Romish apostacy. But, perhaps, the most dark and deadly of all its deeds is the prohibition of the study of God's word; since it seals and perpetuates every other error, and excludes, as much as possible, all hope of amendment and reformation. If it had been in the power of some mortal to intercept the light of the sun in its progress from heaven to earth; to arrest, in mid course, the rains which were on their way to fertilise the ground ; and if he had exerted a power so mighty for a purpose so disastrous, turning a fruitful world into barrenness, and destroying its entire population, to gratify some sordid interest,--would not such a crime as this be too vast to be expressed in human language? What, then, shall we say of a system which attempts to check the free course of that truth, which is the light and life of the immortal spirit; and hence is as much superior to the light of the sun as eternity is to time? God has spoken from heaven; the Romish clergy attempt to overpower the sound of his voice. God has given the Scriptures as an epistle from himself to mankind; Romanism places a seal upon the volume. God has commanded us to read ; Romanism gives orders, “Read not." Thus does Romanism barricade, as it were, the very gates of Paradise. It says to God, “Hitherto shalt thou go, and no further." It would exclude the Deity from his own empire, and despoil man of his salvation.Booker's Ter-centenary Sermon at Killurin.

The Cabinet. VALUE OF THE HUMAN Soul. There is perhaps no consideration which more beautifully illustrates the benevolent character of the angels of God, than their rejoicing over the repentance of one sinner, or which more powerfully sets forth the incalculable value of a human soul; except, indeed, the amazing condescension of the Lord of glory, in descending from the throne of his sanctuary " to seek and to save that which was lost."-Rev. T. Bissland.

PATIENCE COMMENDED BY God's Example. Long-suffering is God's darling attribute ; and what is dear in his sight ought not to be less precious in ours. And how marvellous is his patience, who daily pours his blessings on those men, who as daily offend, affront, and dishonour him; making his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, sending rain on the unjust as well as the just, and not excluding the worst from those blessings, to the least of which the best of us have no title! And although God be provoked every day, yet he holds his hand; and waits patiently, till the last minute of man's trial and the world's duration be past. Although he have the power in his own hands, and the weapons of his indignation are all ready, he defers to strike, if, perhaps, men may at length be led by his long-suffering to repentance, because he wills not the death of a sinner, but rather that he should be converted and live : and, while judgment sleeps, mercy calls night and day, to sinners, Why will ye die? 'Repent and ye shall be forgiven. Turn ye, and ye shall live.-Yet God's blessings are abused to the purposes of luxury and lasciviousness; his truth is denied; his commandments are broken ; his Church is persecuted; his ministers are insulted ; his Son is crucified afresh; and his own long-suffering is made an argument against his existence :--and he is still patient. What is man, then, that he should complain?-Bp. Horne.

GROWTH IN GRACE. — Growth in grace is a very important feature in the Christian life. The body never ceases to grow till it has arrived at perfect maturity. Plants and trees grow without intermission till they have reached their proper height and breadth. The growth of a Christian in faith and holiness is equally necessary, and it is analogous to these. What is it that characterises the growth of animals and of plants? That growth may be very small. It may be slow. It may be scarcely perceptible. But, whatever it be, if it be a healthy growth, it extends to every part of the plant or animal. Every limb, every leaf, every fibre, receives its proportionate increase,

Poetry. UNION WITH CHRIST DESIRED.* Jesus ! on thee I would recline, And feel that I am wholly thine ; Within thine arm, upon thy breast, My weary aching head I'd rest; Bask in the sunshine of thy face, Draw from the fulness of thy grace ; Behold thy glory, hear thy voice, And in my gracious God rejoice.

My Saviour! cast me not away
Once at thy feet in tears I lay;
My soul in anguish thou hast known,
Hast marked each sigh, hast heard each groan;
And now, a weak, a worthless thing,
Yet all I have, myself, I bring ;
And, weak and worthless though I be,
Thy precious blood was shed for me.

To thee I look, on thee I wait,
Without thee lost and desolate ;
Take me--my soul to thee is given
Whom have I else on earth or heaven?
To that poor soul thy love impart;
Set me upon thine arm, thine heart;
Thy glorious presence let me feel,
And all thyself, dear Lord, reveal.

M. A. S. • From Christian Lady's Magazine.


| the good bishop replied, I am that old man, the Bishop Behold

of Durham, notwithstanding all your votes; for Sir ChrisHow short a span

topher was not free from the stain of the times,

Whereupon Sir Christopher demanded whither be Was long enough, of old,

was going? “ To London,” replied the old gentleTo measure out the life of man !

man, " to live a little while, and then die." On this, In those well temper'd days his time was then

Sir Christopher entered into further discourse with Survey'd, cast up, and found but threescore years and

him, took him home with him to Northamptonshire,

where he became tutor to that son of his, which was ten.

afterwards the incomparably learned Sir Henry Yel. Alas!

verton, and prefaced this most excellent bishop's little And what is that?

piece “of Episcopacy." After some time Sir Christopher They come, and slide, and pass,

died; and then Sir Henry (whom the good old bishop

had made a true son of the Church of England, and Before my pen can tell thee what.

endeared to himself with the affection of a most tender The posts of time are swift, which having run child) gratefully continued to support him, till God Their sev'n short stages o’er, their short-liv'd task is was pleased to call him to a greater reward. This done.

bishop was a person of such exalted devotion, that he

seldom answered at the end of any prayer, with a Our days

single Amen; would never kneel on a cushion, nor in Begun we lend

his last sickness ever prayed with his cap on his head. To sleep, to antic plays

He professed, at his very last, the highest esteem for · And toys, until the first stage end :

the doctrine, discipline, government, and worship of

the Church of England; and exhorted those about Twelve waning moons, twice five times told, we give

him to continue stedfast in it. He had a mighty value To unrecover'd loss—we rather breathe than live, for the Liturgy, gave express orders to be buried by How vain,

it, and took great consolation in the Church's prepara

tives for death, viz. profession of faith, charity, and How wretched is

repentance; absolution, and receiving of the blessed Poor man, that doth remain

eucharist. The learned Spanhemius, Rivet, Willius, A slave to such a state as this !

and other great men in the foreign churches, were his His days are short, at longest ; few, at most;

acquaintance and correspondents. He died in 1659, in They are but bad, at best; yet lavished out or lost.

the 95th year of his age.--Walker's Sufferings of the

They be

Milton's RESIGNATION.-"I do not regard my lot
The secret springs,

either with weariness or compunction,” says Milton, reThat make our minutes flee

ferring to the loss of his sight; " I continue in the same On wheels more swift than eagles' wings;

sentiment fixed and immovable; I do not think my

God displeased with me, neither is he displeased; on Our life's a clock, and every gasp of breath

the contrary, I experience and thankfully acknowledge Breathes forth a warning grief, till time shall strike a his paternal clemency and benignity towards me in death.

every thing that is of the greatest moment; specially

in this, that, he himself consoling and encouraging my How soon

spirits, I acquiesce, without a murmur, in his sacred Our new-born light

dispensations. It is through his grace that I find my Attains to full-aged noon!

friends, even more than before, kind and officious And this, how soon to grey-hair'd night! towards me; that they are my consolers, honourers, We spring, we bud, we blossom, and we blast,

visitors, assistants. Those who are of the highest

consideration in the republic, finding that the light of Ere we can count our days, our days they flee so fast,

my eyes departed from me, not being slothful and inThey end

active, but while I was with constancy and resolution When scarce begun,

placing myself in the foremost post of danger for the

defence of sacred liberty, do not on their parts desert And ere we apprehend

me. Nor is it an occasion of anguish to me, though That we begin to live, our life is done.

you count it miserable, that I am fallen in vulgar Man! count thy days; and if they fly too fast estimation into the class of the blind, the unfortunate, For thy dull thoughts to count, count every day thy the wretched, and the helpless; since my hope is, last.

that I am thus brought nearer to the mercy and pro

tection of the Universal Father. There is a path, as FRANCIS QUARLES: 1664.

the apostle teaches me, through weakness to a more

consummate strength : let me, therefore, be helpless, Miscellaneous.

so that in my debility the better and immortal vigour

of our human nature may be more effectually displayed; Bishop MORTON was consecrated Bishop of Chester

so that, amidst my darkness, the light of the Divine in 1615, translated to Lichfield in 1618, and to Dur

countenance may shine forth more bright: then shall I ham in 1632. He was committed to prison during

be at once helpless, and yet of giant strength; blind, the Long Parliament, and deprived of his bishopric.

yet of vision most penetrating: thus may I be in this He suffered much from the insults of the common helplessness carried on to fulness of joy, and in this people. Under these his troubles, it is related, that

darkness surrounded with the light of eternal day." he retired first to his patron the Earl of Rutland ; after that to one Captain Saunders, in Herefordshire; thence to Mr. Rotherham's, in Bedfordshire; and, at

LONDON :-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, last, going to London, with about 601. (which, it seems, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; was then his all), he was overtaken on the road by and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and

Country. Sir Christopher Yelverton, who, being known to the bishop, though the bishop was unknown to him, and,

PRINTED BY in discourse, asking the old gentleman what he was,


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avowed purpose of providing amusement for

the people on their leisure-day; and so anBY THE Rev. Jon Ayre, M.A.

xiously is this object pursued, that, as you Minister of St. John's Chapel, Humpstead.

see in some of their advertisements, means If it be allowed that the Sabbath was insti- are adopted for issuing them, not merely in tuted for a religious purpose, it must be ad the metropolis, but also in places within 150 mitted, also, that the employments which are or 200 miles of it on the same day. It is on that day lawful ought to have a religious true, by this arrangement, that the printers tendency. This, though an obvious truth, | are not occupied on the Sabbath; and this, I seems to be sometimes lost sight of by per- / believe, is urged as one argument in favour sons who, while they confess that the Sabbath | of such publications : but, as I shall prove, was divinely consecrated for the especial wor- multitudes of other persons are hence enship of God, would yet have it, at least par couraged both to work and to take their pleatially, occupied in mere worldly amusements. | sure on the Lord's holy day. But it is clear from Scripture, that if it is to For, as papers do not circulate themselves, be sanctified at all, it must be sanctified by a great number of newsmen are necessarily an entire rest from both secular business and employed in delivering them to their respectsecular pleasure. I need only refer for evi ive purchasers. Any one who traverses the dence in these two particulars to the fourth streets of London, or its suburbs, on a Sun. commandment, “In it thou shalt not do any day morning, will see multitudes of those inwork ;” and to the declaration of the Lord by dividuals, with large bundles beneath their Isaiah (chap. lviii. 13, 14); “If thou turn arms, busily engaged in knocking at almost

every door to leave the newspaper. So painthy pleasure on my holy day, ... then shalt ful a labour do they find this, that very many thou delight thyself in the Lord.” No auste have given public expression to their anxious rity is here enjoined; for the service of God wish to be delivered from it. It will be, I is not a hard service, yea, “ in his presence know, replied, that no newsman is obliged to there is fulness of joy:" but it is required work against his will, and that those who disthat our Sabbath occupations be of such a approve of being so employed are at liberty nature as may best promote a religious tem- to cease. This is, abstractedly, very true ; per, and aid us in worshipping the Lord “in but there are, it must be remembered, many the beauty of holiness."

kinds of compulsion besides physical force. On these grounds I propose to consider the The newsman, if he does not choose to supply lawfulness of Sunday newspapers; and I you with your Sunday newspaper, will lose earnestly hope that all those persons who your custom, and hence expose himself to will read the observations I make, may act worldly loss; and it is not fair, or liberal, or upon what I shall endeavour to shew are the Christian, to place such a temptation in your plain principles of the word of God.

brother's way. He may not be innocent in Sunday newspapers are published with an | yielding to it; but a part, at least, of his fault, VOL. 1.--NO. XXIII.

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belongs to you, who supplied him with such l'overthrown: it ceases to be the religious rest an inducement to commit it. Persons who it was intended; nor can it perform its office plead for the lawfulness of pleasure on the of renovating the mind for the recurrence of Sabbath, ought to consider, that for their re- | labour. For recreation is best attained by a creation, they, as it were, compel others to change, not a cessation of employment; and work.

that rest is most wholesome for both body I may also observe, that the temptation is and mind, which consists in a release from hence increased for the poor to frequent one occupation, in order to a leisure for anpublic-houses on the Sunday. A poor man other. Let the body, freed from grinding cannot have a paper entirely to himself, at toil, partake of gentle exercise ; let the mind, his own home : in order to read it, he has turned away from things temporal, survey the generally to resort to some public place. glories of those which are eternal, and both And for this, among other reasons, we find will be invigorated. But if the thoughts emthose places crowded at times when every ployed for six days upon the world, are on lover of good order would most desire to see the seventh also to be fed with similar, only them empty. .

more stimulating food, its appetite will at From all this arises a great neglect of public length be palled, its powers weakened : it is worship. Some persons are occupied in dis- wearied instead of being refreshed. tributing, others in perusing the Sunday news It would be well if those who conduct Sunpapers; and therefore the house of God is day newspapers would seriously reflect on forsaken. The paper supplies more imme- these things. They may not themselves ladiate amusement than a sermon, and man is bour on the Sabbath, but they are the instrunaturally disposed to attach himself to thosements of imposing labour upon others, and pursuits which appear to furnish the most they are spreading temptations in the way of present pleasure. He is thus induced to for multitudes to turn the Lord's holy day into get the service of him who, as his Creator, a day of worldly amusement. If St. Paul, Preserver, Redeemer, equitably demands the rather than make his brother to offend, refirst reverence and first affections of his solved to eat no meat while the world stood, heart. To say that that is not evil and in- | thus abstaining from what was in itself injurious which generates or fosters an inatten different, surely those persons who, as they tion to public worship, is to deny the prin- | bear the Christian name, profess to follow ciples, and overthrow the sanctions, of all | Paul as he followed Christ, ought, even if it religion. The great duty of the Lord's day | were to their temporal loss, to abstain from a is the assembling of ourselves in his house of practice which really violates one of God's prayer; and to nullify this duty, is to pro commandments. Why will not those newsclaim that man owes his Maker no gratitude, | papers which appear but once a-week choose no service.

some other day of publication than Sunday? Much injury arises, also, even where there And why will not Christian men unite in occurs from this source no actual forsaking endeavouring, by kind and temperate methods, of public worship. It is hard, in the midst to prevail on them to cease from that which of worldly occupations, to lift the thoughts | must draw down God's displeasure on our to heavenly things. And this is one reason nation ? I am no advocate for harshness : why one whole day in seven is to be appro- but I must say, that the voice of the compriated peculiarly to God, in order that, un-munity ought on this point to be lifted up; disturbed by earthly cares, we might render and if that voice were to proceed from the to him a pure offering. But if the news of mass of religious individuals among us, dithe week is to be our Sabbath reading, this rected, as surely it would be, by all the mi. end is defeated. A man who reads the news nisters of Christ, I cannot doubt that, under paper just before he goes to church, will not God's blessing, it would make itself effec. have his mind in a very solemn or appropriate | tually heard. frame for the prayer and praise he is there to | One thing is very clear. No man who join in; and he that betakes himself to the pretends to serve the Lord should, in any newspaper just after he has listened to a ser- way, in his own practice, countenance the mon, will be little disposed to “ mark, learn, evil of Sunday newspapers. He should never and inwardly digest," the sacred word. Even admit one into his house; he should resolve supposing that the character of the paper he no where to peruse one. Else he lends a helpreads is moral and decorous, still it will ne- ing hand to evil, and encourages the spread cessarily waken thoughts and associations of irreligion. It is a fearful thing to be parwhich ought on that day to have continued takers in other men's sins. And he who takes lulled to rest — it will necessarily mingle the a Sunday newspaper is a sharer in that guilt leaven of the world with his holy things. of Sabbath labour, Sabbath amusement, ne

The object of the Sabbath is in this way I glect of public worship, and misimprovement of it, which I have mentioned. It is no pallia- | him as humble suppliants for mercy, and from whence tion for him to say, that he does not intend he shall come at the end of the world to judge both such wide-spread evils to follow ; he must the quick and the dead. What an important testisee that he is, besides his own personal offence, | mony is borne by the words of the Lord Jesus concontributing to uphold a system, the results

tained in this message to his proper divinity, to his of which are fearfully injurious. And if he

pre-existence before all worlds, to the supreme power be the head of a family, or in any station of

and authority with which he is invested!" Thou,

Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the influence or authority, how can he think his

earth; and the heavens are the work of thine hands. exertions will be useful in maintaining one

They shall perish, but thou remainest; and they all of God's commandments, when his example

shall wax old as doth a garment; and as a vesture shews how lightly he esteems another? It is

shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed : manifest that his obedience in other respects

but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.” is secured not by principle, but by some less

The Church of Smyrna is addressed first in the lanworthy motive. He who, for his interest or

guage of commendation. It is assured by the glorious his pleasure, breaks the fourth commandment,

Saviour, that he is perfectly acquainted with its works, would, did interest or pleasure equally induce or its whole deportment in the zealous discharge of him, as readily break all the rest.

the several duties of the Christian calling; with the I am sensible that I might dwell upon a tribulation through which it had been compelled to vast number of other particulars connected pass; with the poverty of its members in a temporal with this subject; but I have already filled point of view—for in spiritual attainments it was prothe space allotted me. I can, therefore, only nounced to be rich; and with the blasphemous conadd my earnest prayer, that the few lines duct of those who, under the mask of true religion, which I have traced, I trust with a humble were vehemently opposed at heart to all that was desire for God's glory, may, by his Spirit, be good and holy. “Some think," says Scott, “ that rendered of effectual benefit to those who these men possessed Christianity; but, in their zeal read them.

for the Mosaic law, they spoke such things of the person and righteousness of Christ, as amounted to

constructive blasphemy: but it is more obvious to ASIATIC CHURCHES.---(III.)

conclude, that they were virulent opposers and perseSmyrna.

cutors, who 'contradicted and blasphemed,' as the "And unto the angel of the Church in Smyrna write; These Jews at Antioch in Pisidia had done, at the time when things saith the First and the Last, which was dead, and is

Paul preached among them (Acts, xiii. 45). They alive; I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich.) and I know the blasphemy of them which say | professed to be Jews, and the people and worshippers they are Jews, and are not, but are of the synagogue of Satan. of God; but they were not what they professed to be. Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer; behold, Whether they were of the Jewish nation or not, God the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be

did not allow of them as his congregation. The rites tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faith

for which they contended were no longer of any vaful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the lidity; their worship was carnal and hypocritical; they churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second violently opposed the truth and cause of God; and, death."-Rev. ii. 8-11.

they were, in fact, of the synagogue of Satan ;' a The epistle to this Church materially differs in its

company of people bearing the image, copying the tone and character from that addressed to the Church

example, doing the works, and combining together to of Ephesus; for while that epistle contained the me- support the kingdom of the devil.” All these circumrited accusation of declension in religion, and a relin stances were perfectly well known to Him whose eyes quishment of their “first love" on the part of its run to and fro throughout the world; who is intimately members, this bears testimony to the firm adherence acquainted with all the sufferings and trials of his beof the Christians of Smyrna to the cause of truth. lieving people ; and who marks with his decided apSmyrna was a city of Ionia, founded 3000 years ago, a probation those who remain stedfast to his cause. place of great importance, and supposed to have been The language of warning is also held forth to this inhabited by colonists from Ephesus. The Gospel Church --of warning as to the further persecutions it appears to have taken deep root in the hearts of many might expect. The Lord Jesus Christ assures them of its inhabitants, and its fruits were visibly apparent that the great adversary of the human race, whose in their characters and conduct.

works He was manifested to destroy, would be perThe Lord Jesus Christ, in addressing the angel of mitted to gain a victory over them ; for he is still this Church, does so in the character of “the First suffered to assail the saints of God, and his enmity and the Last," the Eternal Jehovah, “without be- would be allowed for a season to prevail. They should ginning of days or end of years," “ the same yester be cast into prison for the further trial of their faith, day, to-day, and for ever;" as "He who was dead, but it would be only for a limited period; for the exand is alive," who, though for a season be became pression, ten days, may either mean ten years, which subject to the death of the cross, on behalf of ruined is recorded to have been the duration of Domitian's man, and lay in the sepulchre, yet arose triumphant persecution, or a considerable but limited time. on the third day, ascended to the right hand of the The Saviour speaks, however, at the same time, Majesty on high, where he ever liveth a willing advo- | with the voice of encouragement : “Fear none of those cate to make intercession for those who draw near to l things which thou shalt suffer;" and he concludes with


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