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world, free from infamous offences ; yet many hatred, forgetting that the Scripture classes are hypocritical in the way of godliness, and the one with the other. An old divine thus perisheth a large class: others are forcibly writes: “It fares with us as it did formal professors of ordinances, and so pe- with the Israelites; we tremble more at one rish. Weighed down by what he thinks little Goliath than we do at the whole army of the sins, is many a courteous, companionable Philistines; but what great difference is man, so fair and upright in his dealing, that the there whether our eternal burning is kindled world can see nothing gross and scandalous by many faint sparks, or by one glowing fireabout him; his hands are washed with snow- brand; whether we die by many smaller water, and he is therefore thought clean wounds, or by one great one ?" And truly, every whit; but the heart is, nevertheless, brethren, without further exemplification, you full of vain thoughts, and the whole inner will fully concede, that when the Almighty man buried in the concerns of an ungodly at the great day approaches to make up his world.

reckoning against us, the many thousand But, even supposing that many sins are thoughts of vanity, and hatred, and impurity; really little, yet these are being continually the unnumbered words of levity, and equivocommitted, almost without our knowing it :cation, and anger; and the deeds of petty hence, what such sins as these want in weight, fraud and revenge which we have committed, they always more than make up in number; will accumulate upon us as dreadful an acthey are more numerous than the hairs of count, and create for us as insupportable a our head; and so at last, even on that con- | wrath, as if murder, or adultery, or the foulest sideration alone, weigh down and destroy crime that the heart of man ever contemthe soul as effectually as the greatest crimes. plated, was fully charged against us. Hear the Psalmist speak on this subject : Watch, then, and pray, when you feel "O Lord, who can understand his errors ? conscience sluggish within you, suffering cleanse thou me from secret faults.” Secret many things, which God accounts flagrant, sins must of necessity be the least and the altogether to elude and escape it; and earsmallest, inasmuch as even he who commits nestly plead, through that atonement whose them cannot discern them; but yet, as they blood will wash all the host of impurities are small, so are they found to be numerous. from a faithful heart, for strength to rise Who can tell how oft he offendeth ? " who from your lethargy. The mere natural concan understand his errors ?" therefore cleanse science appertaining to fallen man looks but me, O Lord, from these secret sins : though at the outward actions of the life and conthey be small as the grains of sand on the versation ; and it sees not, or it dispenses sea-shore, yet also are they, in another re- with, the more secret sins of the heart: and spect, like the sands, for they are even as the thus these sins, which man chooses to call stars of heaven for multitude. As they are little sins, are seldom called up at the bar of small, so they often escape the conscience : conscience and rebuked ; if seen, instead of a man would recoil with the most sensitive sitting in judgment and condemnation upon feeling of alarm at the idea of theft, or blas- them, he acts even as their very fosterer, by phemy, or murder ; at only a single commis- seeking out pretences to extenuate them and sion of any such crime he would revolt; and lessen their importance ; designating them as yet thousands upon thousands of lesser sins slips, and failings, and unavoidable infirmi(escaping the eyes and often the consciences ties; saying of them, as Lot did of Zoar, “ Is of men, yet black in the sight of God), such it not a little one ? and our souls shall live.” as loose thoughts, vain conversation, petty “ What!” he asks,

can any one think there oaths and exclamations, convenient false- is so much danger in a foolish thought-in a hoods, and glosses and equivocations, and all light and inconsiderate word ? can it be imathe unnumbered artifices of a worldly mind, gined that God will reduce his creatures to stream from the man, without his either everlasting condemnation for a thought, or a striving against them, or lamenting their fre- word, or a glance ?" He forgets that, but for quency; he would dread and expect the pu- the fountain opened in Judah for sin and unnishment for the single commission of the cleanness, the very least of his levities or heinous and glaring crime, but he appears to impurities would bring down upon him overlook it altogether for the continually re- banishment from the sanctuary of the Eternal; peated commission of the lesser and more and that, if he goes not to the waters of Siloam secret sin : it would be like doing a violence and be cleansed, he will hereafter hear God to his nature to blaspheme God only once, calling such levities and impurities by other yet he hesitates not to take his holy name in names than the world does : it looks upon vain often and often; he would recoil from them as pardonable weaknesses; but the Althe commission of murder only once, yet he mighty regards them as bitter and presumpcontinually admits into his breast a feeling of tuous affronts to his holiness, which he can neither extenuate nor forgive. In that dread not in a worldly sense positively bad, but day, every sin, which in Christ shall be blotted there is nothing in them positively good: out, will, out of Christ, rise up in foul de- they are all pure as far as they go, and as formity against us; every vain thought will high as they reach; but the misfortune is, then be arraigned as rebellion against infinite they do not go sufficiently far; they do not holiness, every idle word as an insult against reach high enough; they are all of the earth infinite purity; every formal prayer, and earthy; they are correct, but still only worldly, every heartless duty, which our unmeaning and they are not directed to, and rise not lips and hands have here performed, will then towards God. But a man will not hereafter stand out against us as mockery of our Judge: be judged merely as a member of society, but so that, unless every one such failing be as a creature, and subject, and servant of God; washed in the fountain, and purified by the and however exalted his character may be in blood of sprinkling, the guilt will be found the estimation of the world, it will not in the insupportable, and the punishment will be least extenuate his commission of the (to him from everlasting to everlasting.

almost invisible) sin of heedlessness of God. There is one sin, less visible to the eye of It is well that he acts his part as a good memthe natural conscience, and less thought of ber of society; and Christianity, by making than even levity and vanity-a sin never this one of its injunctions, gives us the very among the catalogue in the estimation of the best security, that wherever its influence preworld, but yet the great and condemning vails, the duties of society will be done in the crime of the vast majority of our species- most perfect manner. But the point I wish to and that is ungodliness, or forgetfulness of impress is, that a man may be all that we God. What can be worse than a heedless- understand by a good member of society, withness of our Maker-a neglect of the great out the authority of God as his legislator being Being with whom we have to do? And yet the either recognised or acted upon. The sin of continual absence of God from the thoughts ungodliness, as distinct from unrighteousness, of men is never imagined as a crime, with | is seldom thought of in the world; and" unwhich hereafter we shall be charged, and for godlyis an appellation seldom imagined to which we shall be called to account. This apply to any but a flagrantly wicked man. crime is again and again incurred by the It is well that a man is a worthy member highest and the purest, even by the men who of society, but that will not make up for his think themselves above all levity and im- not being a member of Christ's Church, or a purity, and able to stand free from the charge faithful servant of God; and this is the of most little sins, still more from the impu- point that I wish to impress. His error lies, tation of great ones. And this crime, con- not in his having, as the world would sidered so little as utterly to escape the con- say, positively corrupt principles, but in science, will prove the condemnation of thou- his having principles that do not aim at sands, unless repented of and washed away holiness : and I would carefully guard him by the blood of the atonement; for even against the delusion, that the principle which under the law, this was the declaration, as he has, can ever be accepted as a substitute given by the Psalmist, " The wicked shall be for the principle he has not,-or that the turned into hell

, and all the people that for- highest sense of duty which his situation as a get God." This crime we may charge against member of society impresses upon his feelthe whole of our race; against the men of all | ings, will ever be received as an atonement for casts and characters, without exception: and wanting that sense of duty to God which he it is deeply incurred, even to the utter de- ought to feel in the far more exalted capacity struction of the soul, by individuals whom of his servant, and candidate for his approthe world might call unimpeachable. Many bation. I will take my stand on the firm a man, we know, standing high in the esti- ground, that man is a creature of the Almation of his fellows, amiable and moral, mighty; and shall, then, the creature be percharitable and compassionate, whose every mitted to forget its Creator ? shall the thing pulse beats high with honour and integrity, formed forget Him that formed it, and not be and whose every word carries a bond along considered as a great and an atrocious dewith it; whom we see, by the salutations of faulter ? Surely, never. the market-place, to be acknowledged and I can say to a man, let his path in society revered by all, as among the most respectable be rendered ever so illustrious by the virtues in society,—many such, we know, live as which adorn it, let every word and every perwithout God in the world. Their thoughts formance be as honourable as a proud sense may be correct, their language correct, their of integrity can make it ; yet if the love and actions correct, their feelings, their ideas, authority of God be not the prevailing motive and their motives, may all be correct, as far of his conduct, he is utterly unworthy. What! as they go, but they are all worldly; they are is the friendship of the world, or a barren

notion of rectitude, to be the motive for all civility, even though it be altogether free this display of virtue? and is the Being who from gross crime and scandalous impiety, can gives such faculties to his creatures, and pro- never be considered as guiltless. Yet, I survides the theatre for their exercise, to be for- mise, you have often thought it could : you gotten, and neglected as of no consequence ? have said to yourselves, your lives are When God is the motive of action and conduct, harmless, your dealings upright, none can the very humblest aspirations after good will challenge you at any time for fraud; hence be accepted in Christ: but the most splendid you have done nothing to merit eternal exertions of benevolence, unconnected with punishment, and so at the great day God will God, can bring down no reward from the accept you. But, I would ask, have you

had sanctuary of his residence. Human praise the Being who made you always in your and human eloquence may acknowledge it: thoughts, so that you did all things to his but the Discerner of the heart never will. service ? and did there never lodge in you The heart may be the seat of every amiable thoughts of vanity, and profaneness, and imfeeling, and every claim which comes to it in purity ? and did there never proceed from the shape of human misery may find in it your lips words of levity and frivolity? and a hearing and a welcome ; but if the love of are your hands perfectly clean from all the God be not there, and be not the motive for chicanery of buying and selling, from the its charity, it is not right with Heaven; and legalised fraudulency of trade, and all the if he who owns it should die in that state, he unnumbered artifices of mercantile interwill die in his sins. He is in a state of course? If you have not stolen your neighimpenitency, and must be cast out for ever. bour's goods, have you never coveted them?

II. By what has been thus feebly but seri- Indeed, though you had been enabled to keep ously said, I hope that such of you as have not all the other nine, the tenth commandment yet arrived at the knowledge of sin may be will condemn you : for if you offend in made, by the grace of the Holy Spirit, in some one point, you know, you are guilty of all. measure aware of its extent and nature; and It is in vain to plead before the bar of God into what a depth of guilt, an accumulation of that you have been considered worthy memlittle sins, each one of them so small as utterly bers of society; that you have been thought to escape the conscience, may plunge us. moral, and amiable, and upright, in worldly For ungodliness, the gross crime of the great estimation : believe me, one of your least majority of our world's population, is merely sins, whether of omission or commission, any the continued succession of small failings, one of your back-slidings or short-comings, which would singly escape scrutiny, but will outweigh all your pleadings; and you, which, accumulated, rise up in horrid defor- with all your fancied righteousness, must sink mity against us; and which, but for the down into the pit. hiding-place from the wind, and the covert Pharisaism, my brethren, is, I fear, as much from the tempest, laid up for us to flee into, seen now as it was among the Jews of old, would hurry us to destruction. Wrestle, when it called forth our Saviour's denunciathen, earnestly with the Father of spirits for tion. Many and many are the men who come a clearer and clearer knowledge of the enor- up into our temples to pray, and pray thus mity of sin in his sight, and of the remedy he with themselves : “ God, I thank thee that I has provided against it; and take closely to am not as other men are ; I fast twice in the your memory the apostle's declaration, that week, I give tithes of all that I possess :" the smallest portion of the enormous mass is thus boasting of their righteousness in the able to destroy you; for “ a little leaven

very presence of infinite holiness, and then leaveneth the whole lump;" forgetting not departing to their homes with a felt, though the advice attached to it, to

purge out,” in

a false complacency. For what says the the strength of the Lord," the old leaven, Scripture? "The poor publican who would not that ye may be a new lump."

lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but In this view of the nature of sin, and of smote upon his breast saying, ‘God be merthe guilt of offences called small, and back- ciful to me a sinner,' went down to his house slidings thought trifling, what a woful ship- justified rather than the other." wreck is there of all the hopes of pharisees (2.) Finally, brethren, let this whole subject and formalists, who hope to be able to appear impress us, as it is truly in the highest debefore the presence of God upon

the strength

gree calculated to do, with a strong sense of of their performances and their good inten- the necessity of a Mediator between God and tions! If there be any here present who his rebellious creatures, of a Redeemer to come under this description, to them I would atone for man's constant iniquity. Oh! let particularly address myself.

us by it be taught to appreciate the Saviour; (1.) Learn, from what has been now said, in the fountain of whose blood, if we will that a life merely spent in worldly honesty and bathe therein, all our uncleanness will be


washed away. Situated as we are, with

PASSING THOUGHTS. hearts and bodies corrupt and sinful, wherewith, but for Christ, could we come before

BY CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH. the most high God? “ If we wash ourselves with snow-water, and make ourselves The perfection to which our modern menever so clean, shall not he plunge us in the

chanics have carried the art of watch and ditch, and make our own clothes to abhor clock-making, with the abundance, and comus ?" Job saw his lost condition, unless aided parative cheapness, of those useful auxiliby a Mediator between him and God, who aries, has rendered the simple and once might lay his hand upon them both. •If, popular hour-glass quite a rarity among us. then, we be not alive to the same feeling,

Perhaps its scarceness is one recommendashall not Job rise up in the judgment and tion; for our proud, impatient spirits, ever condemn us? Without the atoning blood of athirst for something new and strange, spurn the Saviour, the very least sin must carry us

at what is abundant and common. One of down to destruction; and the very same my earliest recollections leads me to the sacrifice that satisfied Divine justice, and modest dwelling of a worthy old spinster, atoned for the drunkenness of Noah, for the who followed the employment of a bonnetadultery and murder of David, for the crimes maker, occasionally repairing and remodelling of Solomon, and for the perjury of Peter, is chintz dresses, of fabric too valuable to be also required to mediate with God for our thrown away, and of fashion too antique to every forgetfulness of him, for our every vain suit the then modern taste. I remember her, thought, and for our foolish and idle words: a tall, spare figure, seated in fashion as upthe very same "blood of sprinkling" that has right as the high back of her wooden chair, cleansed the iniquity of the greatest saints and exercising despotic rule over two young now in glory must be brought to bear on our damsels, apprenticed to learn the mystery of every failing, and must wash away the guilt her calling. A well-boarded floor, strewed of our covetousness and worldly inclinations, with dry yellow sand, a small square bit of or we must for ever perish under their in- carpet laid precisely in front of the white tolerable load. The one, indeed, is but the hearth-stone, a little round-table placed becontinuation and the result of the other. fore the mistress, and just within arm's length The most atrocious crimes have their origin of the girls, and a demure tabby cat, purring in very small beginnings: the thief com- on a low three-legged stool—these are all the menced his career of iniquity by coveting, the particulars that I can avouch for at this disdrunkard by sipping, and the perjured ruffian tance of time, save and except an hour-glass by equivocating; all alike take their rise of capacious dimensions, standing on the from the corruption of the heart, of which it broad ledge of an old-fashioned casement, is said, “ The imagination of the thoughts of near the left hand of its owner, who, with man's heart are only evil continually,” which quick, careful glance, failed not to detect the is fraught with impurity, and which, but for last sand, in the act of escaping, and to the fountain opened in Judah, in compassion reverse, in the twinkling of an eye, the silent to our helplessness, could never be cleansed. monitor. I was, even at an infantine age,

Come, then, to the Saviour, and build on somewhat given to thought; and happy was him the firm foundation of your hopes; in the day to me when I could obtain leave to him.you are safe. The Gospel of his salva- go and ask our civil neighbour for a few tion provides ample security to all who "flee snippings of her many-coloured materials, to for refuge to the hope set before them :" in eke out the wardrobe of a twopenny doll. him the faithful of all casts and all denomi- She was no loser by it, for I was often pernations feel secure; and this security arises mitted to carry a basket of fruit, or choice not only from the belief that God is merciful, vegetables, from our spacious garden, to regale and will hereafter forgive them, but that the old lady; and I took care so to time my Christ has perfected his work, and has actu- visits, as to ensure being present at that adroit ally justified them; and, clothed in the robe and interesting operation, the turning of her of his merits, they feel that they can go up to hour-glass. the throne of grace with the humble yet

Many years have passed since then, assured petition, “ Look upon me, O Father,

Many changes have I seen; for the sake of Him who hath done away sin, and, from this early recollection being deeply and hath fulfilled all righteousness.”

impressed, I cannot now cast my eyes on an May what has been now said be blessed old-fashioned hour-glass, but it becomes idento us all; and man's imperfect words be, by tified with that of the good sempstress. I the great Spirit, made conducive to the soul's seem to view it through the long checkered health, through Jesus Christ our Lord. vista that lies between me and the scenes of

careless childhood; and as a rapid glance

scans that intervening space, the hour-glass

Reviews and Notices. becomes a memento more touching than any classical association could render it.

The Christian entitled to Legal Protection in the ObThere is surely something more suitable to

servance of the Lord's Day: a Sermon preached in the

Church of St. Mary, Hornsey. By the Rev. Richard the stealthy lapse of time, in the noiseless

Harvey, M.A., Rector. London, Parker. 1836. and almost imperceptible fall of the sands, We think this a plain and useful sermon. Mr. Harthan in the ticking of chronometers, more vey properly argues, “ If Christianity is the law of practically useful. The deepening vacancy

the land, and if the observance of the Lord's day is a above, the rising heap beneath, and the falling part of Christianity

, the consistent Christian has a

. away, from time to time, of that miniature

to suffer temporal injury from its violation, nor ought mountain which gathers below,-all have a worldly loss to be the necessary price of his consistmeaning. I observe that the sand in the ency." P. 7. upper division of the glass, running from the

Much good, we believe, has resulted from the promi

nent manner in which the subject of Sabbath-observcentre, often leaves a hollow, producing de

ance has been of late brought before the public. We ception as to the quantity actually subtracted. rejoice, therefore, to see a clergyman forcibly pressing Clinging yet to the sides, it makes the vacancy it on his parishioners, and putting his discourse into

their hands, that the first impression may not pass look less ; just as we love to deceive our

away. We cordially hope that Mr. Harvey's admoniselves as to the proportion of our numbered

tions may, under God's blessing, be rendered abidingly days that has escaped. The pyramidical ap- effective. We cannot, however, quite agree in his repearance of the sand below, as the last par

marks on the bill introduced into Parliament: and we ticles that fall produce an eminence, until, wish he had left out the note in page 18. displaced by following grains, they sink into the common level : this vividly represents The Missionary Character and Duty of the Church; a the undue importance assumed by events

Sermon before the Domestic and Foreign Missionary

Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the while yet very recent; although, while dwell

United States of America, at its triennial Meeting, ing on their magnitude, we well know that,

Aug. 24, 1835. By the Right Rev. C. P. M.Ilvaine, displaced by other things, they will soon be D.D., Bishop of Ohio. Philadelphia, 1835. mingled with the common mass of recollec- | We are glad of an opportunity to call the attention of tions. It were easy to moralise at great

our readers to this admirable discourse. It is upon Jength on the subject; but I would rather bishop's object is to shew that the Church of Christ

Matt. v. 14,“ Ye are the light of the world;" and the · spiritualise, and read the lesson in its highest, " is no other than a great association, under a divine holiest sense. “ So teach us to number our constitution, of the professed people of God, for the days, that we may apply our hearts unto propagation of the Gospel to every creature ; and that, wisdom.” The days remaining to us

inasmuch as the preaching of the Gospel, by an ordained cannot number, for we know not but that ministry, is God's chief ordinance for that propagation,

so the Church is a great missionary association, divinely our very last sand is escaping while we try constituted, for the special work of sending into all the to compute; but the days that are gone—0, world the ministers and missionaries of the word.”– what a testimony do they bear against us!

P. 9. We may have applied our time and faculties sonally or by his writings, it is needless to say that his

To those who know the Bishop of Ohio, either perto the acquirement of wisdom, according to missionary sermon will be found to have been conthe general sense of the word among men;

ceived in a spirit of deep and enlightened piety, and but our hearts-our most secret desires and

that it is pervaded with apt and beautiful illustration.

We may hereafter enrich our pages with considerable ardent affections – how far have they been

extracts; we can at present find room for only the centred in the wisdom that is from above, following quotation, which will be read with peculiar and in “ Christ, the wisdom of God ?" An interest, as the result of Bishop Mʻllvaine's own obhonest answer to this question, would send servation during his last visit to this country :the greater number of us to the throne of “ The signs of the times at present, in regard to the grace, with the confession that we still have prospect of a great increase of spirit and effort for the to be taught this application of heart to the propagation of the Gospel, are decidedly encouraging. purposes designed by our heavenly Father. There is a renovating hand at work in various sections Solomon trod the whole round of carnal and

of the Protestant Church. The revival of religion in intellectual enjoyments, having his fill of all

the ministry, and among the members of that venerated wisdom; yet how late in his long and pro

parent Church, through which we love to remember sperous life did he sit down to write “ vanity and our apostolic order, and our Holy Scriptures, were

that our own articles of faith, and our beloved liturgy, of vanities'' upon it all, and apply his heart derived, and between which and ourselves I hope the to the God from whom, through the abuse of

sense of special relationship, and the desire of entire his abundant gifts, the favoured king had so

co-operation in all common labours, may continually deeply revolted! Let me number the days increase,—the revival of religion in the Church of our that are gone, and seeing how God has hitherto mother-country during the last 40 years, now proceedbeen robbed by me, let me strive to redeeming more hopefully than ever, exhibiting its blessings the few that may still remain.

in a mind of special spirituality and scriptural simplicity, and in a zeal to promote the Gospel of remark


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