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mandments, and the Seven Sacraments, &c.; and was and York. It is now usually called " The First Book again published in 1540 and 1543, with corrections of Edward the Sixth,” or “ The Book of the Second and alterations, under the title of " A necessary Doc- Year of Edward the Sixth.” “ This Liturgy,” says trine and Erudition for any Chrysten Man;" and, as Dr. Southey, “ was prepared with the same sound it is expressed in that preface, was set furthe by the judgment which characterised all those measures King, with the advice of his clergy; the Lordes bothe wherein Cranmer took the lead. It was compiled spirituall and temporall, with the nether house of Parlia- from the different Romish offices used in this kingment, having both seen and liked it well.These books dom ; whatever was unexceptionable was retained, all were not free from Popish errors ; still, publication of that savoured of superstition was discarded; the the service in the mother tongue was one great step prayers to the saints were expunged, and all their gained, which gradually led to another.

lying legends : and the people were provided with a In 1545, another book was published under the Christian ritual in their own tongue. And so judisanction of the king and the clergy, and which was ciously was this done, that while nothing which could styled the “ King's Primer.” It contained not only offend the feelings of a reasonable Protestant was left, the Lord's Prayer, Creed, and Ten Commandments, nothing was inserted which should prevent the most but also the whole morning and evening prayer in conscientious Catholic from joining in the service.” English, not much different from what it is in our The committee by whom this book was drawn up, present Common Prayer; the Venite, Te Deum, Lord's consisted of the following persons : Prayer, Creed, &c. being in the same versions in which 1. Archbishop Cranmer. Burnt at Oxford in Queen we now use them. And so far the work of reforma

Mary's reign, March 21, 1556. tion proceeded until the end of the reign of Henry 2. Thomas Goodrick, Bishop of Ely. VIII.

3. Henry Holbech, Bishop of Lincoln. In 1547, the first year of the reign of Edward VI., 4. George Day, Bishop of Chichester. a most important declaration was put forth by the 5. John Skip, Bishop of Hereford. convocation ; namely, that the Lord's supper should 6. Thomas Thirlby, Bishop of Westminster. be administered in both kinds to the laity. No im- 7. Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of Rochester, afterwards pediment was now offered to the progress of the Re- of London, who was burned at Oxford in Queen formation. It was required that at least four sermons Mary's reign, October 16, 1555. in the year should be delivered from every parochial 8. Dr. Wm. May, Dean of St. Paul's, and afterwards pulpit against the Pope's supremacy; that the worship Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. of saints should be immediately discontinued ; and all 9. Dr. John Taylor, Dean, afterwards Bishop of images, abused by superstitious offerings, destroyed. Lincoln. Deprived in Queen Mary's reign. A Book of Homilies was composed for the use of the 10. Dr. Simon Hayns, Master of Queen's College, parochial clergy; and an English translation of the Cambridge, and Dean of Exeter. Bible, and a copy of the Commentary of Erasmus on 11. Dr. John Redman, Master of Trinity College, the Gospels, were commanded to be placed in every Cambridge, and Dean of Westminster. church for the use of the people. A committee of 12. Dr. Richard Cox, Dean of Christ Church, Oxbishops and other divines, amongst whom were Cran- ford, and Almoner to King Edward VI. He mer and Ridley, was appointed to compose “an uni- was deprived of all his preferments in Queen form order of Communion, according to the rules of Mary's reign, and fled to Frankfort ; from Scripture, and the use of the primitive Church.” This whence he returned in the reign of Elizabeth, form was immediately brought into use, in which the and was consecrated Bishop of Ely. point of confession was left free. Such as desired to 13. Thomas Robinson, Archdeacon of Leicester, make their confession to a priest, were admonished This book, however, was not in all respects apnot to censure those who were satisfied with confess proved; and accordingly Archbishop Cranmer, with ing to God, and the latter not to be offended with the assistance of two reformers, Bucer and Peter those who continued in the practice of auricular con- Martyr, altered it. These two eminent foreigners fession ; all being exhorted to keep the rule of cha- bad fled from Germany, on account of the troubles, rity, follow their own conscience, and not to judge and taken refuge in this country. Some rites and others in things not appointed in Scripture.

ceremonies were removed, and some important adThe following year, the same divines, empowered ditions made to the service, especially of the introby a new commission, undertook a still more exten- ductory sentences, the confession and absolution, at sive task ; and in the course of a few months revised the commencement of morning and evening prayer. and finished the whole Liturgy, by drawing up public The forms of consecrating archbishops and bishops, offices for Sundays and holydays, for baptism, confir- of ordering of priests, and making of deacons, were mation, matriinony, burial of the dead, and other added; and the elements of bread and wine in the special occasions; and inserting the above-mentioned communion, were, at Bucer's suggestion, to be reCommunion, with certain amendments.

ceived by the people in their hands, and not put by This book was entitled “ The Book of the Common the minister into their mouths, as was to be done Prayer, and Administration of the Rites and Sacra- according to the first book; and for this reason, that ments of the Church, after the Use of the Church of they might not, as had been done, be conveyed secretly England ;” and it was set forth in the year 1548, " by away, kept, and abused to superstition and wickedthe common agreement and full assent both of the Parliament and Convocations provincial ;” that is, The whole was confirmed in parliament in 1551, and the two convocations of the provinces of Canterbury | is usually styled “The Second Book of Edward the


Sixth," or “ The Book of the fifth year of Edward the from the earliest period, was established in Britain ; Sixth."

and bishops from our island are said to have assembled (To be continued.)

at the councils of Nice, of Sardica, of Arles, and Ari

minum. It is worthy of remark, that, from the manANCIENT BRITISH CHURCH. No. I.

ner in which the council of Arles was conducted,

we can determine that the British bishops esteemed The conversion of his native island from the darkness themselves quite independent of the authority of of Paganism to the glorious light of Gospel-truth, must Rome. The council of Ariminum, moreover, gives form an interesting subject of inquiry to every true proof of their number and wealth ; for, although probeliever in Britain. Unfortunately, however, the entire vision had been made by the emperor Constanabsence of literary knowledge in this country at the stine, the British bishops, three only excepted, chuse time, and the scantiness of assistance to be obtained rather to defray their own expenses than to burden from foreign sources, leave the precise period of this the public treasury. From these circumstances, it important event a matter of great uncertainty. Some may be inferred, that towards the middle of the fourth writers have carried back the date of the introduction

century the religion of Christ was firmly established of Christianity into Britain to the latter end of the

on the ruins of paganism. But, from its unavoidable reign of Tiberius, while others assign it to the time of connexion with the course and revolutions of human Claudius. This latter conjecture is drawn principally affairs, the Church had yet to struggle with enemies from a passage in Tacitus, wherein Pomponia Græcina, both open and secret; and a series of troubles was at the wife of Plautius, who, in the reign of Claudius, hand that materially affected its welfare. On the made the first descent upon Britain, is stated, on her desertion of the island by the Romans, A.D. 422, the return to Rome, to have been accused of embracing a Britons, to repel the Picts and Scots who invaded ** foreign superstition;" but this expression is equally them, called in the assistance of the Saxons; and the applicable to the Jewish as to the Christian religion. disturbances which thence ensued, and which, after Bishop Stillingfleet places the introduction of the having lasted for upwards of a century, terminated in Gospel into this island about the middle of Nero's the Saxons possessing themselves of the country they reign. That St. Peter preached here, is a speculation were invited to defend, proved nearly fatal to the of recent date : but there is a remark in Eusebius, cause of truth in Britain. “But the actions of men are which, when viewed in connexion with a passage in overruled by God, to effect his own wise purposes ; Clement of Rome, makes it probable that St. Paul and the calm that followed after the storm had subvisited Britain. Eusebius asserts that some of the sided, together with the marriage of Ethelbert, king apostles preached the Gospel in the British isles ; of Kent, to Britha, daughter of Charibert, king of and Clement, who wrote before the end of the first Paris, who was a Christian, paved the way for a welcentury, states that St. Paul went to the utmost bounds comed reception to St. Augustin and his followers. of the west. Now, the juxta-position of these two The mission of St. Augustin is said to have had its passages certainly appears favourable to the conclu- rise from the following circumstances. Gregory the sion; but such deductions as these must always be First, while in a private capacity, having observed received with caution. It may, however, be further some youths of great beauty exposed for sale in the urged, that Theodoret, who lived in the early part of market-place at Rome, inquired of what nation they the fifth century, confirms this opinion with regard to were. Being told that they were Angli, he exclaimed, St. Paul. The traditions of St. James, Simon Zelotes, " they would not be Angli, but Angeli, if they were and Philip, are destitute of any ancient authority. The Christians." But " what, said he, is the name of the fable of Joseph of Arimathea also, and his having province whence they are brought ?" It was answered founded Glastonbury Abbey, would unworthy of that the inhabitants of it were called Deiri. “Yes," notice, but for the credit given to it by Queen Eliza- said Gregory, “ de irá erepti, delivered from wrath, beth and Archbishop Parker ; nor is the idle legend and invited to the mercy of Christ.” Upon this he of Claudia, the daughter of Caractacus, carrying back formed the benevolent design of exerting his energies Christianity from Rome into the territory of her father, for the revival of Christianity in Britain. And this deserving the slightest regard. But, whatever differ- design was put into effect upon his coming to the ence of opinion may be entertained as to the exact popedom, by the mission of St. Augustin, with forty period of its introduction, “ towards the end of the monks, who landed in Kent, and settled at Cantersecond century," says Dr. Burton, “ Christianity had bury. From this time, the conversion of the seven penetrated into very remote parts of the British isles.” Saxon kingdoms was fully effected in about ninety About this time, also, the new religion appears to have years. Augustin died in A.D. 605. The repeated inderived protection from the civil power. King Lucius vasions of the Danes, and their attacks on the reliis the first British monarch recorded to have received gious houses, which now became the chief stores of baptism, and under him bishops were consecrated for wealth and what learning existed, more than counterthe dissemination of Christianity. But the infant balanced the good effects which Christianity in Britain society of believers, even in our remote island, did might have experienced from the union of the Saxon not escape the sanguinary persecutions that harassed heptarchy under Egbert; and the country was again the Church of Christ under the emperors Maximilian relapsing into barbarity and ignorance. But the exand Dioclesian; and the names of St. Alban, of Aaron, ertions of Alfred, and the patronage which he afforded and of Julius, are recorded in history as martyrs to to men of learning, rapidly advanced the British mind the truth, who suffered under the violence of their from its low estate, and gave it credit with surroundoppression. The heresy of Pelagius, moreover, at an ing nations; so that it is said of Athelstan, the third early period disturbed the harmony of this little com- in succession from Alfred, that he had the honour of munity, although the active measures which were educating in our island tiree foreign kings, Alan of taken by Germanus, a Gallican bishop, who was called Bretagne, Louis of France, and Haco of Norway. in by the British divines to stop its progress, even- The characters of Odo and Dunstan, who at this time tually proved of service to the Church, by introducing succeeded each other in the see of Canterbury, are so into the island the study of sound learning and theo- mixed up with idle tales of wonders and miracles, that logy. A form of prayer, also, was at this time brought it is difficult to form any just idea of the benefit, or from Gaul into Britain by Germanus and other bishops injury, done to the Church under their direction; but in his train, who had derived it probably from St. it is probable, that what she gained in extent and John, through Polycarp and Irenæus ; and it was on influence, she lost in internal purity and true Christhis basis that the Church of Rome, from time to tian principle : since, to increase the power of the time, engrafted her erroneous principles. Episcopacy, clergy, through motives of interested ambition, seems

to have been with them the ruling passion. At My God, where is that ancient heat towards thee length, the Danes, as did the Saxons before them, be- Wherewith whole shoals of martyrs once did burn ?" came incorporated in the religion, as well as the civil government of our kingdom ; and under the monarchs Herbert was a close student, his only relaxation of this race, Canute, Harold, and Hardicanute, the while at Cambridge being music ; of which he conwealth and influence of the Church were greatly ex- tinued all his life exceedingly fond, and in which he tended; for on the restoration of the Saxon line, one

became a considerable proficient. He said, " It did third of the lands in England is supposed to have been in the hands of ecclesiastical bodies. This was the

relieve his drooping spirits, compose his distracted condition of the Church in temporal things, when our

thoughts, and raise his weary soul so far above earth, island was invaded by the Normans; and thus was she that it gave him an earnest of the joys of heaven befitted to maintain her part in those distressing struggles fore he possessed them.” During a good many of the between ecclesiastical and civil power, so disgraceful following years this really worthy and pious man and injurious, that throw a gloom over this period of

appears to have sought court-favour with an anxiety her history. It may be well to observe, that, from the

which over-rated the object; but on the death of arrival of St. Augustin, the baneful influence of the Church of Rome was felt in our island; and the simple James I., and his powerful patrons, the Duke of Richtruths of Christianity began to be burdened with the mond and the Marquess of Hamilton, he abandoned all inventions of men. "But the progress of error is gra- hopes of worldly elevation, and, after a painful struggle dual and almost imperceptible ; and it required a pe- between ambition and better feelings, entered on the riod of nearly one thousand years to build up that study of divinity. Ellis says of Herbert, “Nature insystem of corruption and idolatry which the Church of Romanised England exhibited, when the great work

tended him for a knight-errant; but disappointed amof the reformation was entered upon. From a respect

bition made him a saint." These are severe stricful alliance, founded on the benefits that the Britons tures; for Herbert still possessed youth, birth, friends, had received by the exertions of St. Augustin and his and excellent talents to promote his worldly advancefollowers in their island, the transition was gradual ment. His answer to a court friend who dissuaded and easy to that blind submission which Rome afterwards demanded of them, and to which England for a

him from going into the Church, as below his birth period was compelled to submit. With the admission

and hopes, was: “ It hath been formerly judged, that of papal supremacy, came also the reception of papal the domestic servants of the King of heaven should be errors. But at the period of the Norman invasion, of the noblest families on earth ; and though the iniquity many of the injurious tenets of the Church of Rome, of the late times has made clergymen meanly valued, even if they existed at all, had not yet reached our island. The Romanist of the present day would do

and the sacred name of priest contemptible, yet I will well to examine the history of his creed, that he may

labour to make it honourable, by consecrating all my be convinced how gradually those erroneous doctrines, learning and all my poor abilities to advance the glory which successive councils have declared necessary to of that God that gave them ; knowing that I can never his salvation, have crept in upon the primitive sim- do too much for Him that hath done so much for me plicity of Gospel truth.

as to make me a Christian,” These resolutions he Oxford, July 1836.

kept inviolate. In the meantime his mother died, and [To be continued.)

he married, after a very romantic courtship; that is to Biography.

say, if we may trust his poetical biographer." He was, for his person," says honest Izaac, “ of a stature

inclining towards tallness; but so far was his body Born 1593; died 1632.

from being encumbered with too much flesh, that he THE “holy George Herbert,” as he has often been was lean to an extremity. His aspect was cheerful, reverently called, was born on the 3d of April, 1593, and his speech and motion did both declare him ? in the Castle of Montgomery, near the town of that gentleman; for they were all so meek and obliging name. He was of an ancient and honourable family, that they purchased love and respect from all that being descended from William Herbert, who was Earl knew him. These and his other visible virtues of Pembroke in the reign of Edward IV. George brought him much love from a gentleman of a noble

as the fifth son of the family; the third was the cele- fortune, and a near kinsman to his friend the Earl of brated Lord Herbert, of Cherbury.

Danby; namely, from Charles Danvers of Bainton, in George spent much of his childhood," says his the county of Wilts, Esq. This Mr. Danvers having simple and affectionate biographer, Izaac Walton," in known him long and intimately, did so much affect a sweet content, under the eye and care of his prudent him, that he often and publicly declared a desire that mother, and the tuition of a chaplain or tutor ;” and Mr. Herbert would marry any of his nine daughters afterwards "at Westminster, where the beauties of his (for he had so many), but rather his daughter Jane, pretty behaviour and wit shined, and became so emi-because Jane was his beloved daughter. And he had nent and lovely, in this his innocent age, that he often said the same to Mr. Herbert himself; and that seemed to be marked out for piety, and to become the if he could like her for a wife, and she him for a huscare of Heaven, and of a particular good angel to guard band, Jane should have a double blessing; and Mr. and guide him." his seventeenth year we find Danvers had so often said the like to Jane, and so Herbert writing to his mother, “For my own part, my

much commended Mr. Herbert to her, that Jane bemeaning, dear mother, is, in these sonnets, to declare came so much a platonic as to fall in love with my resolution to be, that my poor abilities in poetry | Mr. Herbert unseen.

This was a fair preparation shall be all and ever consecrated to God's glory; and for a marriage ; but, alas! her father died before Mr. I beg you to receive this as one testimony;" and then Herbert's retirement to Dantsey; yet some friends to follows the religious poem which begins with these both parties procured their meeting, at which time a

mutual affection entered into both their hearts, as a




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conqueror enters into a surprised city; and love, hav- us that those callings which are most abused, and the ing got such a possession, governed, and made there greatest sources of iniquity, may be sanctified. such laws and resolutions as neither party were able

It happened in one of the midland counties of Engto resist ; insomuch that she changed her name into

land, some years ago, that an innkeeper became con

cerned for his soul, and set himself with all his heart Herbert the third day after this first interview.” So

in pursuit of the one thing needful ---religion. His much for Izaac, who goes on with the epithalamium of search was not in vain; from deep and humiliating the young couple.

views of his sinfulness, he was led, in the course of This marriage was another proof of the truth of the

time, to discern the fulness and sufficiency of the adage, “ Happy the wooing that is not long doing." received the perfect work and righteousness of Jesus

blood of Jesus Christ to cleanse him from all sin. He For, in Izaac's own words, "the Eternal Lover of man

Christ by faith, and became not a nominal, but a real kind made them happy in each other's mutual and Christian. In a word, he became a new man, and equal affections and compliance." Very shortly after

felt himself to live in a new region. Many painful his marriage, Mr. Herbert was presented to the rec

reflections, however, on his past sins were constantly tory of Bemerton, near Salisbury, “ changed his sword passing through his mind, and it grieved him more and silk clothes for a canonical coat," and told his

especially, and above all, that his particular calling

had been the occasion of much sin, and that even now wife, “ You are now a minister's wife, and must so far his house, at times, was the scene of unhallowed mirth forget your father's house, as not to claim a prece- and wanton joy. What was to be done? Things dence of any of your parishioners; for you are to

(thought he) cannot possibly go on as they are. The know that a priest’s wife can challenge no precedence question therefore arose, whether it was lawful for him in place, but that which she purchases by her obliging life? Many things were to be taken into considera

as a Christian, to continue any longer in his line of humility; and I am sure a place so purchased does tion: he had a large family entirely dependent on best become her.”

him; and if he gave up his business, poverty and want Mr. Herbert, from the energy and enthusiasm of seemed to stare him in the face; besides, should he his natural character, as well as from nobler motives, give up, he could by no means be certified but his was a most zealous and faithful priest, and in his pri- house, being let to another

, would again become the

scene of equal, if not greater, wickedness. In this vate life strict and exemplary. He and his household strait, however, after much anxious thought and earattended prayers every day at the canonical hours of

nest prayer for Divine guidance, he determined to ten and four in the chapel of the rectory. “ The remain and to glorify God in his present calling. He meaner sort of his parish,” says his faithful biographer, resolved to harbour no improper characters, and never did so love and reverence Mr. Herbert, that they

to draw more than one pint of ale at a time, for any

customer: by these regulations, he knew his house would let their ploughs rest when Mr. Herbert's would be still useful for the accommodation of travelsaint's-bell rung for prayers, that they might also lers, and he hoped to rid himself of all his tippling offer their devotions to God with him, and would then customers. It is true he had his doubts and fears, at return back to their plough. And his holy life was times, whether he should be able to make business such, that it begot such reverence to God and to him,

answer on his new plan; but he generally cut them that they thought themselves the happier when they honour me, I will honour.” So that, in the main, he

short by faith in that universal promise, “ Them that carried Mr. Herbert's blessing back with them to

trusted, by God's blessing, to be able both to pay his their labour.” Mr. Herbert sang his own hymns to rent and to maintain his family. the lute or viol, of which instruments he was a mas- In process of time, the religious innkeeper's peculiter; and, though fond of retirement, he attended

arities became known; and as he was universally twice a-week at the cathedral at Salisbury: saying, respected as a man of great integrity, his house was

much frequented by travellers; although some, whose that “ the time spent in prayer and cathedral music

custom he cared little for, withdrew their favours. elevated his soul, and was his heaven upon earth :" On the whole, what was lost on the one hand was and, to justify his practice, he would often say, “ that more than made up on another. religion does not banish mirth, but only moderates

The squire of the parish in which he lived kept a and sets rules to it.” Many anecdotes are told of his pack of hounds, and his house was consequently the

resort of the idle, the gay, and the dissipated. In one piety and charity; and, indeed, from the period that

of their convivial meetings, the conduct of the publican he took orders, his life seems to have been one of un- became the subject of their derision and merriment; reserved dedication to God. He died of a consump- and they determined, the next time they went to the tive disorder in 1632. Of “ The Temple, or Sacred

hunt, to put his religious principles to the test--they Poems," Walton says, "twenty thousand copies were

determined, if possible, to have more ale than his rule

allowed. Accordingly, no long time after, the troop sold in a few years after their publication.” It is

of hunters, greatly heated in the chase, hauled up at worthy of notice, that this volume was the only com- his house to bait their horses, and take some refreshpanion of Cowper during his first melancholy eclipse. ment. The landlord, with his usual attention and Herbert's prose work, “ The Country Parson his civility, took the charge of the horses, to rub them Character and Rule of Holy Life,” is an inestimable

down and bait them, while the good man's daughter little treatise.

within, busied herself in preparing the refreshments, D.

which were quickly devoured. Then came the drink; pint after pint was called for and drank, until each

had been served with his allowance ; for Betsy had THE RELIGIOUS INNKEEPER.

counted heads, and scored with her chalk each suc

cessive flagon; and now that the scores had equalled I Am of opinion that in every lawful calling God

the heads, what was to be done? More ale was has his witnesses and faithful servants, to convince

called for, and how to refuse the squire she hardly

knew; but her father's orders were not to be disFrom that very useful little work, the Friendly Visitor, obeyed. Like a dutiful daughter, therefore, she told edited by Mr. Carus' Wilson.

the company she could not draw them any more, for

they had had enough. "And who made you a judge following truths: that as "a little leaven of 'that?" cried one of the troop. My father,

leaveneth the whole lump,” and as the accureplied the girl," never draws more than one pint for

mulation of small offences must necessarily any one; and I have drawn that, sir, for each.” On this the company became very noisy; some calling for create a corrupt life, so little sins carry with the host; others exclaiming against his methodism; them heinous guilt, and bring after them sore whilst, in the midst of the bustle and confusion, the condemnation. I will then briefly apply the father stept in, and so relieved his daughter from her subject more closely to ourselves. trying situation. He told them briefly his reasons for adopting the rule, which he hoped they would

I. Under the law, we know, this was the value; but, whether or not, he would by no means doctrine: “He that breaketh the least combreak it to please even the squire. “ More ale we mandment shall in nowise enter into the want, and more ale we'll have," shouted one. " What has religion to do with drink?" cried another. Hang

kingdom of heaven;" for “ the soul that him and his enthusiasm,” cried a third. “ Gentle sinneth, it shall die,” be the magnitude of men," said the landlord, firmly, yet courteously, "I the sin what it may. This may be illustrated am sorry to disoblige you, but under no consideration

from many considerations. For instance, will I draw you any more--my conscience will not

there must be as much outrage against the permit me." Perhaps my conscience then will not permit me to renew your license, rejoined the squire;" authority of the great Being with whom we while the doctor and the lawyer backing him, be- have to do, in the commission of little sins, as sought him, the one to give him a pill, and the other there is in the commission of great sins; and to make out his mittimus. “ As for that, sir, I cannot help it," replied the landlord ; " but I can help

the one must be as offensive to infinite holioffending my God, and burdening my conscience, ness and purity, to a sin-hating God, as the which I will never do to get the favour of men.” The other. It is the same God that saith, Do party, thus defeated, and seeing that remonstrance not take my name in vain, who saith, Do was in vain, left the house with many threats and

not blaspheme me—the same God that said, much abuse. On the way home, however, they cooled down, and

Do not murder, said also, Be not angry in the end agreed in admiration of the innkeeper's with thy brother without cause

- the same firmness and principle ; indeed, one went so far as to God that said, Do not commit adultery, said propose that they should give him the benefit of a pint also, Think no vain thought, and speak no and refreshment as often as they went his meeting with no opposition, was agreed to: thus light word. Hence it is clear, from the very giving another proof of the faithfulness of God's pro- nature of God, that the commission of the mise" Them that honour me, I will honour;" and least sin brings us under the guilt of the that He “will make even their enemies to be at peace greatest. with them."

Be warned, therefore, ye that allow your

selves in vain and loose thoughts, or idle THERE ARE NO LITTLE SINS:

words; and who say within yourselves, It A Sermon,

is but a thought, it is but a trilling word: By the Rev. Thomas ENGLAND, M.A. think better of the matter, and say to yourCurate of St. Mary's, Newington Butts. selves, on the authority of Scripture, No, it I Cor. v. 6, 7.

is hatred of God, it is blasphemy; it is as “Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole bad as murder, or adultery. What says

the lump ? Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye Apostle ? “Whosoever shall keep the whole may be a new lump."

law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty It is the habit of most men, and of many of all;" and though the specific offence be but among the professors of religion, when con- small, it matters not; for the outrage against victed by their fellows, or their own con- the attributes of God is the same. What, sciences, of any offences that the world deems let me ask, causes theft, or blasphemy, or slight, or of any backslidings, to extenuate, murder, to be considered crimes of so deep a if not to justify their conduct, by saying, as dye? Plainly, that the direct authority of Lot did of the city which he wished to save, the great Being who has forbidden them is "Is it not a little one ?" To all such as slighted and trampled under foot: and the overlook the fearful importance of little sins same must hold good of other sins, concern(called by the world trifles), and who forget ing which we choose to imagine that they are that the accumulation of such minor offences little and trifling. often causes the destruction of the never- Again, consider that these little sins are dying soul, I would address the warning of usually the condemning and the soul-destroythe Apostle in the text—“Know ye not that ing offences. Look abroad among the families a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? that surround you, and you will observe, Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye that of those who perish, far more are cast may be a new lump."

out of the kingdom for the commission of Leaving for the present the consideration what are called little sins, than for gross of sins of omission, called in our Liturgy worldly crimes. Watch the character of the negligences,” in handling this subject, I will

, majority around you, and you find that they under God's blessing, attempt to exhibit the are moral and respectable in the eyes of the

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