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See how the tide-wave rolls round the world, heart. Just as a fountain does not cleanse attracted by them, and following their path. the body unless you wash in its waters, neither And do you think that the soul of man is less does Christ's blood purify the soul unless its responsive than the wild waves to an impulse virtue be actually applied. The devils have from on high? No: in the believer's heart a historical faith--they believe the facts of a current of warm affections will set in to- the Gospel, but it benefits them not. Let no wards God; and though broken and disordered man rest satisfied with such a faith as this. by the rugged remnants of sin, it will shew, True faith is God's gift. Implore, then, the by its general direction, what power it follows aid of the Divine Spirit, who will convince and obeys. And if the righteousness of a you of sin, lead you to the cross, implant in professing servant of Christ does not really your souls a living faith, take of the things of exceed that of the Scribes and Pharisees, we Jesus and shew them unto you. Then shall pronounce, on our Saviour's authority, his “Christ be formed in you,” the hope of glory. profession worthless. A sanctified heart is Lastly, let me urge that no time is to be always the evidence of a justifying faith ; and lost in coming to the Lord Jesus Christ. He wherever the former exists not, the hope of is now exalted to be “a Prince and a Saviour, the latter is delusive.
to give repentance and forgiveness of sins :" I have been enabled, I trust, to make this he will speedily be a Judge, and summon you great subject plain to those I address: I pray to his bar, to answer for the privileges and them not to rest in a superficial knowledge of invitations that were vouchsafed you. Life it, but to seek to understand thoroughly, and to is very short. Your day of grace may ere be grounded surely in the truth as it is in Jesus. long close. Be persuaded now, in the accepted
I would only add two or three brief con- time, to lay hold on the hope set before you CLUDING observations.
in the Gospel
s. 1. There may be some ready to admit that which has been asserted, with respect to the ancient Jews, but unable to perceive in what
THE AMERICAN EPISCOPAL CHURCH, it is applicable to themselves. Pharisaic
AND BISHOP CHASE. self-righteousness was not confined to our Feeling deeply interested in the prosperity of the Saviour's age- it exists, as I have already Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of said, always. And if any of you are acting, in America, from the firm conviction that, notwithstandwhat you do, from a less noble principle than ing many unwarrantable
and gross misrepresentations
, the constraining love of God in Christ—if prominently holding forth the great truths of the you are placing any meritorious dependence Gospel; we shall from time to time bring forward on your morality of life--yours is a Pharisaic such documents concerning its circumstances, as, we righteousness, imperfect , misapplied, which trust, cannot fail to interest our readers.
We are the decided supporters of those great sowill in no case bring you into the kingdom of cieties which have for their object the moral and heaven. Examine on what grounds you ab- spiritual amelioration of the human race.
We earstain from open sin. Would you, if your nestly pray, that a spirit of peace, unity, and concord, vices never could be known, and never could fellow-creatures should be speedily brought to enjoy be punished, would you still be upright, irre- the manifold blessings of civilisation. But we are not proachable in your dealings and conduct ? unmindful that there may be civilisation with the most Examine, also, for what reason you expect to
entire ignorance of the truths of Christianity. We attain eternal life. Is it because of your un
desire, therefore, that the nations of the earth should
be emancipated not only from barbarity, but from blemished character ? Do you hope that this the yoke of Satan. Man's understanding may be enwill plead for you at the last day? Why, lightened, his intellect may be cultivated, his mental this is the veriest Pharisaism; as opposed, as powers may be exercised, and yet his heart may be darkness is to light, to the doctrine of Christ unchanged. We feel, therefore, the importance of all
those exertions now making for “the healing of the crucified. It is just that fatal error in which, nations." We look with peculiar satisfaction to the as I before said, the Jews were, when “ they increasing energy in societies connected with our own submitted not themselves unto the righteous establishment. We would, however, say to all enness of God.” Be assured that in every age | fuck in the name of the Lord.” We are firm in our the maxim of the apostle will hold good, that conviction that our own Church is fashioned after “if it be of works, then is it no more grace ;” the primitive model. We conceive she is peculiarly so that if you expect salvation, in any respect, adapted to make God's ways known upon earth; and as deserved, you make, as far as in you lies, King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God; “Christ to be dead in vain.” (Gal. ii. 21.)
that he reigneth in creation, in providence, and in 2. The Christian righteousness is received grace. But by whatever instrumentality the Gospel by faith. And this faith is not that mere of the Lord Jesus Christ is proclaimed; to whatever nominal acknowledgment of God in Christ denomination of Christian believers the man may bewith which many are contented; it is the the dark places of the earth, or rolls the stone from
long who raises the blazing torch of revelation amidst cordial acceptance of the Saviour into the the mouth of the well of salvation, that the parched
traveller through the desert may drink; herein we do the alleged obstacles in Dr. Seabury's case had been rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.
legally and purposely removed; and on February 4, And yet we do not know that, as Episcopalians, the 1787, Drs. White and Prevost, the former elected for members of our Church have felt sufficiently the im- Philadelphia, the latter for New York, were both portance of aiding their poorer Episcopalian brethren consecrated at Lambeth. in other countries. We are aware that there are The Episcopal Church of America, therefore, is as many pressing calls at home on the liberality of much an Episcopal Church as our own. In this churchmen. New churches must be built; for there is country, indeed, neither its bishops nor presbyters in many districts of the metropolis, and of the country can legally officiate in our churches. This, however, at large, a lamentable deficiency of the means of does not arise from any doubt as to the validity of grace. The letter of the Bishop of London on this their orders, but simply from the peculiar ecclesiassubject, very lately published, deserves particular at- tical discipline of the Church of England. The prestention. These churches must be endowed, and the byters of the Scottish Episcopal Church, who have not appointed ministers not left to the precarious sub- received ordination at the hands of English or Irish sistence arising from pew-rents, one of the worst fea- prelates, are equally excluded. How far such an tures of the voluntary system. Schools must be erected exclusion is advantageous, we presume not to say ; with especial reference to the spiritual instruction of but it is right that the fact should be known, as doubts the rising generation. An increasing population must have arisen as to the claims of the American Church not be suffered to perish before our eyes for lack of on the members of our own communion, from the cirheavenly nutriment. Still, we must not confine our cumstance that her bishops and presbyters have not beneficence to our own shores; neither must we ex- officiated in our churches. pend all our foreign liberality upon the heathen. We The destitute condition of the diocese of Ohio, at are called upon to strengthen the hands of those who that time the only one to the west of the Alleghany agree with us, not only in doctrinal views, but in mountains, induced BISHOP CHASE to visit this ecclesiastical discipline: and we ought, therefore, to country in 1824, that he might procure aid for the render aid to those of our own communion in other support of the infant churches in that wide district. lands who may appeal to our Christian liberality. The appeal made by him was not fruitless. He was
The state of religion in America, we confess, does cordially received; his claims were allowed; subscripnot appear to us so flourishing as it is sometimes tions were raised ; and he returned to America, to represented. We see in it all the evils, and they are bear testimony to the Christian liberality of the memnot few, which arise from the want of an establishment, bers of the Church of England. One great object he and from the working of the voluntary system. We had in view was the establishment of a theological seare convinced that the connexion between Church and minary. He had committed the power of locating this State is no unscriptural alliance, but
that it is essential seminary into the hands of the convention of Ohio, on to the progress of sound religion. Think of the vast whom he prevailed not to fix it in or near a town, but portion of our agricultural population, in scattered in the country; and on a large tract of land, which, districts of the country, who, without the means of being owned by the institution, might be guarded from grace afforded by the Established Church, contemptible the means and temptations to vice. This object was as these means may appear in the eyes of some of its accomplished on the then very wild and uncultivated, velement opponents, would be perishing for lack of but now delightful and elevated spot, which, in honour knowledge. Should the day ever arrive, (which God of his noble and beloved benefactor, but now deceased in his mercy avert !) when the Church of England and much-lamented friend, was named GAMBIER. should be separated from the State, that day, we are Bishop Chase took charge of this great and laconvinced, would be the harbinger of confusion and borious work in person; because no one, who had the every evil work.
requisite ability, would undertake the task of directing The Episcopal Church in America, we must recol- the primary settlement, and of clearing off the wild lect, is not, as in this country, the established form of wood, and of sleeping on the cold ground, for the sum ecclesiastical discipline. It constitutes only one of a which the funds of the institution could reasonably great number of different communions, all acting dis- afford. This, therefore, he was compelled to do himtinct from each other, the ministers depending on the self. First, the camp was reared on the naked ground contributions of their people. It comprehends up- --then, the log-hut, in which he and his family lived wards of six hundred congregations, under the epis- for years-then, a stone building for the professor of copal jurisdiction, we believe, of fifteen or sixteen theology-then, the main building, 110 feet long and bishops; to each of whom a separate diocese is as- four stories in height, whose foundations were deep signed, and who are totally distinct from the bishops and large -- then, the capacious chapel, with its of the Methodist Episcopal Church of the United chancel, was founded - and then, the many other States.
dwellings. It was not until these states were disjoined from Foreseeing the advantages which would accrue to the mother country, that the Episcopalians of America the students preparing for holy orders, by having the enjoyed the privileges of a resident bishop among power vested in the theological seminary of conferring them. In the year 1784, Dr. Samuel Seabury, a degrees in the arts and sciences, without the trouble presbyter of the Episcopal Church in the province of and expense of sending them to other merely secular Connecticut, having produced the most honourable colleges, Bishop Chase had applied to the state legiscredentials, was consecrated a bishop at Aberdeen by lature in 1826, to grant to "the president and prothe primus and two other bishops of the Scottish fessors of the said theological seminary" (the bishop Episcopal communion. Application had been made being, ex officio, president) the power of conferring in vain to the heads of the Church of England to such degrees. This the legislature of the state of obtain consecration; and it was not until there ap- Ohio readily did; and, according to the bishop's repeared no probability of having the request granted, quest, allowed it to be done in the abbreviated and that application was made to the bishops of a Church, convenient “ style and title of the President and Prowhich, though no longer established, -nay, although it fessors of Kenyon College”- the bishop having given was just emancipated from persecution, -- was, to all that name to the institution, in honour of the kind intents and purposes, a legitimate portion of the support which he had received from the present Lord Episcopal Church.
Kenyon. In 1786, another body of the Episcopal clergy, in Bishop Chase continued his exertions in connexion some of the northern states, made a similar applica- with the college till the year 1831, when many of his tion to the English bishops, upon being informed that friends made known to him their judgment, that the
power of conferring degrees was vested, not in the inquire into the religious condition of the United president and professors of the institution as a theo- States, there is an obvious unwillingness to allow the logical seminary, but as a literary college ; thus, as claims of the Episcopal Church to the support of the Bishop Chase conceived, taking the institution out of Christian world. There is a coldness and a backwardthat episcopal superintendence and control which he ness in speaking of it, which marks the unfriendly could not, under all the circumstances of the case, feelings of the editors of the work. It is just possible conscientiously surrender. For the peace of the that a very different, and, we believe, a far more corChurch, therefore, as well as for his own peace of soul, rect view of the state of religion in the states may be he thought it his duty to resign his charge. It was presented to the public. Meanwhile we earnestly iman extraordinary case, and required an extraordinary press upon our readers the importance of strengthensacrifice. He left the diocese, therefore, with the ing the hands of those who are the instruments of perpartner of his toils and burdens, and their children, petuating the doctrine and discipline of our Apostolical not knowing whither to turn his thoughts for support Church in other lands, and of providing for those who and food convenient for them: but, by the all-gracious emigrate from our shores, the means of grace, within God, who hitherto had guided his steps and been his the pale of that communion to which they have essupport and stay, he was strengthened for this painful teemed it a privilege to belong, --of enabling them to trial, and has now good reason to say, that all has worship amidst the wilds of the western world, in that been well.
form of sound words in which their fathers worshipped, Such is the bishop's own account of the circum- and in which they themselves drew near to the throne stances which led to his resignation of the diocese of of grace, while they dwelt in the peaceful habitations Ohio; a step which gave great uneasiness to many of of our favoured isle. his friends on this side of the Atlantic, but which is nok most satisfactorily explained. It was feared that he had acted without due deliberation, and that he was not justified in the line of conduct which he pur
Reviews and Notices. sued. It would appear, however, that this was by no
Address delivered in the Hall of Marischal College, Abermeans the case.
deen, 5th November, 1835, on occasion of his InstallaThe diocese of Ohio was now committed to the
tion as Lord Rector of the University.
By John episcopal jurisdiction of Bishop Mʻllvaine, whose
Abercrombie, M.D. Oxon. and Edinburgh, &c. &c. visit to this country during the last year, as well as on
Aberdeen, A. Brown and Co.; Longman, London, a former occasion, endeared him to those who were
1835. privileged to hold intercourse with him. The object of his visit, together with a valuable charge delivered DR. ABERCROMBIE stands at the very head of his proto his clergy, and other works, we shall speedily take fession in Edinburgh. He holds the rank of first phythe opportunity of introducing more fully to our sician to the king, for Scotland; and the University of readers.
Oxford marked their high opinion of his talents by To return to Bishop Chase. After performing in conferring on him last year--no very ordinary distincvarious places the work of an evangelist, although tion on one not a member of their body-the degree not of a bishop, he was last year appointed to the of M.D. But Dr. Abercrombie is distinguished for newly formed diocese of Illinois, containing, as he that which is far more valuable than intellectual eninforms us, an area of nearly 60,000 square miles, dowments and professional attainments, a spirit of forming a large portion of the valley of the Mississipi. deep piety and sound religion. By his influence, The population consists of from three to four hundred much good has been done, in a religious point of view, thousand individuals, who are annually increasing to amongst the students who yearly flock to Edinburgh the amount of not less than one hundred thousand, of as a school of medicine; for, though unconnected with which a large portion are emigrants from Great Britain the University, his principles and example have had and Ireland.
a most salutary influence. The Romanists have long directed their attention The office of lord rector in the Scottish universities to the valley of the Mississipi. Supported by a mis- lasts only one year; generally, however, the same insionary college (the Leopoldine Institution) at Vienna, dividual fills the office for two, by re-election. The and by ample funds from other parts of Europe, they appointment, if we mistake not, does not rest with the are leaving no efforts unattempted to pervert ignorant professors, but is vested in the students, each of whom and unwary Protestants, and subjugate them to the has a vote. Papal see. To compete with them, Bishop Chase has, About ten years ago Lord Brougham was elected to a yet, in his new diocese, only five clergymen and one this office in the University of Glasgow; and, in his lay reader. In America, the friends and supporters of inaugural address, he advanced some statements of the Protestant Episcopal Church, who have incessant A MOST DANGEROUS character ---among others, “ that demands on their money and personal labours, are man was now no longer to render account to man for doing all they can, in the raising of funds for building his belief, over which he had no control." “ Hencefora Protestant Episcopal theological seminary for the ward, nothing,” said he, “shall prevail upon us to diocese of Illinois. But funds are wanted for the en- praise or to blame any one for that which he can no dowment of professorships and scholarships, and for more change than he can the hue of his skin, or the furnishing a library necessary for the training of well- height of his stature." instructed missionaries, for propagating the pure doc- The evil likely to arise from such a statement, pubtrines of the Reformation professed by the United licly made in the common hall of the University, in Church of England and Ireland, and by the Protestant the hearing of the assembled body of students, was Episcopal Church in the United States of America. very great. The position was ably controverted in
We do earnestly trust that the object of the bishop's two sermons by the Rev. Ralph Wardlaw, D.D. visit during the present year will be fully answered. To the inaugural address of Lord Rector Brougham By a calamitous fire, which broke out after his depar- of Glasgow, that of Lord Rector Abercrombie of Mature from home, and destroyed his property, his wife rischal College, Aberdeen, sets forth a masterly answer. and family were reduced to many hardships: and we Here we have our bane, and here our antidote. And regret to find that a similar calamity has befallen we do earnestly press upon the notice of our younger Bishop M'Ilvaine.
readers in the higher walks of life, some of whom, In a work lately published, under the direction of let us trust all,--are busied in the improvement of their the Congregational Board, and comprising the reports intellect, and in the cultivation of their mental powers, of Drs. Řeed and Mathison, who had been sent out to the following remarks, with which the address closes: “ Let it then be your study in early life to cultivate the Church of England in particular, and to the cause that sound condition of the mind, by which its powers
of true religion in general. are not kept in bondage to the mere objects of sense,
The object of this small publication is to consider
the gross mistatements, and to combat the erroneous but are trained to the habit of bringing down upon it
views, contained in a variety of pamphlets, lately circuthe habitual influence of the truths which are the lated, with NO LITTLE ACTIVITY, by several individuals objects of faith. Devote yourselves with eager enthu- who have seceded from the Church. Of these, Mr. siasm to the high acquirements of science; but culti- J. C. Philpot, perhaps, claims more particular attenvate also that habit of the mind by which science shall
tion. The distinguished honours which he gained at
his public examination for the degree of B.A. warrant continually lead you to the Eternal Cause. And, while
the conclusion that he must be a scholar; his deportyou are taught to follow the planet through the ment used to be that of a perfect gentleman. But, wondrous regularities of its movements --when you with his growing dislike to the Church of which he find the comet, after being lost for a century, returning was a minister, there appears to have been a growing at the appointed period from the solitudes of its ec- dislike to every feeling of a gentlemanly character; centric orbit, --when you extend your view beyond the
and his letter, addressed to the provost of Worcester
College, of which he was a fellow-which, to our own system in which we move, and penetrate into that
personal knowledge, has been employed by deists as field in which ten thousand other systems revolve a weapon to injure the Church, and to call in quesaround ten thousand other suns in ceaseless har- tion the truth of Christianity-affords a humiliating mony,-oh, rest not in a cold recognition of the facts;
instance of the morbid state of feeling at which it is but take one single step, and say, “These are thy possible for a man to arrive, when he deems it a duty
to exclude himself from the society of his equals, and wondrous works,—thyself how wondrous !' And rest
to confine his associates to a class infinitely below him. not here, but take yet another step, and recognise this Such was Mr. Philpot's case while a resident at StadBeing as the witness of all your conduct, as the witness hampton, about seven miles to the east of the univereven of the moral condition of the heart. Seek after sity. Had his residence been the same distance to purity of character, for you cannot go where you are
the west, it is possible that the rector of Witney might,
under God's blessing, by personal intercourse, have not followed by that eye; aspire after purity of heart, produced a great change in his character and conduct. for that eye extendeth even there. And, feeling your
Mr. Philpot, however, was not so fortunate. His inability for this mighty undertaking, seek continually associates were persons who were wont to laud all that å power from God,-a power which he alone can give, he said and did; be had no such guide as Mr. Jerram;
he was above seeking advice; and he at length gave -a power adapted to your utmost want, and which is
way to a mode of warfare on the ministers and mempromised to every one that asks it. In your progress
bers of the Established Church, which at once proves through life, indeed, you will not fail to meet with
the impetuosity of his temper, and the unchristian those by whom this momentous truth is treated with
spirit by which he was led. Let us advert, however, derision, as the vision of fanaticism, unworthy of a to Mr. Jerram's feelings with reference to this melanphilosophical mind. But never allow yourselves to be choly subject. imposed upon by names; and never suppose there “But I must not repeat all the abuse which Mr. can be any thing unphilosophical in the belief, that Philpot heaps upon our Church; to do so would be to an influence should be exerted on the mind by Him transcribe nearly the whole of his Letter, and to exwho framed the wondrous fabric. And be assured you hibit his character in an attitude of ferocity more follow the dictates of the most exalted philosophy suitable to that of a gladiator than a Christian hero. when you commit yourselves to Him as the guide of Such, indeed, is the rancour and bitterness of Mr. your youth ; when you resign yourselves to that guid-Philpot against the bishops and clergy of the Church ance, and ask that powerful aid, both for your conduct of England, and every thing connected with it, that I through this life, and your preparation for the life for a long time hesitated whether I ought to take any which is to come."
notice of his publications. It appeared to me disWe would close our remarks on Dr. Abercrombie's creditable to descend into the arena with such an Address with a reference to the peculiar privileges of antagonist, and to use such weapons as those with those who, when stretched on a bed of sickness, enjoy which alone he seems determined to contend. In the advantage of a religious medical attendant. Such an attendant has many opportunities of speaking a
argument, his opponent would have no chance; for word in season. We believe Dr. Abercrombie in this
Mr. Philpot disdains to reason : in invective and railrespect a most valuable counsellor. His works on ing, he would be equally unsuccessful ; for, in this the intellectual powers, on the moral feelings, and kind of warfare, Mr. Philpot is unrivalled: and in others of a more professional character, shew him to gratuitous assumptions, he must also yield; for no be a man of first-rate talents. We would view him
one but Mr. P. would take every thing for granted, now, however, in his character of a Christian ; and we believe there is no inember of the Church of which he
and attempt to prove nothing. It was not, therefore, is an elder, no Christian in our land, who desires more
till I reflected on the mischief his Letter and its preimplicitly to devote himself to the promotion of the faces might do, if no one would undergo the pain, and spiritual benefit of his fellow-creatures.
* "These were, the sixth edition of Mr. J. C. Philpot's 'Let
ter to the Provost of Worcester College, on resigning his FellowSecession from the Church of England, considered in a
ship, and seceding from the Church of England;' Mr. John Letter to a Friend. By Charles Jerram, M.A., Rector
William Peters'. Few Words on the Sinful Position of the of Witney, Oxon. London, Seeleys. 1836.
Evangelical Clergy in the Church of England;' Mr. William
Morshead's 'Is the Church of England Apostate?' and his . SecThe sound sense, excellent principles, and clear tarianism--a Call to the People of Bath;' Mr. George V. views of Mr. Jerram render the productions of his Wigram's ' Protest against the National Establishment of pen peculiarly valuable. In the present instance, we England ;' and Mr. William Tiptaft's Letter to the Bishop of conceive that he has performed an important service to . Salisbury.'"
expose himself to violence and abuse in taking some privileges and opportunities, which those whose acadenotice of it, that I could make up my mind to advert mical career was finished previous to their appointto his publications. I am not ignorant, nor do I think
ments did not possess. We wish not to throw any
slur, or to speak with disrespect of the predecessors of that Mr. Philpot is ignorant, of the effect which a
those whose names we have mentioned : we shall only style of writing like his, and the attitude he assumes, state, and it may be useful for us to do so, in an age have on a numerous class of readers. While the gross- when every effort is made to bring discredit upon ness of the former is adapted to their taste, the me- our Universities, that the student at the present day, nacing boldness of the other arouses their attention,
who, living within the precincts of the University, and stirs up their passions. With the multitude, asser
does not seek to improve himself in Biblical know
ledge, and does not improve the talents so mercifully tion goes for proof, and vehemence for evidence of a
committed to his care, will have a fearful account to good cause. Nothing in the way of caricature is too render when he stands before "the judgment-seat of extravagant for vulgar taste ; and in dressing out our Christ." Church in all the array and glare of a “harlot' (and who does not know that the mask of a harlot may be
The Cabinet. forced on the face of a chaste virgin ?), and then hold- VICE and VirtuE.--He that can apprehend and ing her up to the scorn and derision of the world, Mr. consider Vice, with all her baits and seeming pleasures, Philpot, I think, could not but be aware that he was
and yet abstain, and yet distinguish, and yet prefer pandering to the worst passions of our nature, and
that which is truly better, he is the true wayfaring
Christian. I cannot praise a fugitive and cloistered presenting an image to the mind which must ever be
Virtue, unexercised and unbreathed, that never sallies associated with disgust and abhorrence.”
out and sees her adversary, but slinks out of the race
where that immortal garland is to be run for, not withApart, however, from the peculiar circumstances
out dust and heat.--Milton. that drew forth the letter from Mr. Jerram, we can recommend it to general perusal. It contains, within
The Excellency of the Church of ENGLAND. a small compass, much that is really excellent and
In respect to her ministry, her ritual, and her ceretruly valuable. And there is one point on which he
monies, the Church of England may justly be said to insists, and which cannot be too strongly urged upon
be a goodly fabric, corresponding, as nearly as the the consideration of the members of the episcopal
change of outward circumstances will permit, to the bench, and of those who bear rule in our Universities.
primitive model designed by its first and inspired The passage is as follows :
founders, and the inheritors of their spirit and their
views; cleared from the external excrescences, which, “ I cannot conclude my observations on the probable after a time, deformed it; and cleansed, in a precauses of these secessions, without adverting to the eminent degree, from the internal corruptions which
defiled it, from the rank weeds, which destroyed or deficiency in theological knowledge which is apparent den
concealed its fair symmetry and proportions, and from in the writings now before me. And I allude to this
the rust, which dimmed and cankered the fine gold of chiefly from the opportunity it affords me of expressing its inmost sanctuary; but still invested and enriched my regret that more attention is not paid, in training with the decorations, which bore the impress of genuine ministers for the Church, to the science of divinity. and pure antiquity,-still abundant in the accommoWithout denying that theology constitutes an essential
dations, which were sanctioned by the test of practical branch of clerical education in our Universities, it
utility. It is, as it were, the Temple of Solomon,
neither reduced to the comparatively rude and unmust be admitted that neither time nor opportunity is shapen structure of the tabernacle, nor loaded with allowed for advancing beyond its very threshold; and the meretricious ornaments of Herod; pre-eminently young men are introduced into the Church as teachers adapted at once to advance the edification of man and of others, who themselves need being taught the very
the glory of God.--Bishop Ryder. elements of their holy religion. The evidences, the
ON THE REVERENCE DUE TO THE Word of God. facts, and the doctrines of Christianity; the ancient
Christians ought to be particularly on their guard controversies un articles of faith ; the constitution and
against tampering in any degree with the word of God.
We should never forget that, when we are explaining usages of primitive churches; the constituent prin
any expression of Scripture, we are treating of what ciples and distinctive character of our own ; and the are the very words of the Holy Ghost, as much as if points in which she differs from those by which she is they had been spoken to us by a voice from heaven. surrounded, are so little known and understood, that
The profane rashness of many critics is much em
boldened by the circumstance that men have been when matters relating to any of these topics are
employed in communicating revelation. A sort of brought into discussion, they have every thing to seek, modified inspiration only is granted to the Scriptures, are staggered with the slightest difficulties, and are in and they are often practically treated as the words danger of coming to conclusions, as unsupported by merely of those who were employed to write them. reason and facts, as they are prejudicial to their own
When God is thus kept out of sight, little ceremony is usefulness, and destructive of the peace of the Church.
used in treating the words of the Apostles with the
utmost freedom. That profound reverence and awe It is not for me to prescribe a remedy for this evil ;
with which the Scriptures ought to be read and handbut I trust its reality and magnitude will, at length, led, is, in many instances, too little exemplified. The induce those who have the means and authority for poor man's Bible is the word of God, in which he has correcting it to set about the reformation with a zeal no suspicion that there is any thing but perfection. and determination proportionate to its importance.”
The Bible of the profoundly erudite scholar is often a
book that is not so necessary to instruct him, as one A great change in respect to the means of studying that needs his hand for alteration, or amendment, or theology, and the languages which throw so much confirmation. Learning may be usefully employed ; light upon it, has taken place in Oxford during the but if learning ever forgets that it must constantly sit last twelve years. . The exertions of Bishop Lloyd and at the feet of Jesus, it will be a curse instead of a Dr. Burton in the chair of divinity, and of Drs. Nicoll blessing. It will raise clouds and darkness, instead of and Pusey in the chair of Hebrew, have afforded communicating light to the world, Haldane.