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For thus equipped, and bearing on his head
THE SAME. Holy and heavenly spirits as they are, Spotless in life, and eloquent as wise, With what entire affection do they prize Their new-born Church ! labouring with earnest care To baffle all that may her strength impair; That Church—the unperverted Gospel's seat ; In their afflictions a divine retreat; Source of their liveliest hope and tenderest prayer! The truth exploring with an equal mind, In doctrine and communion they have sought Firmly between the two extremes to steer: But theirs the wise man's ordinary lot, To trace right courses for the stubborn blind, And prophesy to ears that will not hear.
coming to defile the worship, or driving them away. He next presents the offerings, which may be many or few, or even merely flowers and water, according to the ability of the offerer; and then performs worship to the various inhabitants of the waters—the fish, the tortoises, the frogs, the snakes, the leeches, the snails! The offerings, after having been presented to these inhabitants of the waters, are thrown into the Ganges. At the close of these ceremonies, the people perform their obeisance to Ganga, and then depart. Great multitudes assemble on the banks of the river on these occasions; and expect much, both in this life and hereafter, from this act of worship. At the time of many of the festivals, the sides of the Ganges are, in many places, gaily illuminated ; and lights, fastened on boards or plantain-stalks, or put into earthenpots, are floated down the stream. So much is this river reverenced among the Hindoos, that many Brahmins will not look upon it, nor throw saliva into it, nor wash themselves, nor their clothes, in its waters, Some persons undertake a journey of five or six months to bathe in the Ganges, to perform the rites for deceased relations, and to carry back its water for religious and medicinal uses. ----Ward.
AN ENDOWED CHURCH ESSENTIAL FOR THE FAITHFUL PREACHING OF THE GOSPEL.–An endowment renders the minister independent of those among whom he labours. I do not mean that he is to be exempted from control : let him be amenable to those above, but not to those below him. For if his congregation be able, at their pleasure, to diminish or deprive him of his salary, who that knows what human nature is, will not tremble at the temptation thus generated for him “ to prophesy smooth things;" and if not to cry“ Peace, peace, when there is no peace," at least to invest truth with a garb that may disguise its sterner features? And if a man has grace to resist this temptation, and, in the spirit of the ancient Baptist, to rebuke faithfully those on whom he depends for bread, ought they, for this, to have the power to starve him? I believe the annals of many congregations could furnish lamentable proof of the baneful tendency of the voluntary system.-Notes to Liturgica, by Rev. John Ayre.
DR. HEBERDEN.-It is related of this eminent physician, that he never allowed his Sunday practice to interfere with his regular attendance at divine service twice; and that he invariably devoted the fees received on that day to charitable purposes, forwarding them on the following morning to some benevolent institution.
Morocco JEW.-A Morocco Jew read Hebrew with me for a time. He had a great aversion to finishing with what he considered an ominous passage : and this, he said, is the universal feeling amongst them. Sometimes the division at which we should naturally stop ended with declaring a threat or a calamity: he always required me, in that case, to read on, till we arrived at some more auspicious conclusion : but finishing the Book of Deuteronomy, which ends with an expression of terror, and not intending to proceed, rather than break his charm, he turned over to the beginning of the Pentateuch, and begged me to read the first verse in Genesis. “Enough," said he, when I had read it. How little disturbs, and how little quiets, a superstitious mind !-Rev. W. Jowett.
ON THE DEATH OF ONE OF HIS CHILDREN.
BY THE LATE Rev. Legu RICHMOND.
The GANGES.-Rivers are among the objects of Hindoo worship. All castes worship the Ganges. The Hindoos particularly choose the banks of this river for their worship, because the merit of works performed here becomes, according to their sacred books, exceedingly augmented. In four of the months of the year the merit is supposed to be greater than in other months : and at the full moon in these months is still further enhanced. On the tenth day of the moon's increase in the month called Jyoishthu, in the forenoon, a great festival is held, in commemoration of Ganga's descent to the earth. Crowds of people assemble from the different towns and villages near the river, especially at its most sacred spots, bringing offerings of fruit, rice, flowers, cloth, sweetmeats, &c., and hang garlands of flowers across the river, even where it is very wide. After the people have bathed, the officiating Brahmin ascends the banks of the river with them, and performs a number of incantations and ceremonies, all of which have some fanciful mean. ing and object, such as preventing evil spirits from
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deeply anxious about it are often in a state ON THE MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF THE
the least qualified to enter into it calmly and SAINTS IN GLORY.
dispassionately, and thus to arrive at a knowBY TIE Rev. Thomas BISSLAND, M.A.
ledge of truth. It should be considered soRector of Hartley Maudytt, Hauts.
berly, and when the mind is not under the
influence of acute sorrow; and it is conceived The inquiry, “ shall the redeemed recog- | that the sober inquirer will find no difficulty nise each other in the eternal world ?” is at in coming to the decision, that there will be all times deeply interesting, and more espe a perfect recognition in glory, and that he cially at those seasons when death has re- will be enabled to derive comfort from the moved some beloved object of the affec- assurance, that the separation which he detions, and the mourner, overwhelmed with plores is but for a moment. Unquestionably, the loss he has been compelled to sustain, there is nothing unreasonable in the supposiis unable to derive comfort, even from the tion of such a recognition. There is nothing tenderest sympathy of those who seek to in the notion which at all militates against alleviate his sorrows. It is an inquiry which the usual mode of the Divine government, must not be ranked among the vain specula- | the ordinary dealings of the Almighty with tions which too often distract the minds of his rational and intelligent creatures. So far those who would be wise above that which is from it, we are almost led to believe, from written, and draw them from attention to the reason alone, irrespective of the light thrown more important doctrines which concern their by revelation on the subject, that the infisouls' everlasting peace. On the contrary, nitely holy and gracious Being, who willeth it is a fair and a legitimate inquiry. At the the happiness of his creatures, will not deseason referred to, the vivid hope is enter- | prive them of so important an ingredient in tained, sometimes without any solid founda | the cup of eternal happiness; and that he tion, that the soul of the departed has entered who hath implanted those social affections in into the joy of the Lord; that the bed of the soul, which tend to lighten the burdens, sickness and languishing has been exchanged and to cheer amid the trials of man's earthly for the rest prepared for the people of God, pilgrimage, will not allow those affections to if not for that fulness of joy which shall be be eradicated and to have no existence in their portion, when the glorified body shall the eternal world. Dark and indistinct as be reunited to the purified soul. But the were the views even of the wisest of the mind is unwilling to rest here. It is not heathen on the subject of a future state, they satisfied that the ransomed friend should be appear to have anticipated in that state the in glory. It fondly anticipates a reunion, in reunion of those who, according to their imthe heavenly state, of those, who, being fellow perfect notion, had obeyed the will of the travellers towards Zion, have been separated gods, and been eminent for their virtues : a by death. The subject is, perhaps, not with- circumstance which will not indeed weigh out its difficulties. They who feel most with the Christian, but which shews what
VOL. I. NO. XVII,
man's reason would suggest. As far as Scrip- | which should extend to the whole assembly ture is concerned, it must be admitted that of " just men made perfect;" that it would there is no positive direct revelation on the have a tendency to confine the current of the subject. There is no portion of the word of affections to those whom we loved and with God which distinctly affirms the absolute whom we associated on earth. As little certainty of the recognition referred to. It validity, however, does there appear in this is nevertheless evidently implied in many objection. The most perfect feeling of unipassages of the Old and New Testament. If versal affection to the countless myriads of David speaks of going to the child, whose the ransomed is perfectly compatible with loss he deplored, while he felt that the child the happiness derived from companionship could not return unto him; if the redeemed with the companions of our earthly pilgrimare represented as sitting down with Abra- age; as the most boundless charity to our ham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of fellow-creatures here may exist with the heaven; if there shall be weeping and gnash- most devoted ardour of personal friendship. ing of teeth when many shall behold those Another objection may be urged against entering into the possession of the joys of the doctrine in question, that the happiness the heavenly paradise, while they are them- of the saints would be materially marred, if selves shut out ; if there was a perfect re- | not wholly destroyed, by the consciousness cognition of Lazarus in the bosom of Abra that some of those have been lost for ever to ham on the part of the rich man in torment; | whom they were bound by earthly ties ; for if the apostles were enabled to anticipate these ties often bind those between whom with joy their being permitted to present many there is no similarity of feeling on religious “ perfect in Christ Jesus," who should be subjects. The Christian is too frequently their crown of joy and rejoicing at the ap- compelled to mourn over those to whom he pearance of the great Shepherd, -it seems is united by kindred, but whom he in vain beyond a doubt, that there will be a perfect seeks to impress with a saving sense of the recognition hereafter, and that this recogni | value of the soul. This, indeed, is an awfully tion may, in some way or other, add to the solemn reflection; yet we doubt not but that, felicity of the glorified state.
in some way, now incomprehensible to us, To this, it may be replied, perhaps, that even this apparent difficulty may be removed. the joy of the glorified believer will consist We are sure that from every eye every tear entirely in the intimate communion, in the shall be wiped away in heaven. There shall unceasing intercourse, which he shall main be no more crying, neither any more pain, to tain with the Divine Majesty ; that, dwelling mar the unceasing raptures of the ransomed. in the immediate presence of the Lord Je- | And as there is much even here below to hovah, the believer's delight will consist in exercise man's faith, which far transcends his the performance of his sovereign will, and limited comprehension, so may it be with celebrating his endless praise; and that we reference to the eternal world. The mystery must not permit earthly affections to compete | may not be solved by us in our present state. with that feeling of adoring love and grati- | It shall doubtless be solved hereafter, when tude which should be felt to the glorious there shall be the most perfect acknowledgAuthor of our salvation. This is readily ment of the justice of the Divine procedure, granted. God alone shall be the centre and and every heart shall respond to the confesthe source of the happiness of his glorified sion of every tongue, “ Just and true are thy people. Yet, surely there can be nothing in ways, O thou King of saints.” the notion of happiness resulting from the The believer need not doubt, then, that as consciousness of those we loved on earth all true believers shall serve God day and being partakers of the grace of Jehovah, and night in his temple, so shall there be a perled to the participation of his glory, which | fect recognition among them. Let him comcan in any way interfere with the supreme | fort himself with this lively hope, not only love which we shall feel towards him. That that when Christ, who is their life, shall love may, and will, reign triumphant in every appear, the rangomed shall appear with him bosom : and yet there may be thankfulness in in glory, but that those ransomed shall rethat bosom, that the objects of its earthly | cognise the partners of their earthly conflicts, affection are ministering spirits around the and be joined, never to be separated again. throne, that they are engaged in the same un- | O how glorious the reunion! how transportceasing service, and drinking deeply of those ing the moment, when the same voice that rivers of pleasure, which are at God's right gladdened with its melodious accents, shall hand for evermore.
sound yet more melodiously while it joins in It may be objected further, that the notion the unceasing adoration of the Lamb that was of the recognition of the saints in glory, would slain ; and the dim glazed eye that closed on detract from that universal feeling of love the vanities and sins and tribulations of a
fallen world, shall open with increased lustre, but appear like blank walls, similar to those in Jeruand more beaming intelligence, to gaze on
salem, in which there is a gate or wicket, so small as the brightness of Emanuel's glory for ever!
to require those who enter to stoop very low. Such narrow entries must have been alluded to in the ex
pression used by our Lord, in answer to a question DAMASCUS.*
put to him regarding the number of those who should DAMASCUS ranks as a city of high antiquity. It is
be saved. supposed to take its name from the blood of Abel,
The zeal of the early Christians founded churches Dam signifying, in the Hebrew language, blood, and
here; and a magnificent cathedral, dedicated to St. Sack a righteous person. In the earliest part of the
John the Baptist, is now converted into a mosque. sacred volume we find it distinguished as a theatre of
There are two hospitals for the reception of those many extraordinary events; and it stands at the head
affected with leprosy. One was founded by Solyman of Syria, of which it is the metropolis. (Isaiah, vii. 8.)
the magnificent, and that is a remarkable example of Abraham repaired to it in pursuit of those monarchs
Mahomedan toleration, and of his munificent spirit; who brought his brother into a state of captivity, from
it was opened for poor pilgrims of all denominations, which he rescued him. It is also supposed to have
although at present appropriated exclusively for the been founded by him (Gen. xiv. 14-16), and it was
use of the infidels. The castle is the principal buildthe birth-place of his steward Eliezer. Garrisons were
ing. It is a large structure, with square towers, established here by David after he had subdued the
and calculated to be nearly one mile in circumferSyrians (1 Chron. xviii. 6), and had taken a multitude
ence, like a small town within itself. Among the of them prisoners (2 Sam. viii. 6). Ahaz, king of
different gates of the city is one where certain articles Israel. offered um sacrifices to the gods of Damascus. | passing through are exempted from duty, in conseand destroyed the vessels of the house of the Lord.
quence of its being the gate leading to parts of Mecca, (2 Chron. xxviii.) When Solomon went after other
and hence considered a via sacra. Damascus is a gods, he was punished by the revolt of his people, so
place of general rendezvous for pilgrims on the eve that they stirred up Rezon against him, who reigned
of setting out on a visit to the tomb of their prophet, here. From that period the kingdom of Israel be
and the caravans pass through this gate. Contiguous came separate from that of Judah; and was governed
to the city is a field set apart for the Mahomedans by its own monarchs. It must be considered as hay
exercising their troops. There are places of repose ing been a place of extensive trade and commerce,
and of recreation in the gardens, and on the banks of since it is alluded to by different prophets as a dis
the river. The cafés are very attractive in this place. tinguished town for merchandise and riches. This
No person who has been trained in the principles of city was captured by the Saracen princes, who took
the Gospel can set his foot in Damascus without reup their residence here till Bagdad was prepared for
collecting that most striking miracle which was them; and after many revolutions it was taken and
wrought in the conversion of Saul. About a quarter destroyed by Tamerlane. It was again repaired by
| of a mile from the east gate, or, as it is called, Babe the Mamelukes, when they obtained possession of Syria,
Shirke, is a place pointed out as that where Saul was but was wrested from them by the Turks in 1506.
suddenly arrested in his exterminating career by the Afterwards it was reduced to ashes by the emperor
powerful arm of Omnipotence. The exact spot where Timur. Baldwin, the second of that name, a warrior
this striking visitation took place is marked out by highly distinguished by acts of heroism, fell upon
heaps of gravel and earth. Hither, on the 25th of Jerusalem, and beat the king of Damascus. In 1759,
January, annually, a day set apart in the Church of three thousand of the inhabitants were destroyed by
England in commemoration of this event, the Chrisan earthquake.
tians in Damascus walk in procession, and read the This city is situated in a valley, called by the Arabs
history of it in the Acts of the Apostles; on which El Shaw, and famous among Orie:atals under the name
occasion it is singular that the pasha of the city affords of Gouteh Demask, or the Orchard of Damascus, and
the accommodation of Turkish guards to protect them watered by the Chrysorrhoas, or golden stream, now
from insult. Between this place and the town, a piece Baradi; and infidels entertain an idea that it was the
of ground is appropriated for the interment of Chrisoriginal Paradise. It is two miles in length from
tians, where a tomb is erected in memory of an indinorth-east to south-west; but its breadth is not in
vidual named George, a native or inhabitant of the proportion to it, being extremely narrow, and it is
place, who suffered martyrdom for having connived at divided into twenty-three districts. The circumfer
the escape of Paul, and is dignified with the appellaence of the whole is about twenty miles, and it appears
tion of saint. Here acts of devotion are performed
in an illumined cell, from the roof of which a solitary to have formerly been enclosed within three strong
lamp is suspended; and the alms of visitors, whether walls. (Jeremiah, xlix. 27; Amos, i. 4, 5.) During
from curiosity or a better motive, are solicited by a the crusades the eastern part was deemed impreg
guardian in attendance. nable. The place is beautifully situated, in the very bosom of gardens. There are two hundred mosques.
The place was pointed out to me where the great The place is held peculiarly sacred by Mussulmans,
Apostle of the Gentiles was secretly let down under from being on the road to Mecca. The air is
the cloud of night (Acts, ix. 25), after the manner of fine, though the streets are narrow. The houses
Rahab in the case of the spies (Josh. ii.), from the
top of the fortification, in order to avoid the fury of are of the colour of clay, resembling the meanest
the Jews, who had vowed to sacrifice him for his cottages in Britain, and of the most perishing materials. Few of them have floors of wood, and there are
change of principles. The house of Judas, in which
the Apostle was found after his eyes were opened, few windows. The roofs are flat like a terrace, which
is also shewn. This is at present a miserable celis spread over with a kind of plaster, and made firm with a roller. Several domestic offices are performed
lar or grotto, the access to which is by a descent.
It is a remarkable fact, that the street denominated on them, such as drying linen, flax, &c. The apart
“Straight" in the Scriptures (Acts, ix. 11), where ments in houses of a superior class are in the back
this house stands, and which forms the principal part, where the inmates are in a state of complete
thoroughfare in the city, is of considerable extent, seclusion. There is a large quadrangular court within,
and falls literally under that name, which it still open at the top, and finely paved with marble, and
retains, running in a direct line, and very narrow. ornamented with plants and fountains of water. To
All these sacred places lie to the east of the city, wards the streets the houses have few or no windows,
where the convent is also situated ; and the Christians • From Rae Wilson's Travels in the Holy Land. dwell together in a body, totally distinct from the
Turks; this quarter having been in all probability | into money immediately; since he was very much selected, from those events which formerly occurred straitened in circumstances, and wholly unable to in it, so highly interesting to the cause of Christianity, print a correct edition of his work, while the former and the furtherance of the Gospel of peace.
impression continued upon his hands. The English There is one remarkable tradition handed down merchant, being well aware of Tyndale's condition here, concerning a meadow on the west side of the and intentions, readily entered into Tonstall's scheme, city, which is divided in the middle of the stream; it and said that he could easily procure all the unsold is, that God made Adam of the earth of this plain, Testaments, if his lordship would find the money which is confirmed by the circumstance of its being of wherewith to pay for them. The bishop, delighted to a reddish colour, since Adam, in the Hebrew tongue, hear this, replied in the following words: Gentle signifies red. Again, it is supposed that the garden master Packington, do your diligence and get the of Eden must have been in the vicinity of Damascus; books. I will pay you for them with all my heart. although others fix it on the banks of the Euphrates. They are erroneous and naughty: therefore, I surely
The city contains several thousands of inhabitants; intend to destroy them all by having them burnt at but, alas! how melancholy is the consideration to Paul's Cross. After hearing this, the trader took contemplative minds, that so small a remnant is left his leave. He then made the best of his way to who have the courage to bow to the cross of Christ, Tyndale, whom he thus addressed: William, I know and sincerely profess the religion which was preached thou art a poor man, and hast a heap of New Testaso boldly within its walls. Nothing can, in my ap ments and books by thee, for the which thou hast both prehension, point out more clearly the base ingratitude endangered thy friends, and beggared thyself. Howand corruption of man; for surely not a few among the ever, I have now gotten thee a merchant, who, with votaries of Mahomedan delusion must, in their hearts, ready money, shall despatch thee of all that thou do secret homage to the noble precepts of Christianity, hast, if thou thinkest it so profitable for thyself.' and detest the blood-thirsty dogmas of their own faith. * Pray,' said Tyndale, who is the merchant ?' * The
Bishop of London,' was the answer. “O, that is be
cause he will burn them,' rejoined Tyndale. "Yea, TINDALE'S NEW TESTAMENT.
marry,' was Packington's answer. Well, be it so,'
said the translator: 'I am the gladder; for these two The first printed translation of the New Testament
benefits shall come thereby: I shall get money of him in the English language was by William Tyndale, or for these books to bring myself out of debt, and the Tindale, one of the most zealous and learned of the whole world shall cry out upon the burning of God's English reformers, who had studied in early life at word. As for the overplus that shall remain to me Magdalen Hall in Oxford, and who at length sealed
after the settlement of my accounts, it shall make me
the more studious to correct the said New Testament, the truth of the doctrines he maintained by his blood,
and so newly to imprint the same again. And, I trust, having been strangled by the hands of the common
the second will much more like you than ever did the hangman at Vilvorde Castle, near Brussels, in the first.” It was not long after this before the books year 1536, his body being afterwards burned. Having were delivered to Tonstall, and the price of them to formed the plan of undertaking a work so important
Tyndale, who beartily thanked his mercantile friend to the advancement of true religion as a printed
for having thus contrived to relieve his present neces
sities, and to furnish him with the means of bringing translation of the New Testament in English, but
out a more perfect edition of his useful work. While dreading the discomfiture of his plans in this country, | he was labouring to effect this, the bishop arrived in he removed for the purpose to Antwerp. Here he | England, where he did not fail to amaze the Londoners was assisted by John Frith, who was burned, on a by publicly committing to the flames his Antwerp charge of heresy, in Smithfield, in 1533, and a friar,
| purchase. Few things could be more injurious to the William Roye, who suffered under the same charge in
| Romish cause than this indecent exhibition. The
people were disgusted when they saw the volumes conPortugal. In the year 1526 the volume was printed, taining God's undoubted word subjected to this ignoeither at Antwerp or Hamburgh. Many copies of it minious treatment; and the impression which it made found their way into England, and, as might be sup- upon their minds naturally was, that no man acposed, caused much alarm to the Popish party, who
quainted with Scripture could give credence to the saw, in the frec unfettered dissemination of the word
“While this opinion was fast gaining ground in of God, the sure overthrow of their unhallowed system,
England, Tyndale industriously cmployed his time, in the sure emancipation of the nation from their in his retreat at Antwerp, in preparing a new version of tolerable bondage.
the Testament-such a one as might be a more perfect Of the opponents to this dissemination no one was
portrait of the original than that which he had remore vehement than Tonstall, bishop of London, who
cently published. He was, especially for the age in devised a plan, which he thought would effectually
which he lived, well qualified for the task; since, in
addition to the learning then in vogue, he had defeat Tyndale's object, and check the alarming progress acquired a knowledge of the Greek language. He of the reformation. Mr. Soames, in his valuable work was now determined upon the production of such a upon the subject of the Reformation, thus gives a full translation as would defy the objections of any fair and and distinct account of that plan, and of its discomfiture.
learned critic. He therefore proceeded in his task in
a very leisurely manner. As, however, the impatience “An opportunity of effecting this destruction (of of the English public for a sight of his translation had the New Testament), upon a large scale, presented been violently excited by the bishop of London's initself to him (Tonstall) on one of his diplomatic judicious conduct, some enterprising Hollanders began journeys abroad, in the year 1529. The prelate, to speculate upon the returns likely to be realised by being at Antwerp, sent for Austin Packington, an a new impression of that very work which the English English merchant there, who was a secret favourer of clergy had been so anxious to decry. Accordingly, a Tyndale. In the course of conversation, Packington Dutch edition of Tyndale's Testament was printed in was sounded by the bishop as to the best means of the year 1530-1. Five thousand copies of it were struck procuring all the copies of the New Testament which off, and, to use the words of an ancient writer, these remained unsold. Nothing could be more desirable books came over into England 'thick and threefold.' to the meritorious translator than to turn his books The Dutchmen, were, of course, delighted with the