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success of their speculation. They undertook two gregation,--all feeling their interest in the more editions successively; and it appeared that the English market was even yet not overstocked. The

prayers and praises, and all evincing that inclergy were astounded at the wide dissemination of a

terest by cordially and audibly uniting in the book which they so much dreaded. Tonstall appears responses. to have thought that Packington had only furnished If such were our practice, the service of him with a portion of the copies on hand. He therefore sent for that merchant, and required him to ex

our Church would no longer be regarded as plain how it happened that, in spite of his purchase,

cold and formal, and the best answer would England was deluged with New Testaments. The be furnished to those who may bring this trader's answer was: My lord, the types yet remain ; accusation against it. your lordship had better buy them up. But the bishop had been somewhat enlightened by the event

It is therefore earnestly to be desired that


himof his proceeding at Antwerp. He smiled; and after each worshipper would charge it pierely saying, "Well, Packington, well,' his visitor self, or herself, as an imperative duty, to prowas dismissed."

mote as far as possible the devotional chaIt is impossible to read this interesting detail with- racter of our service; out gratitude to God for his unmerited goodness, in First, by taking care to be in church before thus making the devices of man of none effect. Vain the service begins. indeed must be the efforts of those who strive against Secondly, by diligently attending to the diOmnipotence, or seek to impede the course of the rections of the Rubric, kneeling or standing, healing streams of the water of life ; and amidst &c., as there ordered. innumerable discouragements which may present them

Thirdly, by repeating ALL THE RESPONSES, selves from various quarters, the Christian philan- not omitting the “ Amen" at the end of each thropist may engage in every good work for the promotion of the spiritual and eternal welfare of his fel

prayer, in an audible voice. low-men, under the well-grounded conviction, that the

Fourthly, by joining in the SINGING, with word of the Lord shall have free course and be glorified.

the best endeavour to produce devotional harIn consequence of the first edition being thus nearly

mony: destroyed, copies of the work are extremely rare.

Let every one feel that this is not a trivial There is one copy in a beautiful state of preservation

matter, but one which is worthy of the effort ; in the library of the Baptist Institution at Bristol, that we may with one heart and with one which was the property of Harley, Earl of Oxford, mouth glorify God our heavenly Father

Amen. who, being a great collector of rare works, employed through Jesus Christ our Lord. one John Murray, a person of the same taste, to procure what was scarce and valuable in literature, and he,

Biography. by accident, finding this, received as a reward an annuity of twenty pounds from his lordship, which was paid regularly until his death in 1748. In this edition the capital letters are illuminated, as in the It must not be supposed that there were wanting men finest old manuscripts, and the marginal notes

even before the full light of the Reformation broke not printed, but written with a pen.

forth, to perceive in some degree the errors of the Romish Church, and, according to the knowledge they

possessed, to testify against them. Indeed, the candle AN ADDRESS

of divine truth, though dimly seen, was never enTo Congregations of the Church of England on the

tirely extinguished ; nor did 'God at any time leave

himself altogether without witnesses, though it might Devotional Use of the Church Service.*

be they had to prophesy in sackcloth. The readers It appears to be a fault in the character of of this Magazine have already had laid before them the religion of our day, that too exclusive im

the history of one eminent individual (Lord Cobham),

who suffered in the troublous time betwixt Wickliffe portance is attached to preaching, to the and Cranmer: I purpose supplying, in the present neglect of the other part of the Divine Ser- paper, a brief account of another distinguished person VICE. Yet, needful as it is that we should who lived in the same period, and whose persecutions hear of Jesus Christ and his salvation from ought to be better known than they are to the gene

rality of readers. the pulpit, this is certainly not more needful

Reynold Pecock was a man of distinguished ability than that we should have “ communion with

and learning. He was patronised and advanced by the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ,” in Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, brother to King prayer and in the holy eucharist. The con- Henry V., and during the minority of Henry VI., gregational use of our highly-prized Liturgy prince, Pecock became bishop successively of St.

protector of the kingdom. By the favour of this could not fail very much to promote such Asaph and of Chichester, and published, without fear, communion. Every one must feel the great his opinions in several books and treatises : but after difference of the Church service when it is

the duke's fall and death, " this good man (to use

Fox's expressive words), lacking his back-stay, was merely read over by the minister and the




open to his enemies, and matter soon found against clerk in the hearing of the congregation, and him.” when it is used in behalf of and with the con- Bishop Pecock by no means agreed with all the

doctrines which were at that time generally held by The above address has been printed in a cheap form, for distribution by clergymen in the pews of churches and chapels, • Vide Fox, vol. i.; and Southey's Book of the Church, and has already been extensively used for that purpose.

vol. i.

the Lollards. For instance, they maintained that apostolic see, to all and singular, parsons, vicars, chap; nothing was lawful which was not expressly appointed lains, curates, and not curates, clerks, and learned by the Scriptures. Wickliffe had never held this men, whatsoever they be, constitute and ordained in opinion ; but had affirmed, that human ordinances, if any place throughout our province of Canterbury, grounded on good reason, and for the common profit | health, grace, and benediction. We have received a of Christian people, ought to be accepted. And grievous complaint of our reverend fellow-brother, Pecock argued, that it was not the intention of God Reynold Pecock, bishop of Chichester, containing in in revelation to teach things which might be dis- it, that albeit our said reverend fellow-brother the covered without it. He also, - and his judgment here bishop delivered unto us certain books written by him will be admitted to be erroneous,-he also asserted in the English tongue, by us and our authority to be that, though images had been abused, it was not examined, collected, reformed, and allowed : notwithnecessary entirely to destroy them. Pilgrimages he standing, many (the examination and reformation of did not wholly condemn, because he thought that God the said books depending and remaining before us unmay choose to dispense his favours rather in one discussed) have openly preached and taught at Paul's place than in another ; but he advised those who Cross in London, and in divers other places of our desired spiritual improvement, to seek it more in province of Canterbury, that our said fellow-brother hearing and reading God's word, than by " haunting, the bishop hath propounded, made, and written, or as it were, alway the exercise in such visible signs.” | caused to be written, in the said books, certain conHe strongly censured the preaching of the supersti-clusions repugnant to the true faith, and that he doth tious friars (pulpit-bawlers, he called them), whose obstinately hold and defend the same. By the pretence discourses, stuffed with foolish legends, were mainly of which preaching and teaching, the state and good intended to enforce the duty of employing their order name and fame of the Lord Reynold the bishop are to say masses for the relief of souls in purgatory: yet grievously offended and hurt, and he and his opinion he thought that much advantage might, and did, on marvellously burdened. Wherefore we charge you, the whole, result from the labours of such itinerants ; | firmly enjoining you, that openly.... you do warn.... and he maintained, on several grounds, the great all such persons, which will object any thing... against utility of monasteries. Charges had been brought the conclusions of our said reverend fellow-brother the against the bishops for not preaching, and not re- bishop ... contained in his books or writings, that the siding in their dioceses : and these he stoutly met, by twentieth day after such ... warning bad, they do insisting that the special office of a bishop was not to freely of their own accord appear before us and our preach to the common people, but to have knowledge commissioners in this behalf appointed, wheresoever of what the inferior clergy might preach, and direct we shall then be in our city, diocese, or province of them in it: as to residence, he contended that they Canterbury, to speak ... and affirm fully and suffiwere not obliged to be in their dioceses when they ciently in writing, whatsoever heretical or erroneous could be better employed elsewhere.

matter they will speak... or object against the said These opinions, it might be thought, must have conclusions contained in his said books; and both to recommended Bishop Pecock to his ecclesiastical su- satisfy and receive whatsoever shall seem meet and periors; but what he maintained, he maintained in right in this behalf by the holy institution and ordino persecuting spirit. He was not anxious to hunt nances.” The citation went on to provide, that until out the Lollards, and press them with inquisitorial his books were fully examined, no man should be perquestions on points in which he disagreed with them. mitted to say any thing to the prejudice or offence of He conversed with them mildly, he listened to them the Bishop of Chichester. with patience, he won their confidence, he discussed On a day appointed, Bishop Pecock appeared at with them familiarly matters, “which (says one of the Lambeth before the Archbishop of Canterbury and historians) it had been death to touch upon before a the Bishops of Rochester and Lincoln. The Duke of persecutor.” And further, he would by no means Buckingham, and certain doctors and lawyers, were assent to the favourite tenets of the Romanists, the also present. The articles specially alleged against infallibility of their Church. This doctrine was, he him were the following :-He had held, that we are perceived, in the highest degree injurious. It was at not bound by the necessity of faith to believe that our once opposed to the plainest evidence of facts, and an Lord Jesus Christ after his death descended into hellinsuperable barrier to every thing like reformation. that it is not necessary to salvation to believe in the It perpetuated abuses, it stamped with the seal of holy Catholic Church, or the communion of saints, or sanctity every error which ignorance had inadvertently, to affirm the body material in the sacrament--that or interest had selfishly, been the means of intro- the universal Church may err in matters which pertain ducing. His feelings were remarkably expressed unto faith-that it is not necessary unto salvation to concerning it in the following prayer : "Othou Lord believe that what every general council doth univerJesus, God and man, head of thy Christian Church, sally ordain, approve, or determine, should necessarily, and teacher of Christian belief, I beseech thy mercy, for the help of our faith, and the salvation of souls, be thy pity; and thy charity: far be this said peril from approved and holden of all faithful Christians. Other the Christian Church, and from each person therein accusations seem also to have been added, for the purcontained ; and shield thou that this venom be never pose of exciting popular indignation against him, and brought into thy Church : and if thou suffer it to be of bringing him into disfavour with the government. any while brought in, I beseech thee that it be soon He had asserted, it is said, that the Pope, having a again outspit. But suffer thou, ordain, and do, that right to all benefices, might, as sovereign lord, reserve the law and the faith which thy Church at any time to himself any part of the revenues; and also that the keepeth, be received, and admitted to fall under this goods of churchmen are as much their own property examination, whether it be the same very faith as the temporal estates of those who have them by inwhich thou and thine apostles taught or no, and heritance. In what way, however, these charges were whether it hath sufficient evidences for it to be very urged, and whether he really maintained these opinions, faith or no."

historians are not agreed ; his great crimes certainly A storm now gathered against the Bishop of Chi- were, his insisting that man's reason is not to be prechester; and a singular citation was, in the year 1457, ferred before the Scriptures of the Old and New 'T'es. issued by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Bour- tament, and that the very first and proper sense of chier, commanding all men to appear who had any Scripture is to be taken; his giving little estimation, thing to allege against him. “ Thomas, by the per- in some points, to the authority of the old doctors ; mission of God (this document ran), archbishop of and his unsound (as they were called) opinions respectCanterbury, primate of all England, and legate of the ing the holy eucharist.

Before the archbishop and his court Pecock at abbot's special leave and in his presence,) was to first most stoutly and learnedly defended himself. But, speak to him, but the attendant who made his bed and alas! before such a tribunal neither truth nor learning his fire. Neither pen, ink, nor paper, was to be alwas likely to have weight. His adversaries used in lowed him, nor any books, except a mass-book, a turn the weapons of menace and flattering persuasion. | psalter, a legendary, and a Bible. For the first His opinions were condemned, and he had to choose quarter his fare was to be the common rations of the betwixt recantation and martyrdom.

Let no man convent; but afterwards he might have the allowance reproach his memory because he chose the former. of a sick or aged brother, with such further indulIt is easy while death is at a distance, to dare his gence as his health required. Such was the melanapproach; but when he is come near, he stands clothed choly fate of one who had sat among the mitred princes in terrors which will ever make the flesh of man to of the land. Whether or no he repented of his reshrink. We must also recollect, that Bishop Pecock, cantation, we have no certain intelligence. The strictthough he maintained that the Romish Church had ness of his imprisonment might seem to argue that this erred, never professed to withdraw himself from her was the case, and that through fear of its being known, communion : with the light he had, his object was, his persecutors determined that Pecock should never not to attack her as an enemy, but to reform her as a look again upon the face of man. In his dungeon he friend: and great allowance must be made for the igno- died. Surely we have abundant reason to bless God rance and uncertainty, which, in those miserable times, for the light and liberty which we enjoy. " The lines disquieted and dulled the clearest judgment.

are fallen to us in pleasant places : yea, we have a Sad was the humiliation to which this unfortunate goodly heritage.” Let us use our privileges, as preman was doomed. He was brought in his episcopal cious talents, to the glory of the God who gives robes to St. Paul's Cross, in the presence of twenty them.

S. thousand people, and there made to stand at the Archbishop of Canterbury's feet. Fourteen of his books were presented to the bishops his judges, and these CONVERSION OF MR. JOHN FRENCH. he was ordered, with his own hands, to deliver to be thrown into the fire then ready for that purpose.

Tue following interesting narrative was contained in a Then standing at the cross he read his recantation in

letter from Mr. Rogers, vicar of Warminster, Wilts, English, to the following effect :-“In the name of

to the Bishop of Salisbury. It is printed in the corGod. Amen. Before you, the most reverend father in

respondence between Mr. Burke and Dr. French Christ, and Lord, the Lord Thomas, by the grace of

Lawrence. God archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, “ Upon my first being placed in this large and and legate of the apostolic see, I, Reynold Pecock, populous parish by Bishop Sherlock, it was not only unworthy bishop of Chichester, do purely, willingly, my duty, but, at the same time, my pleasure to get simply, and absolutely confess and acknowledge, that 1, in times past, that is to say, by the space of these

acquainted with, and be informed of, the characters, twenty years last past and more, have otherwise con

dispositions, and opinions of those whom I was sent ceived, holden, taught, and written, as touching the to instruct. Among them, I soon found a gentleman, sacraments, and the articles of the faith, than the much respected for his sense and understanding (Mr. holy Church of Rome and universal Church ; and also John French, the grandfather, by the mother's side, that I have made, written, published, and set forth of Dr. French Lawrence), and looked upon as an many and divers pernicious doctrines, books, works, writings, heresies, contrary and against the true

oracle within the circle of his acquaintance. He was catholic and apostolic faith, containing in them errors

tolerably well skilled in the mathematics, and read contrary to the catholic faith.” He then specified the

the classics with ease. It was very rare, and someerrors particularly charged against him, and pro- what extraordinary must have happened, if ever he ceeded “Wherefore I, Reynold Pecock, wretched neglected attending Church on Sundays. He always șinner, which have long walked in darkness, and now

brought with him his Greek Testament, in which he by the merciful disposition and ordinance of God, am reduced and brought again into the light and way of read with the minister the several portions of Scriptruth, and restored unto the unity of our holy mother ture as they were appointed. But I soon learned that the Church, renounce and forsake all errors and here- all his friends held him to be a rank deist; and sies aforesaid." He further required all persons, as quickly discovered that at Church the one supreme they tendered their souls and his, to deliver in all

God was the sole object of his faith and worship ; writings of his which they might have in their keep

for, whenever the Gloria Patri' was said or sung, ing, that the same might be openly burnt, as an example to others. Many copies were then brought I could not but observe bis inattention, by his wiping forward and cast into the flames.

his spectacles, shutting his book, gazing about him, This scene was doubtless intended to strike terror

or the like. The same was observable at the reinto the minds of the people. If a man of such dis

He was, however, tinction, a bishop too, and wearing the robes of this peating of either of the creeds. order, was to be seen compelled to such a humiliating always decent; and whatever were his particular nopunishment, even after he had submitted himself to tions, he never troubled the world with them. I lived the will of the Church ; what was to be expected by with him in strict harmony and friendship many years, laymen who dared to hold out against her authority? | almost eighteen. He had many moral excellencies ; It was shewn by fearful proof, that no man, whatever

and was, in particular, very charitable, and much behis office or station, could be permitted to think for

loved by the poor. He would never enter upon any himself; but that every conscience must be subjected to one unbending law.

religious points; and if at any time they happened to But this was not enough. The tender mercies of be started, was generally silent, or, at the most, said the Romish prelates were cruel. Bishop Pecock had but little. We styled him the philosopher;' a chaindeed escaped the pain and ignominy of a public racter he much affected both in his garb and carriage, execution, but he was condemned to what must have

being altogether careless in the one, and not a little been even worse than death. He was to be detained in perpetual imprisonment in Thorney Abbey, in a

unpolished in the other. About six months since, his secret closed chamber, out of which he was not to be health began to be impaired, and his decline seemed permitted to go. No human being (except by the to be coming on apace. I watched every opportunity to get at his religious notions, and instil others. Un- from the pulpit, that no true sincere Christian could happily for him he was too reserved (as he afterwards ever abstain from that ordinance, and which he proconfessed); nor could he venture to open his mind to mised never to neglect again (as he hoped, in sinceme, when he could not but know that his end was rity), if it were God's will to give him life, which he drawing near. The Monday before he died (which did not expect. More passed, much to the same was on the Friday following), I went to see him, pur- purpose. In fine, my answer was (not apprehending posely to lay hold of any favourable opportunity that his end to be so very near), that the morning was the might offer for inculcating the necessity and import- best time for such an act of faith, when, if he perance of faith. But I left him as I found him, fully severed in the same pious and devout frame of mind, convinced, in my own mind, that he was resolved to I would attend him early. So I left him for that leave the world in the faith of those principles he had night, after having commended him in prayer to God. embraced, whatever they were, without communicating Friday morning, at nine o'clock, I accordingly atthem to me, or any one else. I did not, however, tended him, not a little surprised to find him so weak think his time so very near as it afterwards proved, as to be unable to rise out of his bed. I found him, for he walked out, and dined abroad the next day; and however, quite composed, much rejoiced to see me, ' Better!' was his reply to all who kindly asked how and full of the same good thoughts I had left him in he was. On the Thursday following, in the afternoon, the night before, still earnestly desirous of receiving as I was visiting another sick person, three messen- what he had all his days rejected. I then administered gers came after me, on the heels of each other, to to him the sacrament of the Lord's supper, which he hasten me to him. They all urged he was impatient received with all the outward marks of faith and deto see me immediately. I soon went, and found him votion, and, as he was pleased to tell me, with the sitting by his fire, in his chair, as usual. He thanked highest satisfaction and comfort. Being engaged to me for coming, hoped it was not inconvenient, and visit, and to do the same office by another sick perthen calmly desired me to do my office by him. I asked son the same morning, I soon left him to God and his him what part? His answer was, to administer to him own thoughts, with a promise to call upon him mornthe sacrament of the Lord's Supper. This gave me the ing and evening as long as he lived. But I saw him opportunity I had long wished for : I immediately put no more; for, about three o'clock in the afternoon, the following questions to him, namely; whether he after having said to those about him, he thought he renounced those principles he must know himself to be should not live to see me fulfil the kind promise I had charged with, of which, too, he could not suppose me made to bim, he expired without a groan. Such was to be ignorant: and whether he embraced the faith of the conversion of Mr. John French; justly, I think, a crucified Saviour, Jesus, through whom alone he so called, beyond many modern ones the world lias of could be saved? With a becoming warmth, he re- late been made acquainted with-a marvellous work plied, 'I do.' And, with indignation, he added, that of God, as it must be acknowledged to have been. To he renounced and abhorred those principles that had, Him be the glory given ; and may a like degree of all his days, misled him; withal reflecting on the folly light break in upon the hearts of all others who are and unhappiness of those who build their hopes of as yet in unbelief, that they may all be brought to security on the moral fitness of things. "In proof of the acknowledgment of the truth as it is in Jesus." my sincerity, sir,' says he, pointing to the fire, you Oct. 1760. see the ashes of two books not quite consumed; they Such instances of the patience and long-suffering are the remains of two that have helped to mislead of God are peculiarly interesting. They should stime (Woolaston against the Miracles, and a volume of

mulate all true Christians, lay and clerical, to be Deistical Tracts). I intended to have burnt them

instant in prayer for those who are opposed to the

word of truth. before you, as a mark of my sincerity, but was im

They teach us never to despair.

While there is life there is hope. Pardon may be patient with resentment against their contents; and found even at the waning moments of the eleventh will, if it please God I ever get to my closet again, hour. This consideration must not lead to presump, where are more of the same stamp, burn the re

tion; but it should induce believers to be active and mainder. Thus, upon the fall of deism, an opening thering the salvation of those who deny the Lord that

diligent in their attempts to be instrumental in furwas given to me to implant the saving truths of the

bought them. Perhaps some of our clerical readers Gospel. To inculcate its truths, indeed, was needless; could narrate instances of conversion no less remarkhe had read, heard, and fully remembered them : and able than the above :-let past experience lead to to enforce them in their spiritual sense, here the future diligence in their Master's work. grace of God prevented me; for I had no sooner attempted it, than he freely acknowledged that he had

LOVE TO THE BRETHREN A TEST OF PIETY: found and felt the power of the Gospel of Christ unto salvation. He found, he said, all other schemes in

a Sermon, effectual, and the Gospel alone efficacious to his com

BY TIE REV. John Buxton MARSDEN, M.A. fort and support.

He then witnessed as to place and posture, wherein it pleased God to illuminate his un

Rector of Tooting, Surrey. derstanding to embrace those saving truths he had

1 John, iii. 14. long rejected, and he rejoiced in the light thereof.

“We know that we have passed from death unto Here, again, he repeated his desire of being made

life, because we love the brethren." partaker of the body and blood of Christ in the sacra- The first and great anxiety of a mind in ment; joining issue with me in one great truth, which earnest on religion must ever be to discover he remembered at times to have heard me inculcate | its own condition in the sight of God. It

will seek to know whether the sentence of which the apostle speaks. In the second, I condemnation still hangs over it; or whether shall attempt to shew how it becomes a conit has passed from death unto life, from a vincing proof of our own acceptance. state of darkness and alienation to a state of I. 1. The love to which St. John refers is, adoption and acceptance with God. Until then, love to Christians for the sake of their this great question is resolved, the penitent Christianity; or, love to the Church for the remains a stranger to all peace of mind; sake of Christ, the head of the Church. He while in proportion to the clearness with calls them brethren; i. e. he speaks of them which it is established is the consolation of in their character as Christians, and, of the true believer.

course, refers to them only in that point of The Scriptures, and especially the New view. We may love a man who is a servant Testament, abound with information upon of Jesus Christ, without knowing that he susthis important subject. They present various tains that high distinction. Something amiable, tests by which every man may ascertain the or generous, or wise in his conduct, may have state of his own soul; and they invite us, by attracted us, and, for the sake of this, we an application of these, to “prove our own- render to him the tribute of our affection. selves.” Thus one evidence of our accept- Or we may love one, who is a follower of ance is love to God: “Every one that loveth Christ, in every character he sustains, except is born of God, and knoweth God." Another that one character. We may admire his is obedience: “ Whosoever abideth in him talent; we may respect his virtues; we may sinneth not ; " " Whosoever is born of God eulogise his general conduct;

and yet we may doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth be ashamed of his religion, and of him, too, in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born so far as his religion is concerned. We of God.” A third evidence of our adoption may think it a weakness in a mind otherwise is , the inward testimony of the Spirit of God sound; or a meanness in a character otherbearing witness with our spirit that we are wise noble. Now, it is evident in such a the children of God: “Hereby we know that case, that although it might be said of us, he abideth in us by the spirit which he hath with much truth, that we loved several pergiven us.”

sons who chanced to be men of piety, it could But in the verse which forms our text, not be said with any degree of truth, that we St. John proposes another kind of evidence, “loved the brethren." It was not their piety -peculiar in its nature, and distinct from which first threw us to their circle, nor is those already mentioned, -by which we are that the bond which now retains our friendto ascertain our spiritual condition. “Here- ship. Perhaps, indeed, it is the only circumby," says he, we know that we have passed stance which chills our affection or diminishes from death unto life, because we love the brethren.” Love to the people of God is not 2. It is no less evident that St. John does merely an evidence of our own adoption into not speak of any partial affection we may enterthe household of faith, but it is an evidence tain for individuals, or even classes of men, of the highest kind. It is not merely an argu- within the Church of Christ. They may be ment which may be thrown in to turn the sincere Christians, and we may love them on scale, when other and more cogent reasons account of their piety; but this is not enough. have been adduced already; it is an inde- | A Christian is at liberty to choose his intipendent evidence, complete within itself, and mate associates : he will necessarily select wanting no external succours to confirm it. them from the bosom of the Church of God, Hereby we know that we have passed from for he will not walk in the counsel of the undeath unto life, because we love the brethren.” godly, nor stand in the way of sinners, nor sit The worth of this evidence (evidence to the in the seat of the scornful; but his companions fact of our having a personal interest in will be men of kindred minds, and therefore Christ, and in all his promises) is but little of similar principles with himself. But this understood ; and yet (as I hope I shall be is not necessarily to love the brethren ; and able to shew), it is at once so simple and so many a Christian fails here, and so dims that conclusive, that every Christian should be evidence of his own acceptance to which brought to feel the comfort,—and every man St. John refers. He loves, it may be, in the who is not a Christian, the condemnation,-of highest, closest bonds, none but those who are the test which it affords.

believers ; but this is not enough. Does he Love to the brethren, is e. to the Church of love all those who love the Lord Jesus Christ, is then a sure evidence of piety, a Christ in sincerity ? Are his affections exproof that we are in a state of grace, and pansive? Is it enough that you are a true have passed from death unto life. In treat- Christian, to commend you to his heart? Or ing on this subject, I must, in the first place, does he select some few congenial minds from describe the character of that " love," of the great family who bear the impress of

our love.

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