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that we shall one day embrace each other before the

presence of the Lord!" Surely, this paper breathes LINES ON A ROSE.

something of the spirit of the martyr Stephen. The

murderer is said to have previously received favours BY A YOUNG MAN NOW DECEASED.

from Lavater.- From D. Wilson's (Bishop of Calcutta) This lovely flower, whose beauteous tints

Letters from an absent Brother.
Vie with the blushing morn,

Rev. C. WOLFE.-On the day before his dissolution, Flourish'd in Eden's fragrant bowers,

the medical gentleman who attended him felt it his A rose without a thorn.

duty to apprise him of his immediate danger, and ex

pressed himself thus: “Your mind, sir, seems to be Had spotless innocence remain'd,

so raised above this world, that I need not fear to Had man from sin forborne,

communicate to you my candid opinion of your state."

“Yes, sir,” replied he, “ I trust I have been learning It still had been that lovely flower,

to live above the world :'" and he then made some A rose without a thorn.

impressive observations on the ground of his own Alas! that innocence is fled ;

hopes; and having afterwards heard that they had a

favourable effect, he entered more fully into the subVirtue no more adorns

ject with him on the next visit, and continued speaking Base man; and earth no longer yields

for an hour, in such a convincing, affecting, and soRoses that bear no thorns.

lemn strain, (and this at a time when he seemed in

capable of uttering a single sentence,) that the phyThe Rose of Sharon ! fairest flower

sician, on retiring to the adjoining room, threw himThat could a world adorn,

self on the sofa in tears, exclaiming, “There is someOnce bloom'd on earth; but man entwined thing superhuman about that man: it is astonishing to Round Sharon's Rose a thorn.

see such a mind in a body so wasted; such mental

vigour in a poor frame dropping into the grave !" Hail, Sharon's Rose! thy fragrance cheers

ARDENT SPIRITS.-On conversing with J, G., I The soul to sorrow born,

found that he had been twenty-one years in the Whose trembling hand e'en now can grasp

country, and was still penniless,--the poor servant of One rose without a thorn.

the other Englishman, who was scarcely less poor

than himself. His fondness for ardent spirits, he inTransplanted to the heaven of heavens,

formed me, had kept him thus poor; and he could Where one eternal morn

trace to this source all his lapses and all his misCasts its bright beams, blooms Sharon's Rose,

fortunes. He assured me, in our conversation, that

he had foresworn the further use of spirits. I told him A rose without a thorn.

of a strength greater than his own, and this I entreated him to implore. He was much affected by a

prayer in which I proposed he should join me his Miscellaneous.

tilt: he kept a standing posture when I commenced, LAW.- Whoever goes to law, goes into a glass

but the poor fellow soon sunk upon his knees; and house, where he understands little or nothing of what before the conclusion of my prayer on his behalf, he he is doing ; where he sees a small matter blown up

was weeping like a child. It will give some idea of into fifty times the size of its intrinsic contents, and

the prevailing use of spirits in this island, and of through which, if he can perceive any other objects,

the consequent discouragement which the minister is he perceives them all discoloured and distorted; where

doomed to experience, if I mention that, notwithevery thing is too brittle to bear handling; where, as standing all that I had said against the use of this in an element of fire, he frets, fumes, and is drained at

intoxicating stimulant, in all which he had heartily every pore ; and where whatever he buys, he buys out acquiesced, and, bringing the test of his own melanof the fire, and pays for according to its fictitious bulk. choly experience, had declared voluntarily that he It bad perhaps been better for him to have been con

had left it off, -he yet offered to myself, on my rising tented with an earthen vessel.Skelton.

from my knees, what is called “a morning," from a

little keg which he drew from under his straw bed; The Tomb of Lavater,* At Zurich.-- The tomb and on my reminding bim, when about to help himof Lavater in St. Peter's church much affected me :

self, that he engaged to break off this babit, he exhe was wounded by the hand of a common soldier, cused himself by saying he had made a reservation during Massena's invasion in 1799, and died after fif

for the use of the remaining contents of the keg.– teen months of extreme suffering. His benevolence

Archdeacon Wix's Newfoundland Missionary Journal. and tenderness of heart had been remarkable amidst all the eccentricities of his opinions through life ; and they appeared conspicuously on this trying occasion. LONDON :- Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, He not only did all in his power to prevent the crimi

Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's;

and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town aud nal from being discovered, but left him, at his death, Country. the following affecting testimony of his forgiveness :- The First Monthly Part, containing Fire Weekly Numbers, with “ Memorandum to be given, after my death, with an

Supplement, stitched in a wrapper, will be published on the 30th affectionate letter, if it be possible, to the grenadier June, price EicutPENCE. (D'Elsass, as I think) who shot at me, Sept. 26, 1799; but care must be taken that his name be concealed.

Not exceeding 6 lines

LO 70 May God pardon thee, as I from my heart pardon

Every additional line thee! O may you never suffer what I suffer through Half a Column you! I embrace you, my friend; you have done me Entire ditto

Whole a kindness, without knowing it. If you see these

Bills of Half a Sheet lines, may they be a seal to you of the grace of the Lord, who forgives penitent sinners; who delivers Advertisements and Bills to be sent to the Publishers not later them, and makes them happy! May God enable me

than the 24th. earnestly to pray for you, so that I'may never doubt • The celebrated physiognomist.


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recommended, rather than at any other time.

But the Sabbath, and the mode in which it is Religion is not a thing of times and seasons. to be observed, are both alike taught in the It is to be the very element of existence : revealed word of God: so that the agreement then, and then only, do we fulfil the purpose which the universal Church has shewn with of God, in making us capable of religion, reference to this ordinance has not been a when its influence fills the whole of our life. matter of mere convention, but has rested on But God who made us, and knows our na- a foundation which is solid- and lasting. We ture, has seen fit to institute religious or- have, however, to lament, that notwithstanddinances, as well as religion itself. Such ing the strong scriptural authority on which ordinances have existed in every dispensa- this question rests, late years have produced tion under which he has revealed himself to those who have assailed the divine origin and man; and though they have varied in their permanent obligation of the Sabbath. The specific character, yet in each they have been enemy of souls is unwearied in his devices adapted to the peculiar circumstances of against the happiness and salvation of men; those upon whom they were enjoined. Among and it would seem as if, enraged at the many these divinely appointed ordinances, that of overthrows he has received at the hands of the Sabbath stands foremost to our view; the champions of truth, when they have exand it is, therefore, of the highest importance posed to the world the hollowness of sceptithat we should rightly understand the grounds cism and infidelity, he has resolved to make on which we ourselves, and the Church at a desperate thrust at the Sabbath, knowing large, found the authority and obligation of that if he should succeed in demolishing its this ordinance.

claims, the downfal of religion itself would Even natural religion requires that there quickly follow. With reference to such should be certain seasons of solemn public attacks upon the sacredness of the Sabbath, worship, universally agreed upon among mem- we adopt the sentiment and the inference of bers of the same society ; but while it shews Dr. Watts, in whose day, it seems, some the necessity of there being some such sea- vexatious differences on this subject were sons, it does not determine how often they rife." It is an unhappy thing indeed,” says should occur, nor what proportion they he, “ that that very day which God originshould bear to the whole of our time. Now, ally designed for a sacred rest here on even supposing that the word of God were earth, and appointed it to be a pledge and quite silent on these points, it would, never- emblem of eternal rest in heaven, should betheless, be decent to bow to the established come a matter of noisy dispute and contenlaws and usages of our country, in abstaining tion in his Church; but God hath seen fit to from any employments which they might exercise our faith and patience with some forbid, and in frequenting some assembly for darknesses and difficulties even in his own public worship; and (if there were no ob- worship in this world, that we may breathe vious objection) to do this at the times and long after the light and glory of the

TOL. 1. —NO. II.


future state, with that more perfect rest, and from his work. Unless we allow that the more exalted worship, which is enjoyed and Sabbath was instituted at this time, it is impractised in the world above."

possible to understand why the work of It is impossible to read the Bible, begin- creation should have been divided into its ning with its earliest revelations, and carry- several regular parts. Clearly this is done ing the view down to the latest, without to shew what proportion of his time man is seeing that the idea of a Sabbath pervades to employ in his ordinary labour, and what all the purposes of God towards man. The proportion he is to devote to the duties of patriarchal Sabbath marked the first revela- religion. In the division of the week of creation of God's will to Adam ; the Jewish Sab- tion, not into six portions, nor into eight, but bath, the Mosaical institution ; while the day into seven, we are taught that it was designed which we term the Lord's day, is distinctive by God that such a distribution of time of the Christian dispensation. If we read the should be a fixed arrangement, an ordinance second chapter of the book of Genesis, we which was to stand for ever: and, in like shall find that immediately after God had manner, the proportion of six days' labour, finished the creation, he instituted the Sab- and one day's rest, was an intimation equally bath, as commemorative of his completed plain, that this proportion of labour and rest work, and gave to it that name to mark the was to be alike enduring. figurative rest upon which he then entered: Again, if we allow that the Sabbath, whenno more being really intended to be conveyed ever instituted, was meant to be commemoby that term than that God had then accom- rative of creation, there seems every reason plished his work : “God blessed the seventh to expect that the observance of it would take day, and sanctified it; because that in it he its date from the creation itself. We are warhad rested from all his work which God ranted to expect this, from the analogy of all created and made.” This was the moment the other rites in subsequent dispensations, at which God first appointed the Sabbath: whether Mosaic or Christian. There is no at this moment he bestowed on man that gift mention of any interval of time between the which has blessed every successive genera- appointment of the rite, and the time when it tion of mankind, and which is now the began to be observed ; on the contrary, we source of incalculable blessings to millions know, both from the Scripture narrative and in our world. It was at this moment that from collateral history, that the ordinance was God enacted, “ by an ordinance for ever," practised immediately after it was instituted. that six portions of man's time should be The reason for keeping the Sabbath was cogiven to his ordinary labour, and that the eval with creation, and why then should not seventh should be portioned off, and for ever the actual keeping of it have begun then ? reserved unto himself. It is of the highest The argument for keeping the Sabbath being importance that we should be convinced of taken from creation, reached not to the Jew the fact, that the Sabbath dates its institu- only, but to all who were found within creation from the moment when creation was tion's utmost limits; and why, then, should complete ; because the question of its uni- the Jew be the first to commemorate an event versal obligation will be then allowed on all of so glorious and universal a character, which hands to be settled, since they who impugn had occurred more than two thousand years it ground their opinions upon the abrogation before his time? And it is particularly worthy of the Mosaic ritual, where, as they contend, of note, that, in the fourth commandment, there the injunction to observe the Sabbath is for is a clear reference to the Sabbath as an inthe first time found.

stitution already existing, and of long standNow, any one who should read for the ing; and to the sanctification of it, as a duty first time the first three verses of the se- well established. The Jew was to remember cond chapter of Genesis, could not but be the Sabbath-day to keep it holy, because God struck with the very express manner in had" blessed and hallowed it;" and the apostle, which the account of the institution of the in his epistle to the Hebrews, does not stay to Sabbath is there given : it is given twice, with prove, but assumes that the rest of the Šabremarkable emphasis, in that very short bath began the moment after creation was space. Something more, he would say, is complete--when " the works were finished here meant than simply to record the fact of from the creation of the world.” God's resting from his work. The works of The Scripture says nothing of a weekly the six days are detailed in order, and then Sabbath being observed during the patriarchal the seventh day is recorded ; its distinguish- ages; but does this prove that it was not obing feature being, that God then rested : as served during that period? If it was he had consciously occupied each of the six pressly appointed at the creation, surely that days in work, with equal consciousness of appointment would not become annulled by purpose did he on the seventh day “rest” | the mere fact of the silence of Scripture on the


subject during the subsequent period of two sequences likely to follow, when the authority thousand five hundred years. It was a pri- of the Sabbath is undermined. A heart natumary and binding law of the Almighty; and rally averse from the things of God (and such therefore, even if we can suppose that it was is that which every man possesses) will eagerly neglected amidst the corruption of mankind seize any argument that will serve its purafter the fall, this neglect would not impair pose; and, above all, an argument for overits authority. But, if there is no historical throwing the claims of that day which has testimony, there is a strong probability that ever been the day devoted to express comthe patriarchs kept the Sabbath. To say no- munion with God. While, therefore, we thing of the perpetual character of the reason comply with the divine purpose in blessing for observing it, we may conclude they did and hallowing this day, let us do so with inso from certain passages which contain strong telligent thankfulness to God that he has hints of such a practice. “The end of the placed the obligation of his Sabbath beyond days,” (there being no other division of time the reach of human scepticism, by indenting then known but the week), we may reasonably its authority on the trees of Paradise, and ensuppose to have been the last of seven days. graving its sanction on the walls of creation " The day when the sons of God came to pre- itself, sent themselves before the Lord," mentioned

[To be continued in a future Number.] in the book of Job, (the history of which, we know, belongs to that period,) was, not im- THE DUTY OF A CHRISTIAN MINISTER. probably, the Sabbath, when the pious fami

To the Editors of the Church of England Magazine. lies, called “sons of God,” met for divine

The following document was lately put into my hand; worship. At the period of the flood, we find

and appears well worthy of being recorded. It is enthe reckoning by weeks the division of time. titled " An Inscription in a Parsonage-House;" but God gave instructions to Noah of what should where, it is not stated. The Lady Elizabeth Hastings be done " after seven days;" and on the

founded several valuable exhibitions in Queen's Col.

lege, Oxford, for scholars from certain schools in Yorkseventh day Noah sent out the dove to find a

shire, Westmoreland, and Cumberland; and to this sabbatical repose from his wearisome impri- circumstance reference is made. The advice is so exsonment. After the flood, all the nations of cellent, and so deserving the attention of those who the East joined with the Israelites in exhibit- minister in holy things,” that it were to be wished

that a copy were found in every parsonage-house in ing some traces of it; and in the ancient the kingdom. heathen writers there is a reference to the

I am your obedient servant and well-wisher, Sabbath, not as observed by the heathens, but

RUSTICUS. as being well known by them, through some “The Right Honourable Lady Elizabeth Hastings, more ancient tradition, as a thing of very who was seised of the perpetual advowson of this early, divine appointment.

parish church, provided that the present incumbent Finally,—The renewal of the Sabbath be

and his successors, to the latest generations, should fore the Mosaic economy was instituted, sug- have legal settlement in the same, as by her last will gests another argument of great strength for and testament directed, earnestly beseecheth him its primeval obligation. When the manna is and them, not for the sake of the perishable bread promised, a command is given that a double which he may in his youth have received by her portion of it should be gathered on a pre- appointment, or may in future time receive, but for the scribed day. What day? the sixth ; for no sake of the Almighty Creator and giver of it, and for reason that is assigned, but for a reason well

his sole honour and glory, that he will religiously known, universally understood. Nay, Moses weigh and carefully observe the following rules, adding refers to the Sabbath as a thing not forgotten

to and enforcing them as occasion shall require, and

his own prudence suggest. .

“1. That he content not himself with an orderly said, To-morrow is the rest of the holy Sab

and regular discharge of his duty, as the same is bath unto the Lord your God.”

marked out and prescribed to him by human laws, but

that from a true fervency of spirit, and Christian zeal Enough has been said to place it beyond a

for the salvation of his people, and his own, he add to reasonable doubt, that the Sabbath is an in

the obligations required of him by man the adequate stitution coeval with creation. Critics, con

and only sufficient measures of the Gospel, daily fident in their own strength, and supported abound in the works of his high calling, rule his own by natural ingenuity, may attempt to weaken house well, and enforce his preaching upon the minds its authority; and they must not be regarded of men, by holiness of life, and the strength and power with more reverence because they meet with of his own example. ready disciples, in an age unexampled for its “ 2. That he would daily and earnestly, in private love of novelty and innovation. The authors

prayer, humble himself before the throne of God for of such notions might probably have been all spiritual blessings upon himself, upon his flock, deterred from publishing their crude specula- and upon all mankind. tions, had they looked forward to all the con- “3. That he would be much in conversation with

by them during the two centuries of Egyptian his

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his people ; and, without partiality, or preferring any marking the Lord's abhorrence of what he one to another, he would inform himself of their

has so strictly forbidden. Nor is the conspiritual condition, the respective wants and occasions secrated wafer the only object of such of their souls, and give them their portion of meat in prohibited adoration : the Virgin Mary, the due season; and, by all the wisdom and prudence he is saints and angels, are addressed in language master of, turn the stream of their affections from the

of prayer and praise, such as it is clearly momentary and vain enjoyments of this world to the

idolatrous to use to any created being. No everlasting riches and only solid pleasures of the

one can turn over the leaves of a popish next. “4. That at every visit he receives or pays, he would prayer-book without seeing that it was for

no imaginary or trivial cause our blessed provide that some part of the discourse should be upon

reformers laid down their lives. They consome vital subject of religion, as, the absolute neces

tended for the faith once delivered to the sity of having it planted in the heart, and what are the hinderances whereby it is rendered unable to strike saints; and were content to die, rather than root and fix itself there; and what the salutary and

to dishonour their God by doing the abomionly effective means are, and wherein lies the heavenly nable thing which he hates. The very name wisdon, and what are those holy methods and ways for

of Protestant originated in a solemn protest the removing and exterminating such hinderances : so made by the first reformers against these that, having the kingdom of God established within deadly errors of an apostate Church : and it himself, and in the souls of all his sons and daughters would be difficult to shew its applicability to (as in his ministerial relation he must ever account his any who, by their conduct, renounce such whole people to be), he and they may be able to stand protest. in the judgment, and may, through God's great mercy in But the Church of Rome, deeply versed the redemption of all men by his blessed Son, find their in unholy arts, has ever adorned herself with eternal lot and portion among his saints. Amen.” such things as fall in with the course of man's

corrupt affections. The lust of the flesh, the PASSING THOUGHTS.

lust of the eye, and the pride of life, there find abundant gratification. In the present instance, the charm of a little fine music was

tried as a snare; and it was, alas! found efIt is a fearful thing to contemplate the fectual in drawing several away from that sopower of Satan, and his skill in making our lemn and scriptural service, in which the open bodily senses the means of leading our souls doors of their own church invited them to join away from God. Of all traitors, he is rightly on the Lord's day. It induced them to look on, considered the worst, who lifts against his and thereby seemingly to approve, while the lawful king the arms that king has given him Holy Spirit was grieved, and Christ dishoto employ in his service. And surely, of all noured, by the delusive mockeries of a worship criminals he is the most guilty, who makes openly addressed far more to the creature the good gifts of God the actual instruments than the Creator. Was this to let their light of rebellion against the Giver. I was led to shine before men, as the Lord has comthese reflections a short time since, when, in manded? Was this “having compassion" on passing a Roman Catholic chapel, on my re- the deluded souls of their fellow-creatures ? turn from worshipping in a parish church, Was this exposure of their own souls to the I saw at the gate a string of carriages be- influence of the same delusion, a fit sequel to longing to Protestant families; and learnt their morning prayer—" Lead us not into that, in consequence of some fine professional temptation ?" Or, supposing them sufficisingers having been engaged to perform there, ently guarded by their better knowledge from these people were induced to sanction, by the danger of being led astray, was the extheir presence, the idolatrous service of the ample thus set to their servants and ignorant

neighbours consistent with the prohibition Does any reader question the justice of against putting a stumbling-block in another's the charge of idolatry, thus brought against way? These questions passed in solemn the Romish Church? Surely the act of thought through my mind as I walked on, falling prostrate in adoration before the little reflecting how many have recently been cake which the priest elevates, and which called away, even in the prime of life, from the Roman Catholic Church avers to be this uncertain world; and how very few changed, by the utterance of certain words, Sabbaths might remain to some of those who into the body, soul, and divinity of Jesus were thus defrauding God of the honour due Christ, is at least as flagrant an act of idolatry unto his name, and wantonly mis-spending as that of the Israelites of old, who made a the sacred hours; gratifying their senses by molten calf, and professed to worship Jehovah hearing hymns melodiously sung to the praise under the symbol. Their sin was visited of those who would indignantly rebuke such by an immediate and extensive judgment, I worshippers with—"See thou do it not.”


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